Barely half of agencies meeting Obama's FOIA request goals, study says

By Ed O'Keefe
Monday, March 14, 2011

President Obama's administration has improved in itsresponsiveness to freedom-of-information requests, but it still has a ways to go, according to a new report on the issue.

Of 90 federal agencies equipped to process requests made under the Freedom of Information Act, slightly more than half have taken at least some steps to fulfill Obama's goal to improve government transparency, according to the study by the National Security Archive at George Washington University and the Knight Foundation. The report is set for release Monday.

Researchers submitted FOIA requests to each agency seeking information on any changes made since Obama ordered the government to "adopt a presumption in favor" of FOIA requests on his first full day in office in January 2009.

Though 49 agencies and departments complied with the study's authors, 17 others, including the Transportation Department and the U.S. Postal Service, provided no documents and two withheld information. An additional 17 agencies - including the departments of Commerce, Energy, Justice and State - provided no final response, and four smaller agencies never acknowledged receipt of the requests. The figures have improved significantly from last year, when just 13 of 90 agencies complied.

"At this rate, it'll be the end of his term before the agencies do what Obama asked them to do on the first day," said Thomas S. Blanton, director of the National Security Archive.

The report's publication coincides with the start of Sunshine Week, an annual effort by news organizations and good-government groups to raise awareness about improving access to public information.

As part of the week's events, the Obama administration on Monday plans to launch, a site meant to inform the general public on how to request government information. The site is one of several established by the Obama White House to give better access to government data and spending information.

Administration officials disputed some of the report's conclusions, noting that when taken as a whole, the government at least partially fulfilled 93 percent of all FOIA requests reviewed in fiscal 2010, a significant increase from the previous year.

Collectively, federal agencies cut their backlogged FOIA requests by about 10 percent in fiscal 2010, according to White House officials.

The study credits agencies with fulfilling more requests for drafts and final copies of internal documents and staff-level reports. Federal FOIA law permits agencies to withhold such "pre-decisional" or "deliberative process" information - the type of data that transparency advocates believe is essential to truly understanding the mechanics of government.

Ten of the 14 Cabinet agencies have cut their use of the "pre-decisional" exemption, according to the White House.

"This is the kind of window that can actually bring some real accountability to the policy process, and that could be the most significant impact of Obama's changes," Blanton said.

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