This column incorrectly said that users of T-Mobile's G1 smartphone would need to buy a memory card to store music on the device. T-Mobile will provide a 1-gigabyte microSD card with the phone.
Google's Phone Operator
In the past 10 years, Google has evolved from a simple Web site into an e-mail program, a map and even a verb. Now it can be a phone, too.
About a year after the Mountain View, Calif., company revealed that it was developing software for mobile phones, the first device with Google's Android operating system is set to go on sale next week. The T-Mobile G1 shows that Android's promise is real -- but it doesn't deliver on Android's full potential.
Remember that distinction; the G1 is only one of many Android phones to come, and a somewhat ugly example at that. This HTC-built, touch-screen camera phone ($179.99 with a new, two-year T-Mobile plan; $399 without a contract) is an unlovely box for Google's software, with an awkward kink at one end and a screen that slides out with a thunk to expose a thumb-typeable keyboard.
But what shows up on the G1's 3 1/4 -inch screen makes this phone worth a look. For all its version 1.0 issues, Android gets three core smartphone functions right: providing a window to the Internet, mapping your way and letting you add features with extra software.
Like the iPhone's Safari, Android's Web browser (which relies on the same WebKit open-source software) makes complex pages readable on a small screen, aside from Flash and Java interactivity. But without the iPhone's clever "multi-touch" controls, the G1 requires you to tap a zoom-in icon to get a closer look at a page.
Setting up a G1 requires saving a Google Account username and password so it automatically syncs with Gmail. You may then add other e-mail accounts; the Android mail software can check for messages as often as every five minutes or only at your request. It displayed the text of attached PDF, Word, Excel and PowerPoint files.
The Maps program on the G1 outdoes the iPhone's Google-based map software by offering street-view perspectives (still mysteriously unavailable in the Washington area). Its "compass mode" rotates the street view to match what you should see from that spot. Still absent: Google's Web options for walking and transit directions.
Android's Maps program can compute your location from wireless network signals or GPS, although the second, battery-hogging option is shut off by default -- and the G1 sometimes didn't find itself from T-Mobile's signals alone.
The most impressive aspect of Android is the Android Market. This catalogue of add-on programs combines the tap-to-install convenience of the iPhone's App Store with the choice other smartphone systems provide -- unlike Apple, Google doesn't limit you to developers and titles that it approves.
The Market's shelves look a little empty today, but even its early selection reveals some clever work. For example, ShopSavvy and Compare Everywhere employ the G1's camera to scan the bar code of a product, then look up its price at Web stores and some nearby shops.
Android's blanks -- glaring omissions like a memo pad and to-do list -- ought to be filled in quickly by Android Market add-ons.