Text: President Bush on Terrorism and Trade
Monday, Oct. 29, 2001
Following is the text President Bush's speech to the African Growth and Opportunity Act Forum. The president began the speech by "thanking the nations of Africa for their support following September the 11th" and went on to discuss trade in the wake of the terrorist attacks. He was introduced by Secretary of State Colin Powell.
POWELL: Well, good morning ladies and gentlemen, good morning colleagues.
It's a great pleasure to welcome you to this very important forum and to welcome you to the State Department. I am very happy to see that we have had such a successful turnout for this important forum.
And I'm pleased to be joined by my Cabinet colleagues on the stage, who have already been announced to you. And I'm also pleased to see so many members of Congress who are here, present in the audience, to show their support for this important forum.
It is my pleasure, of course, to have welcomed you, but also to have the opportunity to introduce our speaker.
You know, historians like to name eras of time, and they have attempted to define the eras in Europe and America's interaction with Africa during this past 100 years. They've called these different eras the era of exploitation and exploration, the colonial era. And then there was the Cold War era. And then we had the post-Cold War era, often associated with ethnic conflict, political unrest, humanitarian emergencies and economic assistance.
Ladies and gentlemen, whatever any one of us may think of these different characterizations, we're here today assembled to inaugurate a new era in American-African relations.
The post-Cold War period has given way to what some call the post, post-Cold War era. Although, I don't think that name will survive in the literature. The fact is that we're all living in a new century. An increasingly globalized world is before us. And the leader I'm about to present to you believes that, despite the terrorism we have seen in recent weeks, this is a very promising time, indeed for America, indeed for Africa and for the world. This is an era of growing political and economic freedom, an era of partnership and an expanding world economy.
A successful entrepreneur himself, the man I'm about to introduce, believes that the greatest thing governments can do is to unleash--unleash--the creative energies of their private sectors. He believes that what this forum is about, and what the African Growth and Opportunity Act was all about, are profoundly important in unleashing the creative energies of the private sector and of the men and women of Africa.
He believes that by history and by choice, African matters deeply to America. And he has made Africa a priority. He may be leading a global war against terrorism, but he is here today to underscore just how high a priority Africa is for him and for his administration.
He believes as strongly as you do in the future of Africa. And he is determined that Americans work as partners with all of you to build that future. And so ladies and gentlemen, it is my high honor and distinct privilege to present to you a true friend of Africa, the president of the United States, George W. Bush.
BUSH: Thank you all. Thank you very much.
Well, thank you very much for that warm welcome. Many of you have traveled half a world for this gathering, and I'm honored to be with you. I want to thank you all for coming.
This conference was delayed by the events of September the 11th, but our common goal will not be delayed or denied. We have a unique opportunity to build ties of trade and trust that will improve the lives on both our continents, and we will seize this opportunity.
I appreciate so very much the leadership of our secretary of state. He has done a fabulous job of assembling a coalition of people from all around the world to fight terror. I picked the right man for this time in history.
I want to thank the ministers and ambassadors from the 35 African nations who are represented here. Thank you all for coming.
I appreciate the three members of my Cabinet who are on the stage with us today, members who represent trade and economic activity and economic development, people who join me in my commitment for a freer world and a prosperous Africa.
I want to thank Secretary of Treasury O'Neill, Secretary of Commerce Evans, and U.S. Trade Representative Zoellick for being here as well. Thank you all for coming.
I appreciate USAID administrator Andrew Natsios for being here as well. Andy, thank you for coming.
And I, too, want to thank members of the United States Congress, Republican and Democrat, who have come to join on this important effort.
Senator Lugar, Congressman Royce, Congressman Levin and Congressman Jefferson, I'm honored you all would take time to be here to represent the solidarity of our entire government in promoting what's right and responsible in the African continent.
And I want to thank members of the business and NGO communities who are here as well, and thank you for working so hard to put together the coalition that enabled the passage of one of the most hopeful acts that Congress has passed.
I appreciate your time. I appreciate your efforts, and I appreciate your concern. Let me begin by thanking the nations of Africa for their support following September the 11th. America will never forget the many messages of sympathy and solidarity sent by African heads of state.
Ambassadors from Southern African presented a check to the American Red Cross to assist the families of the victims. One Rwandian journalist wrote in a condolence book at the U.S. embassy, ``We feel and understand what the Americans must be experiencing. The forces of evil must be fought and defeated wherever they are.'' That's exactly--represents exactly the firm resolve of the American people.
We will fight and defeat the forces of evil wherever they are.
Over 80 countries, including Ethiopia and Egypt, Ghana and Gambia, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Togo and Zimbabwe, lost citizens along with the Americans on September 11. The United States is deeply grateful to all countries and all African countries that have now joined in a great coalition against terror.
We are grateful for the political support offered by the Organization of African Unity and by many African regional organizations.
We appreciate the basing and over-flight rights offered by African countries and the growing number of African nations that have committed to cracking down on terrorist financing. We're encouraged by the strong declaration issued at Dakar by 28 African countries, calling on all African nations to ratify the 1999 Algiers Convention against terrorism.
I spoke to Senegal's President Wade to thank him for his leadership in convening the Dakar meeting. The Algiers Convention was developed following the 1998 embassy bombings by Al Qaeda which took 12 lives and over 200 African lives, including many Muslims. Now, it is critically important that this convention be ratified, so that African nations have additional judicial, diplomatic and financial tools to root out terrorism.
And as nations begin to put these measures in place, the United States will look for ways to work together.
In an era of global trade and global terror, the futures of the developed world and the developing world are closely linked. We benefit from each other's success. We are not immune from each other's troubles. We share the same threats, and we share the same goal, to forge a future of more openness, trade and freedom.
Recent events have provided the world with a clear and dramatic choice. Our enemies, the terrorists and their supporters offer a narrow and backward vision. They feed resentment, envy and hatred. They fear human creativity, choice and diversity. Powerless to build a better world, they seek to destroy a world that is passing them by, and they will not succeed. We offer a better way.
When nations respect the creativity and the enterprise of their people, they find social and economic progress.
When nations open their markets to the world, their people find new ways to create wealth. When nations accept the rules of the modern world, they discover the benefits of the modern world. This vision of progress is not owned by any nation or any culture. It belongs to humanity, every African, every Muslim, every man or woman who wants to make it real.
Good governments, of course, will look different from place to place. Cultures must preserve their unique values. Yet everywhere, east and west, north and south, there is a model of successful development, a market economy, trading with the world that respects human rights and the rule of law. Every nation that adopts this vision will find in America a trading partner, an investor and a friend. And it's for this reason that America welcomes and supports the new African initiative put forward by visionary African leaders.
To fulfill this vision of progress, we must return to the steady, patient work of building a world that trades in freedom. No nation in our time has entered the fast track of development without first opening up its economy to world markets. The African Growth and Opportunity Act is a road map for how the United States and Africa can tap the power of markets to improve the lives of our citizens.
This law is just over a year, but it is already showing its tremendous power. During the first half of this year, the total trade with the sub-Saharan Africa rose nearly 17 percent compared to last year.
U.S. imports from the region now exceed $11.5 billion. Some individual countries have shown staggering increases in trade. Four countries--Senegal, Seychelles, Eritrea and Madagascar--saw their exports to the United States grow by over 100 percent.
Behind these numbers are investments in projects that are making a real impact on people's lives. In Kenya, the government projects that AGOA will create 150,000 new jobs over the next several years. Proposed new projects in Lesotho's textile sector alone are expected to inject $122 million in investment into that country's economy, four times the amount of all official development assistance the country received in 1999.
We need to build on these successes. Across the continent, African governments are reforming their economies and their governments in order to take advantage of AGOA. These nations are working hard to fight corruption, improve labor standards and reform their customs regimes.
The United States will work in partnership with African nations to help them build the institutions and expertise they need to benefit from trade. Today, I'm pleased to announce the creation of a $200 million overseas private investment corporation support facility that will give American firms access to loans, guarantees and political risk insurance for investment projects in sub-Saharan Africa.
I've asked our trade and development agency to establish a regional office in Johannesburg to provide guidance to governments and companies which seek to liberalize their trade laws, improve the investment environment and take advantage of the free trade act between our two continents.
I am also announcing today the launch of the Trade for African Development and Enterprise program. With $15 million in initial funding, the trade program will establish regional hubs for global competitiveness that will help African businesses to take advantage of AGOA to sell more of their products on the global markets.
Countries gathered here today have seen the benefits of trade. And we have an obligation to make the case for more open trade throughout the entire world. I hope that African nations will be a powerful voice for the launch of a new round of global trade talks in Doha, beginning next month. Trade and sound economic policies are essential to growth and development, but they are not themselves sufficient to seize the hopeful opportunities of markets and trade. A nation needs citizens that are educated and are healthy.
My government will continue its strong support for responsible debt relief, so that nations can devote more resources to education and health.
We will continue to press multilateral development banks to provide more assistance in the form of grants instead of loans.
We are moving forward on an initiative I announced in July to improve basic education and teacher training in Africa.
And the United States is ready to commit more resources to the new global fund to combat HIV-AIDS and other infectious diseases, once the fund demonstrates success.
And finally, as AGOA makes clear, economic freedom and political freedom must go hand in hand. People who trade in freedom want to live in freedom.
From Nigeria to South Africa, African nations have made great strides--great strides--toward democracy. The democratic transitions of the last decade mean that a majority of Africans now live in democratic states. That is progress we will praise and progress we must work hard to continue.
Our times present many challenges. Yet I'm optimistic about our shared future. I know we can build a world that grows in prosperity and trades in freedom. I know we can bring health and education to more people. I know we can defeat terror--defeat terror now so that our children and grandchildren can grow up in free societies. Out of the sorrow of September 11, I see opportunity, a chance for nations to strengthen and rethink and reinvigorate their relationships.
We share more than a common enemy; we share a goal common to expand our ties of commerce and culture, to renew our commitment to development and democracy, and together, we will meet that goal.
May God bless Africa and may God continue to bless America.