In higher education, lessons in equality
Sunday, December 12, 2010
Towson University, a Maryland institution that has yet to produce a Nobel prize or a Rhodes Scholar, is gaining a national reputation for something else it doesn't have: a gap in graduation rates between whites and underrepresented minorities.
The suburban Baltimore school joins Virginia's George Mason University on a list of 11 higher education institutions nationwide where graduation rates for minority students meet or exceed those of whites, according to an analysis by the Education Trust, a Washington-based think tank that focuses on racial and ethnic achievement gaps.
It put Towson's graduation rate at 67 percent for white and black students and 70 percent for Hispanics. The report says the school has an overall graduation rate of 65 percent, higher than George Mason's 58 percent and the national rate of about 55 percent. (The overall rates include students who decline to identify themselves in a racial or ethnic group.)
"The goal has been, if you take them in, you should graduate them," said Robert Caret, Towson president since 2003.
Several recent reports have highlighted Towson's success at a time when closing graduation gaps has become a priority for the Obama administration. The president's American Graduation Initiative calls for the nation to regain the world lead in college completion by 2020.
Several mid-Atlantic institutions, including American and Old Dominion universities and the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, have succeeded in closing the gap in graduation rates between white and black students. Others, including Virginia Tech and James Madison University, have closed the gap between Hispanic and non-Hispanic students, according to the Education Trust report, which calculated average graduation rates for 2006 through 2008. Towson and George Mason are unusual for having eliminated both divides.
Founded in 1865 as a teachers college open only to white students, Towson remains a provincial state school but is trying to shake its reputation as a second choice for students turned away from the flagship University of Maryland in College Park. Towson admits nearly two-thirds of its applicants.
In 10 years, according to school data, Towson has raised black graduation rates by 30 points and closed a 14-point gap between blacks and whites. University leaders credit a few simple strategies: admitting students with good grades from strong public high schools, then tracking each student's progress with a network of mentors, counselors and welcome-to-college classes.
"Regardless of your background, there's people here for you who understand what you're going through," said Kenan Herbert, 23, an African American Towson senior from Brooklyn, N.Y.
Colleges once reported a single graduation rate for all students, a broad average that masked embarrassingly low success rates for blacks and Hispanics at some nationally ranked institutions.
That has changed in the past decade under a law requiring colleges to report minority graduation rates for the first time. Several recent studies have discovered wide gaps at some schools but little or no disparity at others, which proves that "the gaps are not inevitable," said Mamie Lynch, a researcher at Education Trust.
Nearly two-thirds of the nation's colleges have graduation rates of less than 50 percent for blacks; success rates for Hispanics are similar.