A sign reading "Camp Justice" marks the site of the U.S. Military commissions court for war crimes in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, Jan. 19, 2009. Military judges at Guantanamo Bay pressed forward Monday with hearings for five men accused of orchestrating the September 11 attacks and for a Canadian accused of killing a U.S. soldier.
Brennan Linsley-AFP/Getty Images
A satellite image shows Guantanamo Bay prison, taken Jan. 1, 2009, from 423 miles in space. President Obama plans to close the military prison camp on the eastern side of Cuba within a year and has ordered a suspension of legal action against suspected terrorists at the U.S. detention site.
GeoEye Satellite Image-AP/GeoEye
A guard sits in a tower overlooking the detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, May 15, 2007. The prison camp has been at the center of the debate over the treatment of U.S. prisoners in the battle against terrorism.
Al-Qaeda and Taliban detainees sit in a holding area under the surveillance of U.S. Military police at Camp X-Ray, a temporary prison site at Guantanamo Bay, Jan. 11, 2002. The detainees, captured in Afghanistan during Operation Enduring Freedom, received a basic physical exam.
Shane T. McCOY, Courtesy of the defense department-AFP/ U.S. Navy
U.S. Military personnel inspect occupied cells on a two-minute cycle at Camp 5, the maximum-security facility at Guantanamo Bay, Oct. 9, 2007. Many detainees have remained there since 2002.
A detainee peers through a hole used to transmit food into detainee cells at Camp Delta detention center at Guantanamo Bay, Dec. 4, 2006. In June 2006, the Supreme Court ruled 5-3 that the military commission system for Guantanamo Bay violates U.S. and international law, and that the Geneva Conventions apply to the detainees.
Brennan Linsley-AP/Reviewed by the U.S. Military
A shackled detainee, clasping paperwork, is escorted by two U.S. Military personnel to an Annual Review Board Hearing, inside the Camp Delta detention facility, Dec. 4, 2006. In February 2006, a U.N. report recommended the closure of Guantanamo.
Brennan Linsley-AP/Reviewed by the U.S. Military
A sketch by courtroom artist Janet Hamlin is displayed of Canadian defendant Omar Khadr, pictured inside a hangar used for media operations during a hearing at the U.S. Military commissions court for war crimes at Guantanamo Bay, Jan. 19, 2009. Khadr is accused of killing a U.S. soldier with a grenade during a battle in Afghanistan in 2002, when the Toronto native was 15 years old.
A protester participating in an Amnesty International demonstration in Rome demands the closure of the U.S.-run detention facility, Jan. 17, 2009.
A U.S. Navy sailor stands near a picture of President Obama in the lobby of the U.S. Naval Station headquarters at Guantanamo Bay, Jan. 20, 2009.
Brennan Linsley-AFP/Getty Images/Reviewed by U.S. Military
U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld confirmed on Dec. 27, 2001, that the United States was planning to turn its Navy base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, into a detention center for al-Qaeda and Taliban prisoners. Guantanamo Naval Base, seen in this Jan. 15, 1998 photo, is America's only military installation on communist soil.
A U.S. soldier stands guard atop a tower at Camp Delta, Aug. 25, 2004. Among the prisoners held at Camp Delta was Australian al-Qaeda suspect David Hicks, a convert to Islam and one of the first four suspected al-Qaeda fighters held at the U.S. naval base to face criminal charges of plotting attacks against America and its allies.
Donald H. Rumsfeld, center, then-secretary of defense, exits Camp X-Ray, a site holding al-Qaeda and Taliban detainees inside the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Jan. 27, 2002. The first group of 20 detainees arrived Jan. 11 at Camp X-Ray, where they are housed in open-air cages with concrete floors.
J. Scott Applewhite-AP
A detainee moves from one room to another inside Camp One at the detention facility at the U.S. Naval Station Oct. 2, 2007, at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. On June 12, 2008, the Supreme Court ruled 5-4 on that detainees at Guantanamo Bay should have a right to challenge their detention in U.S. Federal Courts through habeas corpus petitions.
Chip Somodevilla-Getty Images
A detainee, with his prosthetic leg resting beneath him, sleeps inside his cell at Camp Five, the maximum-security detention and interrogation facility at Guantanamo Bay, June 30, 2004.
Andres Leighton-AP/Reviewed by U.S. Military officials
Army Col. David McWilliams takes reporters on a tour of the courtroom of the Commissions building at the Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Aug. 22, 2004. On Aug. 13, Combatant Status Review Tribunals (CSRTs) started for the detainees.
Friar Louis Vitale, left, and Toby Blome, of San Francisco, protest during a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing, July 13, 2006, on Capitol Hill, challenging the Bush administration's constitutional authority to set up "military commissions" to try detainees held at Guantanamo Bay. On Sept. 28, 2006, a newly-crafted Military Commission Act passed Congress.
Melina Mara/twp-The Washington Post
President Barack Obama signs a series of executive orders, Jan. 22, 2009, pertaining to the Guantanamo Bay detention camp in Cuba, as retired generals and admirals look on in the Oval Office of the White House. Obama ordered the closure of the camp and banned the use of controversial CIA interrogation techniques. But he left open the question of how his administration will deal with any detainees it concludes are too dangerous to be released.
Joshua Roberts-Bloomberg News
Obama signed executive orders fulfilling his pledge to end what he has called torture and to abolish the Guantanamo facility that became a lightning rod for international criticism. His action drew praise from human rights groups as well as politicians and statesmen around the globe.
Text Editor Sarah Lovenheim, Heather Farrell