Obama offers tempered support for Libya rebels

Motivated by recent shows of political strength by neighbors in Egypt, people in the Middle East and North Africa are taking to the streets of many cities to rally for change.
Washington Post Staff Writers
Saturday, March 12, 2011; 12:00 AM

President Obama on Friday offered only tempered support for Libya's rebels and played down the feasibility of Western military intervention to aid their cause, raising questions about how far he is willing to go to help fulfill his declaration last week that Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi "must leave."

Obama's cautious commitment to the rebel movement, which he said is "just getting organized" in its fight to end Gaddafi's 41-year rule, mirrored the stance taken Friday by European leaders, who until now had been speaking more boldly than Obama on how best to assist Libya's opposition.

At an emergency European Union summit, leaders declared that Gaddafi can no longer be considered Libya's leader and must step down immediately. But they stopped short of formally recognizing the rebel movement or endorsing military action to support its armed struggle.

The international position left Libya's opposition increasingly vulnerable to Gaddafi's vastly more potent military, now rooting out rebel forces near Tripoli, the capital, and driving to retake eastern territory under opposition control. Government forces claimed Friday to have retaken the strategic oil port of Ras Lanuf, recently in rebel hands, as momentum continued shifting toward Gaddafi loyalists.

Obama declared last week that Gaddafi "must leave" after losing the legitimacy to govern the oil-rich North African nation, and he has imposed financial sanctions, deployed U.S. naval assets to help deliver humanitarian aid, and re-focused intelligence resources on Libya as a check against military atrocities.

Defending his approach, Obama said Friday that such steps are "slowly tightening the noose" on the Libyan leader, as the Treasury Department widened sanctions to include additional Libyan officials, Gaddafi's wife and several of his children.

But Obama has spoken coolly about several proposed military options, including a no-fly zone to protect rebel-held territory. His director of national intelligence, James R. Clapper Jr., warned this week that Gaddafi would probably win unless the opposition received help from the outside.

'Costs versus benefits'

The issue moves Saturday to the Arab League, which will meet in Cairo to consider a no-fly zone and decide whether to recognize the Libyan National Transitional Council, the rebels' provisional government based in the eastern city of Benghazi. Obama and other leaders have said international support, in some form, must precede any military action in Libya.

"It is in the United States' interest and the interest of the people of Libya that Gaddafi leave," Obama said at his afternoon news conference. "And we're going to take a wide range of actions to try to bring about that outcome."

Obama, who inherited two wars in Muslim nations, added that "when it comes to U.S. military actions, whether it's a no-fly zone or other options, you've got to balance costs versus benefits. And I don't take those decisions lightly."

As rebel havens shrink under government assault, the administration and its European allies face an increasingly complex military scenario on the ground that complicates any intervention.

Obama has warned about the dangers of a protracted stalemate on the ground, and human rights advocates are increasingly concerned that the Libyan government will consolidate its territorial gains through a reprisal campaign against rebel supporters.

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