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  Indonesia Report: Post Analysis & Opinion

| Jan. 1999 | December | | August | July | June | May | April | March | February |
| January | 1997 |

Jan. 1999
Surging Violence, Crime Gives Indonesia the Look of Anarchy
Sunday, January 17 1999; Page A31
Indonesia in recent weeks has been hit by a wave of violence and rising crime -- rioting, looting, attacks on police stations, clashes between rival villages, clashes between ethnic groups. The unrest is creating a growing impression that no one is fully in control.

Ethnic Chinese: Indonesia's Scapegoats
Wednesday, December 23 1998; Page A01
In this year of shattered lives and economic upheaval in Asia, Indonesia's Chinese have suffered a singular tragedy. As Indonesia's currency and then its economy have collapsed, the shopkeepers and small traders that make up the heart of the Chinese community have seen their businesses crushed. But even worse, thousands have seen their stores and homes looted and burned by Indonesian rioters.

Suharto's Son-in-Law Under Fire
Wednesday, August 12, 1998; Page A20
Since Suharto was forced from power by protests and rioting in May, the former president has apparently refused to speak to his son-in-law, Lt. Gen. Prabowo Subianto, considering him a traitor. Prabowo is suspected of involvement in events that led to the end of Suharto's 32-year rule, including the abduction and torture of political activists.

Indonesia Tries to Curb Price Rises
Wednesday, July 8, 1998; Page A19
There are growing fears that food scarcity and high prices will lead to social unrest in Indonesia, the world's fourth most populous country. Villagers set fire to a palm oil plant on the island of Riau recently because the company allegedly refused to sell its products locally, press reports said.

Indonesian Army in Political Retreat
Thursday, June 18, 1998; Page A27
In seeking to carve out a less active role in politics, Indonesia's 400,000-man armed forces are following a familiar pattern across East Asia, where military forces have withdrawn from the political arena in South Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines and Thailand.

For Indonesia's Ethnic Chinese, A New Era Revives Old Hatreds
Tuesday, June 16, 1998; Page A23
Since the fall of President Suharto last month, many Indonesians have begun to dream of a brighter future for themselves and their families. But the role ethnic Chinese will play in the future is uncertain. Many say the trauma they suffered over the last few weeks makes it unlikely they will rush back to help the nation pull itself out of its current economic crisis.

Indonesia's Unintentional Martyrs
Monday, June 8, 1998; Page A01
More than any other single incident during months of political and economic turmoil, the shootings of students at Trisakti University in Jakarta led to the toppling of President Suharto and the emergence of a new political order in Indonesia. The slayings triggered massive rioting here in the capital that left more than 1,000 people dead.

Suharto Wealth Fuels Investigative Frenzy
Saturday, June 6, 1998; Page A13
Digging up information on the more than 1,000 businesses Suharto and his six children control is a massive undertaking – one that foreign investors and some Indonesians fear could prevent the country from moving ahead fast enough to prevent social unrest and economic chaos.

Will Indonesia Be Balkanized?
Thursday, June 4, 1998; Page A28
There are rumblings of discontent in Indonesia's vast hinterland. As the country embarks on a new era of democracy and reform, Indonesia's provinces are sending reminders that they, too, participated in the popular uprising that toppled the Suharto regime last month. What the provinces want most is more control in managing their own affairs.

Seven Days in May that Toppled a Titan
Sunday, May 24, 1998; Page A01
The details are just starting to emerge about the seven days in May that toppled Asia's longest-serving leader. But from interviews with a variety of sources, it is possible to piece together a broad overview of the dramatic chain of events.

Suharto's System Hard to Uproot
Saturday, May 23, 1998; Page A20
Indonesian students were peacefully ousted from parliament having won their key goal – forcing president Suharto from power. But they may soon find that ousting an authoritarian ruler is far easier than toppling the decades-old system he leaves behind.

Cashing In on Years in Power
Friday, May 22, 1998; Page A40
During his 32 years in power, Indonesia's former president Suharto, his family members and some close friends amassed a huge fortune that is estimated to be worth between $20 billion and $40 billion.

Billions Flowed to Suharto Inc.
Friday, May 22, 1998; Page A40
As ex-president Suharto today began the life of, as he put it, "a simple citizen," Indonesians faced a new and potentially wrenching question: what to do about the billions of dollars in wealth amassed over three decades by Suharto, his children and his cronies?

Nepotism, Cronyism Undercut Rule
Thursday, May 21, 1998; Page A01
In the end, rampant corruption, monopolies, nepotism and crony capitalism helped push Indonesia to the brink of economic collapse and undermined Suharto's authority, ultimately forcing him to resign as president.

Students Adopt Sit-In Tactics
Wednesday, May 20, 1998; Page A18
As 3,000 student protesters began to settle in for a long stay inside the parliament building, a wooden effigy of President Suharto they had cobbled together leaned precariously against a bright yellow bus outside, seemingly waiting for what the coming days might bring. As midnight approached, several hundred student sang "We Shall Overcome," in English.

Washington Cool to Suharto's Pledge
Wednesday, May 20, 1998; Page A18
The Clinton administration responded coolly to the promise by Indonesian President Suharto to step down soon and said that Indonesia's political and economic situation has become so chaotic that the country's $43 billion international bailout is almost certain to be suspended and drastically overhauled.

Rioters Torch Aspirations of Upper Class
Sunday, May 17, 1998; Page A24
In a few days of riots and looting, lower class Indonesians have essentially torched the First World aspirations of an upper class deeply out of touch with the majority of the population.

Working to Pierce an Army's Veil
Friday, May 15, 1998; Page A1
For five years the U.S. military has sent a continual parade of generals and elite troops to Indonesia in an effort to gain access and influence within the military forces of that country. But as Indonesia has erupted into chaos, the United States has been shut out from the inner workings of the military, including a possible power struggle that could divide the 400,000-troop force.

Violence Shatters a Ruler's Image
Thursday, May 14, 1998; Page A1
Only two months ago, Indonesian President Suharto's grip on power seemed secure. But with a single dramatic incident, that perception has been shattered by the sound of automatic-weapons fire crackling from a pedestrian footbridge, and by the desperate cries of relatives and friends wailing over the bodies of young slain students.

Indonesia's Leader Stands Tough
Saturday, May 2, 1998; Page A1
President Suharto ruled out any chance of political reform before his term ends in five years as students continued to press their demands for change in clashes with security forces here and in other cities.


A Sputtering Indonesian Market
Monday, April 13, 1998; Page A20
Before the current financial crisis erupted here last year, erasing more than 70 percent of the value of the local currency, Indonesia was gaining importance as a trade partner and buyer for American products. But the country's dramatic financial collapse has forced U.S. companies to reassess that view and, in some cases, delay plans for expansion.

Indonesia Tightens Grip Against Dissenters
Thursday, April 2, 1998; Page A33
Human rights groups point to dramatic increase in the number of political detentions in Indonesia this year. At least 140 people are in jail awaiting trial for involvement in political activities or demonstrations – including one against rising milk prices.

Indonesia's Currency Tumble Is a Bargain-Hunter's Boon
Monday, March 30, 1998; Page A21
The correspondents, photographers and television crews descended on Jakarta in the last few weeks to chronicle Indonesia's new Year Of Living Dangerously. What they found instead with the bargain-basement prices was something closer to the Month Of Living Comfortably.

Indonesia to Place Strong Rupiah First In New Reform Plan
Thursday, March 26, 1998; Page A25
Indonesian officials say they expect to be able to unveil as early as next week a new and improved economic reform package – the third here in less than five months. They hope the plan will not only stabilize the volatile currency but also revive the ailing banking sector and tackle massive private-sector debt.

Opinion: A Nation Sinks Under a Leader's Weight
Sunday, March 22, 1998; Page C1
After a short, painful eight-month slide from rising economic powerhouse to nearly insolvent trouble spot, time is running out for President Suharto in his protracted game of brinkmanship with the International Monetary Fund (IMF). With his economy grinding to a halt and his central bank running out of money, he has little time to change course.

Worries Grow About Indonesia
Saturday, March 7, 1998; Page A12
A nightmare scenario about Indonesia is haunting the Clinton administration and the International Monetary Fund. Discontent in the island nation over soaring food prices and joblessness, they fear, could engender an explosion of violent unrest that would cause the entire Asian financial crisis to deepen anew.

Suharto's Ace: He's the Only Game in Town
Monday, February 23, 1998; Page A1
Indonesia, the world's fourth-most populous country, is sliding steadily toward economic and social chaos. Unemployment is mounting. Factories no longer function. People don't even bother paying their electricity bills. Its fate depends solely on the whims and reactions of one man: President Suharto.

Habibie: Indonesian Oracle or Oddball?
Thursday, February 19, 1998; Page A19
For some, B.J. Habibie is a visionary, an ardent economic nationalist and the very image of a thoroughly modern Muslim intellectual. For others, B.J. Habibie is a dangerous eccentric who uses his proximity to an aging president to push his economic theories and a raft of grandiose, ill-conceived plans that are a drain on the national treasury.

Indonesia's Chinese Singled Out During Riots
Monday, February 16, 1998; Page A24
The Chinese make up only 3 percent of Indonesia's 202 million people but they control most of the country's wealth. That fact has inspired resentment during current period of political and economic uncertainty.

In Indonesia, Waiting for the Work to Come Back
Sunday, February 8, 1998; Page A25
Indonesia's industrial sector is in the midst of the country's worst economic slump in three decades. Orders for products have dried up, the collapsed currency has left hundreds of businesses saddled with astronomical debt they are unable to pay, and idle plants unable to import raw materials are struggling to meet payrolls, or in some cases simply to keep the electricity turned on.

Burgeoning Opposition Tries to Steer Indonesia Toward Reform
Saturday, January 31, 1998; Page A15
For 30 years Indonesians adhered largely to an unspoken rule: Keep quiet and continue to enjoy the prosperity generated by free-market reform. But with the country's economy in precipitous crisis since last summer, people have begun speaking out against the authoritarian government of President Suharto as never before.

Suharto & Sons (& Daughters, In-Laws & Cronies)
Sunday, January 25, 1998; Page C1
Since seizing power in the mid-1960s, Indonesian President Suharto has translated his absolute political power into a massive family fortune. The Suharto family is worth an estimated $16 billion according to Forbes magazine, and $35 billion according to one estimate attributed to the CIA.

Indonesia Braces for Worst As Its Currency Collapses
Saturday, January 24, 1998; Page A1
When a country's currency falls by more than 80 percent in six months, strange and terrible things are bound to happen to its economy. In Indonesia, the strange already is happening – and the terrible may be only days away.

Thais' Reluctance to Act Added to Currency Crisis
Saturday, August 2, 1997; Page F1
Although Thailand posted spectacular growth in the 8 percent to 10 percent range during much of the past decade, the boom was built in part on heavy investment in real estate financed by borrowings from abroad. Thailand's currency meltdown eventually triggered the fall of other currencies in Asia.

© Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company

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