Washington Post-ABC News Poll

This Washington Post-ABC News poll was conducted by telephone March 10 to 13, 2011, among a random national sample of 1,005 adults, including users of both conventional and cellular phones. The results from the full survey have a margin of sampling error of plus or minus 3.5 percentage points. Sampling, data collection and tabulation by TNS of Horsham, Pa.

*= less than 0.5 percent

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling his job as president? Do you approve/disapprove strongly or somewhat?

              -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No   
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
3/13/11       51       27         24      45       12         33         4
1/16/11       54       30         23      43       15         28         3
12/12/10      49       24         25      47       15         32         4
10/28/10      50       27         23      45       11         34         5
10/28/10 LV   46       31         15      52        8         44         2
10/3/10       50       26         24      47       13         34         3
9/2/10        46       24         22      52       14         38         3
7/11/10       50       28         22      47       12         35         3
6/6/10        52       30         22      45       12         33         4
4/25/10       54       31         23      44       11         33         3
3/26/10       53       34         20      43        8         35         3
2/8/10        51       29         22      46       12         33         3
1/15/10       53       30         24      44       13         32         2
12/13/09      50       31         18      46       13         33         4
11/15/09      56       32         23      42       13         29         2
10/18/09      57       33         23      40       11         29         3
9/12/09       54       35         19      43       12         31         3
8/17/09       57       35         21      40       11         29         3
7/18/09       59       38         22      37        9         28         4
6/21/09       65       36         29      31       10         22         4
4/24/09       69       42         27      26        8         18         4
3/29/09       66       40         26      29        9         20         5
2/22/09       68       43         25      25        8         17         7

2. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Obama is handling [ITEM]? Do you approve/disapprove strongly or somewhat?

 
 3/13/11 - Summary Table*

                    -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No
                    NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
a. The economy      43       22         21      55       13         41         2
b. The federal
   budget deficit   39       18         20      55       13         42         6
c. The political
   unrest in the
   Middle East and
   North Africa     45       18         26      44       17         27        12
d. The situation
   in Libya         45       24         22      34       14         20        21
*Full sample asked items a-b; half sample asked item c; other half sample asked item d.

Trend where available:

a. The economy

              -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No   
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
3/13/11       43       22         21      55       13         41         2
1/16/11       46       22         24      51       13         38         2
12/12/10      43       21         22      54       15         39         3
10/28/10 RV   44       21         23      54       15         39         3
10/28/10 LV   42       23         19      55       10         45         2
10/3/10       45       22         23      53       13         41         2
9/2/10        41       20         21      57       13         44         2
7/11/10       43       20         23      54       13         41         4
6/6/10        50       26         24      49       12         37         2
4/25/10       49       24         25      49       10         39         2
3/26/10       45       23         22      52       12         40         3
2/8/10        45       22         23      53       15         38         2
1/15/10       47       22         24      52       13         39         1
12/13/09      46       23         24      52       12         40         2
11/15/09      51       26         25      47       12         36         2
10/18/09      50       29         22      48       13         35         1
9/12/09       51       28         24      46       13         33         2
8/17/09       52       27         25      46       13         33         2
7/18/09       52       29         23      46       10         35         3
6/21/09       56       28         28      41       13         27         3
4/24/09       58       31         28      38       13         25         4
3/29/09       60       34         25      38       12         26         3
2/22/09       60       NA         NA      34       NA         NA         6

b. The federal budget deficit

           -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No   
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
3/13/11    39       18         20      55       13         42         6
1/16/11    43       21         22      52       11         41         6
12/12/10   38       16         22      55       19         36         7
9/2/10     39       18         20      58       13         45         3
7/11/10    40       20         20      56       11         45         4
6/6/10     39       22         17      56       13         42         6
4/25/10    40       20         20      55       14         42         5
3/26/10    43       22         21      52       14         38         5
2/8/10     40       17         23      56       16         40         4
1/15/10    38       18         20      56       15         41         6
12/13/09   37       16         21      56       12         44         6
11/15/09   42       19         23      53       10         43         5
10/18/09   45       20         25      51       14         37         4
9/12/09    39       17         22      55       13         42         6
8/17/09    41       19         22      53       12         41         5
7/18/09    43       19         24      49       11         38         8
6/21/09    48       22         26      48       13         35         5
4/24/09    51       NA         NA      43       NA         NA         7
3/29/09    52       NA         NA      43       NA         NA         5

c-d. No trend.

3. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is doing its job? Do you approve/disapprove strongly or somewhat?

              -------- Approve --------   ------- Disapprove ------     No
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
3/13/11       27        7         20      69       24         45         4
1/16/11       28        6         21      66       24         43         7
10/28/10 RV   23        6         17      74       21         53         3
10/28/10 LV   21        5         16      77       19         58         2
10/3/10       24        6         18      73       22         51         3
9/2/10        25        5         20      72       21         51         4
6/6/10        26        7         20      71       20         51         2
3/26/10       24        7         18      72       18         54         4
2/8/10        26       NA         NA      71       NA         NA         3
7/13/08       23                          71                             6
2/1/08        33                          59                             8
12/9/07       32                          60                             8
11/1/07       28                          65                             7
9/30/07       29                          65                             6
7/21/07       37                          60                             4
6/1/07        39        "          "      53        "          "         8
4/15/07       44        8         36      54       25         29         3
2/25/07       41       NA         NA      54       NA         NA         5
1/19/07       43                          50                             8
12/11/06      37        "          "      57        "          "         6
11/4/06  RV   36        7         29      60       25         35         4  
10/22/06      31        5         25      65       27         38         4  
10/8/06       32        5         27      66       29         37         2  
9/7/06        40       NA         NA      55       NA         NA         5
8/6/06        36                          60                             4
5/15/06       33                          63                             4 
4/9/06        35                          62                             3 
3/5/06        36                          62                             3
1/26/06       43                          53                             4
1/8/06        41                          55                             5
12/18/05      43                          53                             4
11/2/05       37                          59                             4
8/28/05       37                          59                             4
6/5/05        41                          54                             4
10/29/03      40                          52                             9
4/30/03       57                          37                             6
9/26/02       51                          43                             6
7/15/02       57                          36                             7
2/21/02       57                          39                             4
1/27/02       58                          35                             7
12/19/01      59                          34                             7
9/9/01        45                          48                             7
7/30/01       48                          48                             4
4/22/01       58                          33                             8
10/31/99      42                          53                             6
9/2/99        46                          47                             7
6/6/99        48                          46                             6
3/14/99       44                          49                             7
2/14/99       46                          50                             4    
12/20/98      44                          51                             5    
12/19/98      45                          50                             5    
12/13/98      49                          46                             5    
11/7/98       41                          55                             4    
11/1/98       49                          47                             5    
10/25/98      45                          44                            11    
10/18/98      46                          45                             8    
9/28/98       52                          44                             4    
8/21/98       55                          39                             6          
7/12/98       46                          44                            11          
5/12/98       45                          45                             9          
4/4/98        47                          45                             8          
1/31/98       55                          35                            10          
1/30/98       55                          35                            10          
1/25/98       56                          37                             8          
1/24/98       55                          38                             7          
1/19/98       47                          49                             5          
10/13/97      36                          57                             7          
8/27/97       39                          54                             7          
7/8/97        40                          53                             6          
4/24/97       40                          53                             7          
3/9/97        35                          60                             5          
8/5/96        42                          52                             7          
6/30/96       35                          58                             7          
5/22/96       35                          60                             5          
3/10/96       30                          64                             6          
1/7/96        31                          65                             5          
11/19/95      27                          68                             5          
10/1/95       32                          65                             3 
7/17/95       34                          63                             3         
3/19/95       39                          56                             5         
1/29/95       42                          52                             6         
10/31/94      21                          72                             8         
10/23/94      18                          78                             4         
9/11/94       24                          70                             5         
6/26/94       34                          61                             5         
3/27/94       35                          62                             3         
2/27/94       32                          64                             4         
1/23/94       29                          60                            11         
11/14/93      28                          66                             6         
8/8/93        33                          64                             3         
4/26/93       30                          69                             2         
1/17/93       29                          66                             6         
4/9/92        17                          78                             5         
3/18/92       19                          76                             5         
3/8/92        22                          73                             6         
2/2/92        32                          64                             4         
12/15/91      35                          59                             6         
10/21/91      45                          50                             5         
6/2/91        49                          46                             5 
10/14/90      34                          63                             3                  
2/4/90        41                          55                             4                  
1/16/90       39                          55                             6                  
8/21/89       42                          53                             5                  
5/23/89       54                          44                             2                  
2/14/89       53                          44                             3                  
1/23/88*      43                          53                             4                  
6/1/87        56                          40                             4                  
6/22/85       54                          37                             9                  
5/83          33                          43                            24                  
6/81          38                          40                            22                  
6/79          19                          61                            20                  
9/78          29                          49                            22                  
6/77          34                          42                            24                  
6/75          29                          54                            17                  
8/74          48       "          "       35       "          "         17                  
*1/23/88 and previous: Gallup

4. Who do you trust to do a better job handling [ITEM] - (Obama) or (the Republicans in Congress)?

3/13/11 - Summary Table*
                                                Both    Neither     No
                                Obama   Reps   (vol.)    (vol.)   opinion
a. The economy                   46      34       2        15        4
b. The federal budget deficit    45      36       2        14        4
c. Social Security               42      44       1        12        2
d. Protecting the rights of
   working people                46      39       *        12        3
*Half sample asked items a-b; other half sample asked items c-d.

Trend where available:

a. The economy
                           Both    Neither     No
           Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
3/13/11     46      34       2       15         4
1/16/11     46      41       3        7         3
12/12/10    44      45       2        7         2
4/25/10     49      38       1        9         2
2/8/10      47      42       1        7         2
12/13/09    48      36       1       12         3
11/15/09    52      37       1        8         1
9/12/09     48      37       1       12         2
7/18/09     56      33       1        9         2
6/21/09     55      31       2        9         2
4/24/09     61      24       2       11         2
3/29/09     58      25       1       14         2
2/22/09     61      26       1        9         3

b. The federal budget deficit

                           Both    Neither     No
           Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
3/13/11     45      36       2       14         4
1/16/11     44      41       4        8         2
12/12/10    39      47       2        9         4
4/25/10     45      41       1       10         3
2/8/10      45      43       1        9         1
9/12/09     50      36       1       12         1
7/18/09     54      35       *        9         2
6/21/09     56      30       2        9         2

c-d. No trend.

5. On another subject, regardless of whether or not the recession is over, in terms of your own personal experience, do you feel the economy has or has not begun to recover?

            Has   Has not   No opinion
3/13/11     46      53           1
12/12/10    41      57           2
10/5/10*    34      63           2
2/8/10      45      53           1
12/13/09**  50      49           1     
11/15/09    44      54           1
*ABC News / Yahoo! News poll
**Add "Regardless of whether or not the recession is over..."

6. (IF ECONOMY HAS BEGUN TO RECOVER) Who do you think deserves most of the credit for that: (Obama), (the Republicans in Congress), both equally, or neither?

          Obama   Reps   Both   Neither   No opinion
3/13/11    39       6     27      27          1

5/6 NET.

          ----------- Has begun to recover ----------    Has not     No
          NET   Obama   Reps   Both   Neither   No op.    begun    opinion
3/13/11   46     18       3     13      13         *       53         1

7. Who do you think is taking a stronger leadership role in the government in Washington these days, (Obama) or (the Republicans in Congress)?

           Obama    Reps   Both (vol.)   Neither (vol.)   No opinion
3/13/11     39       46         2               9             3
12/12/10    43       42         3               8             5

Compare to: 

           Bush     Dems   Both (vol.)   Neither (vol.)   No opinion
6/1/07      43       45         3               7             3
4/15/07     34       58         2               4             2
1/19/07     36       56         1               3             3
7/30/01     51       38         3               4             4

          Clinton   Reps   Both (vol.)   Neither (vol.)   No opinion
4/5/95      27       67         2               3             7
1/24/95     24       61         4               5             6
12/15/94    25       59         3               5             7

8. Who do you think [ITEM] - (Obama) or (the Republicans in Congress)?

3/13/11 - Summary Table
                                                Both    Neither     No
                                Obama   Reps   (vol.)   (vol.)    opinion
a. better represents your own
   personal values               46      41       1       10         1
b. better understands the
   economic problems people
   in this country are having    47      35       3       12         2

9. When it comes to finding the right balance between [cutting government spending that is not needed] and [continuing government spending that is needed], who do you trust to do a better job - (Obama) or (the Republicans in Congress)?

          Obama   Reps   Both (vol.)   Neither (vol.)   No opinion
3/13/11    43      42         2              10              3

10. As far as the future is concerned, thinking about our system of government and how well it works - is this something you feel generally optimistic about, generally pessimistic about, or uncertain about?

             Optimistic   Pessimistic   Uncertain   No opinion
3/13/11          26           23            49           2
10/20/10*        33           20            46           1
1/13/08**        44           23            33           1  
2/7/99***        54           19            27           1  
3/10/96          43           28            28           1  
2/26/83****      51           21            27           1  
2/28/81          51           21            26           1  
2/24/79          49           22            26           1  
8/27/77          47           21            29           3  
2/26/77          57           14            26           2  
8/30/75          45           24            29           3  
8/31/74          55           15            27           3
*ABC News/Yahoo! News, **USA Today/Gallup, ***CNN/Gallup, ****Roper

11. Thinking about the federal government's economic stimulus program, do you think the economic stimulus program has (helped) the national economy, (hurt) the national economy, or hasn't made much difference? (IF HELPED/HURT) Is that a great deal or somewhat?

           ---------- Helped ---------   ---------- Hurt -----------    No       No
           NET   Great deal   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Great deal   diff.   opinion
3/13/11    28         8          20      21        6          14        49        2
6/6/10     30         9          21      20        7          13        49        1
11/15/09   37        12          25      23        6          17        39        1
9/12/09    32        10          22      19        5          13        47        2
6/21/09    28         8          20      19        6          13        52        2
4/24/09    33        10          23      16        6          10        49        2

12. Do you think large cuts in federal spending would do more to (create jobs) or do more to (cut jobs) in this country?

                                   Neither     No
          Create jobs   Cut jobs   (vol.)    opinion   
3/13/11       41           45         7         7

13. Overall, what do you think is the best way to reduce the federal budget deficit - (by cutting federal spending), (by increasing taxes), or by a combination of both?

           Cutting federal   Increasing   Combination     No
              spending         taxes        of both     opinion
3/13/11          31              3            64           3
12/12/10         36              2            60           1

14. Has the leadership of the Republican Party been too willing or not willing enough to compromise with Obama on the budget deficit?

            Too     Not willing   About right     No
          willing     enough        (vol.)      opinion
3/13/11     16          71             5           8

Compare to: Has the leadership of the Democratic Party been too willing
or not willing enough to compromise with Bush on the issue of the budget
deficit?

             Too     Not willing   About right     No
           willing     enough        (vol.)      opinion
10/29/03     30          56             4          10

15. Has Obama been too willing or not willing enough to compromise with the leadership of the Republican Party on the budget deficit?

            Too     Not willing   About right     No
          willing     enough        (vol.)      opinion
3/13/11     30          52            10           8

Compare to: Has Bush been too willing or not willing enough to compromise
with the leadership of the Democratic Party on the issue of budget deficit?

             Too     Not willing   About right     No
           willing     enough        (vol.)      opinion
10/29/03     22          64             6           8

16. As you may know, the federal government might have to partially shut down later this month if (the Obama administration) and (the Republicans in Congress) cannot agree on a plan to keep it running while they work on a new budget. Who do you think is mainly responsible for this situation – (the Obama administration) or (the Republicans in Congress)?

          Obama   Republicans   Both (vol.)   Neither (vol.)   No opinion      
3/13/11    31         45           17              2               4

Compare to: If the federal government shuts down because (Republicans) and
(the Obama administration) can’t agree on a budget, who do you think would
be more to blame: 

          Obama   Republicans   Both (vol.)   Neither (vol.)   No opinion
2/27/11     35        36            17              1              10

Compare to: As you may know, the federal government has shut down some of its
operations because the Clinton administration and the Republicans in Congress
have not agreed on a plan to keep it running while they work on a new budget.
Whose fault do you think this mainly is -- Clinton's or the Republicans' in Congress?

           Clinton   Republicans   Both (vol.)   Neither (vol.)   No opinion      
1/3/96*      25          44           24               3               3          
11/19/95     24          51           20               1               4          
11/13/95**   27          46           20               2               5          
* "many" changed to "some" 
** Phrased in future tense

17. Considering everything, do you think the partial shutdown of the federal government would be a good thing or a bad thing? (IF BAD THING) Would you say it would be a crisis or not?

                        ------- Bad thing -------
           Good thing   NET   Crisis   Not crisis   No opinion            
3/13/11        31       63      37         25            6
1/7/96*        23       75      36         38            3                
1/3/96**       19       78      42         35            4                
11/19/95**     26       68      33         34            7                
* “was a good thing…”
** “is a good thing…” 

18. Now thinking about the Social Security system that mainly provides retirement income for senior citizens: If changes are not made, do you think the Social Security system is heading for a crisis down the road, or not?

                      Already in       No
           Yes   No   crisis (vol.)   opinion
3/13/11*   81    15        1             3
3/13/05    71    23        1             5
*Add: “Now thinking about the Social Security system that mainly provides retirement income for senior citizens”

19. (IF HEADED FOR/IN CRISIS) (To avoid a crisis,) Do you think Social Security needs major changes, or minor changes?

          Major   Minor   No opinion
3/13/11    66      32          3
3/13/05    67      30          3

18/19 NET.

          ----- System in crisis -----     No       No
          NET   Major   Minor   No op.   crisis   opinion
3/13/11   83     54      26       2        15        3
3/13/05   72     48      22       2        23        5

20. I'm going to mention changes some leaders have proposed for Social Security. Please tell me if you support or oppose each one.

3/13/11 - Summary Table*

                                                         Support   Oppose   No opinion
a. Increasing the Social Security tax rate                 35        61          4
b. Collecting Social Security taxes on all the money a
   worker earns, rather than taxing only up to about
   $107,000 of annual income                               53        43          4
c. Raising the retirement age to receive full Social
   Security benefits to 68, instead of the current 67      42        57          1
d. Further reducing the benefits paid to people who
   retire early. For instance, people who retire at
   age 62 would get 63% of their full benefits, rather   
   than the current 70%                                    46        52          2
e. Changing the way Social Security benefits are
   calculated so that benefits increase at a slower
   rate than they would under the current formula          45        48          6
f. Reducing guaranteed benefits for future retirees        32        66          2
*Full sample asked items a-d; half sample asked item e; other half sample asked item f.

Trend:

a. Increasing the Social Security tax rate

          Support   Oppose   No opinion
3/13/11     35        61          4
3/13/05     31        64          4

b. Collecting Social Security taxes on all the money a worker earns, rather than taxing
   only up to about $107,000 of annual income

          Support   Oppose   No opinion
3/13/11     53        43          4
3/13/05*    56        40          4
* “up to the first $90,000…”

c. Raising the retirement age to receive full Social Security benefits to 68,
   instead of the current 67

          Support   Oppose   No opinion
3/13/11     42        57          1
3/13/05     33        66          2

d. Further reducing the benefits paid to people who retire early. For instance,
   people who retire at age 62 would get 63% of their full benefits, rather than
   the current 70%

          Support   Oppose   No opinion
3/13/11     46        52          2
3/13/05     36        62          2

e. Changing the way Social Security benefits are calculated so that benefits increase 
   at a slower rate than they would under the current formula

          Support   Oppose   No opinion
3/13/11     45        48          6
3/13/05     37        57          6

f. Reducing guaranteed benefits for future retirees

          Support   Oppose   No opinion
3/13/11     32        66          2
3/13/05     20        75          5

21. Now thinking about budget problems at the state level: I’m going to name some proposals that may help reduce state budget deficits. For each, please tell me if that’s something you would support strongly, support somewhat, oppose somewhat or oppose strongly in your state. How about [ITEM]?

3/13/11 - Summary Table*
                                    ------ Support -----   ------ Oppose -----    No
                                    NET   Strgly   Smwht   NET   Smwht  Strgly   opin.
a. (increase/enact) state income
   taxes**                          36       9      27     63     18      45       1
b. cut state funding for the
   Medicaid health insurance
   program                          22      11      11     76     23      53       3
c. (increase/enact) state sales
   taxes**                          38      10      28     61     16      45       1
d. reduce state aid to public
   schools                          21      11      10     79     15      64       1
e. lay off state employees          37      17      20     60     23      37       3
f. lay off public school teachers   13       4       9     86     12      74       1
g. lay off police officers          13       9       4     86     16      70       1
h. lay off firefighters             10       5       5     89     15      75       1
i. freeze wages for state
   employees                        55      29      27     43     16      27       2
j. reduce pension benefits for
   new state workers                51      26      25     45     21      24       4
k. close or limit access to
   state parks and recreation
   facilities                       22       8      13     76     24      52       2
l. reduce spending on roads and
   other infrastructure projects    39      14      25     61     26      35       *
*Half sample asked items a-f; other half sample asked items g-l.
** “increase” asked in states with income/sales tax, “enact” asked in states without
    income/sales tax.

22. On another subject, do you think workers in this country should or should not have a right to form unions to negotiate with employers on things like their working conditions, pay, benefits and pensions?

          Should   Should not   No opinion
3/13/11     81         18            2

23. Now thinking specifically about workers employed by state governments, do you think those workers should or should not have a right to form unions to negotiate things like their working conditions, pay, benefits and pensions?

          Should   Should not   No opinion
3/13/11     67         32            1

24. On another subject: All in all, considering the costs to the United States versus the benefits to the United States, do you think the war in Afghanistan has been worth fighting, or not? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?

            ----- Worth fighting ----   --- Not worth fighting --     No 
            NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion 
3/13/11     31       17         14      64       16         49         5
12/12/10    34       16         16      60       18         43         5
7/11/10     43       24         19      53       15         38         4
6/6/10      44       26         18      53       13         41         3
4/25/10     45       26         19      52       15         38         3
12/13/09    52       33         19      44       10         35         4
11/15/09    44       30         14      52       14         38         4
10/18/09*   47       28         19      49       13         36         4 
9/12/09     46       28         18      51       14         37         3
8/17/09     47       31         15      51       10         41         3
7/18/09     51       34         18      45       11         34         4
3/29/09     56       37         19      41       12         28         4
2/22/09     50       34         17      47        9         37         3
12/14/08    55       NA         NA      39       NA         NA         5
7/13/08     51       NA         NA      45       NA         NA         4
2/25/07     56       NA         NA      41       NA         NA         3
*10/18/09 "was" and "has been" wording half sampled. Previous "was."

25. (HALF SAMPLE) Do you think the United States should or should not withdraw a substantial number of U.S. combat forces from Afghanistan this summer?

          Should   Should not   No opinion
3/13/11     73         21            5

26. (HALF SAMPLE) Do you think the United States will or will not withdraw a substantial number of U.S. combat forces from Afghanistan this summer?

          Will   Will not   No opinion
3/13/11    39       53           8

27. Thinking about the unrest in the Middle East and North Africa - do you think the demonstrators in these countries are mainly interested in establishing democratic governments, or mainly interested in establishing new governments but not necessarily democratic ones?

 
          Democratic     New governments, not      No
          governments   necessarily democratic   opinion
3/13/11       20                  71                9

28. In the long run, do you think the outcome of the unrest in the Middle East and North Africa will help or hurt [ITEM]?

3/13/11 - Summary Table*
                                                                No effect     No
                                                  Help   Hurt    (vol.)     opinion
a. U.S. political and economic interests in the   
   region                                          29     58        4          9
b. the ability of the U.S. to fight terrorist
   groups based in these countries                 33     49        6         12
*Half sample asked item a; other half sample asked item b.

In Libya, there's fighting between anti-government protesters and forces loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi (MOA-mar ka-DAFI)...

29. (HALF SAMPLE) Would you support or oppose using U.S. military aircraft to create a no-fly zone in Libya in order to keep Gaddafi's air force from attacking rebel-held areas?

         Support   Oppose   No opinion
3/13/11     49        45          6

30. (HALF SAMPLE) You may have heard about the idea that U.S. military aircraft could participate in creating a no-fly zone over Libya in order to keep Gaddafi's air force from attacking rebel-held areas. Is this something you would support or oppose?

          Support   Oppose   No opinion
3/13/11     56        37          7

31. (IF SUPPORT U.S. MILITARY CREATING NO-FLY ZONE) Creating a no-fly zone first requires bombing attacks on anti-aircraft positions, and then requires continuous air patrols. Given those requirements, would you support or oppose using U.S. military aircraft to create a no-fly zone in Libya?

          Support   Oppose   No opinion
3/13/11     72        25          3

32. On another subject, do you think it should be legal or illegal for gay and lesbian couples to get married? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?

             --------- Legal ---------   -------- Illegal --------     No  
             NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
3/13/11      53       36         17      44        9         35         3
2/8/10       47       31         16      50        9         42         3
4/24/09*     49       31         18      46        7         39         5
6/4/06       36       24         13      58        7         51         5
8/28/05      39       NA         NA      58       NA         NA         3
8/29/04 RV   32       18         14      62       10         52         5 
3/7/04       38       24         14      59       11         48         3 
2/22/04      39       25         13      55        6         49         6 
1/18/04      41       NA         NA      55       NA         NA         4 
9/7/03       37       NA         NA      55       NA         NA         7 
*2009 "gay and lesbian" and "homosexual" wordings half sampled. 2005 "gay and lesbian", others "homosexual".

33. Have recent price increases in gasoline caused any financial hardship for you or others in your household, or not? (IF YES) Has that been a serious hardship, or not serious?

           ----------- Yes -----------
           NET   Serious   Not serious   No   No opinion
3/13/11    71       44          26       29        1
7/28/08    72       45          27       28        *
6/15/08    77       51          25       23        0
5/11/08    63       34          29       37        *
4/13/08    67       38          29       32        1
5/21/07    58       27          30       42        *
4/15/07    67       36          31       33        *
7/19/06    60       29          30       39        1
5/15/06    57       31          26       43        * 
4/9/06     70       44          26       30        * 
9/11/05    64       34          30       36        *
8/28/05    66       36          30       34        * 
8/21/05    53       26          27       47        *
4/24/05    64       34          30       36        *
3/20/05    57       29          28       43        *
5/23/04    64       37          27       36        0
4/18/04    54       31          23       46        0
4/28/02    53       20          33       47        *
4/29/01    48       17          30       52        *
6/25/00*   44       NA          NA       56        *
5/24/00    36                            64        *
4/2/00     39                            61        *
3/12/00    41                            59        *
2/15/00    40       "           "        60        *
*6/25/00 and previous by Gallup; slightly different wordings.

34. Do you support or oppose allowing women in the military to serve in ground units that engage in close combat?

          Support   Oppose   No opinion
3/13/11     73        25          2

35. (ASKED OF LEANED REPUBLICANS) Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of [ITEM]? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?

3/13/11 - Summary Table

                   ------- Favorable -------   ------ Unfavorable ------     No
                   NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
a. Sarah Palin     58       26         32      37       20         17         5
b. Mitt Romney     60       22         38      21       15          6        19
c. Mike Huckabee   61       28         33      18       12          6        23
d. Newt Gingrich   55       18         37      26       17          9        19
e. Haley Barbour   26        8         19      17       11          6        57
f. Tim Pawlenty    28        7         21      15       11          3        58
g. Jon Huntsman    20        4         16      12       11          1        68
h. Mitch Daniels   22        6         16      12       10          2        66

Trend where available:

a. Sarah Palin (Among leaned Republicans)

              ------- Favorable -------   ------ Unfavorable ------     No   
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
3/13/11       58       26         32      37       20         17         5
10/28/10 RV   70       30         41      24       13         11         6
3/26/10       66       32         34      30       14         16         4
2/8/10        63       31         32      31       18         13         6
11/15/09      72       39         33      24       14         10         4
7/18/09       67       37         30      28       16         12         6
10/23/08 LV   81       54         27      16        6          9         3 
9/29/08  RV   84       55         29      11        6          5         5
9/22/08  RV   88       64         24       6        2          4         6
9/7/08   RV   88       63         25       5        3          2         6 
9/4/08*  RV   84       70         14       7        4          4         9
* "the Republican nominee for vice president"

b. Mitt Romney (Among leaned Republicans)

           ------- Favorable -------   ------ Unfavorable ------     No   
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
3/13/11    60       22         38      21       15          6        19
1/12/08    55       16         39      36       21         15         9
11/1/07    42       12         30      28       16         12        30  
2/25/07    33        8         25      28       20          9        39     
12/11/06   28        8         20      17       14          3        55

c. Mike Huckabee (Among leaned Republicans)

          ------- Favorable -------   ------ Unfavorable ------     No   
          NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
3/13/11   61       28         33      18       12          6        23
1/12/08   64       25         39      25       17          9        10
11/1/07   27       10         17      25       15          9        48  

d. Newt Gingrich (Among leaned Republicans)

            ------- Favorable -------   ------ Unfavorable ------     No   
            NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
3/13/11     55       18         37      26       17          9        19
11/1/98     57       NA         NA      36       NA         NA         7
9/28/98     59                          36                             5
9/13/98     57                          28                            15
8/21/98     54                          29                            17
7/12/98     50                          32                            18
5/12/98*    53                          35                            12
4/4/98*     57                          29                            14
1/31/98*    49                          28                            23
1/19/98     48                          34                            18
9/4/96 RV   49                          33                            18
6/30/96     46                          37                            17
7/17/95     57                          25                            18
* Based on Republicans only. 

e-h. No trend.

36. Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of the political movement known as the Tea Party? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?

           ------- Favorable -------   ------ Unfavorable ------     No
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
3/13/11    36       18         18      48       18         30        16
1/16/11    35       16         19      52       21         31        13
9/2/10     38       18         19      45       24         21        18
6/6/10     36       17         19      50       25         24        14
3/26/10    41       21         21      39       16         23        20
2/8/10     35       20         15      40       20         20        25

901. Generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as (a Democrat), (a Republican), an independent or what? IF NOT DEMOCRAT OR REPUBLICAN: Do you lean more towards the (Democratic Party) or (Republican Party)?

                                                             --Non-Partisans-
                                                             Lean  Lean   No
           Democrat  Republican  Independent  Other  No op.  Dem.  Rep.  Lean
3/13/11       33         24           37        5      1      17    14    11
1/16/11       33         23           38        5      1      17    17     9
12/12/10      31         26           38        5      1      18    17     7
10/28/10      34         24           34        5      2      17    16     6
10/3/10       33         23           39        4      1      15    19     9
9/2/10        31         25           39        4      1      17    21     6
7/11/10       31         24           40        3      1      18    18     9
6/6/10        32         24           39        3      1      19    19     6
4/25/10       34         23           38        4      1      19    17     6
3/26/10       34         24           38        3      1      17    17     7
2/8/10        32         26           39        3      *      17    19     6
1/15/10       32         23           38        7      *      17    20     9
12/13/09      32         26           37        5      1      13    18    11
11/15/09      35         21           39        4      1      19    17     8
10/18/09      33         20           42        4      1      20    19     8
9/12/09       32         21           43        4      *      19    20     9
8/17/09       35         25           34        6      1      15    14    11
7/18/09       33         22           41        4      *      20    16     9
6/21/09       35         22           37        7      *      17    16    10
4/24/09       35         21           38        5      *      18    16    10
3/29/09       36         25           33        5      1      15    16     8
2/22/09       36         24           34        5      1      18    13     9
1/16/09       35         23           36        5      1      20    12    11
12/14/08      37         24           35        4      1      16    13    10
11/3/08       35         26           30        6      2      13    10    15
10/11/08      36         26           31        4      2      15    12    10
9/29/08       34         26           31        8      2      17    12    12
9/22/08       36         26           31        5      2      18     9    11
9/7/08        35         26           33        5      2      15    14    11
8/22/08       36         23           34        6      1      16    14    10
7/13/08       37         24           33        6      1      16    14    10
6/15/08       38         24           34        4      1      16    14     8
5/11/08       34         28           34        4      1      19    11     8
4/13/08       35         29           30        5      1      15    13     8
3/2/08        40         28           28        3      1      15     8     9
2/1/08        37         26           32        4      1      16    11    10
1/12/08       39         27           29        5      1      13     9    12

908a. Would you say your views on most political matters are liberal, moderate, or conservative?

                                                     Don’t think in      No
            Liberal    Moderate    Conservative    those terms (vol.)    op.
3/13/11        23         37            36                  1             2
1/16/11        22         38            36                  2             2
12/12/10       19         39            38                  2             2
10/28/10       21         39            37                  1             2
10/3/10        21         43            34                  2             1
9/2/10         19         37            40                  3             1
7/11/10        22         35            39                  2             1
6/6/10         23         39            36                  1             1
4/25/10        22         40            35                  1             2
3/26/10        24         32            42                  1             2
2/8/10         24         36            37                  2             1
1/15/10        25         34            38                  1             1
12/13/09       23         35            41                  1             1
11/15/09       19         41            38                  1             1
10/18/09       23         36            38                  2             1
9/12/09        24         39            36                  *             1
8/17/09        20         40            37                  2             1
7/18/09        20         39            38                  2             1
6/21/09        22         40            36                  1             *
4/24/09        23         39            35                  2             2
3/29/09        20         38            38                  2             2
2/22/09        23         38            37                  1             1
1/16/09        24         42            32                  *             1
12/14/08       22         37            37                  1             2
10/11/08 RV    22         44            34                  *             1
9/29/08 RV     19         44            34                  1             1
9/22/08 RV     23         41            32                  2             1
9/7/08  RV     22         39            36                  1             2
8/22/08        22         41            33                  2             2
7/13/08        19         43            35                  2             1
6/15/08        21         43            33                  1             2
5/11/08        24         39            34                  2             1
4/13/08        24         38            35                  1             2
3/2/08         19         48            30                  2             2
2/1/08         25         38            34                  2             1
1/12/08        24         36            36                  2             1
12/9/07        24         38            36                  1             1
11/1/07        24         41            32                  1             1
9/30/07        24         45            30                  1             1
9/7/07         20         39            39                  1             2
7/21/07        25         39            32                  3             1
6/1/07         24         36            37                  2             1
4/15/07        24         42            32                  1             1
2/25/07        23         40            35                  1             1
1/19/07        23         41            33                  1             1
12/11/06       23         42            33                  2             1
11/4/06        19         42            36                  2             1
10/22/06       22         42            32                  2             2
10/8/06        21         43            33                  1             1
9/7/06         24         39            33                  2             2
8/6/06         18         42            38                  1             1
6/25/06        21         41            35                  1             1
5/15/06        19         48            31                  1             1
5/11/06        18         49            33                  *             *
4/9/06         21         41            35                  2             1
3/5/06         22         42            33                  2             1
1/26/06        21         40            37                  1             1
1/8/06         20         40            37                  2             1
12/18/05       22         42            34                  1             1
11/2/05        23         44            32                  1             *
9/11/05        22         44            31                  2             2
8/28/05        20         44            34                  2             1
6/26/05        21         44            33                  1             1
6/5/05         23         40            35                  1             *
4/24/05        20         47            30                  1             1

INCOME. Which of the following CATEGORIES best describes your total annual household income before taxes, from all sources?

            -------Less than $50k-------   --------More than $50k--------
            NET   LT20k  20-35k   35-50k   NET   50-75k   75-100k   100k+
1/16/11     49     16      16       17     48      18        11       19
12/12/10    55     21      17       17     42      16        11       15
10/28/10    47     17      15       15     51      18        15       18
10/3/10     53     19      18       16     42      15        12       15
9/2/10      48     15      18       15     47      17        14       17
7/11/10     52     19      15       17     45      16        13       17
6/6/10      55     22      17       17     45      15        11       19
4/25/10     52     19      16       16     46      17        11       18
3/26/10     50     16      18       15     47      18        13       16
2/8/10      49     20      16       14     49      18        13       18
1/15/10     49     17      14       18     48      17        13       18
12/13/09    54     19      18       17     42      15        12       15
11/15/09    53     20      18       15     45      16        13       16
10/18/09    53     17      19       17     44      18        12       15
9/12/09     50     17      17       15     48      17        13       18
8/17/09     46     15      16       14     52      19        15       18
7/18/09     49     18      17       14     48      19        12       19
6/21/09     51     18      16       17     47      17        12       18
4/24/09     50     16      16       18     48      17        12       19
3/29/09     49     15      16       17     48      18        13       17
2/22/09     48     16      16       17     50      19        13       19
1/16/09     52     17      18       17     48      16        13       19
12/14/08    44     14      15       15     54      18        15       21
10/11/08 RV 41     12      14       16     56      20        15       22
9/29/08  RV 42     10      14       17     56      18        16       22
9/22/08     46     16      16       14     50      18        12       20
9/7/08   RV 44     13      14       17     56      17        15       24
8/22/08  RV 39     10      11       18     59      19        16       24
8/22/08     43     15      12       17     53      18        15       21
7/13/08     48     18      15       15     50      16        12       21
6/15/08     47     18      15       15     51      18        15       18
5/11/08     47     15      16       17     50      18        13       19
4/13/08     47     17      13       17     51      18        14       18
3/2/08      44     14      13       17     52      17        13       22
2/1/08      48     17      16       15     48      18        12       18
1/12/08     46     12      18       16     51      19        13       19
12/9/07     49     14      17       18     48      15        15       18
11/1/07     48     14      16       17     49      16        13       21
9/30/07     53     17      16       20     44      18        12       14
9/7/07      43     10      17       16     54      19        15       20
7/21/07     46     16      14       16     51      18        13       19
6/1/07      49     15      18       16     49      18        13       18
4/15/07     46     15      16       15     51      20        13       18
2/25/07     46     10      16       20     51      20        14       17
1/19/07     49     16      17       15     49      16        13       20
12/11/06    46     11      16       19     51      18        16       17
10/22/06    52     16      20       17     45      16        11       17
10/8/06     46     13      16       17     51      22        13       16
9/7/06      51     16      18       17     47      17        15       15
8/6/06      49     14      16       18     48      20        12       16
6/25/06     50     16      16       19     47      19        11       17
5/15/06     52     14      18       21     46      16        13       17
5/11/06     46      9      18       18     53      18        15       20
4/9/06      53     16      20       17     47      19        12       16
3/5/06      50     16      18       16     48      20        12       16
1/26/06     52     20      15       17     46      18        12       16
12/18/05    54     17      19       18     44      18        12       15
11/2/05     52     14      18       20     46      19        13       14
9/11/05     55     18      20       17     42      18        11       14
8/28/05     52     18      15       19     46      18        11       16
6/26/05     49     14      17       18     49      19        14       16
6/5/05      55     15      20       20     43      17        13       14
4/24/05     55     15      21       19     45      18        12       15

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