Highlights: Supreme Court Decisions
Thursday, June 25, 1998
As the Supreme Court's 1997-98 term nears its end, the justices Thursday decided several major cases:
Attorney-Client Privilege Protected Past Death
Line-Item Veto Is Unconstitutional
Worker Benefits: The court said companies formerly involved in coal mining cannot be forced retroactively to help pay lifetime health care for retired miners and their families. In striking down as unconstitutional part of a 1992 federal law, the 5-4 decision will save those companies hundreds of millions of dollars.
Fifth Amendment: The justices ruled that witnesses cannot invoke the Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination based solely on their fear of being prosecuted in a foreign country. By a 7-2 vote in the case of a suspected World War II Nazi collaborator who lives in New York, the justices gave the Clinton administration a victory by narrowing use of the privilege to people who fear prosecution in this country.
© Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company