The Call That Bush Didn't Make
In his valedictory interview with the White House press corps and in his farewell address to the nation, President Bush struck a more reflective tone than during most of his two terms in office. He acknowledged some mistakes and "disappointments," including Abu Ghraib, the absence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and his decision to emphasize Social Security reform instead of immigration law changes after his 2004 reelection.
But I listened in vain for any admission of what I and others consider the greatest moral failing of the Bush presidency -- his refusal to ask any sacrifice from most of the American people when he put the nation on a wartime footing after the Sept. 11 attacks.
But for all the outrages in those areas, I thought the most damaging to the American people -- both those living now and those yet unborn -- was placing the entire cost of Bush's ambitious, if not misguided, national security policy on the tiny fraction of American families with loved ones in the armed services.
Iraq and Afghanistan are the main fronts in the fourth major war of my lifetime, following World War II, Korea and Vietnam, and the first in which nothing was asked of the civilian population -- no higher taxes, nothing to disrupt the comfort of daily life.
The day after the assaults on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, Bush himself said, "The deliberate and deadly attacks which were carried out yesterday against our country were more than acts of terror. They were acts of war." He immediately asked Congress for an emergency spending bill to bolster civil defenses and pay for the call-up of reserves.
At Washington National Cathedral, he spoke of the "eloquent acts of sacrifice" performed by many who gave their lives in Lower Manhattan and Northern Virginia, and he quoted FDR's earlier tribute to "the warm courage of national unity."
But in that moment, when the country was truly unified and the people were more than ready to sacrifice, Bush asked for . . . nothing. He spoke of the need for "patience" and "resolve," but at a news conference at Camp David on Sept. 15, 2001, he was asked, "Sir, how much of a sacrifice are ordinary Americans going to have to be expected to make in their daily lives, in their daily routines?"
Bush's first words were: "Our hope, of course, is that they make no sacrifice whatsoever. We would like to see life return to normal in America."
The biggest sacrifice that came to his mind: "These people have declared war on us . . . people may not be able to board flights as quickly" as usual.
And that is what Bush's concept of sacrifice amounted to. Over the next few years, families of active-duty, National Guard and reserve volunteers sacrificed mightily in the form of repeated deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan and involuntary extensions of tours of duty, not to mention deaths and wounds by the thousands.
As for other Americans, as John McCain repeatedly noted last year, the only thing they were asked to do was "go shopping."