In rural Afghan village, local security takes root
Tuesday, March 1, 2011; 1:49 PM
MARJA, AFGHANISTAN - Surrounded by quiet tribesmen with AK-47s slung over their shoulders, Haji Asaf said he expects the Taliban will kill him if given the chance.
The village elder works with the Marines, who pay his force of more than 60 men $150 a month each to guard this southern Afghan district's flat-roofed farmsteads. He advises his American allies about which smuggling routes to block and where to build new schools.
"Every three miles," Asaf said about the schools, "because if it's too far to walk, they won't come."
Fears of Taliban retribution had until recently made those living in Marja skittish to be seen with Americans. But an increasing number of residents are now cooperating with the Marines, joining neighborhood watches paid for by the U.S. military.
By having villagers patrol their own neighborhoods in groups under the command of a district police chief, the Marines say they are bringing a sense of formal government to a previously lawless rural area - a slow but necessary step for an eventual exit by forces in the U.S.-led coalition.
"We won't be rushed to get it over with because, if we do that, we could lose it all," said Marine Col. David Furness, commander of the regimental combat team overseeing the area.
The willingness of people like Asaf and his men to work with the Marines is a positive turnabout for an initiative that began a year ago with much grander designs but initially stumbled.
U.S. and Afghan forces stormed into Marja last February as part of the 15,000-man Operation Moshtarak, which was intended to end two years of Taliban dominance in an area rife with poppy fields and drug trafficking.
Gen. Stanley McChrystal, then commander of the U.S.-led coalition, had hoped to unpack a new "government in a box" that would serve as a model for rapidly transforming the rest of the country.
The effort proved disappointing. The initial district governor installed by the Americans, it turned out, had been imprisoned in Germany for attempted murder. Gunfights, bombings and other security incidents continued into the summer at a pace of 30 to 40 a day. McChrystal told colleagues that Marja, a rural community with more than 75,000 people, had a reputation as a "bleeding ulcer."
But the attacks are now down to about 10 a day, and U.S. military and local civilian officials say confidence is building both in the Marines and - more significantly - in their own national army and police.
Getting people involved
Afghan and U.S. officials pinpoint last September's parliamentary elections as a turning point.