Washington Post-ABC News Poll

This Washington Post-ABC News poll was conducted by telephone Dec. 13-16, 2012, among a random national sample of 1,002 adults, including landline and cell phone-only respondents. Results have a margin of sampling error of 3.5 percentage points. Results for questions 28 to 31 are based on interviews from Dec. 14-16 among 602 adults, with a 4.5-point error margin. Sampling, data collection and tabulation by Abt-SRBI of New York.

*= less than 0.5 percent

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling his job as president? Do you approve/disapprove strongly or somewhat?

              -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12      54       33         21      42        9         32         5
12/16/12 RV   55       35         20      42        8         34         3  
11/4/12  RV   52       33         10      46       10         36         2     
11/3/12  RV   51       33         10      47       10         37         2     
11/2/12  RV   51       32         11      47       11         36         2     
11/1/12  RV   50       31         11      48       11         37         2     
10/31/12 RV   50       30         11      48       11         37         2     
10/30/12 RV   50       28         12      48       12         37         2     
10/29/12 RV   50       28         11      48       11         36         2     
10/28/12 RV   51       28         11      46       11         36         3     
10/27/12 RV   50       28         11      46       11         36         3     
10/26/12 RV   51       29         10      46       10         36         3     
10/25/12 RV   50       29          9      47        9         37         3     
10/24/12 RV   50       29         10      48       10         38         3     
10/23/12 RV   50       29         21      47        9         37         3
10/22/12 RV   50       30         20      47       10         38         3
10/21/12 RV   51       31         20      47       10         37         2
10/13/12      50       30         21      44       10         34         6
9/29/12       50       26         24      46       12         34         4
9/9/12        49       29         20      45       11         35         6
8/25/12       50       27         23      46       13         33         4
7/8/12        47       24         24      49       15         34         4
5/20/12       47       26         21      49       13         36         3
4/8/12        50       30         20      45       10         35         6
3/10/12       46       28         18      50       11         39         4
2/4/12        50       29         22      46       11         36         3
1/15/12       48       25         23      48       11         37         4
12/18/11      49       25         24      47       13         34         4
11/3/11       44       22         22      53       15         37         3
10/2/11       42       21         21      54       14         40         4
9/1/11        43       21         22      53       16         38         3
8/9/11*       44       18         26      46        9         37        10
7/17/11       47       25         22      48       14         35         5
6/5/11        47       27         20      49       13         37         4
5/2/11**      56       29         27      38       14         24         6
4/17/11       47       27         21      50       12         37         3
3/13/11       51       27         24      45       12         33         4
1/16/11       54       30         23      43       15         28         3
12/12/10      49       24         25      47       15         32         4
10/28/10      50       27         23      45       11         34         5
10/3/10       50       26         24      47       13         34         3
9/2/10        46       24         22      52       14         38         3
7/11/10       50       28         22      47       12         35         3
6/6/10        52       30         22      45       12         33         4
4/25/10       54       31         23      44       11         33         3
3/26/10       53       34         20      43        8         35         3
2/8/10        51       29         22      46       12         33         3
1/15/10       53       30         24      44       13         32         2
12/13/09      50       31         18      46       13         33         4
11/15/09      56       32         23      42       13         29         2
10/18/09      57       33         23      40       11         29         3
9/12/09       54       35         19      43       12         31         3
8/17/09       57       35         21      40       11         29         3
7/18/09       59       38         22      37        9         28         4
6/21/09       65       36         29      31       10         22         4
4/24/09       69       42         27      26        8         18         4
3/29/09       66       40         26      29        9         20         5
2/22/09       68       43         25      25        8         17         7
*Washington Post
**Washington Post/Pew Research Center

2. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Obama is handling [ITEM]? Do you approve/disapprove strongly or somewhat?

12/16/12 - Summary Table*

                                  ------ Approve ------   ---- Disapprove -----   No
                                  NET   Strngly   Smwht   NET   Smwht   Strngly   op.
a. The economy                    50      27       23     48     10       38       3 
b. International affairs          54      32       22     39     11       28       7 
c. Taxes                          48      31       17     45     12       33       7 
d. Budget negotiations to avoid 
   the so-called “fiscal cliff”   45      27       18     43     10       33      11
*Full sample asked items a and d; half sample asked item b; other half sample asked item c.

Trend:

a. The economy

              -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12      50       27         23      48       10         38         3
10/13/12 RV   47       26         21      51       10         41         2
9/29/12  RV   47       23         25      52       10         41         1
9/9/12   RV   45       24         21      53        8         45         2
8/25/12       44       20         23      54       12         42         3
7/8/12        44       21         23      54       13         41         2
5/20/12       42       20         22      55       11         44         2
4/8/12        44       23         21      54       12         42         2
3/10/12       38       20         18      59        9         50         2
2/4/12        44       23         22      53       11         41         3
1/15/12       41       19         22      57       11         46         2
12/18/11      41       17         24      56       13         43         2
11/3/11       38       18         20      61       13         48         2
10/2/11       35       17         19      61       13         48         4
9/1/11        36       15         21      62       15         47         2
7/17/11       39       18         22      57       15         43         3
6/5/11        40       20         20      59       10         49         2
5/2/11*       40       18         22      55       16         39         4
4/17/11       42       23         19      57       11         46         2
3/13/11       43       22         21      55       13         41         2
1/16/11       46       22         24      51       13         38         2
12/12/10      43       21         22      54       15         39         3
10/28/10 RV   44       21         23      54       15         39         3
10/3/10       45       22         23      53       13         41         2
9/2/10        41       20         21      57       13         44         2
7/11/10       43       20         23      54       13         41         4
6/6/10        50       26         24      49       12         37         2
4/25/10       49       24         25      49       10         39         2
3/26/10       45       23         22      52       12         40         3
2/8/10        45       22         23      53       15         38         2
1/15/10       47       22         24      52       13         39         1
12/13/09      46       23         24      52       12         40         2
11/15/09      51       26         25      47       12         36         2
10/18/09      50       29         22      48       13         35         1
9/12/09       51       28         24      46       13         33         2
8/17/09       52       27         25      46       13         33         2
7/18/09       52       29         23      46       10         35         3
6/21/09       56       28         28      41       13         27         3
4/24/09       58       31         28      38       13         25         4
3/29/09       60       34         25      38       12         26         3
2/22/09       60       NA         NA      34       NA         NA         6
*Washington Post/Pew Research Center

b. International affairs

             -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No
             NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12     54       32         22      39       11         28         7
9/29/12 RV   49       28         20      48       12         36         3
5/20/12      48       30         18      46       15         31         6
4/8/12       47       24         23      44       11         33         9
1/15/12      49       26         23      44       10         33         7
11/3/11      47       26         21      45       13         31         8
11/15/09     60       30         30      37       13         23         3
10/18/09     57       34         23      36       15         21         7
9/12/09      57       32         25      33       12         21        10
6/21/09      61       NA         NA      32       NA         NA         7
4/24/09      67                          27                             6
3/29/09      62        "          "      27        "          "        11

c. Taxes

           -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12   48       31         17      45       12         33         7
2/4/12     47       20         27      47       17         30         6
1/15/12    45       21         24      47       13         34         8
11/3/11    41       21         20      53       18         35         6
10/2/11    42       22         20      51       14         37         7
7/17/11    45       24         21      47       13         34         8
1/16/11    50       23         27      44       14         31         6
8/17/09    51       23         28      40       12         28         8
4/24/09    56       NA         NA      38       NA         NA         6

d. Budget negotiations to avoid the so-called “fiscal cliff”   

           -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12   45       27         18      43       10         33        11
12/9/12    49       27         22      42       11         30        10 

3. Do you think Obama has a mandate to carry out the agenda he presented during the presidential campaign, or should he compromise on the things the Republicans strongly oppose?

           Has mandate   Should compromise   No opinion
12/16/12       34                56              11
1/16/09        50                46               4

Compare to: Bush/Democrats

          Has mandate   Should compromise   No opinion
4/22/01       35                60               5
1/15/01       41                52               7

4. Which comes closest to describing the way you feel about the outcome of the 2012 presidential election: enthusiastic; satisfied but not enthusiastic; dissatisfied but not angry, or angry?

            ----- Satisfied ------   --- Dissatisfied ----    No
            NET   Enthus.   Satis.   NET   Dissat.   Angry   opin.
12/16/12    54      23        31     44      31        13      2
12/15/00*   49      14        35     50      37        12      1
*”outcome of this election”

5. Do you approve or disapprove of the way [ITEM] are doing their job?

12/16/12 - Summary Table

                                 Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
a. The Democrats in Congress       39          56            5
b. The Republicans in Congress     25          70            5

Trend:

a. The Democrats in Congress

           Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
12/16/12     39          56            5
3/10/12      34          60            6
1/15/12      33          62            5
12/18/11     27          66            7
4/17/11      36          60            4
10/3/10      36          61            3
7/18/09      47          48            5
4/24/09      45          49            6
2/22/09      50          44            6
7/13/08      35          57            8
2/1/08       39          54            7
12/9/07      40          53            6
11/1/07      36          58            6
9/30/07      38          57            5
7/21/07      46          51            2
6/1/07       44          49            6
4/15/07      54          44            2
10/8/06      48          50            3
5/15/06      39          58            4
11/2/05      41          54            5
6/5/05       42          56            3
6/6/99       51          42            7
3/14/99      51          42            7
7/8/97       45          49            6
4/5/95       36          60            4
10/31/94     39          53            8
10/23/94     36          59            5
9/11/94      41          53            6

b. The Republicans in Congress

             Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
12/16/12       25          70            5
3/10/12        23          71            6
1/15/12        21          75            4
12/18/11       20          72            7
9/1/11         28          68            3
4/17/11        34          63            3
10/3/10        30          67            3
7/18/09        36          58            6
4/24/09        30          64            6
2/22/09        38          56            6
7/13/08        25          69            6
2/1/08         30          63            7
12/9/07        32          63            5
11/1/07        32          63            6
9/30/07        29          67            4
7/21/07        34          64            2
6/1/07         36          58            6
4/15/07        39          59            2
10/8/06        35          63            2
5/15/06        33          64            3
11/2/05        35          61            4
6/5/05         42          56            2
6/6/99         41          52            7
3/14/99        40          56            4
7/8/97         40          54            6
9/15/96 RV     46          48            6
6/30/96        38          56            6
4/5/95         45          50            5
10/31/94       33          59            7
10/23/94       31          64            5
9/11/94        35          59            6

6. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the Republican leaders of Congress are handling budget negotiations to avoid the so-called “fiscal cliff”?

           Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
12/16/12     26          65            9

7. Who do you trust to do a better job [ITEM] - (Obama) or (the Republicans in Congress)?

12/16/12 - Summary Table*
                                                    Both    Neither     No
                                    Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
a. Coping with the main problems 
   the nation faces over the next 
   few years                         50      35       1       11         3      
b. Handling the economy              54      36       1        7         1
c. Protecting the middle class       58      32       1        7         3
d. Handling taxes                    46      42       1        9         3
e. Handling the federal
   budget deficit                    45      41       2       10         3
*Full sample asked item a; half sample asked items b-c; other half sample asked items d-e.

Trend:

a. Coping with the main problems the nation faces over the next few years

                           Both    Neither     No
           Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
12/16/12    50      35       1       11         3
12/12/10    43      38       2       12         4
 
Compare to: 
                                  Both    Neither     No
              Bush   Democrats   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
12/11/06       31       57          1        8         2 
1/18/04        45       44          1        6         3 
4/30/03        55       37          1        4         3 
10/27/02 LV    53       37          1        5         4        
9/26/02  LV    52       43          2        1         1        
9/26/02        54       38          3        3         3        
7/15/02        53       37          4        3         3        
1/27/02        62       31          2        3         2

                                    Both    Neither     No
           Clinton   Republicans   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
1/26/00      45          46           *        7         2
2/14/99*     52          35           2        7         3
2/12/99      53          30           3       11         4
1/19/99      50          32           3        8         7
11/7/98      47          38           4        9         2
9/28/98      51          38           2        6         3
8/21/98      48          38           2        9         3
7/12/98      48          38           1        6         6
5/12/98      47          39           3        8         3
1/31/98      52          35           3        4         6
1/19/98      48          40           2        8         2
3/9/97       49          38           4        8         2
1/15/97**    51          37           3        7         2
1/29/95      40          46           4        8         2
1/4/95       30          54           3        9         4
12/15/94     34          49           3        9         6
*1999 and previous: "next few years"
**"The Clinton administration"

b. Handling the economy

                           Both    Neither     No
           Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
12/16/12    54      36       1        7         1
1/15/12     43      41       1       12         3
12/18/11    44      40       1       13         2
11/3/11     42      42       1       12         2
10/2/11     43      42       1       11         2
9/1/11      42      39       1       16         2
6/5/11      42      45       2        9         2
3/13/11     46      34       2       15         4
1/16/11     46      41       3        7         3
12/12/10    44      45       2        7         2
4/25/10     49      38       1        9         2
2/8/10      47      42       1        7         2
12/13/09    48      36       1       12         3
11/15/09    52      37       1        8         1
9/12/09     48      37       1       12         2
7/18/09     56      33       1        9         2
6/21/09     55      31       2        9         2
4/24/09     61      24       2       11         2
3/29/09     58      25       1       14         2
2/22/09     61      26       1        9         3

c. Protecting the middle class

                           Both    Neither     No
           Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
12/16/12    58      32       1        7         3
1/15/12     48      35       *       13         3
12/18/11    50      35       1       10         3
11/3/11     45      41       1       11         2
4/17/11     51      39       1        8         1
1/16/11*    51      37       1        8         3
12/12/10    53      38       1        6         2
*1/16/11 and previous: "Helping the middle class"

d. Handling taxes

                           Both    Neither     No
           Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
12/16/12    46      42       1        9         3 
1/15/12     40      42       1       13         4
12/18/11    46      41       1       10         2
10/2/11     39      46       1       11         2
4/17/11     47      42       1        8         2
1/16/11     44      42       2        9         4
12/12/10    43      44       1        7         5

e. Handling the federal budget deficit

                           Both    Neither     No
           Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
12/16/12    45      41       2       10         3 
1/15/12     40      41       1       14         4
9/1/11      39      42       1       16         2 
6/5/11      39      47       2       10         2
3/13/11     45      36       2       14         4
1/16/11     44      41       4        8         2
12/12/10    39      47       2        9         4
4/25/10     45      41       1       10         3
2/8/10      45      43       1        9         1
9/12/09     50      36       1       12         1
7/18/09     54      35       *        9         2
6/21/09     56      30       2        9         2

8. There are two different points of view as to why the Republican Party has lost the popular vote in five of the last six presidential elections. Which of these two views do you, yourself, think is more nearly right… One group holds that the Republican Party is too conservative and needs a program concerned more directly with the welfare of the people, particularly those in the lower and middle income levels. The other group says that the policies of the Republican Party are good--but the party needs a better leader to explain and win support for these policies.

             Republican Party        Republican Party       Both    Other      No
           needs better policies   needs a better leader   (vol.)   (vol.)   opinion
12/16/12            53                      38                4        2        4
4/15/49*            41                      30               12        3       14 
*Gallup: “There are two different points of view as to why the Republican party
has not won the last 5 Presidential elections…”

9. Looking ahead to next year, are you more hopeful, or more fearful, about what the year 2013 holds in store for you personally?

            More      More       No
           hopeful   fearful   opinion
12/16/12     53        44         4
12/14/08     63        35         2
12/11/06     73        24         2
12/18/05     67        31         2
12/19/04     66        30         4
12/21/03     85        12         4
12/15/02     63        35         2
12/19/01     80        16         4

10. How about for the world in general? Are you more hopeful, or more fearful, about what the year 2013 holds in store for the world in general?

            More      More       No
           hopeful   fearful   opinion
12/16/12     40        56         3
12/14/08     54        45         1
12/11/06     55        43         2
12/18/05     59        40         1
12/19/04     54        43         2
12/21/03     69        27         4
12/15/02     43        56         1
12/19/01     62        35         3

11. Thinking about the next 12 months, would you say you feel (optimistic) or (pessimistic) about [ITEM]?

12/16/12 - Summary Table

                             --- Optimistic ---   --- Pessimistic --     No
			     NET   Very   Smwt.   NET   Smwt.   Very   opinion
a. The state of the                                                  
   national economy          48     15     33     49     21      28       3
b. Your own family's  
   financial situation       66     30     36     30     16      14       4
c. The way things are 
   going in this country     46     17     29     51     21      30       3
d. The policies Obama 
   will pursue in his 
   second term in office     55     26     29     41     14      26       5
e. The chances that 
   Obama and the 
   Republicans in Congress 
   will work together on   
   important issues          46     14     32     51     22      29       3

Trend:

a. The state of the national economy

           ----- Optimistic ----    ---- Pessimistic ----     No 
           NET   Very   Somewhat    NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
12/16/12   48     15       33       49       21       28       3
3/10/12    49     18       30       48       20       28       3
12/18/11   44     14       30       52       25       27       5
4/24/09    55     NA       NA       42       NA       NA       3
2/22/09    48                       50                         2
12/14/08   48                       50                         3
9/29/08    43                       53                         4
4/13/08    40                       58                         2
2/1/08     45                       51                         4
12/9/07    45                       52                         3
12/11/06   64                       33                         3
5/15/06    52                       46                         1
12/18/05   55                       44                         1
9/11/05    51                       46                         2
6/5/05     59                       40                         1
12/19/04   58                       40                         2
6/20/04    64                       34                         2
1/18/04    63      "        "       35        "        "       2  

b. Your own family's financial situation      

           ----- Optimistic ----    ---- Pessimistic ----     No 
           NET   Very   Somewhat    NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
12/16/12   66     30       36       30       16       14       4
3/10/12    66     28       39       30       16       14       4
12/18/11   61     23       38       35       19       16       4
4/24/09    66     NA       NA       31       NA       NA       3
2/22/09    66                       31                         3 
12/14/08   68                       29                         2
9/29/08    61                       34                         5
4/13/08    66                       31                         3
2/1/08     67                       30                         3
12/9/07    72                       25                         3
12/11/06   82                       16                         2
5/15/06    79                       20                         1
12/18/05   73                       26                         1
12/19/04   75      "        "       23        "        "       2

c. The way things are going in this country

           ----- Optimistic ----    ---- Pessimistic ----     No 
           NET   Very   Somewhat    NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
12/16/12   46     17       29       51       21       30       3
12/14/08   51     NA       NA       46       NA       NA       4
12/11/06   61                       36                         2
5/15/06    48                       50                         2
12/18/05   57                       42                         2
12/19/04   57                       41                         2
7/25/04 RV 67                       30                         3
6/20/04    62                       36                         2
1/18/04    69      "        "       29        "        "       2

d. The policies Obama will pursue in his second term of office

           ----- Optimistic ----    ---- Pessimistic ----     No 
           NET   Very   Somewhat    NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
12/16/12   55     26       29       41       14       26       5
12/14/08*  68     NA       NA       26       NA       NA       6
* “the policies Obama will pursue”

Compare to Bush:

           Optimistic   Pessimistic   No opinion
12/11/06       47           47             6
5/15/06        43           53             4
12/18/05       53           43             4
12/19/04*      51           45             5  
* “… in his second term in office”

e. The chances that Obama and the Republicans in Congress will work together on important issues

           ----- Optimistic ----   ---- Pessimistic ----     No 
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
12/16/12   46     14       32      51       22       29       3
1/16/11*   55     22       33      43       18       25       2
1/5/11*    48     14       34      46       27       19       6
*”Strongly” instead of “very”; 1/5/11 ABC News/Yahoo! News

12. Do you think the country’s (economic recession is over), or do you think the (economy is still in a recession)?

           Recession   Still in a     No
            is over    recession    opinion
12/16/12      21           76          3
4/8/12        21           76          4     

Compare to: Changing topics, many economists say that using the standards they
apply, the recession probably is over. Thinking about your own experience of economic
conditions, would you say that from your point of view the recession is over, or
not over? 
           Over   Not over   No opinion
2/8/10      12       88           1
12/13/09    13       86           1
10/18/09    16       82           1

13. Regardless of whether or not the recession is over, in terms of your own personal experience, do you feel the economy has or has not begun to recover?

             Has   Has not   No opinion
12/16/12     53      45           2
3/10/12      49      49           2
1/15/12      45      54           1
11/3/11      36      63           1
6/5/11       42      57           1
3/13/11      46      53           1
12/12/10     41      57           2
10/5/10*     34      63           2
2/8/10       45      53           1
12/13/09**   50      49           1
11/15/09     44      54           1
*ABC News/Yahoo! News 
**Add "Regardless of whether or not the recession is over..."

14. (IF ECONOMY HAS BEGUN TO RECOVER) Do you think the economy's recovery so far has been a strong one or a weak one?

           Strong   Weak   No opinion
12/16/12     22      76         2
3/10/12      24      74         2
1/15/12      21      77         2
11/3/11      19      77         3
6/5/11       17      81         2
2/8/10       25      75         1
12/13/09     24      73         3

13/14 NET:
           -Recovery's begun-   
           NET   Strong   Weak   Has not   No opinion
12/16/12   53      12      41      45           2
3/10/12    49      12      37      49           2
1/15/12    45       9      36      54           1
11/3/11    36       7      29      63           1
6/5/11     42       7      34      57           1
2/8/10     45      11      34      53           1
12/13/09   50      12      36      49           1

15. Overall, what do you think is the best way to reduce the federal budget deficit - (by cutting federal spending), (by increasing taxes), or by a combination of both?

           Cutting federal   Increasing   Combination     No
              spending         taxes        of both     opinion
12/16/12         29              4            65           2
7/17/11          32              4            62           3
6/5/11           37              4            57           2
4/17/11          36              3            59           2
3/13/11          31              3            64           3
12/12/10         36              2            60           1

16. If deficit reduction comes both from (cutting spending) and from (increasing taxes), should it be more from (cutting spending), or more from (increasing taxes), or should it be half from each?

           Cutting    Increasing   Half from     No
           spending     taxes        each      opinion
12/16/12      47          10          41          2
6/5/11        52           8          39          2

17. In order to strike a budget deal that avoids the so-called “fiscal cliff”, would you accept [ITEM], or is this something you would find unacceptable? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?

12/16/12 - Summary Table

                                   ------ Accept -------   --- Unacceptable ----   No
                                   NET   Strngly   Smwht   NET   Smwht   Strngly   op.
a. Cutting spending on Medicaid,   
   which is the government 
   health insurance program for 
   the poor                        28      13       16     68     16       53       3
b. Cutting military spending       42      23       20     55     14       41       3
c. Raising taxes on Americans 
   with incomes over 
   250-thousand dollars a year     74      54       20     24      9       15       2
d. Raising the age for Medicare 
   coverage from 65 to 67          36      19       17     60     14       46       3 
e. Changing the way Social 
   Security benefits are 
   calculated so that benefits 
   increase at a slower rate 
   than they do now                34      13       21     60     18       41       7
f. Capping the amount of money 
   people can claim in tax 
   deductions at no more than 
   50-thousand dollars a year      54      29       25     36     17       19      10

Trend: 

a. Cutting spending on Medicaid, which is the government health insurance program for the poor     

           -------- Accept ---------   ----- Unacceptable ------     No  
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12   28       13         16      68       16         53         3
7/17/11*   26       11         16      72       18         54         2
4/17/11    30       14         16      69       17         52         2
*7/17/11 and previous: “In order to reduce the national debt, would you support or oppose...”

b. Cutting military spending

           -------- Accept ---------   ----- Unacceptable ------     No  
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12   42       23         20      55       14         41         3
7/17/11*   43       23         20      56       17         39         2
4/17/11    42       22         20      56       15         41         2
*7/17/11 and previous: “In order to reduce the national debt, would you support or oppose...”

c. Raising taxes on Americans with incomes over 250-thousand dollars a year    

            -------- Accept ---------   ----- Unacceptable ------     No  
            NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12    74       54         20      24        9         15         2
11/25/12*   60       42         18      37       14         23         3
7/17/11*    72       55         17      27       10         17         1
4/17/11     72       54         18      27       10         17         1
*“Overall, do you support or oppose raising taxes on income over 250-thousand dollars a year?”
*7/17/12 and previous: “In order to reduce the national debt, would you support or oppose...”

d. Raising the age for Medicare coverage from 65 to 67

            -------- Accept ---------   ----- Unacceptable ------     No  
            NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12    36       19         17      60       14         46         3
11/25/12*   30       14         16      67       18         49         3
*“Overall, do you support or oppose raising the age for Medicare coverage from 65 to 67?”

Compare to: In order to reduce the national debt, would you support or oppose
gradually raising the eligibility age for Medicare from 65 to 67?

           -------- Support --------   -------- Oppose ---------     No  
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
7/17/11    46       25         21      54       12         42         1

Compare to: Would you favor or oppose gradually raising the eligibility age for
Medicare from 65 to 67 over the next 30 years?

         Favor   Oppose   No opinion
7/8/97    33       64          3

e. Changing the way Social Security benefits are calculated so that benefits increase
at a slower rate than they do now

           -------- Accept ---------   ----- Unacceptable ------     No  
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12   34       13         21      60       18         41         7
7/17/11*   42       18         24      53       14         38         5
*“In order to reduce the national debt, would you support or oppose...”

f. Capping the amount of money people can claim in tax deductions at no more than
50-thousand dollars a year

           -------- Accept ---------   ----- Unacceptable ------     No  
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12   54       29         25      36       17         19        10

Compare to: Overall, do you support or oppose reducing the deductions people can
claim on their federal income taxes? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?

           -------- Support --------   -------- Oppose ---------     No  
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
11/25/12   44       20         24      49       21         28         8

Compare to: Would you support or oppose changing federal tax law to make it harder
for individuals to reduce their taxes by taking tax deductions?

          Support   Oppose   No opinion
10/2/11     43        47         11

18. How likely do you think it is that (Obama) and (Republicans in Congress) will agree on a budget plan that avoids the fiscal cliff – very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely?

           ------- Likely ------   ------ Unlikely -----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
12/16/12   53     14       38      45       26       19       2

Compare to: How likely do you think it is that (Democrats) and (Republicans) in
Congress will agree on a deficit-reduction plan - very likely, somewhat likely,
somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely?

          ------- Likely ------   ------ Unlikely -----     No
          NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
10/2/11   25      3       22      74       37       37       1

19. If a budget agreement is not reached, who do you think will be mainly to blame – (the Republicans in Congress) or (Obama)?

                           Both    Neither     No
           Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
12/16/12    31      47      18        *         3
12/2/12*    27      53      12        2         6
11/11/12*   29      53      10        2         7
*Washington Post-Pew Research Center 

Compare to: If the debt limit is not raised, the federal government will have to
start shutting down many of its activities, and may not be able to send out Social
Security checks, pay salaries for government workers or meet its obligations to
bondholders. If this occurs, who do you think will be mainly to blame - (Obama)
or (the Republicans in Congress)?

                          Both    Neither     No
          Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
7/17/11    36      42      19       1         2

Compare to: As you may know, unless Congress and the president can agree to raise
the federal debt limit soon, the government will not be able to borrow more money
to fund its operations and pay its debts. If the limit is not raised, who do you
think would mainly be responsible for this - (the Obama administration) or (the
Republicans in Congress)? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?

           ---- Obama admin ----    -- Reps in Congress --    Both   Neither    No 
           NET   Strongly   Smwt.   NET   Smwt.   Strongly   (vol.)   (vol.)   opin.
6/19/11*   33      24        10     42     12       30         13       4        7
*Washington Post/Pew Research Center poll

20. How concerned are you, if at all, about what may happen to [ITEM] if Obama and Congress cannot reach a budget agreement – very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned or not concerned at all?

12/16/12 – Summary Table

                                 --- Concerned ----   --- Not concerned ----   No
                                 NET   Very   Smwht   NET   Not too   At all   op.
a. The national economy          89     58     30     10       7         3      1
b. Your personal finances        78     46     32     21      11        10      1
c. The government’s ability to 
   operate effectively           79     48     30     20      11         9      2
d. The U.S. military             75     44     31     23      14         9      2

21. Has the leadership of the Republican Party been too willing or not willing enough to compromise with Obama on the budget deficit?

             Too     Not willing   About right     No
           willing     enough        (vol.)      opinion
12/16/12     14          76             2           8
7/17/11      14          77             3           6
3/13/11      16          71             5           8

Compare to: Has the leadership of the Democratic Party been too willing or not
willing enough to compromise with Bush on the issue of the budget deficit?

             Too     Not willing   About right     No
           willing     enough        (vol.)      opinion
10/29/03     30          56             4          10

22. Has Obama been too willing or not willing enough to compromise with the leadership of the Republican Party on the budget deficit?

             Too     Not willing   About right     No
           willing     enough        (vol.)      opinion
12/16/12     28          57             5          10
7/17/11      29          58             8           6
3/13/11      30          52            10           8

Compare to: Has Bush been too willing or not willing enough to compromise with the
leadership of the Democratic Party on the issue of budget deficit?

             Too     Not willing   About right     No
           willing     enough        (vol.)      opinion
10/29/03     22          64             6           8

Thinking about the Middle East,

23. Do you support or oppose the Obama administration’s decision to recognize an organization of Syrian rebel groups as the legitimate government of Syria?

           Support   Oppose   No opinion  
12/16/12     29        47         23

24. Do you think the U.S. military should or should not get involved in the situation in Syria?

           Should get    Should not    Depends     No
            involved    get involved   (vol.)    opinion
12/16/12       17            73           3         7

25. What if (ITEM)? In that case would you support or oppose U.S. military involvement in Syria?

12/16/12 – Summary Table*
                               
                                                             Depends     No
                                          Support   Oppose   (vol.)    opinion
a. The Syrian government uses chemical 
   weapons against its people               63        30        2         5
b. The Syrian government loses control 
   of its chemical weapons stockpile        70        21        2         7
c. U.S. military aircraft were used to 
   create a no-fly zone, but no ground 
   troops were involved                     62        29        2         7
d. Syria attacked neighboring countries    
   that are U.S. allies                     69        22        3         7
*Half sample asked items a and c; other half sample asked items b and d.

26. In the long run, do you think the outcome of the unrest in Syria will help or hurt [ITEM]?

12/16/12 – Summary Table*
     
                                                No effect     No
                                  Help   Hurt    (vol.)     opinion
a. U.S. political and economic 
   interests in the region         17     56         7        20
b. The ability of the U.S. to 
   fight terrorist groups based 
   in the region                   26     44         8        21       
*Half sample asked item a; other half sample asked item b.

27. Now thinking about the region more broadly, in the long run, do you think the outcome of the unrest in the Middle East and North Africa will help or hurt [ITEM]?

12/16/12 – Summary Table*

                                                No effect     No
                                  Help   Hurt    (vol.)     opinion
a. U.S. political and economic 
   interests in the region         23     55        4         18
b. The ability of the U.S. to 
   fight terrorist groups based 
   in these countries              28     52        4         16
*Half sample asked item a; other half sample asked item b.

Trend:

a. U.S. political and economic interests in the region         

                        No effect     No
           Help   Hurt    (vol.)    opinion
12/16/12    23     55        4        18
3/13/11     29     58        4         9   

b. The ability of the U.S. to fight terrorist groups based in these countries

                        No effect     No
           Help   Hurt    (vol.)    opinion
12/16/12    28     52        4        16
3/13/11     33     49        6        12   

QUESTIONS 28 TO 31 BASED ON 602 INTERVIEWS DEC. 14-16. ERROR MARGIN=4.5 POINTS.

28. On another subject: Do you favor or oppose stricter gun control laws in this country?

            ----------- Favor --------    ---------- Oppose -------     No
            NET    Strongly   Somewhat    NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12    54        44         10       43       11         32         3
8/5/12**    51        39         11       47       10         37         2
1/16/11     52        39         13       45       12         33         3
4/24/09     51        36         14       48       12         36         1
9/7/08  RV  50        31         19       45       14         30         5
4/22/07     61        41         20       36       12         23         3
10/8/06     61        45         16       37       15         22         2
5/12/02     57        39         19       37       15         22         6
1/15/01     59        46         13       39       13         26         2
5/10/00     67        50         17       30        9         22         3
4/2/00      64        49         14       34       13         21         2
9/2/99      63        52         11       35       11         25         2
8/15/99     63        46         16       34       12         22         3
5/16/99     67        55         12       31       10         21         1
10/13/93*   64        40         24       33       13         20         3
6/8/89*     60        28         32       34       11         23         6
**Washington Post-Kaiser Family Foundation
*Gallup trend: "Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose enacting tougher gun control laws?"

29. Would you support or oppose a law requiring a nationwide ban on [ITEM]?

12/16/12 - Summary Table

                              ----- Support -----   ------ Oppose -----    No
                              NET   Strg.   Smwt.   NET   Smwt.   Strg.   opin.
a. Semi-automatic handguns,  
   which automatically 
   re-load every time the 
   trigger is pulled          52     42      11     44     11      34       3
b. The sale of handguns,
   except to law
   enforcement officers       27     20       7     71     15      56       2
c. High-capacity
   ammunition clips,
   meaning those containing
   more than 10 bullets       59     47      12     38      9      29       2

Trend where available:

a. Semi-automatic handguns, which automatically re-load every time the trigger is pulled

           --------- Support --------    ---------- Oppose -------     No
           NET    Strongly   Somewhat    NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12   52        42         11       44       11         34         3
1/16/11    48        39          9       50       12         37         2
4/22/07    55        46          9       41        9         32         3

b. The sale of handguns, except to law enforcement officers

           --------- Support --------    ---------- Oppose -------     No
           NET    Strongly   Somewhat    NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12   27        20          7       71       15         56         2
1/16/11    31        23          8       67       14         54         2
4/22/07    38        28          9       60       17         42         3
5/10/00    38        26         12       59       16         43         3
9/2/99     32        23          9       65       18         47         3

c. High-capacity ammunition clips, meaning those containing more than 10 bullets 

           --------- Support --------    ---------- Oppose -------     No
           NET    Strongly   Somewhat    NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
12/16/12   59        47         12       38        9         29         2
1/16/11    57        46         11       39       10         29         3

30. What do you think is the best way to reduce gun violence in this country - (by passing stricter gun control laws), or (by stricter enforcement of existing laws)?

          Passing      Enforcing     Both    Neither     No
          new laws   existing laws  (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
12/16/12     32           49           8        7         3
1/16/11      29           57           5        7         2
4/24/09      27           61           5        4         2
4/22/07      29           52           9        8         1
4/2/00       33           53           7        5         2

31. Thinking about the shooting at a Connecticut elementary school: Do you think this shooting reflects broader problems in American society, or are things like this just the isolated acts of troubled individuals?

           Broader problems   Isolated acts   No opinion
12/16/12         52                43             5
7/29/12*         24                67             8
1/16/11          31                58            12
4/22/07          46                47             7
*July 2012 and previous: Pew Research Center. July, 2012 about “Shooting in Colorado”;
January, 2011 asked about “Shooting in Tucson, Arizona”; April, 2007 question asked
about shooting at Virginia Tech University. 

901. Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as (a Democrat), (a Republican), an independent or what?

          Democrat   Republican   Independent   Other (vol.)   No opinion
12/16/12     31          24           38              4             4
11/4/12      33          25           34              4             5
11/4/12 RV   33          27           35              3             2
11/4/12 LV   35          29           32              3             1
10/13/12     33          22           37              4             4
9/29/12      31          25           36              5             3
9/9/12       33          23           37              4             3
8/25/12      31          22           39              6             3
7/8/12       33          24           36              4             3
5/20/12      32          22           38              7             2
4/18/12      34          23           34              5             3
3/10/12      31          27           36              3             3
2/12/12      34          23           37              5             1
1/15/12      32          25           36              5             2

***END***

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