Infamous spies throughout history
The world of espionage includes such figures as Mata Hari, Robert Hanssen, and more recently, Anna Chapman.
, along with 10 others,
on charges of conspiracy to act as an agent of a foreign government without notifying the U.S. attorney general. She could serve as many as five years in prison if convicted.
Denis Donaldson, a former senior official of the Irish party Sinn Fein, confessed in late 2005 to being a British spy. A few months after his spy work was revealed, he was slain at his home near Glenties, Ireland.
Robert Hanssen, a 25-year FBI agent, profited from passing to Russians "highly classified information" that could compromise national security. He was arrested in 2001 and is serving a life sentence. The 2007 movie "
" was based on Hanssen's case.
Pham Xuan An, seen in 2000 with his press card from 1965, was a Vietnamese man who led a perilous double life as a communist spy and a respected reporter for Western news organizations during the Vietnam War. He died Sept. 20, 2006, at a military hospital.
Aldrich Ames had worked for the CIA for 31 years -- and spied for the Russians for nine of those -- when he was arrested in Arlington on Feb. 24, 1994. Several U.S. intelligence officers were executed abroad as a result of his activities. He is currently serving a life sentence. His wife, Rosario, served five years for aiding and abetting.
Retired Navy officer and communications specialist John A. Walker Jr., shown in 1985, pleaded guilty to running a spy ring that sold sensitive codes to the Soviets that allowed them to read 1 million classified Navy cables. He was sentenced to life in prison.
Known as "Agent Zigzag," Eddie Chapman was recruited by Nazi Germany as a spy during World War II, but he later became a British double agent. A safe cracker before he became a spy, Chapman died in 1997.
In May 1960, Francis Gary Powers was flying a spy plane when it was shot down over the Ural Mountains in the Soviet Union. Later that year, he faced a military tribunal and was sentenced to 10 years' "deprivation of liberty." He returned to the United States in 1962 as part of a trade for a Soviet spy.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted of supplying the Soviet Union with secrets about the U.S. nuclear bomb program. The husband and wife were executed at Sing Sing prison in New York, 10 minutes apart, on June 19, 1953.
Margaretha Geertruida Zelle, better known as Mata Hari, was executed by a French firing squad in 1917. An exotic dancer and courtesan, she had been hired by the French as a spy when they discovered she was working as a double agent for the Germans. Researchers have since claimed that Mata Hari never provided any useful information to Germany and that she was convicted not for being effective in her espionage but for her promiscuous ways.
Photos: James Bond, Jason Bourne and Austin Powers: Spies infiltrate Hollywood
Photos: Alleged Russian spy posts photos online
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Anna Chapman, accused Russian spy, posts photos online
Accused Russian spy Anna Chapman became an instant Web sensation following the release of photos posted on the Russian social-networking Web site "Odnoklassniki," or Classmates.
James Bond, Jason Bourne and Austin Powers: Spies infiltrate Hollywood
As news of an
alleged Russian spy ring
in the United States broke recently, take a look at secret agents who have captivated moviegoers through the ages.
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