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Canadian Politics

Separatists Win Quebec Elections, Dec. 1, 1998.
The separatist Parti Quebecois won a narrower-than-expected victory in Quebec's provincial elections as the French-speaking province continued to drift toward a final confrontation with the rest of English-speaking Canada.

Canada, Long an Immigrants' Mosaic, Mulls the Melting Pot, March 4, 1998. An Iranian immigrant's story illustrates why many in Canada feel their immigration and refugee system is badly broken.

Canada Unveils First Balanced Budget in 30 Years, Feb. 25, 1998. Canadian finance officials said today they would propose the first balanced budget in 30 years, declaring victory over deficits that threatened the country's solvency at the start of the 1990s.

Hearings Stir Emotions About Quebec Quest for Sovereignty, Feb. 17, 1998. Canada's Supreme Court opened an extraordinary week of hearings concerning the roots of nationhood as they apply to Quebec. The court's decision could set ground rules that might lead to Canada's disintegration.

Canada Apologizes for Abuse of Native Peoples, Jan. 8, 1998. The Canadian government apologized today to the country's Indian, Inuit and other aboriginal peoples for decades of mistreatment and policies that sought to stamp out native culture.

For Many Immigrants, Canada's Racial 'Mosaic' Pales at Top, Dec. 29, 1997. A Jamaican immigrant's effort to secure an FM radio license illustrates the continuing struggle over the ethnic character of Canadian society.

Canada Reassesses Senate's Purpose, Composition, Dec. 14, 1997. Members of the Canadian Senate are appointed to their posts for life. Many Canadians and some senators criticize abuses of the systenm.

In Bid to Restrict Gypsies, Canada Limits Czech Visitors, Oct. 10, 1997. Canada reinstated visa restrictions on the Czech Republic this week in hopes of discouraging immigration by Czech Gypsies, or Roma, after more than 1,200 arrived this year seeking protection as refugees.

Canada Pulls Ambassador From Israel, Oct. 3, 1997. Canada recalled its ambassador to Israel today to protest the use of forged Canadian passports in an Israeli attempt to assassinate a leader of the Islamic militant group Hamas in Jordan.

Splits Mark Canadian Parliament, Sept. 24, 1997. Exports are booming, interest rates are low, economic growth is strong and there are even polls showing the Quebec separatist movement is losing steam. But this summer's parliamentary election has left the country deeply divided.

Provincial Leaders Meet on Quebec Issue, Sept. 16, 1997. The premiers of Canada's 11 English-speaking provinces and territories met this weekend in search of a way to persuade Quebec to remain part of the country.

Czech Prejudice Fuels Romany Migration to Canada, Sept. 1, 1997. Unlike the situation in parts of Europe, Canadian police have protected Romany (Gypsy) refugees from attacks by neo-Nazis. Many Romanies see emigration to Canada as a means of avoiding ethnic persecution.

Canada Imports Troubles With Refugees, Aug. 9, 1997. In Toronto, an estimated several thousand members of the Tamil Tiger rebel group have taken temporary refuge from their rebellion against Sri Lanka, using Canada as a base to re-fund and regroup. Rival gangs in some neighborhoods have dueled in gun battles for control of the local turf.

New Brunswick Finds Bilingual Harmony, July 25, 1997. In New Brunswick, French-speaking children are taught in their mother tongue. Street signs and other public services are available in French. There is local French radio, a French university, and Francophone financial institutions and other businesses occupying office space, paying taxes and creating jobs.

Canadian Voters Create a Political Patchwork, June 4, 1997. Canadian voters delivered a confusing message in the national legislative election by choosing five different parties to represent Canada's five regions.

Canadian Votes That Count Are in One Powerful Province: Ontario, May 31, 1997. The population, density and development of Ontario give the province disproportionate influence in Canadian elections.

Canada's Culture War Questioned, Feb. 15, 1997. The cultural nationalism that stoked efforts to protect Canadian culture from that of the United States has lost some of its punch.

Canadian Business

Canada's Brain Drain: Money Lures Scientists South, March 8, 1998. With Canadian research budgets dwindling, the seemingly stronger national commitment to scientific research in the United States has become an irresistible lure for many Canadian scientists.

Two of Canada's Largest Banks Plan Merger, Jan. 24, 1998. Canada's largest and third-largest banks said that they would merge to forestall a takeover bid from a foreign-owned firm. The combined bank would become one of the biggest banks in North America if it wins government approval.

Canadian Dollar Hits Record Low, Jan. 23, 1998. Canada's 140-year-old currency fell to its lowest level against the U.S. dollar. Economists are divided over a response.

Economic Crisis Tests Pacific Bloc, Nov. 23, 1997. The depth of Asia's economic crisis has hit parts of Canada's economy that are heavily dependent on exports throughout the Pacific Rim.

U.S. Rail Buyer Gets Warm Welcome in Canadian Tundra Town, Oct. 5, 1997. U.S. railroad company OmniTRAX has pledged to invest $50 million in a remote Canadian railroad town as Canada continues its program of deregulation and privatization of railroads.

Film's Northern Frontier, Sept. 13, 1997. Canada has invested in its domestic film industry for three decades. Most of the films it has produced appear to have little to do with Canadian culture.

Newfoundland Puts Its Hopes in Mining, Oil, July 7, 1997. Newfoundland's economy has been hit hard by overfishing and other problems. Now the province is investing in offshore oil production and a large nickel mine.

A Lode of Lies: How Bre-X Fooled Everyone, May 18, 1997. Alberta-based Bre-X Minerals Ltd. bilked billions of dollars from investors seeking a killing in gold. Now regulators are wondering how the relatively simple scam succeeded.

Environmental Issues

Montreal's Close Call Spurs Disaster Plan Review, Jan. 25, 1998. A near catastrophe at the peak of the recent crippling ice storm was avoided when power to the water filtration and pumping system of Canada's second-largest city was restored after being cut for hours.

In Quebec, Nature Wields the Power, Jan. 16, 1998. The crushing force of rivers in northern Quebec and Labrador produce what local officials advertise as one of the developed world's lowest-cost electricity grids.

Toll Rises in Freezing-Rain 'Storm of Century', Jan. 10, 1998. Emergency crews in Canada and the United States continued battling an intense rain and ice storm today that has cut power to millions of people and contributed to the deaths of as many as 20 people.

Group Envisions Protected Area From Yellowstone to Yukon, Oct. 27, 1997. Conservationists in Alberta are seeking an unbroken seam of protected land running from Yellowstone Park through the Yukon Territories as a means of protecting bears and other endangered species.

Economy, Ecology Lock Horns, Oct. 27, 1997. Canada is struggling to define its modern relationship with the land in the Canadian Rockies.

Booming Seal Pup Harvest Reopens Animal Rights Debate, Oct. 10, 1997. Canada's seal hunters have quadrupled the size of their annual catch over the last two years to the highest levels since the early 1970s.

Canada Creates Its Own `Serengeti' in the Rockies, Oct. 9, 1997. British Columbia announced today the creation of a 10-million-acre wilderness preserve in the northern Rockies, protecting an area dubbed "North America's Serengeti" because of its abundant wildlife.

Massive Slaughter of Majestic Birds Proposed, Aug. 20, 1997. An explosion in the population of snow geese has reduced thousands of acres of once thickly vegetated salt- and fresh-water marsh to a virtual desert. Some experts say the only way to save the tundra is to kill the geese -- lots of them.

Revelations Spur Reactor Shutdown in Canada, Aug. 14, 1997. Ontario Hydro, North America's largest electric utility and a major investor in nuclear power, is shutting down a third of its reactors after an internal study documented widespread management problems, years of inadequate maintenance and poor safety practices.

Hardy Canadian Ponies Try to Resist Extinction, Aug. 3, 1997. The Newfoundland pony, a sturdy descendant of the seven types of horse imported from Britain and mixed under the influence of the island's isolated environment, is facing extinction.

Tourist Millions Are Coming Between Banff and Its Wilderness, Dec. 20, 1996. An estimated 4 million tourists are visiting Banff National Park and the Canadian Rockies each year, leading to environmental damage.

Facing World's Pollution in the North, Sept. 21, 1996. Each summer in the fields of the American South, pesticide residue heats under the sun, rises and drifts north. There, it condenses, falls to Earth and works through the food chain from fish, to seals and whales, to the Inuit and other Arctic-dwelling people.

Canadian Legal Issues

Canadian Panel Says Howard Stern, Standards Conflict, Nov. 13, 1997. Canada's regulation of speech is stricter than that of the United States. New York-based "shock jock" Howard Stern is testing the limits by calling French-speakers in Quebec "scumbags."

Telemarketing Scams Based in Canada Target U.S. Residents, Aug. 24, 1997. Working from "boiler room" phone banks or running "rip and tear" operations that move from hotel to hotel, Canada-based scam artists now account for about one-third of the telemarketing fraud complaints received by Canadian and U.S. authorities.

Canada's `Dr. Death' Issue, July 15, 1997. An intensive care physician who administered a lethal injection to a terminally ill cancer patient prompted debate over medical-legal-ethical issues that Canada has so far skirted.

Conviction of Innocent Man Spurs Questions About Double Jeopardy, June 22, 1997. Canadian prosecutors are not bound by the same double jeopardy restrictions that prevent defendants in the United States from being tried twice for the same offense. They convicted Guy Paul Morin of murdering his 9-year-old neighbor in Morin's second trial in 1992, and he was sentenced to life in prison. Now DNA tests have proved him innocent.

New Business Brings Drug Trafficking to Vancouver, April 24, 1997. Canada's trading boom with the United States and the rest of the world also has brought new drug dealers to Vancouver.

Defense Issues

Dozens of Nations, but Not U.S., Sign Land-Mine Treaty, Dec. 4, 1997. Foreign ministers from dozens of nations including Canada signed a treaty today banning the production and use of anti-personnel land mines.

Canada's Global Clout Grows as Its Army Shrinks, Dec. 3, 1997. Since the end of the Cold War, the Canadian military has cut the jobs of many of its generals, closed bases around the country and reduced its troop strength. Nevertheless, Canada's armed forces have played a pivotal role in the effort to ban land mines, as well as in peacekeeping operations.

Canadian Panel Blames Brass for Army Misdeeds in Somalia, July 3, 1997. Canadian peacekeeping troops in Somalia were "victimized" by their commanders, who sent them into the field unprepared and ignored problems that escalated into the torture and killing of a Somali teenager, a government commission has concluded.

Canadians Eager to Begin African Peace Mission, Nov. 17, 1996. Engineers, medical experts and others in Canada's humanitarian mission to eastern Africa assembled here to begin one of the country's most significant military undertakings since the 1950s.

Defense Staff Chief Resigns, Oct. 9, 1996. Canada's chief of the defense staff, Gen. Jean Boyle, resigned following weeks of criticism, intensified by the Somalia events, over his command of the country's armed forces.

© Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company

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