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| Government/Reform | Yeltsin Health | Military/Nuclear |
| Economy | Diplomatic | Crime/Society |

Government/Reform
Citing Economy, Yeltsin Fires Premier
Thursday, May 13, 1999; Page A1
President Boris Yeltsin fired Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov after eight months in the job, arousing new economic uncertainty here and setting in motion a collision with the Communist-dominated legislature on the eve of a debate on impeachment charges against Yeltsin.

Russian Tycoon Faces Charges
Wednesday, April 7, 1999; Page A14
Boris Berezovsky, an outspoken tycoon and friend of President Boris Yeltsin's family who became an informal leader of the Russian financial and political elite, was named in an arrest warrant on charges of money laundering and corruption, a prosecutor announced.

Yeltsin Fires Tycoon From Commonwealth Post
Friday, March 5, 1999; Page A30
Russian President Boris Yeltsin effectively fired business magnate Boris Berezovsky as executive secretary of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Yeltsin's Absentee Rule Raises Specter of a 'Failed State'
Friday, February 26, 1999; Page A01
Boris Yeltsin, suffering from a bleeding ulcer, has come to the Kremlin only sporadically. Although he was back at work recently, his prolonged absences are contributing to what some prominent analysts believe is a long slide toward the collapse of central authority in Russia and perhaps the crumbling of Russia as a federation.

Yeltsin Accepts Top Prosecutor's Resignation
Wednesday, February 3, 1999; Page A18
President Boris Yeltsin, still recovering from an ulcer, unexpectedly showed up at his Kremlin office for the first time this year and accepted the resignation of the country's much-criticized chief prosecutor.

Primakov Seen Solidifying Control
Wednesday, January 27, 1999; Page A15
Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov can chalk up one big accomplishment over the last four months: He calmed Moscow's political waters in the wake of the August devaluation crisis. The natural gas monopoly, Gazprom, is purring with praise, the opposition Communists are congenial, and the contentious lower house of parliament, the State Duma, has twice voted in support of his budget.

The Reformer Out in the Cold
Tuesday, September 29, 1998; Page A11
Former Russian Deputy Prime Minister Boris Nemtsov recounts his frustrating 18 months at the cutting edge of a critical period in Russia's quest to become a free-market democracy.

Russian Duma Approves Primakov as Premier
Saturday, September 12, 1998; Page A01
Russia's parliament overwhelmingly approved Yevgeny Primakov as prime minister after he pledged to curtail the country's faltering experiment with free markets and capitalism.

Primakov Earns Broad Support Through Unclear Ideology
Friday, September 11, 1998; Page A20
He's a spy turned foreign minister who has campaigned tirelessly to make a weakened Russia a force in world affairs. Now he is turning his talents to keeping Russia from sinking into a bottomless economic decline.

Pressure Builds For Shift By Yeltsin
Tuesday, September 8, 1998; Page A01
With the economy unraveling and protests erupting over food shortages, the lower house of the Russian parliament voted for a second time to reject Viktor Chernomyrdin as prime minister, increasing pressure on President Boris Yeltsin to nominate someone else and end the country's political paralysis.

Premier Designate Rejected in Russia
Tuesday, September 1, 1998; Page A01
President Boris Yeltsin's attempt to reappoint Viktor Chernomyrdin as prime minister was overwhelmingly rejected by parliament today, deepening Russia's political disarray on the eve of President Clinton's visit.

Yeltsin Vows to Stay in Office
Saturday, August 29, 1998; Page A01
President Boris Yeltsin vowed today not to resign in the face of severe challenges from parliament and a barrage of criticism over the imploding Russian economy. But he pledged not to run again and not to disband the opposition-dominated legislature.

Yeltsin Dismisses Premier
Monday, August 24, 1998; Page A1
President Boris Yeltsin fired Prime Minister Sergei Kiriyenko and replaced him with his predecessor, Viktor Chernomyrdin, delivering another jolting surprise to Russia and its crisis-battered financial markets.
Return Boosts Chernomyrdin's Presidential Hopes

Kiriyenko is Confirmed as Prime Minister
Saturday, April 25, 1998; Page A01
President Boris Yeltsin prevailed over his opponents in the lower house of the Russian parliament and won confirmation as prime minister of Sergei Kiriyenko, 35, who will become second in command of the government after less than a year's experience in Moscow.

Analysis: Yeltsin Demonstrates Vitality
Tuesday, March 24, 1998; Page A14
Sidelined by illness, Russian President Boris Yeltsin appeared to be barely holding on just a few days ago. But, with a suddenness and drama he has relished in the past, Yeltsin announced the dismissal of his staid but loyal Prime Minister and every other cabinet official.

Yeltsin Fires Prime Minister, Entire Cabinet
Tuesday, March 24, 1998; Page A01
President Boris Yeltsin abruptly fired Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin and his entire cabinet. Compounding the surprise, Yeltsin chose a 35-year-old minister who has been serving in Moscow only four months to be acting prime minister.

Yeltsin Back to Work, Rebukes Prime Minister
Tuesday, January 20, 1998; Page A12
President Boris Yeltsin returned to the Kremlin for the first time in more than a month to preside over a government in which the balance of power has shifted to conservative Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin and away from younger market reformers.

Yeltsin, Foes Discuss Land Code
Saturday, December 27, 1997; Page A15
President Boris Yeltsin took a small step toward resolving one of post-Soviet Russia's most intractable conflicts, convening a Kremlin round table on land reform that pledged to hammer out a compromise land code over the next three months.

Russia's Ever Mounting Back Taxes
Friday, December 26, 1997; Page A31
Top economic officials say that tax collection is the next frontier in Russia's ongoing reform process. Some estimates put the sum of uncollected taxes at $100 billion.

Kremlin Strips Chubais of Finance Post
Thursday, November 20 1997; Page A27
Russia's embattled economic reformer, First Deputy Prime Minister Anatoly Chubais, was taken down another notch today as the Kremlin decided to strip him of one of his most powerful posts, minister of finance.

Two More Aides Fired, Dealing Further Blows to Reform
Sunday, November 16 1997; Page A25
President Boris Yeltsin fired two more top aides to Deputy Prime Minister Anatoly Chubais today but refused to accept Chubais's resignation, leaving Russia's leading economic reformer still in office but dealing a major setback to the prospects for further liberalization of Russia's economy.

Yeltsin Fires Aide in Scandal Over Top Reformer's Book Fee
Saturday, November 15 1997; Page A17
President Boris Yeltsin fired his deputy chief of staff in the latest twist in a scandal over private book advances accepted by Russia's leading economic reformer, Deputy Prime Minister Anatoly Chubais, and some of his closest aides.

Yeltsin Vows Government Shakeup
Friday, March 7 1997; Page A01
President Boris Yeltsin formally returned to Russia's political arena today after an eight-month absence, vowing to "restore order" out of economic chaos and political corruption but blaming others for the country's deepening decay.

Yeltsin Health
Yeltsin Returns to Hospital for Ulcer
Sunday, February 28, 1999; Page A25
President Boris Yeltsin was hospitalized again for a bleeding ulcer that had sidelined him for several weeks in January and earlier this month.

Recovering President Returns to the Kremlin
Saturday, March 21, 1998; Page A16
President Boris Yeltsin worked three hours at the Kremlin this morning after overcoming a week-long bout with respiratory illness. He appeared, all smiles, on television, greeting and conversing with aides.

Yeltsin Has a 'Cold,' Say Aides
Saturday, March 14, 1998; Page A22
President Boris Yeltsin canceled his appointments today because of an acute respiratory problem and laryngitis, Kremlin officials said. The illness follows by three days Yeltsin's criticism of the press for speculating about his health.

Yeltsin Abruptly Exits Meeting, Fails to Fire Aides
Friday, February 27, 1998; Page A29
President Boris Yeltsin, looking somewhat weak, abruptly left a long-planned meeting with government ministers today after failing to follow through on his opening threat to fire three of them by the end of the session for poor performance last year.

Yeltsin is Admitted to Hospital
Thursday, December 11 1997; Page A01
President Boris Yeltsin was hospitalized today at a sanitarium outside Moscow. Two sources said Yeltsin has suffered another bout of heart trouble. Yeltsin's spokesman announced that the president is suffering an acute respiratory infection stemming from a cold.

Yeltsin Heart Operation Called a Success
Wednesday, November 6 1996; Page A03
President Boris Yeltsin underwent a seven-hour operation to circumvent five clogged arteries supplying blood to his heart. Surgeons and Kremlin officials announced that the operation had been a success and that Yeltsin regained consciousness.

Military/Nuclear
U.S., Russia To Resume Arms Control Negotiations
Wednesday, July 28, 1999; Page A01
Russian Prime Minister Sergei Stepashin and Vice President Gore announced that the United States and Russia will resume arms control talks in Moscow next month as Stepashin declared that the two nations are "moving to another page" after disagreements over the war over Kosovo.

Russian Flight Shocks West
Thursday, July 1, 1999; Page A1
Two Russian strategic bombers flew within striking distance of the United States last week as part of Moscow's largest military exercises since the end of the Cold War, astounding U.S. officials and underlining recent Western concerns about the military leadership in Moscow.

2 Nuclear Accords Expected
Sunday, March 21, 1999; Page A24
Russia and the United States expected to finalize two nuclear security agreements that would pump hundreds of millions of dollars into the Russian treasury and ease tensions over Russia's nuclear cooperation with Iran, according to officials of both countries.

Russian Military Decay Detailed
Sunday, February 21, 1999; Page A24
An unusually detailed State Department report concludes that the Russian military's combat readiness is in "rapid decay" and says an internal assessment by the Russian Defense Ministry finds "the average Russian soldier is only marginally combat capable."

Russia's Nuclear Force Sinks With the Ruble
Friday, September 18, 1998; Page A01
Russia's strategic nuclear weapons force is showing fresh signs of distress and decline amid the country's economic implosion.

Radioactivity Threatens a Mighty River
Sunday, August 17, 1998; Page A01
Second of two articles
According to studies completed since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Yenisey River in Siberia has been contaminated – severely in places – by three decades of discharges of radioactive particles from a state-run factory making bomb-grade plutonium.

Russia's Forgotten Chemical Weapons
Sunday, August 16, 1998; Page A01
First of two articles
Russia has more chemical bombs than any country, and it cannot get rid of them, or even find them all. Forty thousand tons of chemical weapons are stored in officially declared military depots. But thousands of other bombs lie in abandoned and uncharted weapons dumps.

Russia's Top Nuclear Official Resigns
Tuesday, March 3 1998; Page A12
Viktor Mikhailov, who oversaw Russia's vast archipelago of civilian and military atomic-energy facilities and who aggressively sought to export Russian nuclear know-how abroad, has resigned, Russian officials said.

Russia Challenged to Disclose Status of Weapons Program
Thursday, February 26, 1998; Page A17
Russia is being challenged anew to disclose whether it is continuing a secret military research program on offensive biological weapons despite its earlier denials and an international treaty forbidding such work.

Did Russia Sell Iraq Germ Warfare Equipment?
Thursday, February 12, 1998; Page A01
United Nations inspectors in Iraq last fall uncovered what they considered highly unsettling evidence of a 1995 agreement by the Russian government to sell Iraq sophisticated fermentation equipment that could be used to develop biological weapons, according to sources

Yeltsin Names New Defense Minister
Saturday, May 24 1997; Page A25
President Boris Yeltsin, who dismissed the top two leaders of the Russian military on Thursday for failure to carry out army reforms, today installed Igor Sergeyev, a longtime veteran of the nuclear missile forces, as defense minister.

Russia Draws Bleak Picture Of Its Security
Thursday, December 25, 1997; Page A29
President Boris Yeltsin has signed Russia's first post-Soviet national security "concept," which describes a badly weakened state in which the chief threats are internal economic chaos, ethnic and regional strains, and social polarization of Russian society.

Yeltsin Fires Defense Chiefs
Friday, May 23 1997; Page A01
President Boris Yeltsin, irate over the failure of the military leadership to reform Russia's disintegrating armed forces, fired his defense minister and the chief of the general staff today and issued a blistering attack on the high command.

Economy
Audit Shows Russia Misled IMF on Loan
Thursday, July 1, 1999; Page A1
A secret audit of the Russian Central Bank's dealings with an obscure offshore investment company has concluded that Russia misreported its foreign currency reserves to the International Monetary Fund by $1 billion in 1996, well-informed sources said Wednesday.

Russian Central Bank Accused of Scheme
Saturday, February 27, 1999; Page A16
A scandal over an offshore fund handling Russia's foreign currency reserves deepened as a member of parliament charged that the Central Bank allowed the reserves to be used for buying and selling securities and then concealed the profits from the government.

Upheavals Threaten Free Market Goals
Sunday, August 30, 1998; Page A01
On the eve of President Clinton's arrival for a summit with President Boris Yeltsin, Russia's economic upheaval has profoundly shaken confidence in the goals of free markets and democracy that the West has so long championed here.

Tycoons Take the Reins in Russia
Friday, August 28, 1998; Page A01
Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin's return, thanks to a wealthy Russian financier, was a sign that Russia remains a state dominated by a coterie of financial and industrial tycoons who wield as much influence as the politicians.

Ruble Suffers Biggest Loss in Four Years
Wednesday, August 26, 1998; Page A13
The Russian ruble tumbled 10 percent against the dollar today, the steepest one-day drop in four years.

Russia Devalues Currency
Monday, August 17, 1998; Page A01
The Russian government gave in to months of pressure on the nation's currency and announced a devaluation of the ruble and suspension of the market in government bonds.

Yeltsin Demands Action on Economy
Wednesday, June 24, 1998; Page A19
Faced with intensifying pressure on the ruble, President Boris Yeltsin warned that Russia's finances are in an alarming condition and threatened to impose a new tax code and other economic measures by decree if parliament does not enact them in the next few weeks.

Russian, Other Markets Fall
Tuesday, June 2, 1998; Page A01
Russia's financial crisis deepened as its main stock index sank 10.2 percent, continuing a massive investor flight from the country's markets that has aroused fears of a collapse in the ruble and political tumult in the giant nuclear power.

Russia Attempts To Bolster Finances
Wednesday, May 27, 1998; Page A19
In the face of mounting economic woes, Russia has inquired about the possibility of new cheap loans from the International Monetary Fund to prop up its shaky finances.

Chubais Blasts Russian Industrialists
Sunday, March 8, 1998; Page A23
In a series of revealing newspaper interviews, Anatoly Chubais offered unrepentant, pungent criticism of the leading bankers and industrialists with whom he has been at odds since last summer. And he warned that unless Russia frees itself from their grip, the country could implode like the Asian economies did last fall.

Russia Fears Effects of Asia Crisis
Sunday, February 1, 1998; Page A24
Its stock market battered and its currency under pressure, Russia is fighting a rear-guard battle to keep the economy from being pulled under by the problems in Asia and its own inability to make key reforms.

New Ruble Has Russians Counting Their Kopecks
Saturday, January 3, 1998; Page A15
The kopeck, Russia's ancient coinage, is back and newly minted. Its reappearance is the fruit of a decision by President Boris Yeltsin to return small-denomination currency to Russia as a sign that the days of economic uncertainty are over.

Russia's 'People's Capitalism' Benefiting Only the Elite
Sunday, December 28, 1997; Page A01
Russia's great transition from communist central planning to free-market capitalism is coming under fire. Instead of encouraging middle-class entrepreneurs, Russia is turning toward oligarchic capitalism, characterized by the domination of giant conglomerates and a handful of wealthy tycoons who enjoy special privileges with the state.

In Moscow, Business and Politics Mix
Friday, December 19, 1997; Page A01
In Moscow, the mayor has been championing so-called "state capitalism" – a blend of the market, big money and Soviet-style central government control. But critics say mayor's system is also something else – "crony capitalism," in which cozy relationships and insider deals are critical to success.

Diplomatic
Russia Asks U.N. Leader to Visit Baghdad
Saturday, February 14, 1998; Page A24
Russian Foreign Minister Yevgeny Primakov, in another bid to avert U.S. military action against Iraq, appealed to United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan to visit Baghdad "to see things for himself."

Russia Rebukes U.S. Over Iraq
Friday, February 13, 1998; Page A01
Russian Defense Minister Igor Sergeyev forcefully lectured Defense Secretary William S. Cohen about America's "tough and uncompromising" stand on Iraq, warning against hasty judgments and short-lived military victories and expressing "deep concern" about future U.S.-Russian relations if the United States takes military action against Iraq.

Yeltsin Warns Bombing Iraq Risks World War
Thursday, February 5, 1998; Page A21
President Boris Yeltsin warned President Clinton that bombing Iraq could mean "world war," and he chided the American leader for performing "too loudly" in the latest Middle East crisis.

Crime/Society
From Russia With Hate
Monday, January 12, 1998; Page A12
Africans number about 12,000 in Russia, with thousands more Latin Americans, Middle Easterners and Asians living in the country. Many are settled and engaged in business, giving Moscow a cosmopolitan air. But more and more, expatriates and foreigners are subject to racial taunts, beatings and, increasingly, police abuse.

FBI Chief Warns Russian Mafias Pose Growing Threat to U.S.
Thursday, October 2, 1997; Page A18
FBI Director Louis J. Freeh warned that Russian organized crime networks pose a menace to U.S. national security and asserted that there is now greater danger of a nuclear attack by some outlaw group than there was by the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

Russian Mafias, Drug Cartels Joining Forces
Monday, September 29, 1997; Page A01
Russian organized crime groups, flush with dollars, are forming alliances with Colombian drug traffickers in the Caribbean, acquiring cocaine for delivery to Europe and providing weapons to Latin American mafias, according to U.S., European and Latin American law enforcement officials.


© Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company

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