Under the threat of NATO airstrikes, Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic reached accords with U.S. special envoy Richard C. Holbrooke to end the conflict by sending 2,000 international inspectors to Kosovo and scheduling regular overflights by NATO surveillance aircraft as a deterrent to further violence.
NATO set in motion plans to launch airstrikes against Serbian targets, while the U.N. Security Council issued a call for an immediate cease-fire and the withdrawal of government forces from Kosovo. In a harrowing massacre of civilians, 19 ethnic Albanians, mostly women, children and elderly, are believed to have been executed by Serbian police units.
Serbian forces captured the rebel stronghold of Junik, driving ethnic Albanian fighters from their logistical and weapons
distribution center. Meanwhile, a sweeping government offensive against the guerrillas begun in mid-July displaced thousands more ethnic Albanians, who were forced to flee their homes.
U.S. special envoy Richard C. Holbrooke met with President Milosevic in Yugoslavia and threatened use of NATO intervention in the conflict in Kosovo, and also talked with the commander of the separatist Kosovo Liberation Army. Holbrooke left after unsuccessfully brokering a cease-fire agreement.
The "contact group" agreed to ease sanctions on Yugoslavia after President Slobodan Milosevic began talks with ethnic Albanian leader Ibrahim Rugova on a political settlement. Rugova called off further negotiations June 6 as violence escalated.
In an effort to diffuse another Balkans war, the six-nation "contact group," charged with implementing peace in the Balkans, announced they will impose sanctions on Yugoslavia unless President Slobodan Milosevic withdraws his security police and opens unconditional talks on Kosovo's future.
Serbian police and special forces launched a massive assault on ethnic Albanian rebels throughout Kosovo. Homes were burned in Lausha and Donji Prekaz, as police continued raids on the Drenica region that left 5,000 homeless and several dead.