2010 Budget Details: Agency by Agency

President Obama's $3.4 trillion budget includes spending to be dispersed among federal government agencies and eliminates 121 programs previously supported in FY 2009. Below you'll find a list highlighting spending for key agencies and Obama's corresponding remarks. Click here for recently released agency-by agency-proposals. Our latest coverage on the budget lives here.


DEFENSE
$664 Billion — up 1%

Afghanistan war funding surpasses that for Iraq for the first time in this year’s Pentagon budget, part of the shift of priorities that Defense Secretary Robert Gates seeks to execute in defense spending. The $130 billion in war funds that are part of the 2010 budget request include $65 billion for Afghanistan operations and $61 billion for Iraq. It also includes $700 million for improving Pakistan’s counterinsurgency capability.


Meanwhile, the Pentagon’s $534 billion base budget, which is $21 billion or 4 percent larger than last year’s, also includes key initiatives to reshape the U.S. military for fighting today’s wars. Major shifts include increasing spending on intelligence and reconnaissance, helicopters, and Special Operations Forces, while stopping production of the F-22 fighter jet and terminating or restructuring other weapons programs considered “troubled.”


Emphasizing the need to care for the all-volunteer force, the budget includes a 2.9 percent pay raise for military members and increased spending on research for common wounds such as traumatic brain injury and mental health problems.


--Staff Writer Ann Scott Tyson
EDUCATION
$47 Billion — up 1%

President Obama’s $47 billion education spending plan for the next fiscal year would expand funding for preschool and dramatically revamp financial aid for college students, but some programs considered ineffective or repetitive would be slashed.


The plan would cut about $295 million in grants to states under the Safe and Drug-Free Schools program. Schools have used the money for anti-drug and violence-prevention activities, including installation of metal detectors.


The administration also wants to eliminate Even Start, a program created in 1989 to promote literacy for children in poverty and their parents. Two Education Department studies found that children and parents in the program did not become better readers than their peers. In his second term, President George W. Bush also sought to cut Even Start but was only partially successful. Lawmakers have gradually reduced funding from $247 million a year to $66 million.

In public schools, the plan would fund efforts to improve teacher training, design better tests and improve struggling schools.


--Staff Writer Maria Glod
FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
3.2 billion — up 19%

The Food and Drug Administration, which has been widely seen as lacking resources to properly safeguard the nation’s foods, drugs and medical devices, gets a big boost from the 2010 budget. The spending plan gives the agency an overall budget of $3.2 billion, a 19 percent more than its current budget and the largest increase in the agency's history.


The spending request calls for an additional $295.2 million in budget authority and an additional $215.4 million in user fees from the industries FDA regulates. The budget increase would allow for 1,177 additional full-time employees.


Much of the new money at FDA is directed at food safety, which has become a top priority of the Obama administration after a series of deadly outbreaks of foodborne illnesses. A Salmonella outbreak earlier this year that was linked to peanut products killed nine people, sickened at least another 700 and triggered the largest food recall in U.S. history. Under the proposed budget, $259.3 million would be added for food safety to pay for stepped up inspections, better surveillance of food safety problems and enhanced ability to contain outbreaks of foodborne illnesses. The spending plan proposes that the FDA charge the food industry $94.4 million in new fees, money that will be used to register and inspect food manufacturing facilities, issue export certifications for food and animal feed, reinspect facilities that have failed to meet FDA safety standards


The budget also calls for $166.4 million to be spent on improving the safety of drugs, medical devices, vaccines, blood and other medical products. As part of that initiative, the FDA plans to collect $46.6 million in new fees from drug makers to review generic drugs and reinspect facilities that fail FDA inspections.


-- Staff Writer Lyndsey Layton

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
11 Billion — up 35%

The Environmental Protection Agency unveiled its biggest budget in history today, a $10.5 billion blueprint that includes money to clean up the Great Lakes, provide greater civil and criminal enforcement and restore Superfund and industrial brownfields sites nationwide. “EPA has been given extraordinary support and a revitalized mission," EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson told reporters in a telephone briefing this afternoon. "I won’t try to act as if that’s an austerity budget. Perhaps the last eight years were an austerity budget.” The proposal includes $474 million for Great Lakes restoration, a longstanding priority of President Obama, along with money that will fund 1,000 clean water and 700 drinking water projects across the country. EPA will add 30 new civil and criminal enforcement posts, 12 of which will focus on communities that are either poor or disproportionately affected by environmental problems. It will spend $17 million to help implement its proposed national greenhouse gas emissions registry, and $5 million to help analyze what domestic and international offsets for greenhouse gas emissions could be certified under a cap-and-trade system.
-- Staff Writer Juliet Eilperin

HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
$77 Billion — down 2%

Obama's health budget has devoted $584 million to fighting swine flu. This is on top of the $1.5 billion in supplemental funding already requested. Kathleen Sebelius, secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services, acknowledged the swine flu outbreak had turned out to be relatively mild, but said the funding increase was to ensure the nation was "well prepared if this flu comes roaring back in the regular flu season in the fall and winter."


The budget also called for a spending increase of $511 million for the Food and Drug Administration for a total of over $3.2 billion, an increase of $454 million for the Indian Health Service for a total of nearly $5 billion, and a $311 million funding increase to reduce fraud and abuse within Medicare and Medicaid programs. Sebelius said taxpayers would save $1.55 for every dollar spent to reduce fraud and abuse.


The health budget also set aside $178 million to prevent teen pregnancy, but slashed funding for programs that limited themselves exclusively to teaching sexual abstinence. The budget emphasized that it was devoting money to teen-pregnancy prevention approaches that had been proven to work, in effect saying there was no scientific evidence that favored abstinence-only programs over those that situated abstinence education within a larger framework that included teaching teenagers how to practice safe sex if they chose not to be abstinent.


--Staff Writer Shankar Vedantam
HOMELAND SECURITY
$43 Billion — up 6%

The Department of Homeland Security’s $43 billion budget would increase spending on border and transportation security but slashes funding for a domestic network of sensors to detect a nuclear bomb or radioactive materials.


The budget adds money to support recently announced plans to support the Mexico government's war on drug cartels by adding 450 federal agents to crack down on smuggling of guns, cash and drugs at the border. It also would hire 80 more officers to deport illegal immigrants who commit crimes.


Obama would trim $67 million in grants for bus and trucking companies and local emergency operations centers, and add $206 million to speed up immigration processing for refugees, people seeking asylum and U.S. military members applying for citizenship. The administration seeks no new funding to purchase equipment under the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office, a priority of the former Bush administration, saying the DHS will shift to a new funding model for detection technology in future budgets.


--Staff Writer Spencer Hsu
HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT
$48 Billion — up 18%

The Department of Housing and Urban Development’s budget would eliminate or consolidate 27 programs. The few programs targeted for elimination would save $27 million. HUD Secretary Shaun Donovan told reporters the savings should be much higher once the consolidations take place, but he did not offer an estimate.

The Federal Housing Administration, which is part of HUD, expects to ask Congress for roughly $800 million in subsidies to shore up a program that provides reverse mortgages, which enable seniors to take out the equity in their homes. The loan does not have to be paid back until the senior dies or sells the home.


The budget would set aside $4.5 billion for a 35-year-old block grant program designed to help rehabilitate housing and invest in the economic development of primarily low-income neighborhoods. Obama also required $1 billion for a housing trust fund for the creation and preservation of rental housing.


A voucher program that enables 2 million families a year to rent in neighborhoods of their choice would receive more funding, as would the owners of 1.3 million affordable rental units who need money to maintain their buildings. The proposal also would fund efforts to combat mortgage fraud, enforce fair-housing rules, encourage energy efficiency, and redevelop public and assisted housing.


-- Staff Writer Dina El Boghdady
JUSTICE
$27 Billion — up 4%

The budget represents the first glimpse at how the Obama administration will seek to reorient the Justice Department, whose resources and attention have been devoted for years to counterterrorism, sometimes at the expense of street-level law enforcement.


National security remains the president's “highest priority,” and his budget would allot $8 billion for the FBI and $88 million for the Justice Department's National Security Division^ national security division, which prosecutes alleged terrorists and collects intelligence to defuse threats.


Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr. has emphasized a renewed commitment to civil rights and battling business fraud, and the budget would give prosecutors $145 million to strengthen the enforcement of laws barring racial, religious and gender discrimination.


Officials also would have $6 billion for the Bureau of Prisons and $109 million to create programs to help inmates transition out of prison and into jobs and drug-free lifestyles.


The budget would provide a separate pool of money to begin to hire 50,000 more police officers nationwide.


--— Staff Writer Carrie Johnson
LABOR
13.3 billion -- up 1%

The president’s budget bolsters funding for federal job training programs with $50 million for training in “green jobs.” It also provides funding to programs providing jobs assistance to lower-income Americans.


The budget also proposes boosting funding for several enforcement agencies the administration believes were neglected during the Bush years: the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the Wage and Hour Division and the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs. The three agencies are supposed to enforce more than 180 worker protection laws.


Finally, the budget lays the groundwork for a system of automatic workplace pensions that would operate along side Social Security and assist the roughly 75 million Americans who currently lack employer-based retirement plans.


--Staff Writer Ed O'Keefe
NASA
$19 Billion — up 5%

A major strategic shift in human spaceflight could be in the offing for NASA. The Obama Administration, while boosting NASA's budget in a few key areas, has ordered up a sweeping review of the agency's plans for replacing the space shuttle.

How broad the review will be is unclear, but Dan McLaughlin, a spokesman for Sen. Bill Nelson (D.-Fla.), said that it is his understanding that "everything's on the table." Meanwhile Nelson issued a statement expressing distress at the out-year numbers in the new budget, which he believes shows too little money for human spaceflight.


"Down the road the administration's budget does not match what candidate Obama said about the future of our space program," Nelson said. "Still, he's assured me these numbers are subject to change, pending a review he has ordered of NASA."


Obama has voiced support for NASA's plan to return astronauts to the moon by 2020, a strategy put in place under President Bush. But after the November election, the Obama transition team began asking questions about the architecture of the Constellation program, which includes two new rockets, the Ares I and Ares V, and a new capsule, Orion.


Then-NASA administrator Michael Griffin vehemently objected what he perceived as second-guessing of the agency's engineering decisions.


--Staff Writer Joel Achenbach
VETERANS AFFAIRS
$55.9 billion -- up 1%

This budget takes the first steps in Obama’s plan to increase VA funding by $25 billion over the next five years. It would, among other things, provide more funding for specialty care, including prosthetics, vision and spinal cord injuries and women’s health.


The budget would pay for a new computerized system to efficiently transfer the health records of veterans and active-duty personnel between the Department of Defense and VA.


The budget also funds a new partnership between the VA and nonprofit organizations to provide housing and services for homeless veterans.


--Staff Writer Ed O'Keefe

Producers: Sarah Lovenheim; Editor: Paul Volpe / washingtonpost.com

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