Moscow airport blast: Suicide bomb kills 35

There was no immediate assertion of responsibility for the attack, which killed 35 people and injured 86, 40 of them critically.
Washington Post Foreign Service
Tuesday, January 25, 2011; 12:34 AM

MOSCOW - The suicide bombing Monday at Domodedovo Airport marked one of the most damaging attacks here in years, striking at a crucial link between Russia and the rest of the world.

There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack, which killed 35 people and injured 86, 40 of them critically. Russian authorities said they were investigating leads late Monday.

Russia has experienced nearly 15 years of terrorist acts, virtually all of them attributed to Chechens or other Islamic separatists from the North Caucasus, where a low-level civil war continues to smolder. The violence has included bombings of buildings, trains and domestic flights, as well as mass hostage takings in a hospital, a school and a theater.

But Monday's attack, which brought devastation to the bustling international terminal of the country's busiest airport, achieved a new level of visibility. The bomber attacked at the airport's most vulnerable point, the unsecured reception area outside of customs. Authorities here and elsewhere immediately promised new measures to tighten security at airports worldwide.

Domodedovo handles 600 flights a day from all points of the globe, including major U.S. airports such as Dulles. It is a more potent symbol than the Moscow subway system, bombed in March in an attack that killed 40, or the Moscow-St. Petersburg rail line, disrupted by a bombing 14 months ago that killed 27.

Authorities did not point to separatists from the North Caucasus as the likely culprits, as they often do. It is probable, though, that official suspicion will fall on the Islamist separatists whom Russia has been fighting in Chechnya and neighboring regions for more than a decade. Moscow fought two wars against the Chechens, with huge casualties.

Officials said the bombing was a terrorist attack carried out by a male bomber using about 15 pounds of explosives. They declared a "high terror alert" at Moscow's two other major airports and the subway system.

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev went on national TV Monday evening and criticized the lapses that had allowed the bombing to take place. "What happened shows that not all laws that must be effective are being correctly applied at various places. This has to be sorted out," he said. "A special regime must be started at all airports."

Medvedev offered condolences to the families of those killed, ordered that the wounded be given first-rate medical care and promised to launch a full investigation. He said he was postponing his trip to the Davos World Economic Forum in Switzerland, where he had been scheduled to appear Tuesday.

A familiar routine

After years of attacks in Moscow, there is a routine to what follows after an explosion, and Monday was no exception.

A blow, confusion, scrambling ambulances, official promises of justice, more confusion and, a few hours later, families at hospitals - trying in frustration to find out whether their loved ones were inside.

Late into the evening, the floor at the airport was littered with bodies and body parts.

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