Many Seats, Agendas At Global Roundtable

U.S. Role Caught Between Bush, Obama

Former Rep. Jim Leach will serve as President-elect Obama's liaison.
Former Rep. Jim Leach will serve as President-elect Obama's liaison. (David Scull - Bloombergnews)
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Washington Post Staff Writers
Thursday, November 13, 2008; Page A09

World leaders will meet in Washington this weekend for a summit on the global financial crisis, the largest gathering of presidents and prime ministers here since NATO's 50th anniversary celebration in 1999. But overshadowing the emergency conference is a leadership vacuum that is fundamentally altering the balance of power.

With President Bush about to fade into history and President-elect Barack Obama reluctant to signal his intentions, other nations are moving to set the agenda at the Saturday meeting of more than 20 heads of government.

French President Nicolas Sarkozy has decried as "mad" the "all-powerful market" and urged bold reforms, including restrictions on executive pay. China, meanwhile, has announced a $586 billion fiscal stimulus plan, giving momentum to calls for other nations, including the United States, to follow suit.

But the gap between Bush's positions and his successor's could make for a difficult situation for the United States. The Bush administration, for instance, has been wary of congressional demands for a new fiscal stimulus, while Obama has said he would approve one as soon as he takes office if it's not done beforehand. Similarly, Bush is pushing for a commitment to free trade in the summit communique, even though Obama has expressed skepticism about some of the trade deals negotiated on Bush's watch.

"It's a huge opportunity for other countries to try to make than themselves more center stage than usual," said Simon Johnson, former chief economist at the International Monetary Fund and a senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics in Washington. "Normally there is a clear U.S. agenda that bangs against other agendas, and ordinarily the American president sets the tone. But Mr. Bush largely seems to have checked out on these issues."

Obama has said he will not attend the summit and none of his aides will be there. Because of overwhelming demand to meet with him, his advisers have arranged for two supporters -- former secretary of state Madeleine Albright and former GOP Rep. Jim Leach -- to see world leaders on his behalf.

White House officials have also provided extensive briefings to Daniel Tarullo, an international economics expert designated by Obama to be his liaison for the summit.

"Clearly it is not helpful" that the United States is in the midst of a presidential transition, said a senior French official, speaking on condition of anonymity because of diplomatic sensitivities. "But the feeling is we could not wait longer. President Sarkozy is going to be very energetic at this summit."

Dan Price, a White House official who has handled U.S. preparations for the summit, said officials expected to agree on a broad action plan, including setting up working groups on such issues as overhauling financial regulations. That plan would be considered at another summit of the leaders next year -- after Obama takes office.

"One, let us identify what needs to be done," Price said, summing up Bush's goals for the meeting. "Let us begin that task now. Let us continue that task through the future. And then, finally, let us do so against the backdrop of a commitment to open trade and investment and to meeting the needs of the least fortunate."

Price disputed suggestions that the timing of the summit was inappropriate. "We believe that the gathering of these leaders at this time is timely, is appropriate," he said. "I actually think there is a lot more common ground among countries who will be around the table than the rhetoric might suggest."

Klaus Scharioth, Germany's ambassador to the United States, said the stakes are high this weekend.

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