Washington Post/ABC News/BBC/ARD Poll

This Washington Post/ABC News/BBC/ARD poll is based on in-person interviews with a random national sample of 1,691 Afghan adults Oct. 29-Nov. 13, 2010. Interviews were conducted in Dari and Pasto, the country's two principal languages. The results have a margin of sampling error of 3.5 points. Field work by the Afghan Center for Socio-Economic and Opinion Research in Kabul, a subsidiary of D3 Systems Inc. of Vienna, Va.

*= less than 0.5 percent

1. Generally speaking, do you think things in Afghanistan today are going in the right direction, or do you think they are going in the wrong direction?

            Right   Wrong   Mixed (vol.)   No opinion
11/13/10     59      28         10              3
12/23/09     70      21          5              3
1/12/09      40      38         14              9
11/7/07      54      24         15              7
10/19/06*    55      22         17              5
10/18/05*    77       6         11              6
*10/06, ABC News/BBC World Service; 10/05, ABC News

2. In your view, what is the biggest problem facing Afghanistan as a whole? And after that, what is the next biggest problem?

                               ----- First ----   --- Second ----   ---- Total ----
                               '10 '09 '09* '08   '10 '09 '09 '08   '10 '09 '09 '08 
Security NET**                  37  32  38   35    19  20  19  17    56  50  55  52 
Economy NET                     28  34  34   35    30  34  37  43    58  63  70  78 
Weak government/Corruption NET  14  14   9    8    13  12  12   9    27  25  21  17 
Reconstruction problems NET      6   8   7    9     7   8   7   9    13  14  13  16 
Foreign influence NET            3   2   2    3     2   2   2   3     5   4   6   7 
Education/Schools/Literacy       6   4   4    4     8   5   2   5    14   9   6   9 
Drug trade/Cultivation of poppy  2   2   2    2     2   2   3   3     3   4   4   5 
Discord/Lack of unity            1   1   1    *     1   1   1   1     2   2   2   1 
Other                            3   0   *    *     2   0   1   *     5   0   1   1 
No opinion                       2   2   3    1    16  15  16   3    18  17  19   4 

*First '09 reference to 12/23/09 followed by 1/12/09. 2008 poll was for The Asia Foundation by ACSOR, 7/2/08.

**For 2010 first and second mention totals, security NET includes security/warlords/attacks/violence (43 percent), Taliban (9%), terrorism (3%) and crime (1%); economy NET includes economy/poverty/jobs (49%) and high prices/joblessness (9%); weak government NET includes corruption (20%) and weak central authority (7%); reconstruction problems NET includes rebuilding (4%), electricity (3%), roads (1%), health care/clinics/hospitals (2%), water (1%) and lack of shelter (1%); foreign influence NET includes western influences/dangers to Islam (3%) and neighboring countries (2%).

3. I would like to ask you about today's conditions in the village/neighborhood where you live. How would you rate the following using very good, somewhat good, somewhat bad or very bad?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                                      ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------   No
                                      NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   op.
a. Your living conditions overall     69     10      60     31      23       8    * 
b. Security from crime and violence   57     16      41     42      32      11    1
c. Availability of jobs/       
   Economic opportunities             33      5      28     66      37      30    1
d. Roads, bridges and other 
   infrastructure                     50     12      38     49      30      19    1
e. The availability of clean water    59     19      40     40      22      18     1
f. The supply of electricity          37     18      19     61      20      41     2
g. The availability of food           65     12      53     34      26       8     2
h. The availability of medical care   54     13      41     46      32      14     1
i. The local schools                  71     26      45     28      18      10     1
j. The rights of women                52     11      41     46      30      16     2
k. Your freedom of movement - the 
   ability to go where you wish 
   safely                             58     16      41     42      30      12     *
l. Security from the Taliban and 
   other armed groups                 47     19      28     52      32      20     2 
   m. Your ability to afford the 
   price of things you want and 
   need                               44      7      37     56      38      18     *
n. Support for agriculture, 
   including the availability of 
   seed, fertilizer and farming 
   equipment*                         34      7      27     64      41      23     2
* Based on those with agriculture in area (80 percent)

Trend:

a. Your living conditions overall
                         

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   69     10      60     31      23       8       *
12/23/09   71     16      55     29      20       9       *
1/12/09    62     10      52     38      27      11       *
11/7/07    70     11      59     28      23       5       1
10/19/06   76     11      65     24      21       3       0
10/18/05   83     15      68     16      13       3       1

b. Security from crime and violence                         

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   57     16      41     42      32      11       1
12/23/09   55     16      38     43      31      12       2
1/12/09    55     15      40     42      29      13       3
11/7/07    66     16      50     33      24       8       1
10/19/06   69     20      49     30      25       6       0
10/18/05   72     28      45     24      19       5       3

c. Availability of jobs/Economic opportunities

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   33      5      28     66      37      30       1
12/23/09   40      8      33     58      33      25       2
1/12/09    29      4      25     70      37      33       1
11/7/07    26      3      23     73      45      28       1
10/19/06   34      5      28     66      49      17       0
10/18/05   35      5      30     60      41      19       6 

d. Roads, bridges and other infrastructure 

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   50     12      38     49      30      19       1
12/23/09   51     15      36     48      28      20       1
1/12/09    42      9      34     57      33      24       *
11/7/07    31      4      27     69      36      33       1
10/19/06   31      6      24     69      39      30       0
10/18/05   24      2      21     75      39      37       1

e. The availability of clean water  

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   59     19      40     40      22      18       1
12/23/09   64     26      38     35      20      15       1
1/12/09    65     23      42     35      20      15       *
11/7/07    53     17      37     46      28      18       1
10/19/06   54     14      40     46      31      15       0
10/18/05   59     18      40     41      31      10       0

f. The supply of electricity        

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   37     18      19     61      20      41       2
12/23/09   38     17      22     59      17      42       3
1/12/09    19      5      14     77      17      60       4
11/7/07    14      4      10     84      23      61       2
10/19/06   21      4      17     78      28      50       0
10/18/05   17      4      14     82      29      52       1

g. The availability of food         

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   65     12      53     34      26       8       2
12/23/09   66     14      52     32      22       9       2
1/12/09    63      9      54     35      25      10       2
11/7/07    65     11      54     33      27       6       1
10/19/06   82     17      64     18      14       4       0
10/18/05   78     22      56     20      17       3       2

h. The availability of medical care 

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   54     13      41     46      32      14       1
12/23/09   51     14      38     47      33      15       1
1/12/09    51      7      43     49      33      16       *
11/7/07    46      6      40     53      35      18       1
10/19/06   49      9      40     51      39      12       0
10/18/05   44     12      33     55      44      11       1

i. The local schools                

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   71     26      45     28      18      10       1
12/23/09   71     28      43     27      18       9       2
1/12/09    77     28      49     22      15       7       1
11/7/07    70     21      49     29      15      14       1
10/19/06   73     18      55     27      23       4       0  
10/18/05   80     25      55     19      13       6       0

j. The rights of women

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   52     11      41     46      30      16       2
12/23/09   63     19      44     33      21      12       3
1/12/09    59     15      44     37      23      14       4
11/7/07    60     17      43     38      23      14       3
10/19/06   71     21      50     28      22       6       0 

k. Your freedom of movement - the ability to go where you wish safely

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   58     16      41     42      30      12       *
12/23/09   66     23      43     32      21      11       2
1/12/09    61     24      36     39      29      10       1
11/7/07    71     27      44     28      18      10       2

l. Security from the Taliban and other armed groups 

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   47     19      28     52      32      20       2
12/23/09   47     16      31     50      30      19       3
1/12/09    48     19      30     49      27      22       2

m. Your ability to afford the price of things you want and need                               

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   44      7      37     56      38      18       *
12/23/09   49      7      43     48      34      15       3
1/12/09    41      4      37     58      38      20       1

n. Support for agriculture, including the availability of seed, fertilizer and farming 
   equipment*  

           ------- Good ------   -------- Bad ------     No
           NET   Very   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   34      7      27     64      41      23       2
12/23/09   45     11      34     50      32      19       5
1/12/09    36      6      31     53      30      23      11
* Based on those with agriculture in area (80 percent)

4. Now, for each of these, would you say it's getting better, getting worse, or staying about the same?

11/13/10 - Summary table
                                Better   Worse   Same   No opin.
a. Your living conditions    
   overall                        35      26      38        1
b. Security from crime and   
   violence                       31      40      28        1
c. Availability of jobs or   
   economic opportunities         22      40      38        1
d. Freedom to express 
   political opinion              29      34      33        5 
e. The rights of women            32      32      32        3
f. Roads, bridges and 
   other infrastructure           40      28      31        2
g. Your freedom of movement -
   the ability to go where
   you wish safely                32      39      28        1
h. Security from the Taliban
   and other armed groups         30      35      33        3              
   
   

5. What is your expectation for things overall in your life a year from now? Will they be much better, somewhat better, about the same, somewhat worse, or much worse?


           --------Better-------          --------Worse--------     No
           NET   Much   Somewhat   Same   NET   Somewhat   Much   opinion
11/13/10   65     22       43       22    10        8        2       3
12/23/09   71     31       40       19     5        4        1       5
1/12/09    51     14       37       28    12       10        3       8 
11/7/07    50     14       36       26     9        7        2      15
10/19/06   54     11       43       23     9        7        2      14
10/18/05   67     23       44       13     1        0        1      19

6. Do you think your children will have a better life than you, worse, or about the same?

          Better   Worse   Same   No opinion
11/13/10    56      17      20         8
12/23/09    61      11      19         9
1/12/09     47      14      21        18
11/7/07     51      11      21        17

7. How would you rate the work of:
11/13/10 - Summary table

                               ----Excellent/Good----   ----Fair/Poor----     No
                               NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Fair   Poor   opinion
a. The present government      58        15       43    39     26     13       4
b. Hamid Karzai as president   62        23       39    37     27     11       1
c. The provincial government 
   here                        59        13       45    41     29     11       1
d. The police in this area     65        19       46    35     24     10       1
e. Afghan Army forces          66        25       40    32     26      7       2
f. The U.S. in Afghanistan     32         5       27    66     40     27       2
g. NATO/ISAF forces            31         7       24    67     39     28       2
h. Foreign aid organizations   43        11       32    56     38     17       2
i. The U.N. in Afghanistan     55        14       41    43     31     13       2

Trend:      

a. The present government

           ----Excellent/Good----   ----Fair/Poor----     No
           NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Fair   Poor   opinion
11/13/10   58        15       43    39     26     13       4
12/23/09   61        19       41    35     25     10       5
1/12/09    49        10       38    49     30     18       3
11/7/07    59        15       44    39     29     11       1
10/19/06   64        15       48    36     27      9       0
10/18/05   80        27       53    20     14      5       1

b. Hamid Karzai as president of Afghanistan   

           ----Excellent/Good----   ----Fair/Poor----     No                  
           NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Fair   Poor   opinion   
11/13/10   62        23       39    37     27     11       1
12/23/09   71        28       44    28     19      8       1
1/12/09    52        16       36    47     29     18       1
11/7/07    63        26       37    36     28      8       1
10/19/06   68        21       46    32     25      7       0
10/18/05   83        45       38    16     14      2       1

c. The provincial government here 

           ----Excellent/Good----   ----Fair/Poor----     No                  
           NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Fair   Poor   opinion   
11/13/10   59        13       45    41     29     11       1
12/23/09   58        14       44    41     29     12       1
1/12/09    46        10       35    53     36     17       1
11/7/07    51        10       41    45     32     13       3
10/19/06   52        10       42    47     36     11       1  

d. The police in this area

           ----Excellent/Good----   ----Fair/Poor----     No                  
           NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Fair   Poor   opinion  
11/13/10   65        19       46    35     24     10       1 
12/23/09   62        19       44    36     26     10       2
1/12/09    57        15       42    42     32     11       1

e. Afghan Army forces

           ----Excellent/Good----   ----Fair/Poor----     No                  
           NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Fair   Poor   opinion   
11/13/10   66        25       40    32     26      7       2
12/23/09   70        28       41    26     20      6       4
1/12/09    57        18       39    34     26      8       9

f. The United States in Afghanistan     

           ----Excellent/Good----   ----Fair/Poor----     No                  
           NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Fair   Poor   opinion   
11/13/10   32         5       27    66     40     27       2
12/23/09   38         6       32    59     33     25       3
1/12/09    32         5       27    63     36     27       5
11/7/07    42         8       35    52     32     21       5
10/19/06   57        12       45    42     27     15       1
10/18/05   68        20       48    30     22      8       3

g. NATO/ISAF forces            

           ----Excellent/Good----   ----Fair/Poor----     No                  
           NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Fair   Poor   opinion   
11/13/10   31         7       24    67     39     28       2
12/23/09   35         7       28    62     35     27       4
1/12/09    33         6       27    62     36     26       5

h. Foreign aid organizations   

           ----Excellent/Good----   ----Fair/Poor----     No                  
           NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Fair   Poor   opinion   
11/13/10   43        11       32    56     38     17       2
12/23/09   50        14       37    48     31     17       2
1/12/09    45        12       33    51     32     19       4

i. The UN in Afghanistan

           ----Excellent/Good----   ----Fair/Poor----     No                  
           NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Fair   Poor   opinion   
11/13/10   55        14       41    43     31     13       2
12/23/09   61        21       40    37     28      9       2

8. Here in this district, how much influence do you think Hamid Karzai has as president - a great deal of influence, a good amount, just some or very little?

           ----Great/Good----    ----Some/Little----      
                 Great   Good          Just    Very   None   No  
           NET   deal   amount   NET   some   little   	opinion
11/13/10   71     31      40     24     14      10    3   	  2

9. Who would you rather have ruling Afghanistan today: the current government, or the Taliban?

            Current
           government   Taliban   Other (vol.)   No opinion
11/13/10       86          9           1              5
12/23/09       90          6           *              3
1/12/09        82          4          10              4
11/7/07        84          4           6              6
10/19/06       88          3           4              5
10/18/05       91          1           2              6

10. Which of the following do you think poses the biggest danger in our country: drug traffickers, local commanders, the United States, the Taliban, the current Afghan government, or something else? (Up to two answers accepted.)

11/13/10 - Summary table

                             First   Second   Total
Taliban                       64        4      69
Drug traffickers              14       27      41
Local commanders               6       17      23
United States                  6       22      28
Current Afghan government      1        4       6
Suicide attacks                *        1       1
Neighboring countries          1        2       3
Criminals                      *        1       1
Corruption in the government   *        1       2
Al-Qaeda                       1        3       4
Poppy cultivation              *        *       1
High prices/Lack of jobs       *        *       *
Foreign forces bombardment     1        1       1
Lack of security               1        *       1
Illiteracy                     *        *       *
Lack of Jobs                   *        2	    2
Something else                 1        4       5
No opinion                     2       12      14

Trend (first mention only):

                        Drug         Local           Current Afghan   Something   No
           Taliban   traffickers   commanders   US     government        else     op.
11/13/10     64          14            6         6          1              1       2
12/23/09     69          11            6         4          2              1       2
1/12/09      58          13            7         8          1             10       3
11/7/07      52          23            9        10          1              2       2
10/19/06     57          20            9         8          3              0       0  
10/18/05     41          28           22         4          2              2       2

11. On another subject, say a government representative asks for money or other payment in exchange for favorable treatment in the performance of his official duties. Do you personally regard this as corruption, do you see it as acceptable behavior, or do you think it depends and may be corrupt in some cases but acceptable in others?

          Corrupt   Acceptable   Depends   No opinion
11/13/10    73           8         17           2 

12. Has it ever happened to you personally that a representative of (ITEM) has asked for money or other payment in exchange for favorable treatment in the performance of his official duties?

11/13/10 - Summary table
                               Yes   No   No opinion
a. Afghan National Police      21    78        1
b. Afghan National Army         7    92        1
c. The provincial government   27    72        1

13. (IF YES) The last time this happened, did you regard this as corruption or did you see it as acceptable behavior in this case?

11/13/10 - Summary table
                               Corruption   Acceptable   No opinion
a. Afghan National Police          75           22            3
b. Afghan National Army            55           40            5
c. The provincial government       78           17            5


12/13 NET:

11/13/10 - Summary table
                               ---Asked for money/payment---
                               NET   Corruption   Acceptable   No   No opinion
a. Afghan National Police      21        16            5       79        1
b. Afghan National Army         7         4            3       93        *
c. The provincial government   27        21            5       73        1       

14. Imagine that you have a complaint about a government official. Do you think filing a complaint with the authorities would make your situation better, make your situation worse, or have no effect?

          Better   Worse   No effect   No opinion
11/13/10    30      28        37            5

15. Changing subjects, have any of the following been built, rebuilt, or reopened in the past five years in your area:

11/13/10 - Summary table

                        Yes   No   No opinion
a. Schools              62    38        *
b. Health clinics       47    52        1
c. Government offices   30    66        4
d. Mosques              54    44        2
e. Police stations      42    55        3
f. Roads                58    41        1





Trend:

a. Schools

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   62    38        *
12/23/09   69    30        1
1/12/09    72    27        1
11/7/07    65    33        2

b. Health clinics

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   47    52        1
12/23/09   50    49        1
1/12/09    45    54        1
11/7/07    37    60        2

c. Government offices

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   30    66        4
12/23/09   34    62        4
1/12/09    31    65        4
11/7/07    28    67        6

d. Mosques

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   54    44        2
12/23/09   58    41        2
1/12/09    53    44        3
11/7/07    48    48        4

e. Police stations

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   42    55        3
12/23/09   46    50        4
1/12/09    44    51        4
11/7/07    40    55        5

f. Roads

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   58    41        1
12/23/09   56    43        1
1/12/09    47    52        1
11/7/07    35    61        3

16. Have any of the following projects been started in this area in the past five years, but then been stopped for security reasons?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                        Yes   No   No opinion
a. Schools              20    79        2
b. Health clinics       14    84        2
c. Government offices   12    84        3
d. Mosques              15    82        3
e. Police stations      17    79        4
f. Roads                22    75        3

17. Thinking now about just the last year, have any such projects been started in the past year, or not?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                        Yes   No   No opinion
a. Schools              40    58        2
b. Health clinics       26    71        3
c. Government offices   19    77        4
d. Mosques              37    59        3
e. Police stations      31    66        4
f. Roads                45    52        3

18. Thinking now about foreign aid money - that is money from foreign sources used for community development and support - as far as you are aware, is foreign aid money being spent (ITEM) in this area, or not?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                                         Yes   No   No opinion
a. On infrastructure projects            51    46        3
b. To provide food, medical assistance 
   and other necessities                 47    49        4

19. (IF YES) Do you feel this foreign aid money is mainly being put to good use, or mainly being wasted?

          Good use   Wasted   No opinion
11/13/10    51        41          9

20. How much of the foreign aid money coming into this country do you think is being misdirected for personal gain by government officials - a great deal of it, a good amount, just some, or hardly any?

           -----Great/Good----   ----Some/Little----      
                 Great   Good          Just   Hardly     None      No  
           NET   deal   amount   NET   some     any     (vol.)   opinion
11/13/10   67     28      39     27     19       8         4        2

21. Overall, how much of a problem is the issue of corruption among government officials or the police in this area - is that a big problem, a moderate problem, a small problem or not a problem?

           ----Big/Moderate----   ------Small/No problem-----     No 
           NET   Big   Moderate   NET   Small   Not a problem   opinion
11/13/10   85    50       35      14     11           3            1
12/23/09   95    76       19       3      3           *            2
1/12/09    85    63       21      11      8           3            4
11/7/07    72    45       27      22     10          11            6
10/19/06   78    55       23      20     11           9            2

22. Is it your opinion that corruption among government officials or the police has increased over the last year or so, decreased, or has it remained about the same?

           Increased   Decreased   Same   No opinion
11/13/10      37          33        29        2
12/23/09      42          30        24        4
1/12/09       50          22        21        7

23. Beyond any corruption occurring in your local area, what is your view of the level of corruption [ITEM] - is that a big problem, a moderate problem, a small problem or not a problem?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                           ----Big/Moderate----   ------Small/No problem-----    No 
                           NET   Big   Moderate   NET   Small   Not a problem   opin.
a. Within the government 
   of this province        93    61       31       7      6           1           1
b. At the national level   
   within the government 
   in Kabul                88    65       22      11      9           2           2

Trend:

a. Within the government of this province

           ----Big/Moderate----   ------Small/No problem-----    No 
           NET   Big   Moderate   NET   Small   Not a problem   opin.
11/13/10   93    61       31       7      6           1           1
12/23/09   90    64       26       8      6           2           2

b. At the national level within the government in Kabul

           ----Big/Moderate----   ------Small/No problem-----    No 
           NET   Big   Moderate   NET   Small   Not a problem   opin.
11/13/10   88    65       22      11      9           2           2
12/23/09   83    64       19      11      9           2           5

24. From today's perspective, do you think it was very good, mostly good, mostly bad or very bad that U.S. military forces came into our country to bring down the Taliban government in 2001?

           ------ Good -------   ------- Bad -------     No
           NET   Very   Mostly   NET   Mostly   Very   opinion
11/13/10   74     34      40     23      12      12       3
12/23/09   83     41      42     15       9       6       2
1/12/09    69     27      42     24      12      12       7
11/7/07    76     35      40     20      10      10       4
10/19/06   88     45      43     11       7       4       1
10/18/05   87     48      39      9       6       3       4

25. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose the presence of the following groups in Afghanistan today?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                          ------- Support -------   -------- Oppose -------     No
                          NET   Strongly   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Strongly   opinion
a. U.S. military forces   62       16        47     37      23        15         1
b. NATO/ISAF military 
   forces                 54       13        41     45      29        16         1
c. Jihadi fighters from           
   other countries        17        4        13     82      25        57         1
d. Fighters from the 
   Taliban                11        3         8     88      21        67         1
e. Foreign aid 
   organizations          72       26        46     27      16        11         1

Trend:

a. United States military forces

           ------- Support -------   -------- Oppose -------     No
           NET   Strongly   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Strongly   opinion
11/13/10   62       16        47     37      23        15         1
12/23/09   68       21        47     31      17        14         1
1/12/09    63       12        51     36      21        15         2
11/7/07    71       20        51     27      15        12         2
10/19/06   78       30        48     21      15         6         1

b. NATO/ISAF military forces   

           ------- Support -------   -------- Oppose -------     No
           NET   Strongly   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Strongly   opinion
11/13/10   54       13        41     45      29        16         1
12/23/09   61       18        44     37      21        16         2
1/12/09    59       13        46     40      24        16         2
11/7/07    67       25        42     30      17        13         2
10/19/06   78       30        48     21      15         6         1 

c. Jihadi fighters from other countries           

           ------- Support -------   -------- Oppose -------     No
           NET   Strongly   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Strongly   opinion
11/13/10   17        4        13     82      25        57         1
12/23/09   17        3        14     81      27        54         2
1/12/09    11        2         9     86      27        60         3
11/7/07    14        1        13     83      27        56         3
10/19/06   11        1        10     88      27        61         1

d. Fighters from the Taliban    

           ------- Support -------   -------- Oppose -------     No
           NET   Strongly   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Strongly   opinion
11/13/10   11        3         8     88      21        67         1
12/23/09   10        3         7     88      19        70         2
1/12/09     8        2         6     90      20        70         2
11/7/07     5        1         4     92      19        73         3
10/19/06    5        1         3     94      14        81         1

e. Foreign aid organizations          

           ------- Support -------   -------- Oppose -------     No
           NET   Strongly   Smwhat   NET   Smwhat   Strongly   opinion
11/13/10   72       26        46     27      16        11         1
12/23/09   76       30        45     23      14         9         2
1/12/09    73       30        43     25      14        10         2


26. Who do you blame the most for the violence that is occurring in the country? 

                                   11/13/10   12/23/09   1/12/09   11/7/07
Taliban                               33        42        27        36
Al Qaeda/Foreign jihadis              20        24        22        22
U.S./American forces                  14         5        12         9
Obama/Bush/U.S. government/America     7         2         6         7
Local commanders/Warlords              7         7         6         6
Drug traffickers                       4         6         4         6
Afghan government/Karzai               6         6        12         5
Afghan forces                          3         1         3         2
NATO/ISAF forces                       3         3         3         3
Neighboring countries                  1         1         3         2
Criminals                              *         *         *         0
Jobless people                         *         1         *         0
Other                                  *         1         0         *
No opinion                             1         1         1         2

27. Over the past 12 months, would you say the Taliban in Afghanistan have grown stronger, grown weaker, or remained about the same?

           Stronger   Weaker   Same   No opinion
11/13/10      31        33      33         3
12/23/09      30        40      25         5
1/12/09       43        24      25         8
11/7/07       42        24      26         8

28. In the terms of each item below, over the past 12 months would you say the performance of U.S. and NATO/ISAF forces has got better, got worse, or remained about the same?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                                       Gotten   Gotten    About       No
                                       better   worse    the same   opinion
a. Providing security in our country     36       32        31         1 
b. Avoiding civilian causalities         30       39        30         1
c. Providing reconstruction and 
   development assistance                32       30        37         2
d. Supporting local authorities          28       28        40         4
e. Training the ANA and local police     53       20        24         4

Trend:

a. Providing security in our country

           Gotten   Gotten    About       No
           better   worse    the same   opinion
11/13/10     36       32        31         1
12/23/09     35       37        27         1

b. Avoiding civilian causalities

           Gotten   Gotten    About       No
           better   worse    the same   opinion
11/13/10     30       39        30         1
12/23/09     24       43        31         3

c. Providing reconstruction and development assistance.

           Gotten   Gotten    About       No
           better   worse    the same   opinion
11/13/10     32       30        37         2
12/23/09     33       28        35         3

d. No trend.

e. No trend.
	

29. Do you think the government in Kabul should negotiate a settlement with Afghan Taliban in which they are allowed to hold political offices if they agree to stop fighting, or do you think the government in Kabul should continue to fight the Taliban and not negotiate a settlement?

               
             Negotiate    Continue fighting/     No 
           with Taliban    Do not negotiate    opinion
11/13/10         73               23               4
12/23/09*        65               28               7
1/12/09          64               25              11
11/7/07          60               32               8
*12/09 and prior: "and not negotiate a settlement" was "and not enter into these negotiations." 

30. As you may have heard, the Afghan central government has entered into informal negotiations with the Taliban. How willing would you be to accept an agreement between the central government and the Taliban? Very willing, somewhat willing, not so willing, or not willing at all?

          -------Willing-------   -------Not willing------    Depends     No
          NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all    (vol.)   opinion
11/13/10  65     37       27      33     18         15           2         1

31. What if an agreement to stop the fighting ceded control over certain provinces to the Taliban - would you be very willing, somewhat willing, not so willing, or not willing at all to accept such an agreement?

          -------Willing-------   -------Not willing------      No
          NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   opinion
11/13/10  37     13       24      61      16         45          2

32. Is it your impression that the Taliban have changed and become more moderate, or do you think they remain the same as they were when they ruled Afghanistan before?

           More moderate   Same   No opinion
11/13/10        32          63         5
12/23/09        28          63         9
1/12/09         24          64        12

33. At present there are attacks against U.S. and other military forces in some parts of Afghanistan. Under current circumstances, do you think attacks against U.S. or NATO/ISAF military forces in Afghanistan can be justified or cannot be justified?

                       Cannot be     No 
           Justified   justified   opinion
11/13/10      27          64          9
12/23/09       8          76         16
1/12/09       25          64         11
11/7/07*      17          74          8
10/19/06      13          78          9 
10/18/05      30          60         10
*2007 and prior: Wording "and other" and "or NATO/ISAF" omitted

34. The Americans have added 30,000 additional U.S. troops to their force in Afghanistan, and other NATO countries have added 7,000 more. Is this increase in U.S. and NATO/ISAF forces something you support strongly, support somewhat, oppose somewhat, or oppose strongly?

            -------- Support --------   --------- Oppose --------     No
            NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opinion
11/13/10    49       14         35      49      24         25         2
12/23/09*   61       22         39      36      18         18         3
*12/09: "have added' was "are adding"

35. The American president Barack Obama set forth several goals. As I name each of those goals, please tell me if you think the Americans and NATO are or are not making progress toward this goal? Is that a great deal of progress or just some?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                                          ----Making progress----      No        No
                                          NET   Great deal   Some   progress   opinion
a. Training Afghan forces to be able 
   to take over security in our country    
   starting next summer                   84        30        54       15         2
b. Preventing al Qaeda from establishing 
   bases of operation in Afghanistan      66        20        46       32         2
c. Preventing the Taliban from retaking 
   control of the country                 63        19        44       34         2
d. Reducing official corruption in 
   Afghanistan                            53        15        38       45         3
e. Strengthening Afghanistan's government 
   so it can better serve all Afghans     69        22        47       29         2
f. Improving economic development in 
   our country                            64        19        44       35         2
g. Preventing al Qaeda and the Taliban 
   from maintaining bases of operation 
   in Pakistan                            57        17        40       40         3

Compare to: 

The American president Barack Obama has called for a new strategy with several goals. As I name each of those goals, please tell me how confident you are that the Americans and NATO will accomplish it - very confident, somewhat confident, not so confident or not confident at all.

12/23/09 - Summary table

                                          -- Confident --   -- Not confident --   No
                                          NET  Very  Smwh   NET  Not so  At all   op.
a. Training Afghan forces to be able 
   to take over security in our country    
   starting a year and a half from now    75    33    42    22      14      9      2
b. Preventing al Qaeda from establishing 
   bases of operation in Afghanistan      60    23    37    37      24     13      3
c. Preventing the Taliban from retaking 
   control of the country                 61    26    35    36      22     15      3
d. Reducing official corruption in 
   Afghanistan                            55    22    33    41      23     18      3
e. Strengthening Afghanistan's government 
   so it can better serve all Afghans     67    27    41    30      20     10      3
f. Improving economic development in 
   our country                            62    20    42    35      24     11      4
g. Preventing al Qaeda and the Taliban 
   from maintaining bases of operation 
   in Pakistan                            51    20    31    43      26     18      6   

36. Obama has said he will begin withdrawing U.S. forces next summer. Would it be your preference to have American and NATO/ISAF forces begin to leave Afghanistan next summer, should they leave sooner than next summer, or should they stay longer than that?

           Leave next   Leave     Stay    Depends on security     No
             summer     sooner   longer     situation (vol.)    opinion
11/13/10       27         28       17             26               2
12/23/09*      25         22       21             29               3
*12/2009: "next summer" was "18 months from now"

37. Imagine the security situation in our country gets much worse in the next six months. In that case would you want U.S. and NATO/ISAF forces to leave sooner, or to stay longer?

          Leave sooner   Stay longer   No opinion
11/13/10       41            54             5

38. Now imagine the security situation in our country gets much better in the next six months. In that case would you want U.S. and NATO/ISAF forces to leave sooner, or to stay longer?

          Leave sooner   Stay longer   No opinion
11/13/10       59            37             5

39. I'm going to mention some groups. For each, please say how much of a presence it has in this area: A very strong presence, a fairly strong presence, a fairly weak presence or no significant presence at all.

11/13/10 - Summary table

                               ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
                               NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
a. The central govt led by 
   Hamid Karzai                75     33      42     24     19      5       1
b. The provincial government   77     31      46     23     20      3       *
c. The local police            79     38      42     20     42     17       1
d. Local commanders and 	
   their militias              33     10      24     66     34     32       1
e. The Taliban                 15      4      11     84     30     55       1
f. Drug traffickers            13      3      11     84     32     52       3
g. United States or NATO 
   or ISAF forces              36      6      30     62     35     28       2
h. Foreign jihadis             16      4      13     81     29     53       3
i. Foreign aid 
   organizations               45     11      32     54     30     23       2
j. The Afghan National Army    69     26      43     30     18     11       1

Trend:

a. The central government led by Hamid Karzai

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   75     33      42     24     19      5       1
12/23/09   79     41      38     19     15      4       1
1/12/09    67     26      41     32     27      5       1
11/7/07    74     31      43     24     18      6       1
10/19/06   70     23      47     30     25      4       0

b. The provincial government

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   77     31      46     23     20      3       *
12/23/09   75     28      47     23     20      3       1
1/12/09    69     25      44     31     27      4       *
11/7/07    70     26      43     29     24      5       1
10/19/06   72     21      51     28     27      1       0

c. The local police                           

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   79     38      42     20     42     17       1
12/23/09   74     32      42     24     18      5       3
1/12/09    73     29      44     25     21      4       1
11/7/07    67     28      39     32     26      6       1
10/19/06   78     30      48     22     20      2       0  

d. Local commanders and their militias        

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   33     10      24     66     34     32       1
12/23/09   29      9      20     68     37     31       3
1/12/09    23      7      16     74     36     39       3
11/7/07    27      5      22     70     40     31       3
10/19/06   28      4      24     71     41     30       2

e. The Taliban

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   15      4      11     84     30     55       1
12/23/09   14      3      11     84     22     62       2
1/12/09    14      3      10     83     21     63       3
11/7/07    10      3       7     86     15     71       4
10/19/06    7      2       6     91     17     74       2

f. Drug traffickers                           

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   13      3      11     84     32     52       3
12/23/09   13      2      11     82     30     53       4
1/12/09    13      3      11     81     28     54       5
11/7/07    11      2       9     83     21     62       6
10/19/06   12      3       9     83     29     55       5 

g. United States or NATO or ISAF forces

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   36      6      30     62     35     28       2
12/23/09   40      7      33     55     29     26       5
1/12/09    34      6      29     63     39     24       2
11/7/07    50     11      39     47     26     22       3
10/19/06   57     14      44     40     22     17       3

h. Foreign jihadis

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   16      4      13     81     29     53       3
12/23/09   19      4      14     76     26     50       6
1/12/09    14      2      12     79     22     57       8
11/7/07    13      3      11     79     22     56       8

i. Foreign aid organizations 

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   45     11      32     54     30     23       2
12/23/09   48     11      37     49     28     21       3
1/12/09    41      9      32     56     36     20       3

j. The Afghan National Army

------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   69     26      43     30     18     11       1
12/23/09   71     32      39     27     15     12       2

40. Now, for each group I mention, please tell me how confident are you in its ability to provide security and stability in your area - very confident, somewhat confident, not so confident or not confident at all?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                           ----- Confident -----   ----- Not confident -----     No
                           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   opinion
a. The central government    
   led by Hamid Karzai     81     38       43      19      14          5          *
b. The provincial 
   government              79     32       47      21      16          5          *
c. The local police        77     34       43      22      15          7          1
d. Local commanders and 
   their militias          27      7       20      72      32         41          1
e. The Taliban              9      3        6      90      18         72          1
f. United States or 
   NATO or ISAF forces     36      5       31      64      33         31          1
g. Foreign jihadis         15      4       11      84      24         60          1
h. The Afghan National 
   Army                    82     42       41      17      12          6          *

Trend:

a. The central government led by Hamid Karzai                                   

           ----- Confident -----   ----- Not confident -----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   opinion
11/13/10   81     38       43      19      14          5          *
12/23/09   83     46       37      16      11          5          1
1/12/09    75     28       47      25      19          6          1
11/7/07    82     35       47      17      12          5          1
10/19/06   80     32       47      20      16          4          0

b. The provincial government       

           ----- Confident -----   ----- Not confident -----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   opinion
11/13/10   79     32       47      21      16          5          *
12/23/09   76     31       45      23      16          7          1
1/12/09    69     24       45      30      24          6           1
11/7/07    75     28       46      25      18          7          1
10/19/06   75     24       52      25      21          3          0 

c. The local police

           ----- Confident -----   ----- Not confident -----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   opinion
11/13/10   77     34       43      22      15          7          1
12/23/09   75     34       42      23      15          7          2
1/12/09    75     28       47      24      17          7          1
11/7/07    67     25       42      33      24          9          1
10/19/06   79     29       50      21      17          4          0

d. Local commanders and their militias

           ----- Confident -----   ----- Not confident -----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   opinion
11/13/10   27      7       20      72      32         41          1
12/23/09   30      9       20      68      30         38          3
1/12/09    18      5       13      79      27         52          3
11/7/07    26      5       21      72      31         41          2
10/19/06   19      3       17      80      32         47          1

e. The Taliban

           ----- Confident -----   ----- Not confident -----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   opinion
11/13/10    9      3        6      90      18         72          1
12/23/09   11      4        7      87      11         76          2
1/12/09     7      2        5      90      10         79          3
11/7/07     8      1        7      89      12         77          3
10/19/06    6      2        4      93       9         84          2

f. United States or NATO or ISAF forces                     

           ----- Confident -----   ----- Not confident -----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   opinion
11/13/10   36      5       31      64      33         31          1
12/23/09   48      7       40      49      25         24          3
1/12/09    42      6       35      55      27         29          3
11/7/07    52     11       40      46      23         22          3
10/19/06   67     18       49      31      17         14          3

g. Foreign jihadis              

           ----- Confident -----   ----- Not confident -----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   opinion
11/13/10   15      4       11      84      24         60          1
12/23/09   18      4       14      78      21         56          4
1/12/09    13      1       11      84      17         67          3
11/7/07    12      2       10      84      21         63          4

h. The Afghan National Army

           ----- Confident -----   ----- Not confident -----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   opinion
11/13/10   82     42       41      17      12          6          *
12/23/09   83     43       40      15      10          6          2

41. For each of these groups, what would you say is its level of support among the people in this area - very strong support, fairly strong support, fairly weak support or no significant support at all?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                               ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
                               NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
a. The central govt led by 
   Hamid Karzai                78     36      42     22     16      5       1
b. The provincial government   76     30      47     23     18      5       1
c. The local police            76     32      44     22     17      5       2 
d. Local commanders and 
   their militias              24      7      17     74     35     39       2
e. The Taliban                 11      3       8     87     23     65       2 
f. Drug traffickers            10      2       8     88     23     65       3
g. United States or 
   NATO or ISAF forces         35      6      29     63     38     25       2
h. Foreign jihadis             16      4      12     81     26     55       3
i. The Afghan National Army    81     39      42     17     13      5       1

Trend:

a. The central government led by Hamid Karzai

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   78     36      42     22     16      5       1
12/23/09   80     40      40     19     14      5       *                       
1/12/09    65     27      38     34     26      8       1
11/7/07    81     35      45     18     14      5       1
10/19/06   78     28      50     21     19      2       1

b. The provincial government

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   76     30      47     23     18      5       1
12/23/09   73     26      47     26     19      8       *
1/12/09    63     22      42     36     26      9       1
11/7/07    72     27      45     27     20      6       1
10/19/06   74     22      51     26     22      3       1 

c. The local police                           

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   76     32      44     22     17      5       2
12/23/09   70     28      43     28     20      8       2 
1/12/09    66     23      43     32     23      8       2
11/7/07    64     24      40     35     25     10       1
10/19/06   74     26      49     25     21      3       1

d. Local commanders and their militias        

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   24      7      17     74     35     39       2
12/23/09   25      7      18     73     31     42       2
1/12/09    17      4      13     78     29     49       5
11/7/07    24      4      20     73     34     39       3
10/19/06   20      4      16     79     36     43       1
 
e. The Taliban                                 

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   11      3       8     87     23     65       2
12/23/09   12      4       8     85     14     71       3 
1/12/09     9      3       6     85     13     72       6
11/7/07     8      2       5     88     13     75       4
10/19/06    6      2       4     92     13     79       2

f. Drug traffickers                            

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   10      2       8     88     23     65       3
12/23/09    9      2       7     86     22     65       5
1/12/09     7      1       6     85     17     68       8
11/7/07     7      2       6     87     15     71       6
10/19/06    7      1       6     90     19     70       3

g. United States or NATO or ISAF forces       

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   35      6      29     63     38     25       2
12/23/09   40      7      33     57     33     24       3 
1/12/09    37      5      32     58     32     26       5
11/7/07    52     11      42     44     22     22       3
10/19/06   67     18      49     32     18     13       1

h. Foreign jihadis

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   16      4      12     81     26     55       3
12/23/09   17      4      12     78     25     53       5
1/12/09    14      2      12     78     18     61       8
11/7/07    15      3      12     78     20     58       7

i. The Afghan National Army

           ------ Strong -----   --- Weak/None ---     No
           NET   Very   Fairly   NET   Weak   None   opinion
11/13/10   81     39      42     17     13      5       1
12/23/09   82     42      40     16     10      6       2

42. To the extent that support for the Taliban exists anywhere in Afghanistan, do you have any sense of why people might support them? For each item I name, please tell me if you think it may or may not be a reason for others to support the Taliban. IF YES: Do you think that could be a strong reason, or not a strong one?

11/13/10 - Summary table
                                           ---Reason for support----   Not a      No
                                           NET   Strong   Not strong   reason    opin.
a. For religious reasons                   77     35          41         21        3
b. Because they agree with its goals       57     18          39         41        2
c. Because they are threatened or forced   68     26          42         29        2
d. Because the Taliban are better at 
   delivering services                     39     12          28         58        3
e. Because the Taliban are opposing
   the foreign forces                      68     30          38         30        2
f. Because there is too much corruption 
   in the government                       71     30          41         27        2


43. Are you aware of any of the following activities by the Taliban in this area?  

11/13/10 - Summary table

                                           Yes   No   No opinion
a. The delivery of night letters           24    74        2
b. Bombings                                30    68        2
c. Killing individuals                     35    62        2
d. Burning schools/government buildings    27    72        2
e. Fighting government or foreign troops   40    59        1
f. People giving food/money to Taliban     24    74        3

Trend:

a. The delivery of night letters              

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   24    74        2
1/12/09    21    74        5
11/7/07    26    71        3
10/19/06   24    74        2

b. Bombings                                   

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   30    68        2
1/12/09    26    69        4
11/7/07    33    65        2
10/19/06   43    55        2

c. Killing individuals                        

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   35    62        2
1/12/09    32    64        4
11/7/07    34    63        2
10/19/06   42    56        2

d. Burning schools/government buildings       

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   27    72        2
1/12/09    27    69        4
11/7/07    33    64        2
10/19/06   45    53        2

e. Fighting government or foreign troops      

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   40    59        1
1/12/09    33    63        5
11/7/07    42    54        3
10/19/06   45    53        2

f. People giving food/money to Taliban        

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   24    74        3
1/12/09    17    75        8
11/7/07    14    80        6
10/19/06   17    80        3

44. For each item I read, please tell me if it has or has not occurred in this area? (IF HAS OCCURRED) Has it happened in the past year, or longer ago than that?


11/13/10 - Summary table

                                       ---- Has occurred nearby ---   Has     No   
                                       NET   Within 1 year   Longer   not   opinion
a. Car bombs, suicide attacks          40         28           12     59       1
b. Snipers, crossfire                  42         24           19     55       3
c. Kidnappings for ransom              39         22           18     58       3
d. Bombing or shelling by U.S., 
   NATO or ISAF forces                 32         19           13     64       4
e. Civilians killed or seriously 
   hurt by U.S., NATO or ISAF forces   36         20           16     61       2
f. Civilians killed or seriously 
   hurt by the Afghan army or police   29         15           14     69       3
g. Civilians killed or seriously 
   hurt by the Taliban, Al Qaeda or 
   foreign jihadis                     44         25           20     53       3

Trend:

a. Car bombs, suicide attacks

           ---- Has occurred nearby ---   Has     No   
           NET   Within 1 year   Longer   not   opinion
11/13/10   40         28           12     59       1
12/23/09   33         24            9     66       1
1/12/09    39         26           13     59       2
11/7/07    37         27           10     61       3

b. Snipers, crossfire                  

           ---- Has occurred nearby ---   Has     No   
           NET   Within 1 year   Longer   not   opinion
11/13/10   42         24           19     55       3
12/23/09   39         23           16     60       1
1/12/09    35         19           16     62       3
11/7/07    33         20           13     64       3

c. Kidnappings for ransom              

           ---- Has occurred nearby ---   Has     No   
           NET   Within 1 year   Longer   not   opinion
11/13/10   39         22           18     58       3
12/23/09   41         29           13     56       2
1/12/09    45         31           14     52       3
11/7/07    37         25           12     60       3

d. Bombing or shelling by U.S., NATO or ISAF forces

           ---- Has occurred nearby ---   Has     No   
           NET   Within 1 year   Longer   not   opinion
11/13/10   32         19           13     64       4
12/23/09   30         16           15     68       2
1/12/09    27         16           11     65       8
11/7/07    29         17           12     67       4

e. Civilians killed or seriously hurt by U.S., NATO or ISAF forces

           ---- Has occurred nearby ---   Has     No   
           NET   Within 1 year   Longer   not   opinion
11/13/10   36         20           16     61       2
12/23/09   35         21           14     63       2
1/12/09    34         21           13     62       4
11/7/07    34         24           10     63       4

f. Civilians killed or seriously hurt by the Afghan army or police

           ---- Has occurred nearby ---   Has     No   
           NET   Within 1 year   Longer   not   opinion
11/13/10   29         15           14     69       3
12/23/09   25         15           11     73       2
1/12/09    24         13           11     70       6
11/7/07    23         16            7     73       4

g. Civilians killed or seriously hurt by the Taliban, Al Qaeda or foreign jihadis 

           ---- Has occurred nearby ---   Has     No   
           NET   Within 1 year   Longer   not   opinion
11/13/10   44         25           20     53       3
12/23/09   43         25           18     55       2
1/12/09    42         24           19     53       5
11/7/07    40         27           13     54       5

45. Do you think the use of air strikes by the U.S. and NATO/ISAF forces is acceptable because it helps defeat the Taliban and other anti-government fighters, or unacceptable because it endangers too many innocent civilians?

           Acceptable   Unacceptable   No opinion
11/13/10       22            73             5
12/23/09       27            66             7
1/12/09        16            77             8

46. When civilians are harmed in U.S. and NATO/ISAF air strikes, who do you mainly blame: U.S. and NATO/ISAF forces for mistaken targeting, anti-government forces for being among civilians, or both sides equally?

           U.S and NATO/ISAF forces   Anti-government forces   Both   No opinion
11/13/10             35                         32              32         1
12/23/09             36                         35              26         3
1/12/09              41                         28              27         4

47. Do you think the government of Pakistan is allowing the Taliban to operate within its borders, or trying to stop the Taliban from operating there?

           Allowing Taliban   Trying to stop     No
             to operate       from operating   opinion
11/13/10         60                 33            7
12/23/09         53                 37           10
1/12/09          67                 24            9
11/7/07          69                 19           11

48. What is your opinion of the cultivation of poppies for opium? Do you see this as acceptable in all cases, only acceptable if there is no other way to earn a living, or unacceptable in all cases?

           Acceptable in    Only acceptable if no     Unacceptable     No
             all cases     other way to earn living   in all cases   opinion
11/13/10         9                    27                   63           2
12/23/09         7                    24                   65           4
1/12/09          4                    28                   63           4
11/7/07          8                    28                   62           3
10/19/06         5                    35                   58           2
10/18/05         5                    21                   73           1

49. Now I'm going to ask what you think about some people and groups. Is your opinion of [INSERT] very favorable, somewhat favorable, somewhat unfavorable, or very unfavorable?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                        ----- Favorable -----   ---- Unfavorable ----     No
                        NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
a. The Taliban          11      3        7      89       21       68       1
b. Osama Bin Laden       6      2        4      93       20       73       1
c. The United States    43      6       36      56       28       29       1
d. Pakistan             18      2       15      82       32       50       1
e. United Kingdom       39      3       36      56       28       29       5
f. Iran                 58     16       42      41       21       20       1
g. Germany              56     12       43      41       23       18       3
h. India                72     25       47      25       14       11       3
i. Hamid Karzai         82     50       32      17       11        7       *
j. Al Qaeda and other  
   foreign jihadis      12      3        9      86       23       63       2

Trend: 

a. The Taliban    

           ----- Favorable -----   ---- Unfavorable ----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   11      3        7      89       21       68       1
12/23/09   10      3        7      89       13       75       1
1/12/09     7      3        4      91       12       79       2
11/7/07    13      3       10      84       15       69       4
10/19/06   10      2        8      89       13       76       1
10/18/05    8      3        6      89       15       74       2

b. Osama Bin Laden 

           ----- Favorable -----   ---- Unfavorable ----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10    6      2        4      93       20       73       1
12/23/09    6      2        4      91       13       77       3
1/12/09     6      2        4      92       10       82       3
11/7/07     9      2        7      87       11       76       4
10/19/06    5      2        4      90        7       84       4
10/18/05    5      2        3      90        6       85       5

c. The United States  

           ----- Favorable -----   ---- Unfavorable ----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   43      6       36      56       28       28       1
12/23/09   51      8       43      46       21       25       3
1/12/09    47      7       40      52       25       27       1
11/7/07    65     17       48      32       11       21       3
10/19/06   74     23       51      25       11       14       1  
10/18/05   83     24       59      14        8        6       3

d. Pakistan

           ----- Favorable -----   ---- Unfavorable ----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   18      2       15      82       32       50       1
12/23/09   16      2       13      81       32       49       3
1/12/09     8      1        7      91       26       65       1
11/7/07    19      2       17      80       16       63       1

e. The United Kingdom

            ----- Favorable -----   ---- Unfavorable ----     No
            NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10    39      3       36      56       28       29       5
12/23/09*   39      7       32      53       28       24       9
1/12/09     39      6       32      54       26       28       7
11/7/07     49     10       39      45       18       27       6
*2009 and prior: Great Britain

f. Iran

           ----- Favorable -----   ---- Unfavorable ----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   58     16       42      41       21       20       1
12/23/09   50     18       32      45       25       20       6
1/12/09    57     19       38      40       22       19       3
11/7/07    52     14       38      45       20       25       3

g. Germany

           ----- Favorable -----   ---- Unfavorable ----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   56     12       43      41       23       18       3
12/23/09   58     17       42      34       21       14       8
1/12/09    61     17       43      31       17       14       8
11/7/07    70     22       48      24       11       13       6

h. India 

           ----- Favorable -----   ---- Unfavorable ----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   72     25       47      25       14       11       3
12/23/09   71     29       42      22       14        7       7
1/12/09    74     27       47      21       13        8       5

i. Hamid Karzai

           ----- Favorable -----   ---- Unfavorable ----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   82     50       32      17       11        7       *
12/23/09   82     55       28      13        8        5       5

j. Al Qaeda and other foreign jihadis

           ----- Favorable -----   ---- Unfavorable ----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   12      3        9      86       23       63       2
12/23/09    8      3        5      86       19       67       7

50. Overall, please say if you think each of these countries is playing a positive, neutral, or negative role in Afghanistan now?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                        Positive   Neutral   Negative   No opinion
a. Iran                    28        32         38           1
b. Pakistan                 8        16         76           1
c. India                   32        51         15           2
d. The United States       36        20         43           2
e. The United Kingdom      21        32         43           4
f. Germany                 25        43         28           4

Trend:

a. Iran 

           Positive   Neutral   Negative   No opinion
11/13/10      28        32         38           1
12/23/09      27        29         39           5

b. Pakistan

           Positive   Neutral   Negative   No opinion
11/13/10       8        16         76           1
12/23/09       9        13         73           5
1/12/09        5         6         86           3

c. India

           Positive   Neutral   Negative   No opinion
11/13/10      32        51         15           2
12/23/09      36        44         13           6
1/12/09       41        42         10           6

d. The United States

           Positive   Neutral   Negative   No opinion
11/13/10      36        20         43           2
12/23/09      45        18         31           6
1/12/09       44        17         36           3

e. The United Kingdom

           Positive   Neutral   Negative   No opinion
11/13/10      21        32         43           4
12/23/09      28        31         31          10
1/12/09       24        28         38          11

f. Germany

           Positive   Neutral   Negative   No opinion
11/13/10      25        43         28           4
12/23/09      32        39         19           9
1/12/09       36        33         19          11

51. Which of these do you think is best able to create and enforce a system of rules and laws that reflects what most people in Afghanistan want - the central government in Kabul working through the provincial governments, or the tribal elders of your clan in this area?

          Central government   Tribal elders   No opinion
11/13/10          52                 46              2


52. Would you say a system of rules and laws that reflects what most people in Afghanistan want exists in this area at this time, or not?

Yes No No opinion 11/13/10 40 51 9 53. (IF NO) Is there movement toward such a system, or no such movement? Movement No movement No opinion 11/13/10 17 75 8 52/53 NET System --System does not yet exist- No exists NET Movement No movement opinion 11/13/10 40 50 9 38 9

54. There can be differences between the ways government is set up in a country, called the political system. From the three options I am going to read to you, which one do you think is best for Afghanistan at this time - strong leader, where one man rules for life and has final say in all political matters; Islamic state, where religious authorities have final say in all political matters; or Democracy, where the people can vote in elections to choose political leaders who then direct political matters?

           Strong leader   Islamic state   Democracy   No opinion
11/13/10        23               39           37            1
12/23/09        23               43           32            3

55. Regardless of which type of government you prefer, to what extent do you think the government should follow Islamic principles - very strictly, somewhat strictly, not so strictly or not strictly at all?

          ------Strictly-------   -------Not strictly------     No
          NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   opinion
11/13/10  73     37       36      27      19          8          1

56. Regardless of the type of system of government you prefer, how confident are you that a system of freely voting for leaders can work successfully in Afghanistan? Are you very confident, somewhat confident, not so confident, or not confident at all?

           ----- Confident -----   ----- Not confident -----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Not so   Not at all   opinion
11/13/10   77     27       50      23      15         8           1
12/23/09   82     30       52      15      10         5           3

57. Do you think the recent parliamentary elections were mostly fair or mostly fraudulent?

          Mostly fair   Mostly fraudulent   No opinion
11/13/10      42               56                2

58. What is your reaction to the final outcome of the recent parliamentary election? Would you say you are very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat unsatisfied, or very unsatisfied?

           ----- Satisfied -----   ---- Unsatisfied ----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
11/13/10   58     23       36      41       23      17        1

Compare to:

What is your reaction to the final outcome of last summer's presidential election? Would you say you are very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat unsatisfied, or very unsatisfied?

           ----- Satisfied -----   ---- Unsatisfied ----     No
           NET   Very   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Very   opinion
12/23/09   75     37       38      23       13       9        2

59. Now I'd like to ask you some questions about women in Afghanistan. Please tell me if each of the following is something you support strongly, support somewhat, oppose somewhat or oppose strongly?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                         ---------Support---------   ---------Oppose----------    No   
                         NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opin.
a. Women voting          87       56         30      13        9          5        *
b. Women holding jobs    
   outside the home      69       40         28      31       20         11        *
c. Women holding 
   government office     64       32         32      35       22         13        1
d. Girls education       87       59         28      12        9          4        1
e. Women going outside
   the home but within
   this village/neigh-
   borhood without 
   being accompanied
   by a male relative    50       21         29      50       29         21        *
f. Women traveling
   outside this 
   village/neighbor-
   hood without being
   accompanied by a
   male relative         38       15         23      61       30         31        1

Trend:

a. Women voting

           ---------Support---------   ---------Oppose----------    No   
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opin.
11/13/10   87       56         30      13        9          5        *
12/23/09   88       61         27      12        9          3        1
1/12/09    91       67         24       9        4          4        *
11/7/07    86       59         27      13        8          5        1
10/18/05   89       66         23      10        6          5        0

b. Women holding jobs outside the home

           ---------Support---------   ---------Oppose----------    No   
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opin.
11/13/10   69       40         28      31       20         11        *
12/23/09   74       41         33      26       18          8        1
1/12/09    77       46         30      23       14          9        *
11/7/07    68       38         29      32       20         11        1
10/18/05   74       42         31      26       15         11        0

c. Women holding government office

           ---------Support---------   ---------Oppose----------    No   
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opin.
11/13/10   64       32         32      35       22         13        1
12/23/09   68       38         31      30       20         10        1
1/12/09    69       38         31      30       18         12        1
11/7/07    60       31         29      39       26         14        1
10/18/05   65       38         27      34       18         16        1

d. Girls education     

           ---------Support---------   ---------Oppose----------    No   
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opin.
11/13/10   87       59         28      12        9          4        1
12/23/09   88       66         22      11        8          4        1
1/12/09    92       68         24       8        5          2        1
11/7/07    89       60         29      11        7          4        *
10/18/05   93       72         20       7        5          2        0

e-f. No trend.

60. Is there currently a (ITEM) operating in this area? By that, I mean open and accessible to the children living here?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                   Yes   No   No opinion
a. boys' school    86    14        *
b. girls' school   67    33        *

61. (IF NO GIRL'S SCHOOL) Which of these better describes the situation: There never has been a girls' school here, or there was a girls' school but it has closed?

          Never   Closed   No opinion
11/13/10   67       30          3


60b/61 NET

                --No girls' school--     No
          Yes   NET   Never   Closed   opinion
11/13/10  67    32     22       10       1

62. (ASK IF GIRLS' SCHOOL CLOSED) Why was it closed- what's the main reason this happened?

                                                   11/13/10
Damaged or destroyed                                  10
Threats/intimidation                                  54
Not enough families willing or able to send girls      8
No teachers                                           13
No supplies                                            1
Not enough girls in community                          2

63. (IF NO GIRL'S SCHOOL BECAUSE OF DAMAGE, THREATS, UNWILLING FAMILIES, NO TEACHERS OR NO SUPPLIES) And who do you think is responsible for this as far as you are aware?

          Government   Taliban   Western forces   Local commanders   No one   No opin.
11/13/10      21        62             5                4              5        4

64. Thinking about the question of women wearing burkas, which statement is closest to your own opinion: A woman's father or husband should decide if she should wear a burka; or, a woman should decide herself if she should wear a burka or not.

           Father or husband   Woman should     No
             should decide        decide      opinion
11/13/10           54               44           2
12/23/09           50               47           3

65. For statistical purposes only, we need to know your average monthly household income. Will you please tell me which of the following categories best represents your average total family monthly income? (in Afghanis)


     under 2K   2-3K   3-5K   5-10K   10-15K   15-20K   20-25K   25K+   No opinion
11/13/10   11     16     30     22      13        4        3       1          2
12/23/09   16     18     23     27       9        4        1       1          1
1/12/09    13     17     24     27      12        4        2       1          2
11/7/07     9     26     26     25       8        3        1       *          2

Compare to: U.S. dollars - not inflation-adjusted

           Up to   $40-   $60-   $101-   $201-   $302-   $402-             No 
            $40     60    100     201     301     402     502    $502+   opinion
11/13/10    11      16     30      22     13       4       3       1        2
12/23/09    16      18     23      27      9       4       1       1        1
1/12/09     13      17     24      27     12       4       2       1        2
11/7/07      9      26     26      25      8       3       1       *        2

66. Do you have electric power here in your household? (IF YES) From your own generator, from a shared generator, or from the power lines?

           ------------ Yes, have electricity -------------  
                    Own       Shared    
           NET   generator   generator   Power lines   Both   No   No opinion
11/13/10   56       14          14            27         1    44        *
12/23/09   55       13          15            26         2    44        1
1/12/09    45       13          17            13         2    55        *
11/7/07    40       13           7            17         3    58        2
10/19/06   59       25           9            19         6    41        0

67. (IF GET ELECRICITY FROM POWER LINES) Roughly how many hours a day (out of 24) do you have electricity from the power lines?

           1-6   7-12   13-23   All day   No opinion
11/13/10    6     13     20       59           2
12/23/09   15     18     18       46           3
1/12/09    59     21      7       11           2
11/7/07    46     18     14       19           2
10/19/06   39     28     21       11           0 
10/18/05   38     40      4       12           6

68. Thinking about the price of food these days - would you say that you can afford to buy all the food you need, you can afford to buy some food but not all you need, you can afford to buy very little food, or that you cannot afford to buy any food at all and rely entirely on what you can raise yourself or receive from food assistance?

           --- All/Some ---   --- Very little/None ---     No
           NET   All   Some   NET   Very little   None   opinion
11/13/10   39    11     28    61        42         19       *
12/23/09   39     8     31    60        41         20       *
1/12/09    37     8     29    63        46         16       1
11/7/07    46    10     36    54        42         12       1

69. Now thinking about the price of fuel for cooking or generators - would you say that you can afford all the fuel you need, you can afford some fuel but not for everything you need, you can afford very little fuel, or you cannot afford any fuel at all and rely entirely on what you can gather yourselves or donated fuel assistance?

           --- All/Some ---   --- Very little/None ---     No
           NET   All   Some   NET   Very little   None   opinion
11/13/10   31     7     25    69        42         27       *
12/23/09   32     7     25    67        41         26       1
1/12/09    31     4     26    68        45         24       1
11/7/07    33     6     27    65        44         21       1

70. Do you or does anyone in your household living at this address own a:

a. TV
           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   46    54        *
12/23/09   47    51        1
1/12/09    38    62        *
11/7/07    36    64        *
10/19/06   45    54        0
10/18/05   43    57        0

b. Satellite dish 

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   13    87        *
12/23/09    9    89        2
1/12/09     8    91        1
11/7/07     7    93        *
10/19/06   10    90        0
10/18/05    9    90        2

c. Telephone (land line)     

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10    3    97        *
12/23/09    4    94        2
1/12/09     1    99        1
11/7/07     4    96        *
10/19/06    1    98        0
10/18/05    1    98        1

d. Mobile phone             

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   59    40        1
12/23/09   60    38        2
1/12/09    55    45        *
11/7/07    43    57        *
10/19/06   38    61        0 
10/18/05   31    69        0

e. Radio                    

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   79    21        *
12/23/09   82    17        1
1/12/09    86    14        *
11/7/07    91     9        *
10/19/06   92     8        0
10/18/05   95     5        0 

f. Refrigerator             

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   17    82        1
12/23/09   13    85        2
1/12/09    11    88        1
11/7/07    12    87        *
10/19/06   16    84        0
10/18/05   11    88        0

g. Bicycle                  

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10    50    50        *
12/23/09   51    47        2
1/12/09    50    49        1
11/7/07    60    39        *
10/19/06   57    43        0
10/18/05   63    37        0

h. Motorbike                

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   34    65        1
12/23/09   29    69        2
1/12/09    25    74        1
11/7/07    27    73        *
10/19/06   27    72        0
10/18/05   26    74        0

i. Work animal              

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   44    56        *
12/23/09   44    55        2
1/12/09    49    50        1
11/7/07    42    57        *
10/19/06   43    56        0
10/18/05   47    53        0

j. Car                      

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10   13    87        1
12/23/09   15    84        1
1/12/09    12    88        1
11/7/07    13    87        *
10/19/06   13    87        0
10/18/05   12    88        0

k. Computer

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10    7    93        1

l. Access to the internet via mobile phone or computer

           Yes   No   No opinion
11/13/10    1    98        1

71. How would you rate Afghanistan's economy now: excellent, good, fair, or poor?

           ----Excellent/Good----   ----Fair/Poor----     No
           NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Fair   Poor   opinion
11/13/10   41        7        35    57     30     27       2
12/23/09   45        9        36    52     28     25       2
1/12/09    33        5        28    64     26     39       3
11/7/07    39        6        32    59     34     25       3
10/19/06   31        4        27    67     35     32       2
10/18/05   41        8        33    57     38     19       3

72. How would you describe your household's financial situation: excellent, good, fair, or poor?

           ----Excellent/Good----   ----Fair/Poor----     No
           NET   Excellent   Good   NET   Fair   Poor   opinion
11/13/10   41        5        36    58     36     21       1
12/23/09   39        3        35    57     40     18       4
1/12/09    32        2        30    67     42     25       1
11/7/07    38        6        32    61     44     17       1
10/19/06   37        4        33    62     45     17       0 
10/18/05   34        5        30    64     50     14       2

73. For each item I name, please tell me if you would say your personal opportunities in this area are excellent, good, not so good, or poor?

11/13/10 - Summary table

                         ----Good Prospects----   ---Bad Prospects---     Have                                                                 
                                                        Not so          achieved   No
                         NET   Excellent   Good    NET   good    Poor    (vol.)    op.
a. Marriage              51        9        43     32     22       9        1      16 
b. Having a good 
   education             50       10        40     46     28      18        3       2
c. Supporting a family   59       11        48     35     25      10        3       3
d. Financial stability   50        9        41     45     31      14        2       3
e. Living in peace
   and security          61       21        40     37     26      11        1       2
74. Demographics:
Sex:    11/13/10   12/23/09   1/12/09   11/7/07   10/19/06   10/18/05
Men        51         51        51        50         50         50    
Women      49         49        49        50         50         50    


Age:    11/13/10   12/23/09   1/12/09   11/7/07   10/19/06   10/18/05
18-24      25         28        30        30         29         29    
25-34      29         27        26        28         26         25    
35-49      31         32        29        31         30         32    
50+        15         13        15        12         15         14    


Marital status:   11/13/10  12/23/09  1/12/09  11/7/07  10/19/06  10/18/05
Married              79        78        74       73       72        74      
Unmarried (NET)      21        22        25       27       27        26    
  Widowed             3         5         3        5        5         4    
  Divorced            *         *         *        *        0         0    
  Never married      18        18        22       22       22        22    
No opinion            0         0                  *        0         0       


Education:           11/13/10  12/23/09  1/12/09  11/7/07  10/19/06  10/18/05
None                    56        56        59       55       47        49    
Primary (incomplete)    13        11         9       11       11        13    
Primary (complete)       8         9         9       10       14         9    
Junior high school       9        10        10       10       10        11    
Senior high school      13        12        11       11       14        14    
University/Academy       2         2         2        2        3         4    
No opinion               *         0         *        0        0         0    


Employment status:   11/13/10  12/23/09  1/12/09  11/7/07  10/19/06  10/18/05
Employed                43        45       39       43        43        43    
Unemployed               6         5        6        7         7         7    
Housewife (women)       43        44       44       43        39        36    
Retired                  1         0        1        1         2         2    
Student                  7         6        8        6        10        11    
Other                    *         *        *        *         0         0    
No opinion               *         1        1        *         0         1    


Occupation:                11/13/10 12/23/09 1/12/09 11/7/07 10/19/06 10/18/05 
Farmer (own land/
 tenant farmer)               35       29      25      29       20       24     
Farm laborer(other's land)    11       11      12       9        7        7     
Laborer, domestic, or  
 unskilled worker              7        8       7       7        8        9     
Informal sales/Business        5        7       6       9        7        8     
Skilled worker/Artisan        18       16      20      18       23       20     
Office/clerical worker         2        2       3       4        5        3     
Professional or technical      3        3       5       4        3        8     
Small business owner           7        6       8       6        8        4     
Executive or managerial        6        9       8       5       14        8     
Military/Police                4        4       3       4        5        5     
Other                          1        3       2       5        0        4     
No opinion                     3        1       2       1        0        0     


Religion:        11/13/10  12/23/09  1/12/09  11/7/07  10/19/06  10/18/05
Muslim (NET)       100       100       98       100       99       100    
  Sunni Muslim      87        87       86        93       87        85    
  Shia Muslim       13        12       12         7       12        15    
Ismaeli              *         0        2         0        1         0    
Hindu                0         *        0         *        0         0    
Buddhist             0         0        *         0        0         *    
None/Atheist         0         0        0         0        0         0    
Other                0         0        0         0        0         0    
No opinion           0         0        *         *        0         0    


Ethnicity:   11/13/10   12/23/09   1/12/09   11/7/07   10/19/06   10/18/05
Pashtun         35         39        40        38         42         40    
Tajik           38         35        37        38         37         37    
Hazara          12         10        11         6         12         13    
Uzbek            7          8         7         6          5          6    
Turkmen          2          2         2         2          3          1    
Noristani        *          1         1         4          0          0    
Baloch           1          1         1         3          0          0    
Kirghiz          *          *         0         0          0          0    
Aimak            1          2         *         0          0          0    
Arab             1          1         2         0          0          0    
Other            0          *         0         1          1          3    
No opinion       1          1         *         2          *          *    

Identification: Do you think of yourself as an Afghan first, or a (RESPONDENT'S ETHNIC GROUP) first?

                            11/13/10   12/23/09   1/12/09
Afghan first                   77         67        72
Own ethnicity first (NET)      23         32        26
  Pashtun                      10         13        10   
  Tajik                         7          8        10   
  Hazara                        5          6         2   
  Uzbek                         *          4         2   
  Turkmen                       1          1         *   
  Noristani                     *          0         *   
  Baloch                        *          *         *   
  Aimak                         0          *         *   
  Kirghiz                       0          0         *
  Arab                          *          0         1   
Other (vol.)                    0          1         1   
No opinion                      *          *         2   


Languages (can read):  

             11/13/10   12/23/09   1/12/09   11/7/07   10/19/06   10/18/05
Dari            40         42        40        39         48         46    
Pashto          39         31        29        34         37         38    
English          7          5         7         7         10          8    
Arabic           1          2         2         3          5          3    
Urdu             2          2         2         2          5          2    
Uzbeki           3          4         2         2          2          3    
Russian          *          *         0         *          1          1    
Turki            1          1         *         *          0          1    
Hindi            *          *         *         *          0          0    
Other            0          0         0         0          0          0    
None            46         37        48        46         41         42    
No opinion       0          5         6         1          1          2    


Language (of interview):  

         11/13/10   12/23/09   1/12/09   11/7/07   10/19/06   10/18/05
Dari        68         68        70        66         71         68
Pashto      28         29        30        32         29         32


Region:            11/13/10   12/23/09   1/12/09   11/7/07   10/19/06   10/18/05
Central/Kabul         19         19        19        20         21         21
Eastern               10         10        10        11         10         10
South Central         15         14        15        13         13         13
South Western          9          9         9        11         10         10
Western               12         11        11        11         12         10
Northern              29         29        29        27         29         29
Central/Hazarjat       8          7         7         7          6          8


Locale:          11/13/10   12/23/09   1/12/09   11/7/07   10/19/06   10/18/05
Villages            76         77        76        76         78         78
Towns                5          3         3         1          1          1 
City                 6          8         8        10          8          8
Metros (Kabul)      12         12        12        13         13         13

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