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A Chronicle of the Conflict From The Post

Eritrean soldier/AP
In June, an Eritrean soldier honored those who died in the country's 30-year battle for independence with Ethiopia. (AP)
| 1999 | 1998 | Pre-1998 |

1999

March
Border War Resumes in Horn of Africa
Tuesday, March 16, 1999
Two weeks after Ethiopia declared "total victory" and Eritrea acknowledged a major defeat, fighting has resumed on the contested border between the Horn of Africa neighbors.

As War Ends, Peace Eludes Horn of Africa
Monday, March 1, 1999
Ethiopia declared "total victory" in its border war with Eritrea, and Eritrea acknowledged losing most of the ground it has occupied since last summer. It was unclear, however, whether that rare point of agreement between the Horn of Africa neighbors moved them any closer to a peace settlement.

February
Fighting Shreds Fragile Peace
Sunday, Feb. 7, 1999
The seven-month drum roll to war between Ethiopia and Eritrea ended when ferocious fighting broke out in the heart of the disputed border area between the two Horn of Africa neighbors that just a year ago regarded one another as brothers.

1998

June
Eritrea, Ethiopia Gird for War
Wednesday, June 24, 1998
It may be a war no one wants, over land rich mostly in dust, between peoples who until recently regarded each other as brothers and sisters in arms. But the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea shows no signs of ebbing and many of hardening.

Leaders Personify Clash in Horn of Africa
Wednesday, June 17, 1998
Between Ethiopia and Eritrea lies three miles of what has brought the two countries to lethal blows – a dusty terrain of termite mounds, goatherds and bushes just tall enough for a camel to graze upon comfortably. How the two old friends got into a war over this strip of land remains a mystery even to the men who started it, they say.

Eritrea Seeks Direct Talks With Ethiopia
Monday, June 15, 1998
Eritrea said that it is ready for face-to-face talks with Ethiopia to seek an end to the undeclared month-old border war between the two former East African allies. Ethiopia has rejected previous calls for direct talks.

E. African Foes Clash Near Red Sea
Friday, June 12, 1998
Eritrean and Ethiopian forces clashed violently again, this time on a new front, 300 miles from the rocky triangle of disputed land that lies at the heart of their border conflict.

Ethiopian and Eritrean Forces Exchange Heavy Fire
Wednesday, June 10, 1998
The latest fragile peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia was fractured when cannons and Soviet-made tanks battled it out in a rapturously beautiful setting a tourist might have mistaken for the Grand Canyon.

School Attack by Eritrea Shocks Ethiopians
Monday, June 8, 1998
On Friday, a small warplane from neighboring Eritrea appeared near an Ethiopian elementary school and dropped a cluster bomb, then returned from the opposite direction and dropped another one. It was the deadliest incident since the crisis between the countries began in May. All told, 48 people were killed, including 10 children under 15.

Ethiopia Continues Raids but Urges Peace
Sunday, June 7, 1998
Ethiopia's fighter planes bombed an airport in Eritrea for a second day as this large East African nation and its former ally to the north veered close to all-out war over their disputed border. Ethiopia nonetheless continued to urge peace.

Ethiopia, Eritrea Attack Each Other
Saturday, June 6, 1998
A simmering border dispute between two usually friendly neighbors erupted into an air war when Ethiopian fighter planes bombed an airport in Eritrea, and Eritrea sent its planes to a provincial capital of the country that only five years ago gave it independence.

Pre-1998
New Famine Could Loom in Ethiopia
Thursday, March 31, 1994
Ten years after a devastating famine shocked the world with images of skeletal people hovering near death, Ethiopia is confronting the first casualties of a severe new drought that many fear could assume catastrophic proportions.

Eritrean Women Who Fought in Trenches Now Battle Tradition
Friday, June 25, 1993
Thousands of women and girls went to the field to join the guerrillas of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front during the war, breaking down gender barriers in many areas. Now that the war is over, however, the women who served as guerrillas find themselves confronting a perhaps even more intractable enemy: tradition.

Newest Nation: Eritrea
Tuesday, May 25, 1993
The former Ethiopian province of Eritrea declared itself the world's newest nation, two years after winning a 30-year war of independence over Ethiopia.

Eritreans Vote in Plebiscite to Separate From Ethiopia
Wednesday, April 28, 1993
More than 1 million voters who trace their heritage to Eritrea decided by a landslide margin to declare independence from Ethiopia, according to provisional results of the plebiscite that ended Sunday.

Battle Won, Eritrean Leader Dons a Tie and Talks Democracy
Saturday, August 17, 1991
Wearing a tailored suit, Issaias Afwerki slipped easily into the ranks of businessmen and experts recently to debate how to revive the economy of Eritrea. There was no sign of the gun he carried through 25 years as a guerrilla fighter, the last 15 as leader of the dominant rebel force that ousted Ethiopian troops from the province in May.

After 30 Years of War, Eritrea Is Rebuilding
Wednesday, July 31, 1991
For many Eritreans, the end of a 30-year struggle for independence is bittersweet. They realize how formidable the challenges and adjustments of peacetime will be for a deeply wounded society that was brutally stripped of its former prosperity.

Eritrean Rebels to Form Own Rule, Separate From Ethiopia
Thursday, May 30, 1991
Just one day after the fall of the Ethiopian government, Eritrean rebels who have been fighting for three decades to win independence for their Red Sea region declared that they will form a separate provisional government.

Ethiopian Rebels Take Over Capital
Wednesday, May 29, 1991
Ethiopian rebels launched a pre-dawn assault on the capital, swiftly taking control of major government buildings and facilities after a brief exchange of artillery and small-arms fire with government forces.


© Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company

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