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Introduction

In an era of revolution and corruption, sometimes soaked in blood and sorrow, Latin America continues to meld politics with art. The region is rich with the voices of poets, sculptors, graffiti artists, and musicians. They speak with conviction, verve and daring. They wield art to change the fabric of their countries.

Statistics

In Venezuela
• Population: 25.7 million
• Median age: 26 years
• Average yearly income: $4,900
• Population below poverty line: 43%
• Unemployment rate: 9 percent
• Oil exports: 2.1 million barrels per day
• Proven Oil reserves: 75 billion barrels
(Saudi Arabia has 262 billion barrels; Iran 133 billion barrels)

United Nations Human Development Index, 2005 (The index combines measures of life expectancy, school enrollment, literacy and income) Brazil 63rd of 177 countries. Chile 37th of 177 countries Mexico 53rd of 177 countries Nicaragua 112th of 177 countries Venezuela 75th of 177 countries

SOURCES: CIA World Factbook 2005 and 2006, United Nations Human Development Index 2005
In Brazil:
• Population: 188 million
• Median age: 28.2 years
• Literacy rate: 86.4 percent of population over 15 can read and write
• GDP per capita: $8,400
• Population below poverty line: 22 percent (1998 est.)
• Unemployment rate: 9.8 percent

In Chile:
• Population: 16.1 million
• Median age: 30.4 years
• Literacy rate: 96.2 percent of population over 15 can read and write
• GDP per capita: $11,300
• Population below poverty line: 18.2
• Unemployment rate: 8.1 percent

In Mexico
• Population: 107 million
• Median Age: 25.3 years
• Literacy rate: 92.2 percent of population over 15 can read and write
• GDP per capita: $10,000
• Population below poverty line: 40%
• Unemployment: 3.6%

In Nicaragua
• Population: 5.5 million
• Median age: 20.9 years
• Literacy: 67.5 percent of population over 15 can read and write
•GDP per capita: $2,900
• Population below poverty line: 50 percent
• Unemployment rate: 5.6 percent



Credits

UC Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism:
• Stories by Peter Alsop, Novella Carpenter, Zachary Slobig, Clayton Worfolk, and Chris Young
• Digital TV and the World Instructors: Christopher Beaver and Todd Carrel
• Latin America Arts and Culture Instructors: Lydia Chavez and Teresa Stojkov
• Technical Advisor: Milt Wallace

Special support for Digital TV and the World coverage in Latin America was provided by gifts from Manuel and Geraldine Chavez.

The Center for Digital TV and the World, a project of the Tides Center in San Francisco, is supported by gifts from the Skirball Foundation. The Digital TV and the World special project is directed by Todd Carrel and supported by gifts from the Walter and Elise Haas Fund, The Broadcast and Professional Systems Division of Sony Electronics, Inc., Apple, and the Graduate School of Journalism.

Special thanks to Dean Orville Schell, Paul Grabowicz, Rob Gunnison, Roy Baril, Sandy Tolan, Carolyn Wakeman of the Graduate School of Journalism.

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