Senators discuss streamlining confirmation process

By David Espo
Sunday, January 23, 2011; 11:26 PM

Senior senators are negotiating to reduce the 1,400 presidential appointments subject to time-consuming Senate confirmation, hoping to streamline a system that has frustrated administrations of both parties, according to officials familiar with the discussions.

These officials said 100 posts or more could be dropped from the list if discussions between Sens. Charles E. Schumer (D-N.Y.) and Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.), result in an agreement that gains the support of the rank and file in both parties. Judicial appointments would not be affected, nor would the most senior positions at Cabinet departments or independent agencies.

In addition, the two men have discussed curtailing the right enjoyed by individual senators to block action on a nomination or legislation anonymously for up to five days. This rule is widely flouted.

The efforts to streamline confirmations - which may be viewed among some as something of a distant consolation prize to what is widely viewed among senior aides as failing efforts at sweeping changes to the Senate's filibuster rules - is among the first order of business when the Senate returns to work Tuesday.

The talks between Schumer and Alexander were set in motion by agreement between Majority Leader Harry M. Reid (D-Nev.) and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.).

In a scripted back and forth the day the Senate convened for the year, Reid said, "In the vast majority of instances, the individuals nominated by the president are not controversial, but many have faced delays before assuming their positions. These delays mean critical decision makers are not in place. And the delays make it harder to find qualified people - many great nominees simply cannot wait around for months as the stress and uncertainty affects their families."

McConnell said the number of nominees subject to confirmation has grown significantly. He added, "I look forward to working with the majority leader and my colleagues in the coming weeks as we finalize this proposal."

The Constitution gives the Senate the power to confirm nominees, and the list of positions subject to approval has grown sharply in recent decades. One recent study said the number of core policy positions has risen from 295 in 1981 when President Ronald Reagan took office to 422 when President Obama arrived at the White House.

After selection by the president, each appointee for a post requiring confirmation generally submits paperwork to a Senate committee that will handle the review and then makes a series of courtesy calls on individual lawmakers, who sometimes use the opportunity to extract promises in exchange for speedy approval.

Nominees generally testify and answer question at a public hearing, the committee acts and then, in a final step, the entire Senate votes. The process can move speedily - or take months, even if there is no apparent opposition. The sheer volume can slow the pace.

The Senate Foreign Relations Committee has jurisdiction over 303 posts, including 185 ambassadors. The Senate Judiciary Committee oversees 252, including 92 U.S. attorneys and 92 U.S. marshals. The Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee has control over 101, and the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee over 83.

Presidents in both parties have been affected by the current system.

Reid's office said this year that seven of Obama's nominees had awaited confirmation votes since 2009. President George W. Bush had only about half of his political appointees in place at the time of the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, nearly eight months after he took office.

- Associated Press

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