1937

1976

2015

Sources: Abcnews.com, Adage.com, African American Lives, Amazon.com, Americanrhetoric.com, CBS Pittsburgh, Chicagotribune.com, Contemporary Black Biography, Cnn.com, Dailymail.co.uk, Deadline.com, Ebony Magazine, Emmys.org, ETonline, Freerepublic.com, Gawker.com, Goodreads.com, Grammys.com, Hollywood-elsewhere.com, Huffingtonpost.com, IMDB.com, Jet Magazine, Kennedy-center.org, Latimes.com, Laughspin.com, Military.com, Naacp.org, The New Icons: The Art of Television Advertising, Newsweek.com, Nypost.com, Nytimes.com, Owlsports.com, People.com, Phillymag.com, Senate.gov, Showbiz411.com, Targetmarketnews.com, Techland.time.com, Time.com, Today.com, Variety.com, Vox.com, Vulture.com, Who2.com, Wikipedia.com, Youtube.com. Cutout source: Victoria Will/Invision/AP.

Produced by Emily Chow, Mitch Rubin, Caitlin Moore, Veronica Toney, Chloe Coleman and Anne Farrar. Published Nov. 22, 2014.