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ARCHIVE VIDEOS

Castro's Revolution

Behind Rebel Lines

Behind Rebel Lines
A Universal-International News broadcast from April 10, 1958, chronicles Fidel Castro's guerilla movement. Castro's rebels made the rugged Sierra Maestra mountains their stronghold for generating propaganda and plotting attacks against President Fulgencio Batista's forces. Source: The National Archives

Cuba Rally

Cuba Rallies for Castro
In a Jan. 1, 1959, news report, thousands of people gather outside Havana's presidential palace to offer roaring approval of Fidel Castro. Source: The National Archives

Castro Triumphs

Castro Triumphs
A Universal-International News broadcast from Jan. 5, 1959, chronicles Castro's victory over Fulgencio Batista and the rebel takeover of Havana. Source: The National Archives

Castro Visits New York

Castro Visits New York
A Universal-International News broadcast from April 1959 chronicles Fidel Castro's visit to New York City. The Cuban leader was greeted at Penn Station by enthusiastic crowds. Source: The National Archives

U.S. Breaks Ties With Cuba

U.S. Breaks Ties With Cuba
A Universal-International News broadcast from Jan. 5, 1961, details the break in U.S.-Cuba relations. Fidel Castro marked the second anniversary of his revolution with a massive parade, featuring weapons from Russia, prompting President Dwight D. Eisenhower to sever diplomatic ties. Source: The National Archives

Cuba Invaded

Cuba Invaded
A Universal-International News broadcast from April 19, 1961, details military reprisals against Fidel Castro's regime. Cuban army pilots raided three military bases, seeking asylum in Florida afterward. At the U.N., Cuba accuses the U.S. of backing the attacks. Source: The National Archives

Kennedy on Cuba

Kennedy Stands Firm on Cuba
A Universal-International News broadcast from April 21, 1961, details President John F. Kennedy's stance on Cuba. "I want it clearly understood that this government will not hesitate in meeting its primary obligation with regard to the security of our nation," Kennedy said. Source: The National Archives

Cuba Blockade

Kennedy Orders Cuban Blockade
In an Oct. 22, 1961, report, President John F. Kennedy tells the American people that the Soviet Union, contrary to promises, is building offensive missile and bomber bases in Cuba, and says the United States would retaliate if a missile is fired from Cuba. Source: The National Archives

Captives Released

Cuban Captives Ransomed
On April 16, 1962 -- a year after their capture in the failed Bay of Pigs invasion -- 60 prisoners return to Miami after being ransomed by Castro's government for $2.5 million. Castro demanded $62 million for the release of the remaining prisoners. Source: The National Archives

Tensions Rise

Tensions Rise
A Universal-International News broadcast from Oct. 25, 1962, details mounting tensions between the U.S. and Cuba, as 100,000 Cubans are called up on emergency orders and President Kennedy refuses to withdraw an arms blockade. Source: The National Archives

Wary U.S.

Crisis Eases, But U.S. Is Wary
In an Oct. 29, 1962, report, the acting U.N. Secretary General confers with representatives from the United States and Soviet Union before departing for a meeting with Fidel Castro in Cuba. Source: The National Archives

Castro Balks

Castro Balks at U.N. Team
A Universal-International News report from Nov. 1, 1962, recaps a meeting between U Thant, acting Secretary General of the United Nations, and Fidel Castro over the dismantling of rocket bases in Cuba. Source: The National Archives

Cuba Demands

U.S. Meets Cuban Demands
A Universal-International News broadcast from Dec. 20, 1962, details the conditions set for release of Bay of Pigs prisoners. Cargo planes in Miami were loaded with medicine and food demanded by Castro in exchange for the 1,100 men taken in the invasion. Source: The National Archives


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