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Duvalier's return adds to Haiti's political turmoil

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Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, January 17, 2011; 7:28 PM

PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI - The political paralysis created by the bungled and inconclusive presidential election here has virtually halted business investment and reconstruction aid from rich countries, as ordinary Haitians seethe and international diplomats fear Haiti might spin into another round of chaos and violence.

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Haitian leaders and U.S. diplomats were stunned to learn of the return Sunday night of former dictator Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier, who landed at the Port-au-Prince airport on a flight from his exile in France, where he lived after being ousted in a popular uprising in 1986.

Loyal supporters greeted him at the airport, where a shuffling and apparently weak Duvalier told local reporters, "I came to help my country."

Duvalier has threatened to return to Haiti in the past and expressed his desire to run for president. Four years ago, Haitian President Rene Preval said Duvalier would face charges and trial if he came back.

Duvalier's return further roils a tense situation in Haiti. The November election tallies, supported with $15 million in U.S. government aid, appear to be worse than thought, with more than 50,000 votes tainted, the runoff vote delayed, the candidates uncertain and the unpopular Preval, widely criticized for his post-quake performance, insisting he remain in power after his constitutional term ends Feb. 7. Parliament last year approved an extension of his term until May.

"The economy is being held hostage by political crisis," said Pierre Marie Boisson, chief economist at Haiti's Sogebank. "Everyone is waiting to see what happens with the election and this is a bad time for waiting. We need to keep up the momentum. We need a fast, transparent, peaceful transfer of power or the world is going to abandon us."

The current quagmire comes just as the country and its ruling class need more than ever to showcase political stability to bring home the $10 billion in aid pledges from donor nations and more importantly, to entice investors to create jobs.

When the Korean apparel giant Sae-A Trading announced plans last week to bring 20,000 jobs to Haiti, its chairman, Woong-Ki Kim, highlighted the need for a peaceful transition of power.

"Everybody is in a wait-and-see mode, nothing is clear, and this is very frustrating, especially for the people living in the tents," said Preval's former prime minister, Michele Pierre Louis.

Statisticians from the Organization of American States delivered their assessment Thursday. It is no wonder that Preval reportedly refused to accept the report for several days.

The OAS expert mission found egregious irregularities and widespread fraud. They discovered the results from 1,045 of the 11,181 polling stations - about 9 percent - simply went missing. Although only 23 percent of the electorate voted, 334 polling stations reported soaring participation, often with more than 100 percent of the registered voters casting ballots.

After discounting suspect votes, the OAS recommended that the preliminary results announced by Provisional Electoral Council in December be changed, that the top two vote-getters should now be long-time opposition candidate, law professor and former first lady Mirlande Manigat, followed by Michel Martelly, the popular carnival singer turned businessman known to everyone as "Sweet Micky," who has transformed himself from a bawdy stage persona to credible candidate.


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