washingtonpost.com
Home   |   Register               Web Search: by Google
channel navigation


 News Home Page
 Photo Galleries
 Politics
 Nation
 World
 Metro
 Business/Tech
 Sports
 Style
 Travel
 Health
 Opinion
 Weather
 Weekly Sections
 News Digest
 Classifieds
 Print Edition
 Archives
 News Index
Help
Partners:



  Time Lines
Bosnia 1991 to 1998
    
To learn about the Balkans conflict, scroll down below.
To focus on an individual republic within the region, click on an icon above.

1991
  Slovenia and Croatia and later the Muslim government of Bosnia-Herzegovina declared their independence. Bosnian Serbs threatened violence if the government split from the Yugoslav federation.


1992
  April
Ethnic Serbs attacked Muslim towns and declared their own independent republic within Bosnia by April. The ensuing war engaged Bosnian Serbs, Muslims and Croats and became one of the bloodiest conflicts in European history since WWII.

June
The Bosnian war pulled in Croatia, which agreed on an alliance with the Muslim-led Bosnian government of President Alija Izetbegovic to fight against Serb separatists.

October
The United Nations imposed a no-fly zone over Bosnia.


1993
  Muslim enclaves of Sarajevo, Bihac, Srebrenica, Gorazde, Tuzla and Zepa were declared "safe areas" under U.N. protection. Shelling, however, continued in most of these enclaves.


1994
  February
Peace efforts suffered a setback when a mortar shell landed in an open-air market in Sarajevo, killing 68 and wounding more than 200. The shelling, the bloodiest single attack since the Bosnian war began, prompted threats of airstrikes by the United States and its NATO allies.

March
Muslim-led government of Bosnia, Bosnian Croats and the government of Croatia agreed to a Croat-Muslim federation in Bosnia.

April
On the brink of a NATO-imposed deadline for their withdrawal, Bosnian Serbs withdrew from the Muslim enclave of Gorazde, a strategic crossroads whose capture would have allowed the Serbs to link to neighboring territories captured earlier in the war.

December
Bosnian Serbs and the Muslim-Croat federation signed a cease-fire that allowed a four-month cessation of hostilities.


1995
  July
Serb forces overran the Muslim enclave of Srebrenica, ambushed refugees fleeing from the town and killed hundreds of them at a time, burying the bodies in huge pits.

August
U.N.-declared safe areas in Bosnia fell to Serb forces, NATO began a month-long bombing campaign against Bosnian-Serb forces.

November
The presidents of Serbia, Bosnia and Croatia initialed a U.S.-sponsored peace settlement for Bosnia in Dayton, Ohio, which promised to end the fratricidal war and created two autonomous entities: a Muslim-Croat federation of Bosnia and a Bosnian Serb entity.


1996
  September
Muslim Alija Izetbegovic is elected chairman of Bosnia's three-person collective presidency. Izetbegovic and Momcilo Krajisnik representing the Serbs and Kresimir Zubak of the Croats hold their first meeting in October.


1997
  December
President Clinton announced he would keep U.S. forces – part of the 32,000-strong international peacekeeping force – in Bosnia past a June 1998 deadline and into the indefinite future.


1998
  September
Ultranationalist Serb Nikola Poplasen defeated Biljana Plavsic, the Western-backed incumbent, in Bosnia's elections. Voters went to the polls to elect the three-member state presidency – representing Serb, Croat and Muslim ethnic groups – along with the president and vice president of the Serb-controlled half of Bosnia and members of state and regional parliaments.


1999
  March
The northern Bosnian town of Brcko will become a neutral community under international supervision, rather than part of the Bosnian Serb Republic. The ruling by an international panel settled the last territorial issue left unresolved by the 1995 Dayton peace agreement, but it triggered a political crisis.


© 2000 The Washington Post Company

Back to the top