In Session

Congress turns budget-cutting knife on itself

Speaker John Boehner (Ohio), center, and other House GOP leaders leave the White House after their Feb. 9 lunch with President Obama.
Speaker John Boehner (Ohio), center, and other House GOP leaders leave the White House after their Feb. 9 lunch with President Obama. (Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
Washington Post Staff Writer
Tuesday, February 15, 2011

House Republicans are trying to send the message that the entire government needs to slim down. How much weight can Congress itself afford to lose?

The House will vote this week on a Republican bill that would cut government outlays from March 4 through the end of September by more than $60 billion from 2010 levels, and by close to $100 billion compared with President Obama's never-enacted budget request from last year. (The budget proposal released by the White House on Monday covers fiscal 2012, while the GOP plan is for the remainder of fiscal 2011.)

Republican leaders have emphasized that nearly every corner of the government is on the chopping block, and the proposal includes a reduction of spending for the legislative branch of $194 million - or 4 percent - from 2010 levels, that will affect a wide variety of congressional operations.

"I've asked offices and programs to share the pain of tough spending cuts," said Rep. Ander Crenshaw (R-Fla.), chairman of the House Appropriations subcommittee on the legislative branch.

Yet even in this climate of austerity, one category of Capitol Hill spending is actually going up - security.

After last month's shootings in Tucson that severely wounded Rep. Gabrielle Giffords (D-Ariz.), the safety of members and their staffs has become a bigger priority. So as other accounts are pared back, the Capitol Police budget would increase under the Republican plan by $12.5 million, to a total of $340 million.

Part of the increase is attributable to an unexpected budget shortfall that was discovered last year and part is due to "an increase in agents as a result of the tragic shooting in Tucson," the Appropriations Committee said last week.

Rep. Michael M. Honda (Calif.), the top Democrat on the subcommittee, said last week that he supported funding for the Capitol Police. "One of the reasons I wanted to stay on [the legislative branch panel] was because of what happened to Gabby," he said, but he questioned whether the GOP's proposed cuts elsewhere made sense.

The Republican plan would cut $29 million from the Architect of the Capitol, which maintains and services congressional buildings, as well as $41 million from the Library of Congress, $12 million from the Government Printing Office and $2 million from the Congressional Budget Office.

Spending on House operations overall would be reduced by $80 million. That includes a 7 percent cut in funds for the offices of lawmakers, committees and members of leadership.

(The House bill does not cut Senate spending, since each chamber traditionally sets its own budget.)

Some budget experts question the wisdom of cutting congressional spending as a means to helping the federal bottom line. Hill committees and offices - including the Government Accountability Office, which is slated for a $34 million cut under the Republican plan - are tasked with providing oversight of the entire government, rooting out waste, fraud and abuse.

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