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Cruise Ship Sinks Off Antarctica

Passenger Vessel First to Go Under in Region; All 154 Aboard Saved

Washington Post Foreign Service
Saturday, November 24, 2007; Page A01

BUENOS AIRES, Nov. 23 -- The first cruise ship ever built to ply the frigid waters off Antarctica became the first ever to sink there Friday. The red-hulled M/S Explorer struck ice, took on water as 154 passengers and crew members scrambled to safety aboard lifeboats and rafts, then went to the bottom.

The 38-year-old vessel was in the middle of a 19-day voyage when it sent a distress call early Friday morning after puncturing its hull. A Norwegian cruise ship rescued those onboard nearly two hours after they abandoned ship in subfreezing temperatures.


In this photo provided by the Chile's Air Force, the Liberian-flagged Explorer cruise ship is seen sinking after it hit an object in Antartic waters, Friday, Nov. 23, 2007, in waters some 880 kilometers southeast of Ushuaia, the southernmost Argentine city. More than 150 passengers and crew took to lifeboats after the ship hit an object and began taking on water through a hole in the hull, naval and coast guard officials said. No injuries were reported. (AP Photo/Chile Air Force)
In this photo provided by the Chile's Air Force, the Liberian-flagged Explorer cruise ship is seen sinking after it hit an object in Antartic waters, Friday, Nov. 23, 2007, in waters some 880 kilometers southeast of Ushuaia, the southernmost Argentine city. More than 150 passengers and crew took to lifeboats after the ship hit an object and began taking on water through a hole in the hull, naval and coast guard officials said. No injuries were reported. (AP Photo/Chile Air Force) (AP)
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Smallish and with a hull designed to withstand ice, the Explorer pioneered a trade that opened up Antarctica's wonders to people other than scientists and explorers. Today about 37,000 people a year are experiencing the great frozen continent from tour ships.

The 91 passengers aboard the Explorer included at least 13 Americans, 23 Britons and 10 Canadians, according to Canada-based G.A.P. Adventures, which bought the ship three years ago. Along with 54 crew members and nine guides, they were taken to nearby King George Island, where Friday evening they waited be flown to the southern Chilean city of Punta Arenas.

"It was submerged ice, and the result was a hole about the size of a fist in the side of the hull, so it began taking on water . . . but quite slowly," G.A.P. Adventures spokeswoman Susan Hayes told the Associated Press. "The passengers are absolutely fine. They're all accounted for, no injuries whatsoever."

It was the second time this year that an Antarctic cruise ship had to be evacuated. On Jan. 31, a Norwegian ship, the Nordkapp, ran aground near the South Shetland Islands and 370 people aboard were rescued.

Lloyd's List, a British trade publication that covers the shipping and maritime industries, reported Friday that the Explorer was found to have five deficiencies during an inspection in May by Britain's Maritime and Coastguard Agency. The inspection found fault with its search-and-rescue plans, lifeboat maintenance, watertight doors and fire safety measures. A previous inspection in Chile in March found six deficiencies, according to Lloyd's List.

The ship received a valid safety certification in October, according to Lloyds.

The National Geographic Endeavour, another Antarctic cruise ship, was about 52 nautical miles away when its crew heard the Explorer's distress call at 1:37 a.m. Friday. The captain of the Endeavour, Oliver Kruess, stayed in regular contact with the Explorer as he traveled at full speed toward the damaged ship.

At 2:50 a.m. the Explorer reported that it had lost propulsion and was drifting toward ice, Kruess wrote in an incident report filed Friday to Lindblad Expeditions, which owns the Endeavour. A 4 a.m. message said that power had been restored, but at 4:30 the ship reported that there was progressive flooding in its sanitary system and that passengers were in lifeboats.

Kruess was informed at 4:50 a.m. that the captain and the chief officer of the Explorer had abandoned ship. The vessel's engine could no longer be controlled and the ship was moving in tight circles.

After arriving at the scene about 6:30 a.m. with the Norwegian ship, the Nordnorge, Kruess took stock of Explorer from aboard his own vessel. It "was listing heavily to starboard at an angle of possibly about 25 degrees," Kruess wrote. "The water level on her starboard side was reaching the restaurant window level."


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