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Race, Dating and Marriage

Thursday, July 5, 2001

This study was conducted by telephone March 29 - May 20, 2001 among a nationally representative sample of 540 adults 18 years of age or older who are married to, or living with, a partner of a different race. Respondents were included if they said they were part of a biracial couple, and one partner's race/ethnicity was White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, or American Indian and the other partner's race/ethnicity was different. While Hispanics are considered an ethnic group and not a race by the United States Census, respondents in Hispanic/non-Hispanic pairs were included in the sample if they thought of themselves as part of a biracial couple. Results were weighted to reflect the distribution of biracial couples in the nation. The margin of error for overall results is plus or minus six percentage points. In addition to sampling error there are other possible sources of measurement error in this or any other public opinion poll. Fieldwork was conducted by ICR/International Communications Research of Media, PA

Just to verify, are you currently married or living with a partner?

                                     
          Married   Living with a partner   Something else   Don't Know
   
5/20/01     80            20                     -             -

Partner Profile: Total Couple

                   White Respondent   Minority Respondent
White Partner                                   85
Black Partner                12                  5
Hispanic Partner             55                  4
Asian Partner                20                  3
Native American Partner      10                  1
Other Partner                 3                  1

Race/Ethnicity Combination
           
5/20/01                  % 			5/20/01                  %
White/Black              11			Black/Other              *
White/Hispanic           51			Hispanic/Asian           1
White/Asian              19			Hispanic/Native American 1
White/Native American    9			Hispanic/Other           *
White/Other              2			Asian/Native American    -
Black/Hispanic           3			Asian/Other              *
Black/Asian              2			Native American/Other    *
Black/Native American    *			

Would you describe the state of the nation's economy these days as excellent, good, not so good, or poor?

            EXCELLENT/GOOD             NOT SO GOOD/POOR
             
          NET   Excellent  Good      NET   Not so good  Poor  Don't know
			 
5/20/01   55       3       52        45      36          8      *

Would you describe the state of your own personal finances these days as excellent, good, not so good, or poor?

            EXCELLENT/GOOD             NOT SO GOOD/POOR  
           NET  Excellent   Good     NET  Not so good  Poor   Don't know 
5/20/01     77      8        69       23      18         5      1 

When they grow up, do you expect your children or children from families like yours to enjoy a higher or lower standard of living than your generation, or do you think it will be about the same?

            Higher  Lower   About the same  Don't know  
5/20/01        52      7           41          1

Now I'd like to ask you some questions about racial and ethnic groups in the United States…

Do you feel that (READ ITEMS) have more, less, or about the same opportunities in life as whites have?

5/20/01       More opportunity  Less opportunity  About the same Don't know
            
a. African Americans    6               42            51            *
b. Hispanic Americans   7               46            46            *
c. Asian Americans     13               21            64            2

Is there too much, too little, or about the right amount of attention paid to race and racial issues these days?

5/20/01 Too much  Too little  About the right amount  Don't know
            48          32             19               1

Which of the following comes closer to your opinion?

5/20/01  We have overcome major   There are still major			Don't 
			problems facing			problems facing racial		know
			racial minorities           minorities  
                   22		 				 77 	 			 1

During the last ten years, do you think tensions between racial and ethnic groups in this country have increased, decreased, or stayed about the same?

       Increased   Decreased   Stayed about the same  Don't know
5/20/01      28           28                  43             * 

Considering everything, would you say marrying someone of a different race makes marriage easier or harder, or doesn't it make a difference either way? (GET ANSWER THEN READ: Does it make marriage much easier/harder, or just a little easier/harder?)

 
    -----EASIER------	 -----HARDER--------		
       NET Much  Just    NET  Just     Much     Doesn't make  Don't know
	   		   a little 	a little  harder	a difference	
5/20/01	2	1	  1	     32	   24	    8	          66	     *

Compared to couples where both people are of the same race, please tell me whether being part of a biracial couple makes it easier or harder for you to do the following things. First, (INSERT ITEM), is this: much easier, somewhat easier, somewhat harder, much harder, or doesn't it make a difference. How about (INSERT NEXT ITEM)? If necessary, "I'm asking whether this is easier or harder for you, compared to couples where both people are of the same racial background.")

        -----EASIER------	 ------HARDER--------		
       NET Much  Somewhat	 NET  Somewhat   Much   Doesn't make  Don't 
	   		                                       a difference  know
a. Finding a neighborhood in which to live
		7	4	    4	     17	     11	       6	     75	        1
c.	Talking about racial issues with your spouse
     	25	14	    11	     13	     12	       1	     61	        1
d.	Dealing with your in-laws
      	11	7	    3	     23	     16	       7	     66	        1
e.	Dealing with your own relatives
		7	5	    2	     22	     17	       5	     70	        *
f.	Understanding the viewpoint of people of other races
       42	21	   21	     15	     13	       2	     43	        -

Is there anyone in your family or your (spouse's/partner's) family that has PERMANENTLY stopped speaking to either of you because you (married/are involved with) someone of a different race?

	    Yes	No	Don't know
5/20/01	 5	95	    -

Thinking back to when you were first dating, did (READ FIRST ITEM) have a problem when they learned the two of you were seriously involved with someone of a different race?

									Yes	 No	Don't know
A.	Either of your parents or your	28	 72	     -
	spouse/partner's parents
B.	Anyone else in either of your 
	families, besides your parents 	20	80	     1

(Asked of respondents whose parents or spouse/partners parents had a problem with them dating someone of a different race)

Would that have been your parents, or your spouse/partner's parents?

  	---EITHER PARENTS HAD A PROBLEM---
        NET	  Respondents Spouse/  Both  Neither your parents  Don't 
			  parents     partners       /spouse parents		Know
			              parents         had a problem  
5/20/01	28	    11	        10	    7	         72	              -

And what about now, do any of your parents still have a problem with your relationship, or not?

---EITHER PARENTS HAD A PROBLEM--- NET Yes, still No, do not still Neither your parents/ Don't have a problem have a problem spouse parents had a know problem 5/20/01 28 4 24 72 -

And have they permanently stopped speaking to either of you because of this, or not?

	---------EITHER'S PARENTS HAD A PROBLEM---		
		-------------STILL HAVE A PROBLEM-----		
    NET	 NET Stopped  Did not stop No, do not   Neither your     Don't
			 speaking  speaking    still have   parents/spouse   know
			 					   a problem	parents had a
5/20/01							                a problem  	
	28	  4	    1	        3	      24	         72	           -

And what about now, aside from your parents, does anyone else in either of your families still have a problem with your relationship, or not?

        ---Anyone Else In Families Other
		   Than Parents Had Problems---
	    NET	  Yes, still have   No, do not still  No one else    Don't
		       a problem		have problem	  other than     know	
												 your parents 
                                                 had a problem
5/20/01	20	         5	             15	              80	      1

How much discrimination do you think there is against interracial couples in our society today? Would you say there is a lot of discrimination, some, only a little, or none at all? We mean society in general

	A lot of discrimination	Some Only a little	None at all	Don't know
5/20/01	     18				 56	       20	          5	        *

In your day-to-day life, how often do any of the following things happen to you because you are part of a biracial couple? First, (READ FIRST ITEM). Would you say very often, fairly often, once in a while, or never? How about (READ NEXT ITEM).

	
       ----------OFTEN--------  --ONCE IN A WHILE/NEVER--
        NET	  Very   Fairly 	NET	 Once in a while  Never	 Don't know
You receive poorer service than other people at restaurants or stores
	     6	   3	  4	        94	     26	           68	     -
c.	People stare at you or point you out in public
      	11	  6	      5	        89	     26	           63	     *
d.	People call you names or make insulting comments
        4	  1	      2	        96	     17	           80	     *

Have you ever been physically threatened or attacked because you are part of a biracial couple?

	     Yes	No	Don't know
5/20/01	  4	    96	  -
Summary
 ------------------MENTIONED BAD TREATMENT--------------		
NET	Poorer  People stare  People call  Ever been   Did not     Don't
	 service  at you       you names   threatened  mention     Know
	          									   bad treatment
5/20/01
52    32         37           20           4           48        -

(Asked of respondents who mentioned receiving bad treatment in their day-to-day life)

Does most of the bad treatment you mentioned come from one racial group in particular? (INTERVIEWER NOTE: I'm talking about what you mentioned in the previous questions that asked about receiving poorer service, people staring at you, people calling you names, or people threatening you. Is the bad treatment mostly from whites, blacks, Hispanics, Asians, or some other groups?)


Which group is that?
	---------MENTIONED BAD TREATMENT----------
		---------From a particular race--------
    NET	NET	White Black	Hispanic Asian Native   Not from one Did not 
									   American particular   mentionbad
5/20/01 	 					                 race		 treatment	
	52	27	21	    2	  4	       *	 -	      26	        48
Don't Know: -

(Asked of respondents who mentioned receiving bad treatment from one racial group in particular in their day-to-day life and who specified what race)

And does it mainly come from (INSERT RACE CHOSEN IN 14A) men, (INSERT RACE CHOSEN IN 14A) women, or from both equally?

	    Men	Women	Both equally	Don't know
5/20/01	32	13	         55	           -
Combination Table
5/20/01				%
Mentioned bad treatment (NET)	52
	Yes, from a particular race	27
		White	21
			Male	6
			Female	2
			Both	13
		Black	2
			Male	*
			Female	1
			Both	1
		Hispanic	4
			Male	2
			Female	1
			Both	1
		Asian	*
			Male	*
			Female	-
			Both	-
		Native American	-
			Male	-
			Female	-
			Both	-
	No, not from one race in particular	26
Did not mention bad treatment	48
Don't know	-

As a biracial couple, do you avoid certain situations, places, or events because they might make you uncomfortable? (IF YES ASK: Would that be often or sometimes?)

      	Yes, often	Yes, sometimes	No	Don't know
5/20/01	 2	             13	        85	    *

Have you and your current partner had any children together?

	    Yes	 No	Don't know
5/20/01	 62	 38	   -

(Asked of respondents who have children in their current relationship)

In general, do you think having parents of different races is mainly an advantage or a disadvantage for your children, or don't you think it makes much difference?

     	Advantage	Disadvantage	Don't think    Don't know
									it makes much
									  difference	
5/20/01	  44	         6	            50	          *

Do you think the children of biracial couples face more problems or fewer problems growing up than other children, or isn't there much difference? (IF MORE/FEWER ASK: Is that a lot more/fewer or somewhat more/fewer?)

	--------MORE------ ---------FEWER-----			
    NET	A lot Somewhat 	NET	Somewhat A lot 	Isn't much   Depends on 
											 difference	 their race
5/20/01
	37	 7	     30	      4	  3	        2	     55	           3
Don't Know: 	1

(Asked of respondents who have children in their current relationship)

How often have your children (READ FIRST ITEM) because of their multiracial background: Very often, fairly often, once in a while, or never? How about (READ NEXT ITEM)?

	-----OFTEN----	-ONCE IN A WHILE/NEVER		
	NET	Very Fairly   NET	Once in a while	Never	Child too young	
a. Been called names, teased or insulted
	2    1	  1	      91	     21	          70	        6
	Don't know:	*
b. Been threatened or physically harassed
	2	1	1	      91	     7	          84	        6
	Don't know:	*

As a couple, would you say MOST of your mutual friends are the same race? For example, are most of your friends white, black, etc.?
(Asked of respondents whose mutual friends are mostly the same race)

Which is that?

Combination Table

	----MUTUAL FRIENDS ARE OF THE SAME RACE---
   NET	White Black	Hispanic Asian	Native     Mutual friends 
   									American   are not of the same race	
5/20/01
	21	18	    2	   1	   *	  - 	         78
	Don't know: 	*

(Asked of respondents who have children in their current relationship)
What about your children's friends, would you say they are mostly of the same race?
Combination Table
(Asked of respondents whose child's friends are mostly the same race)
Which is that?
(Of respondents who have children in their current relationship)
Combination Table

	------------Child's Friends Are Of The Same Race-------------		
       NET	White	Black	Hispanic	Asian	Native American	
5/20/01	23	20	1	1	*	*	
	Child's friends are not of the same race:	75
	Don't know:	2

Generally speaking, how comfortable are you talking to coworkers about the fact that your spouse/partner is of a different racial background than you are? Very comfortable, fairly comfortable, not too comfortable, not comfortable at all?

	---COMFORTABLE---- ------NOT COMFORTABLE---		
	   NET Very Fairly 	NET	Not too Not at all	Not employed Don't know
5/20/01	95	84	  11	3	     1	    2	          2	       -

Do you live in a racially integrated neighborhood, or are almost all of the families in your neighborhood of the same race?

	Racially integrated   Almost all of the families   Don't know
	neighborhood			in your neighborhood of
							the same race	
5/20/01	  63	                  37	                      -

(Asked of respondents who live in a neighborhood where almost all of the families are of the same race)
What race is that?

Combination Table

		          -----------ALMOST ALL FAMILIES OF SAME RACE----	
	Neighborhood  NET	White Black	Hispanic Asian Native   Other Don't
	racially 									   American	      know
    integrated
5/20/01	 63	       37	 33   	2	  2	      *	      -	     *	    -
DEMOGRAPHICS

We now have just a few more questions to help classify your answers.

In politics today, do you consider yourself a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or something else?

      Republican Democrat Independent Something else Nothing Don't Know
5/20/01	  27	     42	        18	        11	           -	1

Do you consider yourself closer to the Republican Party or the Democratic Party?

	     Republican Party	Democratic Party	Don't know
5/20/01	       30				47					22

Leaned Party Table

	
          Republican Democrat Independent Something else Nothing Don't Know
5/20/01	      32	    50			5			11			-		1

Would you say your views in most political matters are liberal, moderate, conservative, something else, or haven't you given this much thought?

	
       Liberal	Moderate Conservative Something  Haven't give     Don't
	    							  else		 this much thought Know
5/20/01	26		  17		26			2			28				*

Which of the following best describes your marriage or current relationship? It's perfect and couldn't be improved, it's nearly perfect, a few small improvements are needed, it's generally good, but there are some problems, or it's not so good, we've got serious problems?

      -------Perfect/Nearly Perfect-----
           NET	Perfect and couldn't	A few small 
		   		be improved				improvements are needed 			 
5/20/01	  63		17						46	
 	 -----Some Problems/Serious Problems----	
			NET	Generally good, but     	Not so good, we've got 
				there are some problems	 	serious problems		
			37				35						2
Don't know: -

And about how many years have you been (married/In your current relationship)?

		0-5 years	6-10 years	10-15 years	15 years or more Don't know
5/20/01	34				20			16				30				-

Are you or is anyone in your household currently in military service, a military veteran, or a reservist?

		Yes	No	Don't know
5/20/01	32	68  	-

What is your religious preference? Are you Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, some other religion, or no religion?

	
		Protestant	Roman     Jewish	Some other  No religion Don't 
					Catholic			religion			    Know
5/20/01	  33		33			1			19			14		*

Do you consider yourself a Christian?

		Yes	No	Don't know
5/20/01	74	25	  1
	--PROTESTANT/CHRISTIAN-					
	NET	Protestant	Other      Roman   Jewish Some other  No     Don't
					Christian  Catholic		   religion  religion Know
5/20/01
	47		33			14		33		  1			5		14		*

Would you consider yourself as a born-again or evangelical Christian, or not?

	   Yes	No	Don't know
5/20/01	51	48		2
     Born again Protestants/  Protestant      Roman    Jewish 
	 Some other religion/     not born again  Catholic		
	 Christian	
5/20/01	  24						16			33		  1	
	 Some other/not Christian Other Christian/  No religion	Don't Know
	 						  not born again	
				5					7				14			*

What is the last grade or class that you completed in school?

5/20/01	%
High school graduate or less (NET)	44
	Less than high school graduate (SUBNET)	12
		None, or grade 1-8	1
		High school incomplete	11
	High school graduate + (SUBNET)	32
		High school graduate	30
		Business, technical/vocational school	2
Some college or more (NET)	56
	Some college, no 4 year degree	30
	College graduate + (SUBNET)	26
		College graduate	18
		Post-graduate training	9
Don't Know	-

What is your age?

		18-29	30-49	50-64	65+
5/20/01	 22		57		 16		5

Is your total annual household income from all sources and before taxes:

5/20/01	%
Less than $40K (NET)	34
	Less than $15K	4
	$15K but less than $20K	4
	$20K but less than $25K	5
	$25K but less than $30K	8
	$30K but less than $35K	7
	$35K but less than $40K	5
	Less than $40K (unspecified)	1
$40K+ (NET)	66
	$40K but less than $50K	18
	$50K but less than $75K	26
	$75K but less than $100K	11
	$100K+	9
	$40K+ (unspecified)	1
Don't Know	*

RECORD GENDER FROM OBSERVATION

		Male	Female
5/20/01	50		50

Census Region

	   Northeast	North central	South	West
5/20/01  12             16           31       41

Metro Status

		Urban	Suburban	Rural
5/20/01	 62		 22			16

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