Health plan options this fall: What to expect

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Tuesday, November 9, 2010; 2:00 PM

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tax on health coverage: A friend of mine said that there will be a new line on his W-2 which will tax the health care coverage he gets from his company employer. He earns about $60k/year. I thought the tax would only be for very expensive plans offered to executives. Can you clarify?

Ms. Michelle Andrews: Starting next year, employers have to report the value of the health benefits they provide to employees on W-2 forms. But it's for information purposes only. You won't be taxed on that amount.

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pre-existing conditions: I understand that those with pre-existing conditions will be able to receive coverage, but will there also be no limit to the amount they can be charged for their monthly premium?

Ms. Michelle Andrews: Starting in 2014, the health reform law prohibits health plans from refusing to cover anyone because of pre-existing conditions. And beginning this fall, employer plans can't refuse to cover kids under age 19 because they have a pre-existing condition.Until 2014, adults who've been refused coverage on the private market and have been uninsured for at least six months can get coverage through pre-existing condition insurance plans that are now up and running in each state. You can find out about what's available in your state at pcip.gov. Premiums vary based on a number of factors, but in general they can't be higher than the price of a standard individual policy in that area.

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Self-Employed: I'm self-employed, married with a toddler son, and my wife, who has a more traditional job carries the health insurance for our family. We're thinking about having another kid, and if we do, my wife would like to reduce her hours to care for the newborn. We might have to give up her health insurance. What options do we have?

Ms. Michelle Andrews: If you give up your wife's policy, you'd probably end up looking for coverage on the individual insurance market. That can be a dicey proposition because, except in a handful of states that require insurers to offer coverage to all applicants, you can be turned down for any number of health conditions. In addition, insurance prices are often higher in the individual market. Before you give up your employer coverage, you might want to check out available individual policies in your area. Websites like ehealthinsurance.com can give you an idea, or you can contact a health insurance broker.One detail to keep in mind: Individual insurance policies typically don't cover maternity care, so you wouldn't want to give up your job-based coverage before having another child.

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employers dropping coverage: I've read that it may be less expensive for big companies to drop healthcare coverage for employees and pay the penalties than it will be for them to continue coverage at the same level. Is that an unintended consequence of the new law?

Ms. Michelle Andrews: It's too soon to talk about consequences of this provision, unintended or otherwise, since companies won't have to begin paying penalties for failing to offer adequate coverage until 2014. Legislative analyses haven't projected a significant reduction in employer-based coverage as a result of the penalties. Some experts point out that offering good health insurance continues to be a powerful recruitment tool, and companies that drop coverage may find themselves at a competitive disadvantage.

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FSA--what can you use it for?: I've never used a FSA but am thinking of having one for next year. Can you explain to me what I can use this money for? I know you can't use over-the-counter medications but I haven't been able to find a site that says what you can pay for with this account. What else besides co-pays and prescriptions? I'm at a loss and hope you can help.Thank you!

Ms. Michelle Andrews: You can use an FSA for your out-of-pocket share of many medical, dental, vision and other expenses. Check with your insurer and your HR department for specifics.One clarification: You can still use your FSA for over-the-counter medicines and drugs next year. But you'll have to have a prescription from your doctor to do so.

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Poor House USA: Open season started yesterday.I am amazed by the increases in out-of-pocket costs in most plans this year.Co-pays on some plans have gone up 20 percent and more.Can you explain why this is happening? All of this can't be blamed on the new Healthcare legislation enacted this year. Any advice on deciding which plans are better buys even though most plans have increased both premiums and co-pays?

Ms. Michelle Andrews: As health care costs continue to rise, employees are increasingly expected to pay a greater proportion of their own health care costs. That trend is well established. Some say it's a good thing for employees to have more "skin in the game," that it leads to less wasteful spending. Others say that leads to people skipping necessary care as well as unnecessary care.As for picking the best plan, it's going to be different for everyone. Take a look at what you spent on health care last year and what you expect this year, and see how the different plans would cover those expenses. And make sure to look at the out-of-pocket maximum, the maximum amount you'd have to pay if you get sick. You should be comfortable that you can afford that.

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Individual Plans: My partner is a healthy, self-employed 32-year old and we have been looking into individual plans because adding her to my work insurance is prohibitively expensive. Do you have any guidance to offer in reviewing the individual plans? Any pitfalls we should avoid? We've been looking at ehealthinsurance.com. Is that a reputable source for quotes?

Ms. Michelle Andrews: It's always tempting to pick the plan with the lowest premium, but that may not provide the best coverage for you. If you take certain drugs, make sure they're on the plan's formulary, or list of covered drugs, and examine what your costs will be. Look at the deductibles and out-of-pocket maximums for in-network and out-of-network care. Plans are increasingly moving toward co-insurance for services, in which you'll be required to pay a percentage of the costs rather than a flat copayment. That can add significantly to your costs. That doesn't mean you shouldn't sign up for a plan with coinsurance, but it's important to understand what your financial liability might be. Ehealthinsurance.com is a good starting point. You can also talk to health insurance brokers for information about plans.

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unemployed: What do you do if you are unemployed, and cannot afford the monthly payments?

Ms. Michelle Andrews: If you can't afford health insurance, check out community health centers in your area. They serve all comers, and charge on a sliding scale based on income. Some states have health insurance programs for adults who may not qualify for Medicaid. Check with your state insurance department.


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