Explosively formed penetrators, or EFPs, are among the deadliest of the roadside bombs in Iraq, although not the most common. EFPs have been around in the Middle East for at least a decade. The Bush administration has accused Iran of providing the technology to Shiite insurgents in Iraq.
SOURCE: Joint IED Defeat Organization, Air Force Research Laboratory, staff reports | GRAPHIC: The Washington Post - October 2, 2007
'The single most effective weapon against our deployed forces' Article | To the extent that the United States is not winning militarily in Iraq, the roadside bomb, which as of yesterday had killed or wounded 21,071 Americans, is both a proximate cause and a metaphor for the miscalculation and improvisation that have characterized the war.