How Laws Are Made in Maryland

Bill Idea & Drafting | Introduction | Evaluation | Citizen Involvement | Passage


Commitee Hearing: House of Origin

Once the bill is referred to a committee in the chamber where it is introduced (the "house of origin"), public hearings are scheduled. At this time, anyone can present their views or objections about proposed legislation by offering personal or written testimony. After hearing all testimony, the committee prepares recommendations for the bill, which may include changes to portions of the text. The committee may also decide not to take any further action, at which point, the bill would die.

Second Reading

At the second reading, the committee presents and explains its recommendations to the house of origin. This is the first opportunity for the entire chamber to ask questions and debate the bill. The chamber votes for or against the committee recommendations. If the recommendations pass, the bill continues on in the evaluation process. If the chamber votes against the recommendations, the bill dies.

Committee Hearing: Opposite Chamber

If the bill passes in the first chamber, it is delivered--as amended--to the second chamber for another introduction and committee markup. If the second chamber wishes to make changes to the existing bill, it is returned to the house of origin for a vote on the changes. Otherwise, the bill is voted on as originally presented.

Next Step: Citizen Involvement »

Related Links:
Full Details: Bill Evaluation

Source: Md. Department of Legislative Services
Kamille Whittaker -

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