Panetta Chosen As CIA Director
Some Question Intelligence Experience
Tuesday, January 6, 2009
President-elect Barack Obama stunned the national intelligence community by selecting Clinton White House chief of staff Leon E. Panetta, a longtime Washington insider with little intelligence experience, to serve as the next head of the CIA.
The decision -- which was also met with wariness on Capitol Hill -- reflects a desire to change the intelligence power structure, officials close to the selection said yesterday. Obama has chosen retired Navy Adm. Dennis C. Blair as the director of national intelligence, a job he intends to reinforce as the "lead horse" on intelligence issues, an official close to the selection process said.
Panetta, 70, is widely regarded as a good manager who knows the government bureaucracy well. Panetta, a former eight-term member of Congress who has run a think tank in California for the past decade, has no significant ties to the agency that Obama has criticized for using harsh interrogation methods. Panetta has openly objected to the use of such methods, writing in an essay last year that the United States "must not use torture under any circumstances." Obama had trouble filling the CIA slot in part because other candidates were perceived as tainted for having supported aspects of the Bush administration's interrogation and intelligence programs.
Yet Panetta, who also served as director of President Bill Clinton's Office of Management and Budget, has no institutional memory of the intelligence agency and no hands-on experience with its thorniest challenges, including the collection of human intelligence overseas. His lack of experience drew immediate questions, most notably from Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.), the incoming chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, who said she was not briefed on his selection and learned about it from news accounts.
"I was not informed about the selection of Leon Panetta to be the CIA director," Feinstein, who in her new post will oversee his confirmation hearings, said in a statement. "My position has consistently been that I believe the agency is best served by having an intelligence professional in charge at this time."
Sen. Christopher S. Bond (Mo.), the top-ranking Republican on the intelligence panel, voiced similar concerns about Panetta's credentials. "In a post-9/11 world, intelligence experience would seem to be a prerequisite for the job of CIA director," he said. "I will be looking hard at Panetta's intelligence expertise and qualifications."
An official close to the selection process said Obama sought an independent outside figure to lead the CIA in the hopes of restoring morale there. Although he was a Democratic congressman from California for many years -- and, like other Obama Cabinet appointees, a Clinton administration official -- Democratic aides repeatedly emphasized his more recent credentials as head of a nonpartisan public policy center, the Leon and Sylvia Panetta Institute for Public Policy, at California State University at Monterey Bay.
The president-elect has also said he hopes to include more civilians in the national security apparatus. In March, in answering questions posed by The Washington Post, Obama said he favored new leadership for the intelligence community that "would seek a greater balance between military and civilian officials." In choosing Panetta, he is placing a civilian at the head of the key agency for foreign intelligence, while substituting one former Navy admiral with another at the helm of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Blair and the current intelligence director, Mike McConnell, are retired from the Navy.
The new intelligence team will be formally announced within a few days, Democratic aides said.
Some lawmakers questioned not only Panetta's experience but also his partisan background. Porter J. Goss (R-Fla.), the last member of Congress to hold the CIA director's job, caused upheaval when he hired several former Republican staff members to key CIA positions.
"The need for the CIA director to be completely apolitical and Panetta's lack of experience in intelligence concerns me," Sen. John D. Rockefeller IV (D-W.Va.), the outgoing chairman of the intelligence panel, said through a Senate aide. In an interview in March, Obama himself said he had been "troubled by both the politicization of intelligence in this administration and the turnover at the top of our intelligence agencies."
Yet other lawmakers responded with cautious optimism. Rep. Peter Hoekstra (Mich.), the ranking Republican on the House intelligence committee, had urged Obama to select a civilian to signal a sharp break with the agency's troubled past; he expressed an openness to Panetta if he would bring about a "change in culture at CIA."