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Putin: Bombing not connected to Chechnya

There was no immediate assertion of responsibility for the attack, which killed 35 people and injured 86, 40 of them critically.

Putin said Tuesday that "retribution is inevitable" for the attack. "I have no doubt that this crime will be resolved."

Both Putin and Medvedev have said these sorts of things after previous terrorist acts, even as the number of attacks in Russia, many of which attract little attention, has been increasing sharply.

Fears of a clampdown

Each major attack - the most recent before Monday's was on the Moscow Metro last March - brings a strengthening of central authority, said Ilya Yashin, the leader of the youth wing of Solidarity, an opposition party. "And yet we have bombs in the center of Russia," he said. "Not a single Russian has a feeling of security."

Yashin said he worries that the government might exploit the bombing by banning demonstrations, possibly revoking the Russian Constitution's Article 31, which, though rarely observed, guarantees freedom of assembly.

Vladimir Ryzhkov, another opposition leader and a former speaker of the State Duma, or lower house of parliament, said he doesn't expect further clampdowns on freedoms.

"Everything has been done," he said. "Governors are no longer elected but appointed. Mayors are barely elected. We don't have free Duma elections, we don't have free media, opposition parties cannot register or take part in elections.

"I can't imagine what more can be done."

The problem, he said, is that nothing will be done about terrorism, either. "There will be no real reaction, no reforms, no good changes. That means in the coming months we will have another attack."

It is not for a lack of manpower. The various police and security forces in Russia far outnumber the army. The police presence at demonstrations is always heavy.

But critics say the FSB and other agencies are not geared toward the prevention of terrorism. Their main function, said Andrei Soldatov, an investigative journalist, is to preserve the stability of the state. And an incident like the one at Domodedovo isn't seen as a threat to the state's foundation, he said.

Flights resume

Domodedovo was back to normal Tuesday afternoon. Flights were once again coming in from Munich, Berlin, Brussels, Hurghada, Odessa, Vienna, London and Frankfurt. One difference was noticeable: The metal detectors were operating, and everyone walked through them after entering the arrival hall.

A blue cordon channeled arriving passengers past a partitioned-off area, where sheets of blue and green plastic hung from the ceiling. The sounds of hammers and saws came from within, and a sign on the partition said, in English and Russian, "Sorry for the Inconvenience."

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