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  Key Figures
S. Africa's National Leaders

| Nelson Mandela | Winnie Madikizela-Mandela | Thabo Mbeki | F.W. de Klerk |

Mandela and Machel/Reuters
South African President Nelson Mandela and his wife, Graca Machel, in July. (Reuters)
Nelson Mandela
Mandela: All in a Life's Work
Tuesday, February 23, 1999; Page C01
He is 80 years old, an icon in his twilight, tired at the end of another grueling day. But do not think that Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela is bowing to age. Although only three months remain for him in office, his mission is far from over. Traveling with Mandela, even for one day, is to witness his extraordinary single-mindedness, moral suasion and personal contentiousness.

Mandela: South Africa's Star Attractor
Saturday, July 25, 1998; Page D01
There are few enough leaders with instant global name recognition – Bill Clinton, Boris Yeltsin, Fidel Castro. But there are fewer still whose names incur such passion that celebrity performers fly halfway around the globe to sing "Happy Birthday." Nelson Mandela is one.

Mandela, Longtime Companion Wed
Sunday, July 19, 1998; Page A24
President Nelson Mandela let South Africa's worst-kept secret out of the bag when he married his longtime companion, former Mozambican first lady Graca Machel. Mandela and Machel, who is 52, took their vows on Mandela's 80th birthday.

Opinion: Without Nelson Mandela
Saturday, December 20 1997; Page A20
As Nelson Mandela, now 79, steps down from the helm of the African National Congress, the party that led South Africa from apartheid to nonracial democracy, anxiety is evident all around. No other living political leader enjoys the respect he has earned for his legendary personal courage, dignity and vision and for his success in presiding over a delicate, urgent and generally peaceful national rebirth.

Mandela: Whites Fighting Reform
Wednesday, December 17 1997; Page A01
South African President Nelson Mandela bade farewell to the ruling African National Congress with a harsh speech in which he accused the white opposition and the white media of trying to thwart post-apartheid reforms to protect their racial privilege.

Hopes and History Mingle As Mandela Signs Charter
Wednesday, December 11 1996; Page A19
On a day replete with the kind of liberation pageantry that has marked the milestones of the new South Africa, the air was thick with talk of unity and equality as Nelson Mandela signed the nation's first post-apartheid constitution into law.

Nelson Mandela Wins Divorce
Wednesday, March 20 1996; Page B02
After a tortuous day that ended with Winnie Mandela firing her lawyer and standing alone to plead for sympathy, a Supreme Court judge declared the 38-year marriage of South African President Nelson Mandela and his estranged wife officially dissolved.

Mandela Bridging White-Black Divide
Friday, July 21, 1995; Page A23
Nelson Mandela, South Africa's charismatic leader, now walks a tightrope between the legitimate demands of blacks who expect democracy to deliver what was refused them under apartheid, and the fears of whites who do not want their still privileged way of life to be turned upside down.

Mandela Addresses Congress
Friday, October 7, 1994; Page A06
South African President Nelson Mandela repeatedly brought cheering lawmakers to their feet at a joint meeting of Congress when he urged the United States to turn its energy and resources from the ideological battles of the Cold War to underwriting peace, democracy and prosperity in Africa.

Historic Election Begins in S. Africa
Wednesday, April 27, 1994; Page A01
Black and white South Africans voted together for the first time, culminating one of modern history's longest struggles against racial domination. Nelson Mandela, virtually certain to become president as a result of the vote, had his eye on history today, not on numbers or logistics.

A Profile: Mandela, Father of His Country
Sunday, February 13, 1994; Page W10
His head hasn't touched a pillow in 39 hours, and the world's last hero is looking a bit decrepit. Yet even in his diminished condition, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, 75, manages to radiate the regal self-assurance drilled into him six decades ago by tribal elders who groomed him for chieftaincy and by British missionaries who schooled him for modernity.

Mandela and F.W. de Klerk Share Nobel Peace Prize
Saturday, October 16, 1993; Page A01
The world's most famous former prisoner and his ex-jailer – African National Congress President Nelson Mandela and South African President Frederik W. de Klerk – were jointly awarded the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize today for their efforts to dismantle the country's apartheid system of racial separation.

South Africa Frees Mandela After 27 Years
Monday, February 12, 1990; Page A01
Black nationalist leader Nelson Mandela walked out of prison today a free man after more than 27 years in confinement and told cheering supporters that their armed struggle against white-minority rule in South Africa must be intensified.

Winnie Madikizela-Mandela
Winnie Mandela/Reuters
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela. (Reuters)
Mandela Drops Bid for ANC's No. 2 Post
Thursday, December 18 1997; Page A35
With a surprisingly paltry show of hands in support of her nomination, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela withdrew from the race for deputy president of South Africa's ruling party, paving the way for a smooth transition from the era of Nelson Mandela to that of Thabo Mbeki.

Mandela Stirs Strong Reactions in Neighbors
Saturday, December 6, 1997; Page A19
Once, Winnie Mandela's face was like a mirror in which black South Africans could see their hopes and aspirations. But now, the Winnie image has shattered into sharp-edged shards that now are weapons in a national debate over her legacy, her integrity, her status as a leader, her future.

Winnie Mandela: Murder Accusers 'Liars'
Friday, December 5 1997; Page A01
Accused of involvement in murder and torture committed by her former bodyguards, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela publicly defended herself for the first time, boldly telling South Africa's truth commission that all allegations against her are "fabrications."

Bodyguard Accuses Madikizela-Mandela
Thursday, December 4 1997; Page A34
In testimony remarkable for its ramblings and disturbing in its descriptions of death, the key figure in Winnie Madikizela-Mandela's brutal bodyguard squad today claimed that the erstwhile "mother of the nation" ordered several murders in the 1980s.

Spotlight on Mandela Casts Shadow on Nation
Saturday, November 29 1997; Page A01
In five days of testimony by 25 witnesses, South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission has attempted to uncover the truth about murders and other abuses committed by the 1980s bodyguard squad of Winnie Madikizela-Mandela and the role that South Africa's most famous woman played in those abuses.

Winnie Mandela's Role in Mayhem Probed
Monday, November 24 1997; Page A01
Winnie Mandela's role in this mayhem surrounding the liberation struggle is one of the haunting questions still afflicting South Africa. A decade of allegations, rumor, and innuendo will reach a crescendo as South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission begins a week of public hearings on the activities of the Mandela United Football Club.

The Resurrected Winnie Mandela
Saturday, April 30, 1994; Page G01
When you sit within close range of Winnie Mandela, you realize what a big woman she is. As in big and strong. You suddenly believe that she truly could have caused a policeman to break his neck, as she has bragged. And you shift that particular story out of the long list of myths about this "Mother of the Nation" over to the one of that which is possibly factual.

Mandela and Mbeki/Reuters
South African President Nelson Mandela and his successor, Thabo Mbeki. (Reuters)
Thabo Mbeki
Mbeki Takes Over From Mandela
Thursday, June 17, 1999; Page A1
Dancing, weeping and cheering, tens of thousands of South Africans turned out today to inaugurate Thabo Mbeki as the nation's second democratically elected president while bidding farewell to Nelson Mandela.

Pragmatist Prepares to Succeed Mandela
Tuesday, June 1, 1999; Page A1
Mandela has been a fatherly symbol of perseverance, dignity and reconciliation, floating above the fray as a kind of patron saint of that grand compromise, but as his successor, the pragmatic Thabo Mbeki will likely be a presidential CEO, intent on getting things done, running a tightly disciplined and more centrally managed ship.

S. African Succession Proceeds, Cautiously
Monday, October 21 1996; Page A01
As Deputy President Thabo Mbeki prepared for a series of meetings in the United States to sell South Africa to potential investors, he also was making another foray into the theater of global perceptions, where he is being closely watched as Pretoria's president in waiting.

F.W. de Klerk
Ex-President Quits Party Post in S. Africa
Wednesday, August 27 1997; Page A21
Frederik W. de Klerk, the last president under South Africa's system of white-minority rule, quit his party's leadership and his seat in Parliament today, saying he wants to free the National Party from its "unjustified" links to a "guilt-laden" past.

De Klerk Runs a Race He Knows He Can't Win
Sunday, April 17, 1994; Page A28
Four years ago, de Klerk stunned the world by releasing Nelson Mandela from prison, legalizing all black liberation groups and scrapping the system of institutionalized racism, known as apartheid. At the time, he warned critics and admirers alike that no one should expect him to negotiate himself out of power. Then he did precisely that.

De Klerk Acknowledges Illegal Activities
Sunday, December 20, 1992; Page A01
President Frederik W. de Klerk acknowledged today for the first time that senior members of South Africa's security forces had engaged in illegal activities – probably including assassination – against political targets, and he took disciplinary action against almost two dozen officers.

De Klerk Proposes Blacks Join Interim Rule
Saturday, December 21, 1991; Page A01
President Frederik W. de Klerk proposed that South Africa's black majority join the white minority in forming an elected interim government and parliament to run the country and draw up a new non-racial constitution.

Abolition of Apartheid Acts Planned
Saturday, February 2, 1991; Page A01
President Frederik W. de Klerk, proclaiming the final dismantling of "the cornerstones of apartheid," announced plans to repeal laws that have guaranteed white ownership of 87 percent of the land and entrenched rigid segregation of the races.

S. Africa Lifts Ban on ANC, Other Groups
Saturday, February 3, 1990; Page A01
President Frederik W. de Klerk lifted a 30-year-old ban on the country's main black opposition group, the African National Congress, and announced that authorities soon will "unconditionally" free imprisoned black nationalist leader Nelson Mandela.

© Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company

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