Washington Post-ABC News Poll

This Washington Post-ABC News was conducted by telephone October 31 to November 3, 2011, among a random national sample of 1,004 adults, including users of both conventional and cellular phones. The results from the full survey have a margin of sampling error of plus or minus 3.5 percentage points. For the sample of 438 Republicans and GOP-leaning independents the error margin is 5.5 percentage points. Sampling, data collection and tabulation by Abt-SRBI of New York.

*= less than 0.5 percent

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling his job as president? Do you approve/disapprove strongly or somewhat?

              -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No   
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
11/3/11       44       22         22      53       15         37         3
10/2/11       42       21         21      54       14         40         4
9/1/11        43       21         22      53       16         38         3
8/9/11*       44       18         26      46        9         37        10
7/17/11       47       25         22      48       14         35         5
6/5/11        47       27         20      49       13         37         4
5/2/11**      56       29         27      38       14         24         6
4/17/11       47       27         21      50       12         37         3
3/13/11       51       27         24      45       12         33         4
1/16/11       54       30         23      43       15         28         3
12/12/10      49       24         25      47       15         32         4
10/28/10      50       27         23      45       11         34         5
10/3/10       50       26         24      47       13         34         3
9/2/10        46       24         22      52       14         38         3
7/11/10       50       28         22      47       12         35         3
6/6/10        52       30         22      45       12         33         4
4/25/10       54       31         23      44       11         33         3
3/26/10       53       34         20      43        8         35         3
2/8/10        51       29         22      46       12         33         3
1/15/10       53       30         24      44       13         32         2
12/13/09      50       31         18      46       13         33         4
11/15/09      56       32         23      42       13         29         2
10/18/09      57       33         23      40       11         29         3
9/12/09       54       35         19      43       12         31         3
8/17/09       57       35         21      40       11         29         3
7/18/09       59       38         22      37        9         28         4
6/21/09       65       36         29      31       10         22         4
4/24/09       69       42         27      26        8         18         4
3/29/09       66       40         26      29        9         20         5
2/22/09       68       43         25      25        8         17         7
*Washington Post
**Washington Post/Pew Research Center

2. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Obama is handling [ITEM]? Do you approve/disapprove strongly or somewhat?

11/3/11 - Summary Table*

                   -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No
                   NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
a. The economy     38       18         20      61       13         48         2
b. Taxes           41       21         20      53       18         35         6
c. Creating jobs   40       20         20      57       13         44         3
d. International   47       26         21      45       13         31         8
   affairs
e. The threat of   60       37         23      34       12         22         6
   terrorism
*Full sample asked item a; half sample asked items b,c; other half sample asked items d,e.

Trend:

a. The economy

              -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No   
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
11/3/11       38       18         20      61       13         48         2
10/2/11       35       17         19      61       13         48         4
9/1/11        36       15         21      62       15         47         2
7/17/11       39       18         22      57       15         43         3
6/5/11        40       20         20      59       10         49         2
5/2/11*       40       18         22      55       16         39         4
4/17/11       42       23         19      57       11         46         2
3/13/11       43       22         21      55       13         41         2
1/16/11       46       22         24      51       13         38         2
12/12/10      43       21         22      54       15         39         3
10/28/10 RV   44       21         23      54       15         39         3
10/3/10       45       22         23      53       13         41         2
9/2/10        41       20         21      57       13         44         2
7/11/10       43       20         23      54       13         41         4
6/6/10        50       26         24      49       12         37         2
4/25/10       49       24         25      49       10         39         2
3/26/10       45       23         22      52       12         40         3
2/8/10        45       22         23      53       15         38         2
1/15/10       47       22         24      52       13         39         1
12/13/09      46       23         24      52       12         40         2
11/15/09      51       26         25      47       12         36         2
10/18/09      50       29         22      48       13         35         1
9/12/09       51       28         24      46       13         33         2
8/17/09       52       27         25      46       13         33         2
7/18/09       52       29         23      46       10         35         3
6/21/09       56       28         28      41       13         27         3
4/24/09       58       31         28      38       13         25         4
3/29/09       60       34         25      38       12         26         3
2/22/09       60       NA         NA      34       NA         NA         6
*Washington Post/Pew Research Center

b. Taxes

          -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No   
          NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
11/3/11   41       21         20      53       18         35         6
10/2/11   42       22         20      51       14         37         7
7/17/11   45       24         21      47       13         34         8
1/16/11   50       23         27      44       14         31         6
8/17/09   51       23         28      40       12         28         8
4/24/09   56       NA         NA      38       NA         NA         6

c. Creating jobs

          -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No   
          NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
11/3/11   40       20         20      57       13         44         3
10/2/11   35       17         18      60       14         47         4
9/1/11    36       15         21      62       18         45         2
7/17/11   41       16         25      52       13         39         7
2/8/10    47       25         22      51       15         35         3

d. International affairs

           -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No   
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
11/3/11    47       26         21      45       13         31         8
11/15/09   60       30         30      37       13         23         3
10/18/09   57       34         23      36       15         21         7
9/12/09    57       32         25      33       12         21        10
6/21/09    61       NA         NA      32       NA         NA         7
4/24/09    67                          27                             6
3/29/09    62        “          “      27        “          “        11

e. The threat of terrorism

           -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No   
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
11/3/11    60       37         23      34       12         22         6
9/1/11     62       33         29      32       12         21         6
6/5/11     60       35         25      34       13         21         6
5/2/11*    69       42         27      21        9         12        10
2/8/10     56       28         28      39       14         25         5
1/15/10    55       31         23      42       14         28         4
11/15/09   53       31         22      41       14         27         6
9/12/09    55       31         24      34       12         23        11
6/21/09    57       NA         NA      36       NA         NA         7
4/21/09**  57        “          “      26        “          “        17
*Washington Post-Pew Research Center
**Pew Research Center

3. Who do you trust to do a better job [ITEM] - (Obama) or (the Republicans in Congress)?

11/3/11 - Summary Table*
                                                 Both    Neither     No
                                 Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
a. Handling the economy           42      42       1       12         2
b. Creating jobs                  40      40       1       16         4
c. Protecting the middle class    45      41       1       11         2
*Full sample asked item a; half sample asked item b; other half sample asked item c.

Trend:

a. Handling the economy

                           Both    Neither     No
           Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
11/3/11     42      42       1       12         2
10/2/11     43      42       1       11         2
9/1/11      42      39       1       16         2
6/5/11      42      45       2        9         2
3/13/11     46      34       2       15         4
1/16/11     46      41       3        7         3
12/12/10    44      45       2        7         2
4/25/10     49      38       1        9         2
2/8/10      47      42       1        7         2
12/13/09    48      36       1       12         3
11/15/09    52      37       1        8         1
9/12/09     48      37       1       12         2
7/18/09     56      33       1        9         2
6/21/09     55      31       2        9         2
4/24/09     61      24       2       11         2
3/29/09     58      25       1       14         2
2/22/09     61      26       1        9         3

b. Creating jobs

                           Both    Neither     No
           Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
11/3/11     40      40       1       16         4
10/2/11     49      34       1       14         3
9/1/11      40      40       1       17         2
6/5/11      43      42       2       11         2
2/8/10      48      41       2        8         2

c. Protecting the middle class

                           Both    Neither     No
           Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
11/3/11     45      41       1       11         2
4/17/11     51      39       1        8         1
1/16/11*    51      37       1        8         3
12/12/10    53      38       1        6         2
*1/16/11 and previous: "Helping the middle class"

4. Do you think things in this country (are generally going in the right direction) or do you feel things (have gotten pretty seriously off on the wrong track)?

                Right     Wrong     No 
              direction   track   opinion  
11/3/11          22        74        3
9/1/11           20        77        3
6/5/11           32        66        2
1/16/11          38        60        3
12/12/10         31        67        2
10/28/10 RV      27        71        2
6/6/10           37        60        3
3/26/10          38        60        2
1/15/10          37        62        1
11/15/09         44        55        2
10/18/09         44        54        2
8/17/09          44        55        1
6/21/09          47        50        3
4/24/09          50        48        2
3/29/09          42        57        1
2/22/09          31        67        2
1/16/09          19        78        3
12/14/08         15        82        3
10/25/08 LV      13        85        2
10/11/08 RV       8        90        2
9/22/08  RV      14        83        3
8/22/08          19        78        2
6/15/08          14        84        2
5/11/08          16        82        2 
1/12/08          21        77        2
11/1/07          24        74        2
6/1/07           25        73        2 
1/19/07          26        71        3 
11/4/06  RV      39        59        2 
10/22/06         30        68        2 
10/8/06          32        66        2 
5/15/06          29        69        2 
11/2/05          30        68        2 
10/24/04 LV      41        55        4 
4/18/04          42        57        1 
4/30/03          52        46        2 
9/26/02          43        53        4 
2/21/02          54        42        4 
2/14/99          55        41        4 
11/1/98          55        43        2 
8/21/98          57        40        4
7/12/98          50        45        6
4/4/98           55        41        4
1/31/98          61        34        5
1/30/98          61        34        5
1/19/98          44        50        6
8/27/97          39        57        4
6/8/97           37        60        3
3/9/97           34        62        4
10/17/96 RV      40        55        5
10/16/96 RV      42        53        5
10/15/96 RV      43        52        5
10/14/96 RV      44        51        5
10/13/96 RV      44        51        5
9/04/96  RV      40        54        6
8/21/96          28        67        5
6/30/96          26        70        5
3/17/96          27        70        3
1/21/96          27        66        6
1/3/96           21        77        3
4/5/95           23        73        3
1/4/95           27        68        6
10/31/94         27        69        4
7/20/94          26        70        4
3/27/94          28        69        3
1/23/94          31        60       10
11/14/93         25        69        6                                       
8/8/93           26        71        3                                       
6/20/93          26        71        3                                       
4/26/93          27        71        2                                       
3/11/93          36        57        7                                       
2/28/93          37        59        4                                       
1/17/93          31        63        6                                       
12/14/92         35        60        5                                       
10/27/92 RV      22        76        2                                       
10/4/92  RV      18        78        4                                       
6/7/92           14        83        3                                       
4/9/92           16        81        3                                       
3/11/92          18        79        4                                       
1/15/92          19        78        3                                       
11/10/91         24        72        4
10/29/91         26        71        3      
8/27/91          31        60        9      
7/28/91          30        67        3      
6/2/91           39        57        4      
4/9/91           42        51        7      
2/26/91          58        39        3      
1/27/91          49        48        4      
10/14/90         19        79        2      
9/9/90           36        60        4      
8/20/90          35        60        5      
7/24/90          37        60        2      
5/21/90          39        60        2      
3/26/90          44        53        2      
2/4/90           49        48        3      
1/16/90          48        49        3      
5/23/89          42        55        3      
3/16/89          46        52        2      
1/16/89  LV      51        46        3      
10/25/88 LV      49        46        6      
9/27/88          48        44        8      
7/11/88          40        56        4      
5/25/88          35        59        6
3/21/88          40        56        4            
1/23/88          39        59        2            
12/13/87         49        47        4            
12/2/87          35        61        4            
9/23/87          43        54        4            
6/29/87          35        62        3            
4/13/87          37        60        3            
3/9/87           38        58        4            
1/18/87          39        56        5            
9/8/86           50        48        2            
1/26/86          45        47        8            
7/29/85          52        43        6            
1/16/85          59        36        4            
5/22/84          47        48        5            
12/13/83         43        51        6            
11/7/83          51        44        5            
4/12/83          41        54        4            
3/2/83           43        53        3            
10/11/82         35        57        8            
1/30/82          39        56        5
2/80             20        70       10                               
2/78             34        53       13                               
2/77             41        44       14                               
10/75            19        71        9                                
10/74            15        75       11                               
10/73            16        74       10

5. Changing topics: Please tell me whether the following statement applies to Obama, or not: [ITEM]?

11/3/11 - Summary Table
                                                    Yes   No   No opinion
a. He understands the problems of people like you   49    49        2
b. He is a strong leader                            48    51        1
c. He shares your values                            49    49        2
d. He is honest and trustworthy                     57    39        5

Trend:

a. He understands the problems of people like you

          Yes   No   No opinion    
11/3/11   49    49        2
6/5/11    49    49        2
1/16/11   58    40        2
9/2/10    50    48        2
6/6/10    51    48        2
3/26/10   56    43        2
1/15/10   57    42        2
7/18/09   63    35        1
4/24/09   73    25        1
1/16/09   72    24        4

b. He is a strong leader

          Yes   No   No opinion    
11/3/11   48    51        1
6/5/11    55    44        1
6/6/10    57    43        1 
3/26/10   65    33        2
1/15/10   63    35        1
7/18/09   71    27        2
4/24/09   77    22        2
1/16/09   72    18       10

c. He shares your values

          Yes   No   No opinion    
11/3/11   49    49        2
6/5/11    49    49        3
9/2/10    49    50        1
1/15/10   55    43        1
4/24/09   60    38        2 
1/16/09   67    30        3
7/13/08   56    39        5

d. He is honest and trustworthy

           Yes   No   No opinion    
11/3/11    57    39        5
4/24/09    74    22        4
1/16/09    75    19        6
12/14/08   67    22       11

6. Which of the following statements comes closest to your point of view? Statement A: (President Obama is making a good faith effort to deal with the country's economic problems, but the Republicans in Congress are playing politics by blocking his proposals and programs.) Or Statement B: (President Obama has not provided leadership on the economy, and he is just blaming the Republicans in Congress as an excuse for not doing his job.)

             Obama making      Obama has not        Both    Neither     No
             a good effort   provided leadership   (vol.)    (vol.)   opinion
11/3/11           50                 44               2         2        1
11/3/11 RV        48                 46               3         2        1

Compare to: NBC News/Wall Street Journal among registered voters

Which of the following statements comes closest to your point of view? Statement A: President Bush is making a good faith effort to deal with the country's economic and domestic problems, but the Democrats in Congress are playing politics by blocking his proposals and programs. Or Statement B: President Bush has not provided leadership on such important issues as the economy and health care, and he is just blaming the Democrats in Congress as an excuse for not doing his job.

              Bush making       Bush has not        Both    Neither     No
             a good effort   provided leadership   (vol.)    (vol.)   opinion
4/14/92 RV        37                 57               2         2        2
3/2/92  RV        36                 54               6         1        3
1/21/92 RV        34                 57               3         3        3

7. I am going to mention four phrases and ask you which one best describes how you feel about the way the federal government works. Do you feel enthusiastic, satisfied but not enthusiastic, dissatisfied but not angry, or angry?

              ----- Positive -------   ----- Negative -----
                    Enthusi-  Satis-         Dissat-          None/     No
              NET   astic     fied     NET   isfied   Angry   Other   opinion
11/3/11       20      2        18      80      49      31      NA        *
7/17/11       20      2        18      80      54      25                1
6/5/11        30      3        27      69      44      25                1
10/28/10      27      4        23      72      51      21                1
10/3/10       29      4        25      71      46      25                *
9/2/10        22      2        20      78      52      25                *
7/11/10       36      4        32      64      43      21                1
6/6/10        30      2        28      69      45      25                1
4/25/10       30      4        26      69      51      18                1
2/8/10        32      3        29      67      48      19                *
10/29/03      42      2        41      57      42      15                *
11/4/02  LV   49      4        45      50      41       9                1
11/3/02  LV   50      5        45      49      40       9                1
11/2/02  LV   51      6        45      49      40       9                1
10/27/02      50      4        47      49      42       7                1
2/21/02       56      7        49      43      36       7                1
12/15/00      59      4        55      39      34       6                1
2/14/99       52      3        48      47      35      12                1
9/28/98       50      4        46      49      36      12                1
8/16/98*      41      2        39      57      46      11       "        1
1/19/98       46      2        43      53      45       8       1        *
8/27/97       34      2        33      64      52      11       2        1
3/17/96       29      2        27      70      54      16      NA        *
5/14/95       48      3        45      50      41       9      NA        1
1/4/95        29      2        27      69      53      16       *        1
11/6/94  RV   28      2        26      70      49      21       1        1
10/31/94      26      1        25      73      55      18       1        1
10/23/94      28      1        26      71      52      20       *        *
10/9/94       25      2        24      72      53      19       2        *
9/11/94       26      2        25      73      53      20      NA        *
3/27/94       30      1        29      68      48      20       1        1
2/28/93       33      4        29      66      50      16       *        *
10/4/92  RV   17      1        16      81      56      25       1        1
7/8/92        23      1        22      76      53      23       *        1
6/7/92        21      1        20      79      58      21       *        1
4/9/92        21      1        20      79      55      24       1        *
3/18/92       22      1        21      77      54      23       1        *
3/11/92       18      1        17      80      60      20       1        1
*After 8/16/98: No "None/other" option recorded

8. (IF DISSATISIFED/ANGRY) Who do you mainly blame for that – (Obama) or (the Republicans in Congress)?

                       
                  Republicans    Both    Neither     No
          Obama   in Congress   (vol.)    (vol.)   opinion
11/3/11    32          35         26         7        1

9. What do you think is more important right now – (having the federal government spend money to try to encourage job creation, even if that increases the federal budget deficit); or (having the federal government hold down the federal budget deficit, even if it means not spending money to try to encourage job creation)? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?

          -Encourage job creation--   --- Hold down deficit ---     No
          NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion       
11/3/11   46       31         15      49       19         31         4

10. On another subject, would you describe the state of the nation's economy these days as excellent, good, not so good or poor?

              ------ Positive ------   ------- Negative -------     No
              NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Not so good   Poor   opinion 
11/3/11       10        1         9    89        43         47       *
7/17/11       10        1         9    90        40         50       *
6/5/11        11        1        10    89        46         44       *
1/16/11       13        1        12    87        45         41       *
10/28/10       9        *         9    90        41         49       1
10/3/10        9        1         8    90        40         50       *
9/2/10         8        *         7    92        40         53       0
7/11/10       10        1         9    90        44         46       0
6/6/10        12        *        11    88        43         45       0
1/16/09        5        1         5    94        32         62       *
9/22/08        9        *         9    91        34         57       *
4/13/08       10        1         9    90        39         51       *
2/1/08        19        1        18    81        43         38       0
12/9/07       28        3        25    72        40         32       *
11/1/07       35        3        32    64        39         26       *
4/15/07       42        5        37    57        37         20       *
12/11/06      50        7        42    50        36         14       *
10/22/06      55       10        45    45        28         17       *
10/8/06       47        7        40    53        37         16       *
3/5/06        43        5        38    57        37         19       *
1/26/06       40        5        35    60        37         23       *
12/18/05      45        5        39    55        38         17       *
11/2/05       35        3        32    65        36         29       *
9/11/05       40        3        37    59        37         22       1
6/5/05        44        3        40    56        38         19       *
4/24/05       37        2        35    63        44         20       *
9/26/04  RV   46        3        43    53        38         15       1
8/29/04  RV   45        3        41    55        37         18       *
7/25/04       46        4        42    53        39         14       *
6/20/04       45        4        41    55        38         17       *
4/18/04       43        4        39    57        39         18       *
3/7/04        39        2        37    60        38         22       1
1/18/04       42        3        39    58        42         16       0
12/21/03      42        4        39    57        41         16       1
10/29/03      33        1        32    67        45         23       *
9/13/03       30        2        27    70        45         25       *
8/11/03       32        2        30    68        43         25       *
4/30/03       35        1        34    64        46         19       *
2/9/03        28        1        27    72        49         23       *
1/20/03       25        1        25    74        48         26       1
12/15/02      35        1        33    65        44         21       1
11/4/02  LV   28        1        27    72        55         17       1
11/3/02  LV   27        1        26    72        56         17       1
11/2/02  LV   29        1        28    71        54         17       *
9/26/02       31        2        28    69        50         19       *
7/15/02       39        3        36    61        44         17       1
2/21/02       30        1        29    69        51         18       *
1/27/02       31        1        29    69        50         19       *
9/20/01       38        3        35    60        47         14       2
9/9/01        33        1        32    66        47         19       *
7/30/01       50        3        46    50        39         12       *
4/22/01       50        3        47    50        40          9       *
1/15/01       70       10        59    29        24          6       1
10/27/00 LV   86       24        61    14        11          3       *
10/26/00 LV   86       24        61    14        11          3       *
6/11/00       74       17        57    26        19          6       *
2/27/00       80       25        55    20        14          5       *
10/31/99      74       18        56    26        18          7       1
9/2/99        76       19        57    23        16          6       1
3/14/99       80       22        58    19        15          4       1
11/1/98       73       12        61    26        21          5       1
11/1/98  LV   78       13        65    22        19          3       *
10/13/97      61       12        49    39        27         11       *

11. Regardless of whether or not the recession is over, in terms of your own personal experience, do you feel the economy has or has not begun to recover?

             Has   Has not   No opinion
11/3/11      36      63           1
6/5/11       42      57           1
3/13/11      46      53           1
12/12/10     41      57           2
10/5/10*     34      63           2
2/8/10       45      53           1
12/13/09**   50      49           1     
11/15/09     44      54           1
*ABC News/Yahoo! News 
**Add "Regardless of whether or not the recession is over..."

12. (IF ECONOMY HAS BEGUN TO RECOVER) Do you think the economy's recovery so far has been a strong one or a weak one?

           Strong   Weak   No opinion   
11/3/11      19      77         3
6/5/11       17      81         2
2/8/10       25      75         1
12/13/09     24      73         3

11/12 NET:

           - Recovery's begun-   
           NET   Strong   Weak   Has not   No opinion
11/3/11    36       7      29      63           1
6/5/11     42       7      34      57           1
2/8/10     45      11      34      53           1
12/13/09   50      12      36      49           1

13. Would you say you, yourself are better off financially than you were in when Obama became president, not as well off, or in about the same shape as then financially?

             Better off   Not as well off   About the same   No opinion 
11/3/11          13             34               52               1
9/1/11           15             35               50               *
7/18/09           8             27               64               *

Compare to: 

G.W. Bush
10/5/04 LV       30             30               40               1
10/29/03         22             27               50               1
9/13/03          21             30               49               *
8/11/03*         17             25               58               1

Clinton 
6/11/00          34             14               50               2
7/19/98          30             15               52               3 
3/1/98           32              9               57               1 
6/23/96          29             22               49               0 
2/27/94          12             17               71               * 

G.H.W. Bush   
1/17/93          27             28               44               1
8/9/92           22             32               45               1 
6/7/92           19             32               49               * 
3/11/92          20             33               46               1 
2/2/92           19             31               49               *
12/15/91         17             33               49               * 
10/21/91         20             27               53               1 
3/4/91           19             18               63               1 

Reagan 
1/16/89          42             18               39               1 
1/18/87          37             23               40               1
9/8/86           41             20               39               1
*Washington Post

14. How concerned are you about being able to maintain your current standard of living - are you very worried, somewhat worried, not so worried or not worried at all?

           ---- Worried ----   ---- Not worried ----     No
           NET   Very   Smwt   NET   Not so   At all   opinion
11/3/11    67     31     36    33      18       15        *
12/13/09   64     24     39    36      19       17        * 
12/14/08   66     24     42    34      17       16        *
5/11/08    68     28     40    32      16       15        *
12/9/07    51     17     34    49      22       27        *

15. How confident are you that you will retire with enough income and assets to last for the rest of your life - would you say you're very confident, somewhat confident, not so confident or not confident at all?

           ------ Confident ----   ------ Not confident ----   Retired    No       
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   (vol.)    opin.
11/3/11    43     12       31      50      22         29          6        1
2/22/09    48     14       35      48      25         23          3        *
12/14/08   46     15       31      48      22         26          6        *
10/11/08   44     10       34      49      25         24          7        1
10/16/05   69     30       39      28      16         13          2        *    
7/15/02    55     18       37      40      21         18          5        0
7/15/01    68     33       35      23      10         12          7        2
7/4/99     54     21       33      39      21         18          6        0        
7/21/96    45     16       29      47      25         21          7        1

16. I’d like to ask you about the distribution of wealth in this country – that is, the gap between how much money wealthy people have compared with how much money the rest of the population has. Do you think this gap is larger than it’s been historically, smaller, or about the same?

          Larger   Smaller   Same   No opinion
11/3/11     61         5      31        3

17. (IF DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH IS LARGER) As far as you know is it much larger, or somewhat larger?

          Much larger   Somewhat larger   No opinion
11/3/11       61               37             2

16/17 NET:     
            Distribution of 
          - wealth is larger --   
          NET   Much   Somewhat   Smaller   Same   No opinion
11/3/11   61     37       24         5       31         3

18. Do you think the federal government should or should not pursue policies that try to reduce the gap between wealthy and less well-off Americans? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?

          ----- Should pursue -----   --- Should not pursue ---     No
          NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
11/3/11   60       43         18      35       11         24         5

19. On another subject, all in all, considering the costs to the United States versus the benefits to the United States, do you think the war in Iraq was worth fighting, or not? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?

              ----- Worth fighting ----   --- Not worth fighting --     No 
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion 
11/3/11       33       20         14      62       17         45         5
9/2/10        34       21         14      62       16         46         4
7/11/10       42       26         16      55       13         42         3
7/18/09       34       21         12      62       11         51         4
2/22/09       38       24         14      60       13         48         2
1/16/09       39       21         17      61       12         49         1
12/14/08      34       21         13      64       14         50         2
9/7/08        36       24         13      61       13         48         3
8/22/08       35       22         13      63       13         50         2
7/13/08       36       22         13      63       13         50         1
6/15/08       34       21         13      63        9         54         3
4/13/08       34       24         11      64       11         52         2
3/2/08        34       24         11      63       12         51         2
2/1/08        34       23         11      65       11         53         1
1/12/08       35       21         13      64       13         51         2
12/9/07       37       25         12      61       11         50         2
11/1/07       35       23         12      63       12         51         2
9/30/07       38       25         14      59       12         47         3
9/7/07        36       23         13      62       11         51         2
7/21/07       36       25         12      63       10         53         1
6/1/07        37       24         12      61       12         50         2
4/15/07       33       22         11      66       12         54         1
2/25/07       34       22         12      64       13         51         2
1/10/07       40       28         12      58       11         47         2
12/11/06      36       25         11      61       12         50         2
11/4/06  RV   44       33         12      53       10         44         2
10/22/06      40       28         12      57       11         47         2
10/8/06       35       25         10      63       13         50         2
9/7/06        42       29         13      56       11         45         2
8/6/06        39       29         10      59       12         47         1
6/25/06       40       25         15      58       13         45         2
5/15/06       37       24         14      62       12         50         1
4/9/06        41       30         11      58       10         48         1
3/5/06        42       29         14      57       11         46         1
1/26/06       44       32         12      55       13         42         1
1/8/06        43       30         13      55       12         43         2
12/18/05      46       33         14      52       11         42         1
11/2/05       39       25         13      60       12         48         1
8/28/05       46       33         12      53        9         44         1
6/26/05       46       33         13      53       10         43         1
6/5/05        41       29         12      58       12         46         1
4/24/05       44       31         13      54       12         42         2
3/13/05       45       34         11      53       11         42         2
1/16/05       44       32         12      55       10         45         1
12/19/04      42       31         11      56       10         47         2
10/3/04  LV   49       34         15      48       11         37         3
9/26/04  RV   46       35         12      51        8         42         3
9/8/04   RV   51       38         13      45       10         34         4
8/29/04  RV   48       34         14      50       11         39         2
7/25/04       49       36         13      48       11         37         3
7/11/04       45       34         10      53       12         42         2
6/20/04       47       32         14      52       13         39         2
5/23/04       48       35         13      50       13         37         1
5/6/04        49       NA         NA      47       NA         NA         5
4/18/04       51                          47                             2
3/7/04        52                          44                             3
2/11/04       48                          50                             2
1/18/04       56                          41                             3
12/21/03      59                          39                             2
12/14/03      53                          42                             5
11/16/03      52                          44                             4
10/29/03      54                          44                             2
10/13/03      54                          44                             2
9/13/03       61                          37                             2
9/7/03        54                          42                             4
8/24/03       57                          37                             5
8/11/03       61                          35                             4
7/10/03       57                          40                             3
6/22/03       64                          33                             3
4/30/03       70                          27                             4
2/2/92*       66                          32                             2
7/28/91       67                          30                             3
6/2/91        70                          26                             3
3/4/91        86        "          "      13        "          "         1
*2/2/92 and previous: "the Persian Gulf war"; 3/4/91: "this war"

20. As you may know, Obama has said he will withdraw all U.S. forces from Iraq by the end of this year. Is this something you support strongly, support somewhat, oppose somewhat or oppose strongly?

          ------- Support ---------   --------- Oppose --------     No 
          NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion 
11/3/11   78       58         19      21       12          9         2

21. Switching topics, how closely are you following the 2012 presidential race: very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not closely at all?

              ---- Closely -----   ---- Not closely -----     No
              NET   Very   Smwt.   NET   Not too   At all   opinion
11/3/11       65     24     41     34       17       17        *
10/2/11       64     24     40     36       23       13        0
9/1/11        66     25     40     34       20       14        *
7/17/11       61     18     43     39       23       15        *
6/5/11        61     22     39     38       23       15        *

22. What is the single most important issue in your choice for president? DO NOT READ LIST

                                                                      
                                                                    11/3/11
Economy/jobs                                                          56
Ethics/honesty/corruption in government                                7
Health care                                                            4
Morals/family values                                                   4
Federal budget deficit                                                 2
Taxes                                                                  2
Beating the Republican/re-electing Obama/Supporting the Democrats      2
Terrorism/national security                                            1
Education                                                              1
Environment                                                            1
Immigration/illegal immigration                                        1
Abortion                                                               1
Social Security                                                        1
Change                                                                 1
Beating Obama/electing a Republican/Supporting the Republicans         1
Leadership/strong leadership/good leader                               1
Gas/oil prices/energy/ethanol                                          *
Iraq/War in Iraq                                                       *
Experience                                                             *
Housing/mortgages                                                      *
Foreign policy                                                         *
Afghanistan/War in Afghanistan                                         *
Other (SPECIFY)                                                       10
No opinion                                                             5

23. (IF ECONOMY/JOBS) After the economy/jobs, what’s the next most important issue? DO NOT READ LIST

                                                                    11/3/11
Health care                                                           15
Terrorism/national security                                           10
Taxes                                                                  8
Education                                                              6
Federal budget deficit                                                 6
Foreign policy                                                         6
Iraq/War in Iraq                                                       5
Immigration/illegal immigration                                        5
Social Security                                                        4
Ethics/honesty/corruption in government                                2
Environment                                                            1
Morals/family values                                                   1
Housing/mortgages                                                      1
Leadership/strong leadership/good leader                               1
Gas/oil prices/energy/ethanol                                          1
Afghanistan/War in Afghanistan                                         1
Global warming                                                         *
Iran/Situation in Iran                                                 *
Guns/Gun control                                                       *
Change                                                                 *
Stock market/Wall Street                                               *
Abortion                                                               *
Beating Obama/electing a Republican/Supporting the Republicans         *
Beating the Republican/re-electing Obama/Supporting the Democrats      *
Other (SPECIFY)                                                       13
No opinion                                                            12

24. Still thinking about the next election in November 2012, right now, are you inclined to vote to re-elect your representative in Congress, or are you inclined to look around for someone else to vote for?

       
                                       Depends
              Re-elect   Look around   (vol.)    No opinion
11/3/11          31          59           3            8
8/9/11*          17          69           6            7
7/17/11          30          63           2            5
6/5/11           34          55           4            6
10/28/10         32          50           7           11
10/3/10          29          55           9            7
9/2/10           31          58           5            6
7/11/10          25          60           6            8
6/6/10           29          60           5            6
4/25/10  RV      32          57           7            4
2/8/10           36          56           4            4
11/15/09         38          50           6            5
5/15/06          35          55           6            4
6/5/05           40          50           8            3
2/21/02          40          48           7            6
10/31/99         41          47           8            3
9/28/99          44          46          NA           10
7/12/98          42          44           5           10
1/19/98          47          41           7            4
8/27/97          34          52           9            5
11/6/94  RV      37          47           7            8
10/31/94         35          56           2            7
10/23/94         32          58           4            6
9/11/94          36          53           4            7
6/26/94          35          54           6            5
3/27/94          32          56           6            7
1/23/94          32          46          10           12
11/14/93         38          52           5            5
8/21/92  RV      35          48           5           12
7/8/92           34          54           3            9
6/7/92           36          53           4            7
4/9/92           33          56           3            8
3/18/92          35          56           3            5
3/11/92          36          54           3            7
2/2/92           38          51           4            7
10/21/91         31          55           7            6
6/2/91           37          49           5            9
11/4/90  LV      41          50          NA            8
10/14/90         36          57           "            7
5/21/90          43          50           3            3
5/23/89          45          44           4            6
*Washington Post

25. Regardless of your local contest, which party would you like to see in control of Congress after the next congressional elections, the (Democrats) or the (Republicans)?

                                        Neither     No
              Democrats   Republicans   (vol.)    opinion
11/3/11          44           41          10         4
10/24/08 LV      50           42           5         3
11/1/07          54           40           3         2
10/8/06          59           36           3         2
5/15/06          56           33           8         3
11/2/05          55           37           6         2

26. (ASKED OF LEANED REPUBLICANS) Overall, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the choice of candidates for the Republican nomination for president next year - are you very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied or very dissatisfied?

          ----- Satisfied -----   --- Dissatisfied ----     No
          NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/3/11   59      9       50      36       27        9       5
10/2/11   62      9       54      32       25        7       6
9/1/11    65     15       51      29       21        8       6
7/17/11   54      8       46      38       29       10       8
6/5/11    47      7       40      46       38        9       7
4/17/11   43      5       38      40       30       10      17
11/1/07   69     16       54      28       22        7       2 
9/7/07    68     19       49      26       21        6       5 
7/21/07   65     13       53      32       26        6       3 
6/1/07    68     11       56      28       22        6       4 
4/15/07   65     16       49      31       27        5       3 
2/25/07   73     14       58      24       20        5       3

27. (ASKED OF LEANED DEMOCRATS) Overall, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with Barack Obama as the Democratic nominee for president next year - are you very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied or very dissatisfied?

          ----- Satisfied -----   --- Dissatisfied ----     No
          NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/3/11   80     44       36      20        9       11       *

28. (ASKED OF LEANED REPUBLICANS) If the 2012 Republican presidential primary or caucus in your state were being held today, and the candidates were (Michele Bachmann), (Herman Cain), (Newt Gingrich), (Jon Huntsman), (Ron Paul), (Rick Perry), (Mitt Romney), (Rick Santorum). For whom would you vote? Which candidate would you lean toward?

11/3/11 - NET LEANED VOTE PREFERENCE 

                      ----- Among gen pop ----   ------ Among RVs -------
                      11/3   10/2   9/1   7/17   11/3   10/2   9/1   7/17 
Mitt Romney            24     25    25     30     25     25    25     30    
Herman Cain            23     16     4      7     23     17     5      7    
Rick Perry             13     16    29      8     14     17    30      8    
Ron Paul                8     11    10     11      9      9    10     10    
Newt Gingrich          12      7     6      6     12      9     5      6    
Michele Bachmann        4      7     8     16      4      7     9     17    
Rick Santorum           1      2     3      3      1      2     3      3    
Jon Huntsman            1      1     1      3      1      1     1      3    
Tim Pawlenty           NA     NA    NA      3     NA     NA    NA      3    
Other (vol.)            *      2     2      1      0      2     2      1    
None of them (vol.)     2      5     5      2      2      4     4      2    
Would not vote (vol.)   3      1     2      1      1      1     1      *    
No opinion              9      7     5      8      8      7     5      9

29. (ASKED IF REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE) Will you definitely vote for (NAMED CANDIDATE), or is there a chance you could change your mind and vote for someone else? (IF CHANCE CHANGE MIND) Is there a GOOD CHANCE you'll change your mind, or would you say it's PRETTY UNLIKELY?

11/3/11 – Summary table

              Definitely   - Chance change mind-     No 
                 vote      NET   Good   Unlikely   opinion
All candidates    27       69     45       24         4

Mitt Romney       28       71     33       39         1  
Herman Cain       27       66     39       28         6  

30. (ASKED OF LEANED REPUBLICANS) Who would your second choice be? Which candidate would you lean toward?

11/3/11 - NET LEANED SECOND VOTE PREFERENCE 

                             All   Among RVs
Mitt Romney                  19       21     
Herman Cain                  17       17
Newt Gingrich                13       14   
Rick Perry                   13       11 
Michele Bachmann              9        9
Ron Paul                      9        9     
Jon Huntsman                  5        5      
Rick Santorum                 2        3
Other (vol.)                  1        1
No one/None of them (vol.)    4        4    
Would not vote (vol.)         *        1 
No opinion                    6        5

31. (ASKED OF LEANED REPUBLICANS) Regardless of who you may support, which of the Republican candidates do you think [ITEM]? (IF NEEDED) I can repeat the list. Is it (Michele Bachmann), (Herman Cain), (Newt Gingrich), (Jon Huntsman), (Ron Paul), (Rick Perry), (Mitt Romney), or (Rick Santorum)?

Full item wording:
a. best understands the problems of people like you
b. is the closest to you on the issues
c. best reflects the core values of the Republican Party 
d. has the best chance to defeat Barack Obama in the general election
e. is the most honest and trustworthy
f. would do the best job handling the economy

11/3/11 - Summary Table

                          Understands   Issues    Values    Defeat    Honest   Economy
Michele Bachmann               6           6         5         1        6         4
Herman Cain                   21          20        13        21       22        19
Jon Huntsman                   1           2         1         *        2         2
Newt Gingrich                 11          12        19         5        8        13
Ron Paul                       7           7         4         3        8         7
Rick Perry                    11          10        10        11        7        10
Mitt Romney                   17          20        20        33       17        22
Rick Santorum                  1           1         3         0        2         1
Other (vol.)                   0           0         0         0        0         0
All of them (vol.)             1           *         1         6        1         1
Any 2 or more equally (vol.)   2           4         2         2        2         2
No one/None of them (vol.)     6           3         2         3        7         2
No opinion                    16          15        20        13       17        17

Trend where available:

a. best understands the problems of people like you

                             11/3/11   9/1/11   7/17/11 
Michele Bachmann                6        9        11    
Herman Cain                    21        3         5    
Jon Huntsman                    1        1         2    
Newt Gingrich                  11        6         4    
Sarah Palin                    NA       19        23    
Ron Paul                        7        8         9    
Tim Pawlenty                   NA       NA         1    
Rick Perry                     11       17         5    
Mitt Romney                    17       13        18    
Rick Santorum                   1        2         3    
Other (vol.)                    0        1         1    
All of them (vol.)              1        1         1    
Any 2 or more equally (vol.)    2        3         1    
No one/None of them (vol.)      6        8         4    
No opinion                     16       10        12    

b. is the closest to you on the issues

                             11/3/11   9/1/11   7/17/11 
Michele Bachmann                6        10       10    
Herman Cain                    20         3        5    
Newt Gingrich                  12         6        5    
Jon Huntsman                    2         1        3    
Sarah Palin                    NA        14       20    
Ron Paul                        7        10       10    
Tim Pawlenty                   NA        NA        1    
Rick Perry                     10        21        5    
Mitt Romney                    20        15       21    
Rick Santorum                   1         3        3    
Other (vol.)                    0         1        1    
All of them (vol.)              *         *        *    
Any 2 or more equally (vol.)    4         2        *    
No one/None of them (vol.)      3         4        1    
No opinion                     15        11       15    

c. best reflects the core values of the Republican Party

                             11/3/11   9/1/11   7/17/11 
Michele Bachmann                5        10       11   
Herman Cain                    13         3        4   
Newt Gingrich                  19         6        9   
Jon Huntsman                    1         1        1   
Sarah Palin                    NA        12       20   
Ron Paul                        4         6        8   
Tim Pawlenty                   NA        NA        1   
Rick Perry                     10        19        7   
Mitt Romney                    20        18       19   
Rick Santorum                   3         4        3   
Other (vol.)                    0         *        1   
All of them (vol.)              1         1        *   
Any 2 or more equally (vol.)    2         5        1   
No one/None of them (vol.)      2         2        1   
No opinion                     20        14       14   

d. has the best chance to defeat Barack Obama in the general election

                             11/3/11   9/1/11   7/17/11 
Michele Bachmann                1         4        7   
Herman Cain                    21         1        2   
Newt Gingrich                   5         5        6   
Jon Huntsman                    *         1        2   
Sarah Palin                    NA         8       14   
Ron Paul                        3         4        3   
Tim Pawlenty                   NA        NA        2   
Rick Perry                     11        30        6   
Mitt Romney                    33        20       32   
Rick Santorum                   0         1        1   
Other (vol.)                    0         1        1   
All of them (vol.)              6         4        7   
Any 2 or more equally (vol.)    2         5        2   
None of them (vol.)             3         4        4   
No opinion                     13        10       11

e. No trend

f. would do the best job handling the economy

                            11/3/11   9/1/11    
Michele Bachmann               4        5
Herman Cain                   19        4           
Newt Gingrich                 13        7           
Jon Huntsman                   2        *          
Sarah Palin                   NA       11           
Ron Paul                       7        8           
Rick Perry                    10       22        
Mitt Romney                   22       22         
Rick Santorum                  1        2           
Other (vol.)                   0        2           
All of them (vol.)             1        0          
Any 2 or more equally (vol.)   2        2          
No one/None of them (vol.)     2        4          
No opinion                    17       12         

32. (ASKED OF LEANED REPUBLICANS) Which is more important to you in choosing a candidate for president: (their personal qualities such as experience and leadership ability) or (their positions on specific issues)?

              Personal    Positions    Both      No
              qualities   on issues   (vol.)   opinion
11/3/11          52          39          8        1
10/27/08 LV      51          32         15        2
10/11/08 LV      50          37         13        1
9/7/08   RV      44          42         14        *
9/6/00   RV      45          39         15        1
8/20/00  RV      39          48         12        *
10/31/99 RV      45          44         11        *

33. (ASKED OF LEANED REPUBLICANS) As governor of Massachusetts, Romney signed a law that requires people to pay a fine if they can get health insurance but fail to do so. Does this make you more likely to vote for him for president, less likely, or doesn’t it make a difference in your vote? IF MORE/LESS LIKELY: Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?

 
          ------ More likely ------   ------- Less likely -----    Makes no      No
          NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   difference   opinion
11/3/11    9        4          6      48       15         33           41         1        

34. (ASKED OF LEANED REPUBLICANS) Would you say you have a generally favorable or unfavorable opinion of the Mormon religion? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?

          ------- Favorable -------   ------ Unfavorable ------     No   
          NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
11/3/11   34       11         23      38       19         19        28
12/9/07   47       13         35      36       21         14        17

35. (ASKED OF LEANED REPUBLICANS) Does the fact that Mitt Romney is a Mormon make you (more) likely to vote for him, (less) likely to vote for him, or doesn’t it make a difference in your vote?

           More likely   Less likely   Wouldn't matter   No opinion
11/3/11         1           20                77              1

Compare to: Iowa, likely Republican caucus-goers
12/17/07        2            20               78              *

Compare to: New Hampshire, likely Republican voters
12/3/07         3             9               88              *

36. If the 2012 presidential election were being held today and the candidates were (Barack Obama, the Democrat) and ([ITEM], the Republican), for whom would you vote? Would you lean toward (Obama) or toward (ITEM)?

NET LEANED VOTE PREFERENCE - GEN POP

11/3/11 - Summary Table
                                Other    Neither    Would not      No
                 Obama   Rep.   (vol.)    (vol.)   vote (vol.)   opinion
a. Mitt Romney    48      45       *         3          2           1
b. Rick Perry     53      40       1         3          2           2
c. Herman Cain    51      43       *         3          2           1

NET LEANED VOTE PREFERENCE - REG VOTERS

11/3/11 - Summary Table
                                Other    Neither    Would not      No
                 Obama   Rep.   (vol.)    (vol.)   vote (vol.)   opinion
a. Mitt Romney    46      47       *         3          2           1
b. Rick Perry     51      43       1         3          2           2
c. Herman Cain    50      45       *         3          1           1

Trend where available:

a. Mitt Romney

NET LEANED VOTE PREFERENCE - GEN POP

                             Other    Neither    Would not      No
          Obama   Romney   (vol.)    (vol.)   vote (vol.)   opinion
11/3/11    48       45        *         3          2           1
10/2/11    47        46       *         3          1           2
9/1/11     46        47       *         2          3           2
7/17/11    51        44       *         2          1           2
6/5/11     47        47       *         2          1           2
4/17/11    49        45       *         3          1           2

NET LEANED VOTE PREFERENCE - REG VOTERS

                              Other    Neither    Would not      No
             Obama   Romney   (vol.)    (vol.)   vote (vol.)   opinion
11/3/11       46        47       *         3          2           1
10/2/11       46        48       *         2          1           2
9/1/11        45        49       *         2          2           2
7/17/11       49        47       *         2          1           1
6/5/11        46        49       *         2          1           2

b. Rick Perry

NET LEANED VOTE PREFERENCE - GEN POP

                             Other    Neither    Would not      No
          Obama    Perry     (vol.)    (vol.)   vote (vol.)   opinion
11/3/11    53        40        1         3          2            2
10/2/11    49        44        1         3          2            2
9/1/11     46        46        *         2          2            3
7/17/11    55        38        *         2          1            4

NET LEANED VOTE PREFERENCE - REG VOTERS

                                Other    Neither    Would not      No
             Obama    Perry     (vol.)    (vol.)   vote (vol.)   opinion
11/3/11       51        43        1         3          2            2
10/2/11       49        46        1         2          1            2
9/1/11        46        47        *         2          2            2
7/17/11       53        40        *         2          2            3

c. No trend.

37. (ASKED OF LEANED REPUBLICANS) It’s been reported that two female employees accused Cain of making unwanted sexual advances in the 1990s, and they received financial payments to leave the trade association he headed at the time. Cain says he was falsely accused and never sexually harassed anyone. Do you think this is a serious matter, or not serious?

 
          Serious   Not serious   No opinion
11/3/11     39           55            6

38. (ASKED OF LEANED REPUBLICANS) Does this situation make you (more) likely to vote for Cain for president, (less likely), or doesn’t it make a difference in your vote?

          More likely   Less likely   No difference   No opinion
11/3/11        4             23             69             4

39. On another subject, what is your view of the Tea Party political movement - would you say you support it strongly, support it somewhat, oppose it somewhat or oppose it strongly?

          -------- Support --------   --------- Oppose --------     No 
          NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
11/3/11   43      14         29       44       20         24        13
10/2/11   42      12         30       47       20         27        11
9/1/11    47      13         35       45       18         27         8
7/17/11   44      13         31       46       23         24        10
6/5/11    46      13         33       44       21         24        10
4/17/11   42      16         26       49       21         27        10

40. What is your view of the Occupy Wall Street movement - would you say you support it strongly, support it somewhat, oppose it somewhat or oppose it strongly?

          -------- Support --------   --------- Oppose --------     No 
          NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
11/3/11   44      18         26       41       19         22        15

901. Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as (a Democrat), (a Republican), an independent or what?

              11/3/11
Democrat        29
Republican      26
Independent     38
Other (vol.)     5
No opinion       1

908a. Would you say your views on most political matters are liberal, moderate, or conservative?

                   11/3/11
Liberal               21
Moderate              37
Conservative          39
Don’t think in 
 those terms (vol.)    1
No opinion             2

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