Obama budget good to D.C., but national cuts could hurt
Monday, February 14, 2011; 10:05 PM
President Obama's proposed fiscal 2012 budget protects many District programs from the federal budget ax, but Republicans are threatening to cut spending in some of the areas - including Metro, the courts and school improvements, local officials said Monday.
In the proposal released by the White House, Obama urges Congress to steer more federal resources to move the Department of Homeland Security to the campus of St. Elizabeths Hospital in Ward 8, allocate additional funds to fight HIV/AIDS and create a $5 million fund for local nonprofit arts organizations.
Obama's budget also continues funding for a program that allows D.C. students to pay in-state tuition at hundreds of colleges and universities across the country, maintains stable funding for city public and charter schools, and keeps the federal government's commitment to supply Metro with $150 million to pay for upgrades to the system.
"When you consider the climate here, I am very pleased that the president spared the District from the harshest cuts," said Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton (D). "He had an eye on our priorities."
Obama's proposed 2012 budget sets the stage for a grueling debate this year on Capitol Hill about the amount and types of support the cash-strapped federal government should be offering the District government and its residents.
Last year, Congress failed to approve a fiscal 2011 budget, opting instead to keep the government running on fiscal 2010 spending levels. With the federal government facing a record deficit, the Republican majority in the House of Representatives has started to look to the District for some savings.
House Republicans unveiled a spending resolution Friday night that would cut federal payments to the District by nearly $80 million and slash Metro funding by $150 million over the next eight months as the GOP seeks to fulfill its campaign pledge to rein in government outlays.
The GOP's continuing resolution is designed to govern federal spending from the beginning of March, when it expires, through the remainder of fiscal 2011, which ends Sept. 30.
House Republicans' proposed cuts would affect several categories of District services. Compared with spending levels for fiscal 2010, the bill would reduce payments for D.C. courts by $25.5 million; school improvements by $15.4 million; the Water and Sewer Authority by $10 million; the forensics lab by $15 million; veterans housing by $7 million; and programs for "disconnected youth" by $4 million.
D.C. Council member Jack Evans (D-Ward 2) said the proposed GOP cuts would be a crippling hit for Metro and some city programs. With the District facing a $400 million budget shortfall, Evans said the city won't be able to make up the difference for any federal cuts to local programs or Metro.
"If they renege on all these commitments, many of these projects are going to have to stop," Evans said, noting that the federal government, Maryland and Virginia agreed in 2008 to give Metro $150 million a year for 10 years to pay for a $1.5 billion improvement project. "We are not in a position to pick up another $200 million or even $50 million."
The House proposal also would prohibit funding for the District's needle-exchange program, reversing a policy that Democrats in Congress fought to remove in 2008.