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  Washington Post-Kaiser Family Foundation-Harvard University Gender Poll Results

Thursday, March 26, 1998

This Washington Post/Kaiser Family Foundation/Harvard study is based on random telephone interviews with 301 couples (602 adults) on August 14 - September 14, 1997. The margin of error is plus or minus 3.0 percentage points.

3. I'm going to read you a list of some things that different people value in their lives. Some people say these things are very important to them. Other people say they are not so important. Please tell me how important each thing is to you personally. How about (READ EACH ITEM)? Is that one of the most important things in your life, very important but not most, somewhat important, or not important? How about (READ NEXT ITEM) is it:

A. Having lots of free time alone to relax or do things you want to do

             One of most     Very       Somewhat        Not          No
              Important    Important    Important    Important    Opinion
9/14/97 All       8           35           48             9           0
9/14/97 Male     10           42           39             9           0
9/14/97 Female    6           28           57             9           0
B. Having a successful marriage
             One of most     Very       Somewhat        Not          No
              Important    Important    Important    Important    Opinion
9/14/97 All      46           53            1             *           0
9/14/97 Male     44           54            1             *           0
9/14/97 Female   47           52            *             *           0
C. Having close relationships with your in-laws
             One of most     Very       Somewhat        Not          No
              Important    Important    Important    Important    Opinion
9/14/97 All       6           50           33            10           1
9/14/97 Male      4           48           35            12           1
9/14/97 Female    9           52           31             7           1
D. (Asked of half sample) Having a satisfying sexual relationship with a spouse or partner
             One of most     Very       Somewhat        Not          No
              Important    Important    Important    Important    Opinion
9/14/97 All      15           71           13             1           0
9/14/97 Male     14           71           14             2           0
9/14/97 Female   17           71           12             *           0
E. (Asked of half sample) Having an active sex life
             One of most     Very       Somewhat        Not          No
              Important    Important    Important    Important    Opinion
9/14/97 All      17           51           29             4           0
9/14/97 Male     23           48           23             7           0
9/14/97 Female   11           53           35             1           0
F. Being successful in a high-paying career or profession
             One of most     Very       Somewhat        Not          No
              Important    Important    Important    Important    Opinion
9/14/97 All       6           31           44            18           1
9/14/97 Male      8           35           40            17           1
9/14/97 Female    5           26           49            18           1
G. Having close friends you can talk to about things that are happening in your life
             One of most     Very       Somewhat        Not          No
              Important    Important    Important    Important    Opinion
9/14/97 All      12           50           31             7           *
9/14/97 Male     13           42           39             6           *
9/14/97 Female   10           58           24             8           0
H. Living a very religious life
             One of most     Very       Somewhat        Not          No
              Important    Important    Important    Important    Opinion
9/14/97 All      21           41           25            13           *
9/14/97 Male     17           41           26            16           *
9/14/97 Female   24           41           24            10           0

4. Do you agree or disagree with the following statements. Is that strongly, or just somewhat agree/disagree:

A. A husband's job is more important than a wife's

              ---------Agree----------    -------Disagree----------    No 
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opin.
9/14/97 All    24      14         10       75      26         50        1
9/14/97 Male   24      12         12       75      26         49        1
9/14/97 Female 24      16          8       75      26         50        *
B. It's generally better for a marriage if the husband earns more money than his wife.
              ---------Agree----------    -------Disagree----------    No 
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opin.
9/14/97 All    33      16         17       66      34         32        1
9/14/97 Male   34      17         17       66      31         35        1
9/14/97 Female 33      15         17       66      38         29        1
C. There is too much pressure to do and have it all--marriage, family, and a successful career
              ---------Agree----------    -------Disagree----------    No 
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly   opin.
9/14/97 All    59      37         23       40      22         18        1
9/14/97 Male   50      30         20       49      28         21        1
9/14/97 Female 69      44         25       30      16         14        *

6.2 Which of the following best describes your marriage or current relationship? (READ LIST: It's perfect and couldn't be improved; it's nearly perfect, a few small improvements are needed; it's generally good, but there are some problems; it's not so good, we've got serious problems; or it's in real trouble)

                        Nearly       Some       Serious    In Real    No
            Perfect     Perfect    Problems    Problems    Trouble   opin.
9/14/97 All    12         55          30           3          *        0
9/14/97 Male   10         55          31           4          1        0
9/14/97 Female 15         55          28           2          0        0

6.3 Generally speaking, in the past few years has your relationship gotten better or gotten worse?

               Better    Worse    Stayed Same (vol.)     No opinion
9/14/97 All      79         8         12                      *
9/14/97 Male     75         9         16                      *
9/14/97 Female   84         8          8                      0

6.4 Now I'd like you to think about different aspects of your relationship with your spouse or partner. And for each one that I mention, please tell me if you're very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not too satisfied, or not satisfied at all? Here's the first (READ ITEM) Are you very satisfied, fairly satisfied, not too satisfied, or not satisfied at all?

A. The amount of time you spend together as a couple

                   ------Satisfied------    ----Not-Satisfied----
                                              Not     Not       Not      No
               NET   Very    Fairly    NET    Too    At All    Appl.   Opin.
9/14/97 All    78     44       34       22     17      5         0        0
9/14/97 Male   79     43       35       21     17      4         0        0
9/14/97 Female 77     44       33       23     17      6         0        0
B. The total amount of money you and your spouse/partner earn
                  ------Satisfied------    ----Not-Satisfied----
                                             Not     Not       Not      No
               NET   Very    Fairly    NET    Too    At All    Appl.   Opin.
9/14/97 All    79    34       45       20     12      8         1        0
9/14/97 Male   79    31       47       20     13      7         1        0
9/14/97 Female 79    36       43       19     11      8         1        0
C. The amount of money just your spouse/partner earns
                 ------Satisfied------         ----Not-Satisfied----
                                             Not     Not       Not      No
               NET   Very    Fairly    NET    Too    At All    Appl.   Opin.
9/14/97 All    77    38       39       18     11      8         4        0
9/14/97 Male   70    34       36       23     12     10         7        0
9/14/97 Female 85    43       42       14      9      5         1        0
D. The amount of personal time you have away from your spouse/partner to do things you want to do
                 ------Satisfied------         ----Not-Satisfied----
                                             Not     Not       Not      No
               NET   Very    Fairly    NET    Too    At All    Appl.   Opin.
9/14/97 All    80    40       41       18     11      7         1        1
9/14/97 Male   79    38       40       20     13      6         *        1
9/14/97 Female 82    41       41       17      9      8         1        0
E. The amount of time you and your spouse/partner spend socializing with mutual friends
                 ------Satisfied------      ----Not-Satisfied----
                                             Not    Not       Not      No
              NET   Very    Fairly    NET    Too   At All    Appl.    Opin.
9/14/97 All    72   28       44       28     19      9         *        0
9/14/97 Male   76   27       49       24     18      6         *        0
9/14/97 Female 68   30       38       32     19     12         0        0
F. The amount of time you spend talking openly about things that are on your mind
                 ------Satisfied------       ----Not-Satisfied----
                                             Not     Not       Not      No
              NET   Very    Fairly    NET    Too    At All    Appl.    Opin.
9/14/97 All    84   47       37       16     12      4         0        0
9/14/97 Male   84   43       41       16     13      3         0        0
9/14/97 Female 84   51       33       16     11      5         0        0
G. How often you have sex
               ------Satisfied------         ----Not-Satisfied----
                                             Not     Not       Not      No
              NET   Very    Fairly    NET    Too    At All    Appl.    Opin.
9/14/97 All    85   43       42       15      8      7         *        1
9/14/97 Male   83   40       42       16     10      6         *        1
9/14/97 Female 87   45       42       13      6      7         *        0
H. How affectionate and attentive your spouse/partner is, not counting sex
                ------Satisfied------      ----Not-Satisfied----
                                             Not     Not       Not      No
              NET   Very    Fairly    NET    Too    At All    Appl.    Opin.
9/14/97 All    88   55       33       12      9      4         0        0
9/14/97 Male   90   56       34       10      8      2         0        0
9/14/97 Female 85   53       31       15      9      6         0        0
I. How helpful your spouse/partner is around the house
               ------Satisfied------         ----Not-Satisfied----
                                             Not     Not       Not      No
              NET   Very    Fairly    NET    Too    At All    Appl.    Opin.
9/14/97 All    85   58       27       15     10      5         *        0
9/14/97 Male   96   70       26        4      3      1         *        0
9/14/97 Female 73   45       28       27     18      9         0        0
J. The number of interests you two have in common
                  ------Satisfied------    ----Not-Satisfied----
                                            Not     Not       Not      No
              NET   Very    Fairly    NET    Too    At All    Appl.    Opin.
9/14/97 All    87   42       45       13     11      2         0        0
9/14/97 Male   88   39       49       12     11      2         0        0
9/14/97 Female 87   46       41       13     12      2         0        0

6.5 (Asked of those who are married) Knowing what you do now, if you had it to do over, are you certain you would marry the same person, or is there a chance you might not?

               Would marry    Might not marry    No opinion
9/14/97 All        86               12                 1
9/14/97 Male       88               10                 2
9/14/97 Female     85               15                 *

6.6 (Asked of those who are married) Have you ever thought about getting a divorce?

                 Yes    No    No opinion
9/14/97 All       24    76         0
9/14/97 Male      22    78         0
9/14/97 Females   27    73         0

6.7 (Asked of those who are married) Do you think your (husband/wife) has ever thought about getting a divorce?

                 Yes    No    No opinion
9/14/97 All       26    68         5
9/14/97 Male      29    63         7
9/14/97 Females   24    74         3

7. Everybody experiences stress at times. How often does (READ EACH ITEM) contribute to stress in your life. Would you say very often, somewhat often, not often, or never?

A. Work related pressure

              --Very/Somewhat Often--    ----Not Often/Never------    No
              NET    Very    Somewhat    NET    Not Often    Never   Opin.
9/14/97 All    59     20        39        41        29         12      *
9/14/97 Male   60     22        38        39        28         12      *
9/14/97 Female 57     17        40        43        30         13      *
B. Juggling commitments between work and family
              --Very/Somewhat Often--    ----Not Often/Never------    No
              NET    Very    Somewhat    NET    Not Often    Never   Opin.
9/14/97 All    54     15        40        46        34         11      0
9/14/97 Male   53     15        38        47        38         10      0
9/14/97 Female 56     15        41        44        31         13      0
C. Caring for children
              --Very/Somewhat Often--    ----Not Often/Never------    No
              NET    Very    Somewhat    NET    Not Often    Never   Opin.
9/14/97 All    48     19        30        51        32         19      1
9/14/97 Male   42     17        26        57        36         21      1
9/14/97 Female 54     20        34        45        27         18      *
D. Conflicts in your (marriage/relationship)
              --Very/Somewhat Often--    ----Not Often/Never------    No
              NET    Very    Somewhat    NET    Not Often    Never   Opin.
9/14/97 All    39      6        33        61        49         12      *
9/14/97 Male   39      7        31        61        48         13      *
9/14/97 Female 40      6        34        60        49         12      0
E. Not having enough money
              --Very/Somewhat Often--    ----Not Often/Never------    No
              NET    Very    Somewhat    NET    Not Often    Never   Opin.
9/14/97 All    51     17        34        49        37         12      0
9/14/97 Male   49     16        33        51        37         14      0
9/14/97 Female 52     17        35        48        37         11      0
8. During the past year, how much stress has there been in your (marriage/relationship) and family life? A great deal, quite a lot, only some, or none?
               --Great Deal/Quite A Lot/Only Some--      
               NET    Great Deal    A lot    Some     None    No opinion
9/14/97 All     91        12          17      63        9           0
9/14/97 Male    90         9          14      66       10           0
9/14/97 Female  93        14          19      60        7           0

9. (Asked of those with stress during the past year) Have you done any of the following things to cope with this stress?

A. Talked with a friend

               Yes    No    No opinion
9/14/97 All       62    38         0
9/14/97 Male      48    52         0
9/14/97 Females   77    23         0
B. Slept more than usual

               Yes    No    No opinion
9/14/97 All       14    86         *
9/14/97 Male      12    87         1
9/14/97 Females   15    85         0
C. Stayed away from home more than usual

               Yes    No    No opinion
9/14/97 All        7    93         0
9/14/97 Male       6    94         0
9/14/97 Females    8    92         0
D. Tried to make yourself feel better by drinking alcoholic beverages

              Yes    No    No opinion
9/14/97 All        8    92         0
9/14/97 Male      10    90         0
9/14/97 Females    6    94         0

10. Have you ever seen a counselor about difficulties in your (marriage/relationship), or not?

                 Yes    No    No opinion
9/14/97 All       12    88         0
9/14/97 Male      11    89         0
9/14/97 Females   14    86         0

11. (Asked of those who are married) If you found out that your spouse was having an affair, would you leave your spouse and get a divorce, or not?

                 Yes    No    No opinion
9/14/97 All       38    48        14
9/14/97 Male      37    49        14
9/14/97 Females   39    47        14

12. Does your (husband/wife/partner) spend more time or less time than you do (READ EACH ITEM)?

A. Working for pay

          More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      36          38              14              13         0
9/14/97 Male     14          58              15              13         0
9/14/97 Female   59          17              12              12         0
B. Commuting to and from a paying job

          More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      34          36            14              15         *
9/14/97 Male     15          54            13              17         *
9/14/97 Female   53          18            15              13         *
C. Food shopping

          More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      40          42            18               *         0
9/14/97 Male     64          19            16               0         0
9/14/97 Female   15          66            19               *         0
D. Taking children to appointments or after-school activities

          More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      31          34            15              20         0
9/14/97 Male     52          10            16              22         0
9/14/97 Female   10          58            13              18         0
E. Paying the bills

          More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      44          45            11               *         0
9/14/97 Male     57          32            11               *         0
9/14/97 Female   30          59            11               0         0
F. Making minor household repairs

          More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      36          55             7               2         *
9/14/97 Male      9          84             5               2         *
9/14/97 Female   65          24             9               3         0
G. Cooking

           More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      41          46            12               *         0
9/14/97 Male     67          18            14               *         0
9/14/97 Female   14          75            11               *         0
H. Washing clothes

          More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      46          46             8               *         0
9/14/97 Male     80          11             9               *         0
9/14/97 Female   10          83             7               0         0
I. Cleaning the house or apartment

           More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      44          44            12               *         0
9/14/97 Male     78           8            15               0         0
9/14/97 Female    9          82             9               1         0
J. Mowing the lawn or shoveling snow

          More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      36          45             8              11         *
9/14/97 Male      9          75             5              11         0
9/14/97 Female   65          14            11              11         *
K. Sorting and taking out the trash

          More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      38          49            11               2         0
9/14/97 Male     19          69            11               2         0
9/14/97 Female   58          29            12               2         0
L. Arranging for household repairs

           More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      36          50            11               3         *
9/14/97 Male     25          61            10               4         0
9/14/97 Female   47          38            11               3         *
M. Volunteering or participating in school activities

          More Time   Less Time   Same Amt. (Vol.)   Not Appl.  No opin.
9/14/97 All      28          29            11              32         *
9/14/97 Male     43          13            14              30         1
9/14/97 Female   13          45             9              33         0

13. Does the fact that your (husband/wife/partner) spends (READ RESPONSE FROM 12) time bother you a lot, a little, or not at all?

a. Working for pay

              ---Bother A lot/A little--                   Not         No
               NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable    Opin.
9/14/97 All     21      3         18          78            1            0
9/14/97 Male    16      2         14          82            2            0
9/14/97 Female  25      4         21          74            *            0
b. Commuting to and from a paying job

           ---Bother A lot/A little--                   Not          No
              NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable     Opin.
9/14/97 All     13      3         11          86            1            0
9/14/97 Male    10      1          9          89            *            0
9/14/97 Female  17      5         12          82            1            0

c. Food shopping

              ---Bother A lot/A little--                Not          No
              NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable     Opin.
9/14/97 All     10      1          9          90            *            0
9/14/97 Male     7      *          7          93            *            0
9/14/97 Female  13      2         12          87            *            0
d. Taking children to appointments or after-school activities

           ---Bother A lot/A little--                   Not         No
              NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable    Opin.
9/14/97 All     23      3         20          75            2           0
9/14/97 Male    18      1         17          80            2           0
9/14/97 Female  28      4         23          71            2           0
e. Paying the bills

           ---Bother A lot/A little--                   Not          No
              NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable     Opin.
9/14/97 All     16      4         13          84            *           0
9/14/97 Male    12      4          9          88            0           0
9/14/97 Female  20      4         17          79            1           0
f. Making minor household repairs

           ---Bother A lot/A little--                   Not         No
              NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable    Opin.
9/14/97 All     11      2         10          88            *            0
9/14/97 Male     7      *          7          93            *            0
9/14/97 Female  16      4         13          83            1            0
g. Cooking

           ---Bother A lot/A little--                   Not         No
              NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable    Opin.
9/14/97 All     18      1         17          82            1            0
9/14/97 Male    11      *         11          88            1            0
9/14/97 Female  24      1         23          75            1            0
h. Washing clothes

           ---Bother A lot/A little--                   Not         No
              NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable    Opin.
9/14/97 All     14      1         13          85            *           0
9/14/97 Male    15      1         14          84            *           0
9/14/97 Female  14      1         12          86            *           0
I. Cleaning the house or apartment

           ---Bother A lot/A little--                   Not         No
              NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable    Opin.
9/14/97 All     31      4         27          69            1            0
9/14/97 Male    24      1         23          76            1            0
9/14/97 Female  38      7         32          61            *            0
j. Mowing the lawn or shoveling snow

           ---Bother A lot/A little--                   Not         No
              NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable    Opin.
9/14/97 All     10      2          9          90            0            0
9/14/97 Male     8      2          6          92            0            0
9/14/97 Female  13      1         11          87            0            0
k. Sorting and taking out the trash

           ---Bother A lot/A little--                   Not         No
              NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable    Opin.
9/14/97 All     12      3          9          88            *           0
9/14/97 Male     8      1          7          92            *           0
9/14/97 Female  16      5         11          83            1           0
l. Arranging for household repairs

           ---Bother A lot/A little--                   Not         No
              NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable    Opin.
9/14/97 All     16      4         12          83            *            0
9/14/97 Male    11      2          8          89            *            0
9/14/97 Female  22      7         16          77            *            0
m. Volunteering or participating in school activities

          --Bother A lot/A little--                     Not         No
              NET    A lot    A little    Not at all    Applicable    Opin.
9/14/97 All     18      3         15          81            1            *
9/14/97 Male    12      2         10          88            0            *
9/14/97 Female  26      5         21          73            1            0

14. Who does each of the following things: mostly you or mostly your spouse/partner?

a. (Asked of those with children under 18 years of age) Gets up in the middle of the night with sick child

            Mostly          Mostly          Both       Not          No
            Respondent    Spouse/Partner    (Vol.)   Applicable    Opinion
9/14/97 All     41              29            28         2            0
9/14/97 Male    20              49            28         3            0
9/14/97 Female  63               8            28         1            0
b. (Asked of those with children under 18 years of age) Takes children to the doctor

            Mostly          Mostly          Both       Not          No
            Respondent    Spouse/Partner    (Vol.)   Applicable    Opinion
9/14/97 All     43              35            21         1            0
9/14/97 Male     9              62            28         1            0
9/14/97 Female  79               5            14         1            0
c. (Asked of those with children under 18 years of age) Attends teacher conferences

             Mostly          Mostly          Both       Not          No
            Respondent    Spouse/Partner    (Vol.)   Applicable    Opinion
9/14/97 All     24              26            31        19            0
9/14/97 Male     6              45            29        19            0
9/14/97 Female  42               6            33        19            0
d. (Asked of those with children under 18 years of age) Arranges for kids to be dropped off at school, sports, and lessons

             Mostly          Mostly          Both       Not          No
            Respondent    Spouse/Partner    (Vol.)   Applicable    Opinion
9/14/97 All     40              31            16        14            0
9/14/97 Male    15              54            16        15            0
9/14/97 Female  66               7            15        12            0
e. (Asked of those with children under 18 years of age) Calls babysitter

             Mostly          Mostly          Both       Not          No
            Respondent    Spouse/Partner    (Vol.)   Applicable    Opinion
9/14/97 All     36              31             5        26            1
9/14/97 Male    11              56             6        25            2
9/14/97 Female  62               5             5        28            0
f. (Asked of those with children under 18 years of age) Arranges child care

             Mostly          Mostly          Both       Not          No
            Respondent    Spouse/Partner    (Vol.)   Applicable    Opinion
9/14/97 All     40              35             5        19            0
9/14/97 Male    11              63             5        20            0
9/14/97 Female  71               4             6        19            0
g. (Asked of those with children under 18 years of age) Monitors homework

             Mostly          Mostly          Both       Not          No
            Respondent    Spouse/Partner    (Vol.)   Applicable    Opinion
9/14/97 All     31              29            20        20            0
9/14/97 Male    14              50            18        18            0
9/14/97 Female  49               6            23        22            0
h. (Asked of those with children under 18 years of age) Disciplines the children

             Mostly          Mostly          Both       Not          No
            Respondent    Spouse/Partner    (Vol.)   Applicable    Opinion
9/14/97 All     36              14            47         3            0
9/14/97 Male    36              14            47         3            0
9/14/97 Female  36              15            46         3            0
I. (Asked of those with children under 18 years of age) Stays home from work if a child is sick

             Mostly          Mostly          Both       Not          No
            Respondent    Spouse/Partner    (Vol.)   Applicable    Opinion
9/14/97 All     43              34            13         9            *
9/14/97 Male    11              60            18        11            * 
9/14/97 Female  77               7             9         7            0
j. Keeping in touch with relatives

             Mostly          Mostly          Both       Not          No
            Respondent    Spouse/Partner    (Vol.)   Applicable    Opinion
9/14/97 All     39              36            25         *            0
9/14/97 Male    17              58            24         *            0
9/14/97 Female  61              13            25         *            0
k. Arranges care for a frail and aging parent

             Mostly          Mostly          Both       Not          No
            Respondent    Spouse/Partner    (Vol.)   Applicable    Opinion
9/14/97 All     21              23             9        47            0
9/14/97 Male    13              33            10        44            0
9/14/97 Female  30              13             8        50            0
l. Shops for gifts

             Mostly          Mostly          Both       Not          No
            Respondent    Spouse/Partner    (Vol.)   Applicable    Opinion
9/14/97 All     47              38            14         *            0
9/14/97 Male     7              74            18         1            0
9/14/97 Female  88               2            10         0            0

15. Do you think defense spending should be increased, decreased, or kept about the same?

                   Increased    Decreased    Same    No Opinion
9/14/97 All             21          23        53          3
9/14/97 Male            24          21        53          2
9/14/97 Female          18          25        52          5

16. Do you think federal spending on programs to create jobs and provide job training should be increased, decreased, or kept about the same?

                   Increased    Decreased    Same    No Opinion
9/14/97 All             59          13        27          1
9/14/97 Male            54          17        28          1
9/14/97 Female          64           9        26          1

17. Do you favor or oppose the federal government providing health insurance for uninsured children?

                   Favor    Oppose    No Opinion
9/14/97 All           83       14          3
9/14/97 Male          77       18          5
9/14/97 Female        89       10          1

18. Do you favor or oppose making major reductions in future spending on Medicare to help balance the federal budget?

                   Favor    Oppose    No Opinion
9/14/97 All           31       66          3
9/14/97 Male          29       67          4
9/14/97 Female        33       65          2

19. Do you think most government affirmative action programs in hiring, promoting, and college admissions should be continued as they are, or should these affirmative action programs be limited?

             Should be continued    Should be limited    No opinion
9/14/97 All           39                   55                  6
9/14/97 Male          35                   62                  2
9/14/97 Female        43                   48                  9

26. About how many hours per week do you work, at all jobs for pay?

            Under 30    30-39    40    41-49    50-59    60 Plus   No opin.
9/14/97 All      9        11     34      13       19        13         2
9/14/97 Male     3         5     32      13       27        21         *
9/14/97 Female  16        19     37      12        9         3         4

27. Have you, yourself, ever moved to another city because your (husband/wife/partner) changed (his/her) job?

                Yes    No    No opinion
9/14/97 All      14    86         0
9/14/97 Male      3    97         0
9/14/97 Female   26    74         0

28. (Asked of those who moved) Did that move help or hurt your own career, or didn't it make much difference?

             Help    Hurt   No difference    No opinion
9/14/97 All      16      10         74                0
9/14/97 Male     39       7         53                0
9/14/97 Female   13      11         77                0

32.4 Who has a higher income, you or your (spouse/partner)?

                Respondent    Spouse    Same (Vol.)    No opinion
9/14/97 All         49          45           5              *
9/14/97 Male        78          17           5              1
9/14/97 Female      19          75           6              *
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