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Washington Post - ABC News Poll

Tuesday, January 21, 2003

The latest Washington Post-ABC News poll is based on telephone interviews with 1,133 randomly selected adults nationwide, including an oversample of 211 African Americans. It was conducted Jan. 16 -20, 2003. The margin of sampling error for overall results is plus or minus 3 percentage points. Sampling error is only one of many potential sources of error in this or any other public opinion poll. Interviewing was conducted by TNS Intersearch of Horsham, Pa.

*= less than 0.5 percent

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling his job as president? Do you approve/disapprove strongly or somewhat?

             ---------Approve---------   --------Disapprove-------    No 
             NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat   opin.
1/20/03      59       36         23      38       22         16        2
12/15/02     66       37         28      32       20         12        2
11/4/02  LV  67       45         23      31       20         12        1
11/3/02  LV  67       45         22      32       20         12        1
11/2/02  LV  67       47         20      32       23          9        1
10/27/02 All 67       39         28      29       16         13        4
10/27/02 LV  68       47         21      30       16         14        3
9/26/02      67       42         25      30       18         12        3
9/8/02       71       42         28      27       15         12        3
7/28/02      69       39         31      28       14         14        3
7/15/02      72       42         31      25       13         12        2
6/17/02      74       42         32      22       13          9        4
6/9/02       77       41         36      20       11          9        3
5/19/02      76       48         28      22       13          8        3
4/21/02      78       47         31      20       10          9        2
3/28/02      79       49         30      18       10          8        3
3/10/02      82       52         30      16        7          9        2
1/27/02      83       56         27      14        7          7        3
12/19/01     86       64         22      12        6          6        2
11/27/01     89       69         21       9        5          4        1
11/6/01      89       65         24       9        4          5        2
10/9/01      92       76         16       6        3          3        1
9/27/01      90       70         20       6        3          3        4
9/13/01      86       63         23      12        6          5        2
9/9/01       55       26         29      41       22         20        3
8/12/01      61       28         33      31       17         14        8
7/30/01      59       28         30      38       22         17        3
6/3/01       55       27         28      40       22         18        6
4/22/01      63       33         30      32       16         16        5
3/25/01      58       NA         NA      33       NA         NA        8
2/25/01      55       NA         NA      23       NA         NA       22

2. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bush is handling:

1/20/03 - Summary Table*

                                           Approve    Disapprove    No op.
a. The economy                                43          53           4
b. The U.S. campaign against terrorism        71          25           4
c. The situation with Iraq and 
   Saddam Hussein                             50          46           4
h. The cost, availability and coverage       
   of health insurance                        36          51          13
e. Taxes                                      50          45           5
f. The federal budget                         43          47          10
g. The situation with North Korea             54          36          10
*Half sample answered a-c, other half answered d-g.

Trend:

a. The economy

            Approve     Disapprove     No opinion  
1/20/03       43            53              4
1/5/03        50            43              7  
12/15/02      50            46              4                
11/4/02  LV   53            45              2                
11/3/02  LV   52            46              2                
11/2/02  LV   55            43              2                
10/27/02      51            43              6                
10/27/02 LV   53            44              3                
9/26/02       51            47              3                
9/8/02        57            40              4                
7/28/02       57            39              4                
7/15/02       58            38              3                
4/21/02       64            33              3                
1/27/02       62            34              4                
12/19/01      67            27              6                
11/6/01       72            23              5                
9/9/01        48            48              4                
7/30/01       52            45              3                
6/3/01        53            41              6                
4/22/01       55            38              7                
3/25/01       50            42              8                

b. The U.S. campaign against terrorism

              ---------Approve---------   --------Disapprove-------    No 
             NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat   opin.
1/20/03      71       NA         NA      25       NA         NA        4
12/15/02     79       NA         NA      20       NA         NA        1
11/4/02  LV  76       NA         NA      22       NA         NA        1
11/3/02  LV  77       NA         NA      22       NA         NA        3
11/2/02  LV  78       NA         NA      21       NA         NA        2
10/27/02 All 74       NA         NA      23       NA         NA        4
10/27/02 LV  78       NA         NA      20       NA         NA        2
9/26/02      70       NA         NA      28       NA         NA        2
9/8/02       74       NA         NA      24       NA         NA        2
7/28/02      81       NA         NA      17       NA         NA        2
7/15/02      83       NA         NA      15       NA         NA        2
5/19/02      79       51         27      19       10          9        3
4/21/02      81       56         25      18       10          7        2
3/10/02      88       64         24      10        5          5        2
1/27/02      88       NA         NA      10       NA         NA        2
12/19/01     89       67         22       9        5          4        2
10/15/01     92       75         17       5        3          3        3

c. The situation with Iraq and Saddam Hussein

            Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
1/20/03       50            46              4
12/15/02      58            37              5
11/4/02  LV   56            40              4
11/3/02  LV   57            40              4
11/2/02  LV   56            41              3
10/27/02 All  57            38              5
10/27/02 LV   61            37              3
9/26/02       58            39              3
9/14/02       65            31              4
8/29/02       52            36             12

d. The cost, availability and coverage of health insurance

 1/20/03       36            51             13
12/15/02      33            58              9

e. Taxes

1/20/03       50            45              5
12/15/02      51            44              5

f. The federal budget

            Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
1/20/03       43            47              10
7/15/02       50            42               8
1/27/02       59            30              12
9/9/01        46            48               6
7/30/01       53            42               5

g. No trend.

3. Would you favor or oppose having U.S. forces take military action against Iraq to force Saddam Hussein from power? Would you say you favor/oppose military action against Iraq strongly or only somewhat?

            ----------Favor----------   ----------Oppose----------    No
            NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat    opin.
1/20/03     57       40        17        41      25         16         3
12/15/02    62       41        20        35      20         15         3
11/17/02    64       NA        NA        29      NA         NA         7
9/26/02     61       NA        NA        34      NA         NA         5
9/14/02     68       NA        NA        29      NA         NA         3
8/29/02     56       NA        NA        34      NA         NA        10
8/11/02     69       NA        NA        22      NA         NA         9
3/10/02     72       NA        NA        24      NA         NA         4      
2/21/02     67       46        21        30      12         18         4
1/27/02     71       NA        NA        24      NA         NA         4
12/19/01    72       NA        NA        24      NA         NA         5
11/27/01    78       NA        NA        17      NA         NA         6
10/11/94*   72       NA        NA        23      NA         NA         5
1/15/93**   82       NA        NA        15      NA         NA         3 
8/21/92 RV  65       NA        NA        30      NA         NA         5 
2/9/92      62       NA        NA        35      NA         NA         3
4/22/91     51       NA        NA        43      NA         NA         6
4/5/91      54       NA        NA        37      NA         NA         9
3/15/91     57       NA        NA        38      NA         NA         5
*10/11/94 and previous: Gallup
**1/15/93 and previous: Would you support or oppose having U.S. forces 
resume military action...?  

4a. (HALF SAMPLE) Do you think Bush has presented enough evidence showing why the United States should use military force to remove Saddam Hussein from power, or would you like him to present more evidence?

            Has enough     Would like        No
             evidence         more        opinion
1/20/03         39             58            2
12/15/02        40             58            2
9/14/02         48             50            2

4b. (HALF SAMPLE) Do you think Bush has or has not presented enough evidence to show why the United States should use military force to remove Saddam Hussein from power?

                 Enough    Not enough     No opinion
1/20/03       48          47              6

5. As you may know, United Nations inspectors are in Iraq looking for any evidence that Iraq has chemical, biological or nuclear weapons. Do you think Iraq is or is not cooperating with the U.N. weapons inspectors? IF YES: Do you think Iraq is fully cooperating or only partially cooperating with the U.N. inspectors?

            ------------Yes------------
            NET     Fully     Partially     No     No opinion
1/20/03     22        4           18        75          3

6. Imagine the U.N. inspectors cannot find hard evidence that Iraq has chemical, biological or nuclear weapons. In that case, do you think the United States should or should not have to present its own evidence that Iraq has these weapons, before the U.S. attacks Iraq?

            Should     Should not     No opinion
1/20/03       71           27              2

7. (IF SHOULD) What if presenting that evidence means the United States has to reveal sensitive intelligence sources - in that case do you think the United States should or should not have to present its own evidence that Iraq has these weapons?

            Should     Should not     No opinion
1/20/03       67           30              4

7a. Do you think the United States should (set a time limit for the U.N inspectors) to finish looking for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, or should the United States (give the U.N. inspectors as much time as they want)?

               Set a        Give the UN as much       No
            time limit      time as they want      opinion
1/20/03         54                 43                 2 

7b. (IF SET A TIME LIMIT) How long should the United States give the U.N. inspectors - a few more weeks, a few months, several months, or a year or more?

                                         Both    Neither    No      
             No more   Less than few    Few     Few     Several   Year/    No
            (vol.)     weeks (vol.)   weeks   months   months    more    opin. 
1/20/03        4            3           41      34       11        5       2

8. Which concerns you more: that the Bush administration (might move too quickly) to take military action against Iraq, or the Bush Administration (might not move quickly enough)?

              Too       Not quickly     Neither       No
            quickly        enough        (vol)      opinion
1/20/03        55            39            5           2
12/15/02       54            40            5           2
9/26/02        52            40            6           1

9. Do you think the United States should work more on (trying diplomacy and negotiation with Iraq), or work more on (preparing for a military confrontation with Iraq)?

            Work more on trying       Work on preparing for        No
           diplomacy/negotiation     military confrontation     opinion
1/20/03              50                        47                  4

10. How much of a chance do you think there is that diplomacy and negotiation can resolve the problem with Iraq - is there a good chance of that, some chance, little chance, or hardly any chance?

             Good       Some      Little     Hardly any      None       No
            chance     chance     chance       chance       (vol.)    opinion
1/20/03       11         27         25           31            5         2

11. How about in the situation involving North Korea - Do you think the United States should work more on (trying diplomacy and negotiation with North Korea), or work more on (preparing for a military confrontation with North Korea)?

             Work more on trying       Work on preparing for        No
           diplomacy/negotiation     military confrontation     opinion
1/20/03              80                        14                  6

12. How much of a chance do you think there is that diplomacy and negotiation can resolve the problem with North Korea - is there a good chance of that, some chance, little chance, or hardly any chance?

             Good       Some      Little     Hardly any      None       No
            chance     chance     chance       chance       (vol.)    opinion
1/20/03       36         43         10            7            1         4

18. On another subject, would you describe the state of the nation's economy these days as excellent, good, not so good or poor?

               ----Excellent/Good-----    -----Not so good/Poor-----   No  
               NET   Excellent    Good    NET    Not so good   Poor    op.
1/20/03        25        1         25     74        48          26      1
12/15/02       35        1         33     65        44          21      1
11/4/02 LV     28        1         27     72        55          17      1
11/3/02 LV     27        1         26     72        56          17      1
11/2/02 LV     29        1         28     71        54          17      *
9/26/02        31        2         28     69        50          19      *
7/15/02        39        3         36     61        44          17      1
2/21/02        30        1         29     69        51          18      *
1/27/02        31        1         29     69        50          19      *
9/20/01        38        3         35     60        47          14      2
9/9/01         33        1         32     66        47          19      *
7/30/01        50        3         46     50        39          12      *
4/22/01        50        3         47     50        40           9      *
1/15/01        70       10         59     29        24           6      1 
10/27/00 LV    86       24         61     14        11           3      * 
10/26/00 LV    86       24         61     14        11           3      * 
6/11/00        74       17         57     26        19           6      *  
2/27/00        80       25         55     20        14           5      *  
10/31/99       74       18         56     26        18           7      1  
9/2/99         76       19         57     23        16           6      1  
3/14/99        80       22         58     19        15           4      1  
11/1/98        73       12         61     26        21           5      1  
11/1/98  LV    78       13         65     22        19           3      *  
10/13/97       61       12         49     39        27          11      *

19. Do you think the nation's economy is getting better, getting worse or staying the same?

             Better     Worse     Same     No opin.
1/20/03        18         38       43         1
7/28/02        17         44       39         1
7/15/02        20         36       43         2
7/7/02         22         37       41         0
6/9/02         27         29       43         1
5/12/02        35         27       38         0
4/14/02        34         26       40         0
3/17/02        47         20       32         1
2/17/02        29         27       42         2
1/20/02        25         36       39         1
12/9/01        24         37       38         1
11/11/01       16         48       36         1
10/14/01       15         46       39         0
9/16/01         9         44       46         1
8/12/01        16         46       38         0
7/15/01        13         40       46         0
6/17/01        17         45       38         1   
5/20/01        13         47       39         0
*7/7/02 and previous, ABC/Money. Call for full trend.

20. Do you think Bush's proposals on cutting taxes (favor the rich), (favor the middle class), (favor the poor), or (treat all people about equally)?

             				       All          No
                 Rich     Middle     Poor     equally     opinion
1/20/03            61        7          2         23          7

21. Would you support or oppose eliminating the federal income tax on stock dividends, which would reduce federal revenue by $360 billion dollars over the next 10 years?

            Support     Oppose     No opinion
1/20/03       41          48           11

22a. (HALF SAMPLE) As you may know, Bush has proposed cutting taxes by a total of 670 billion dollars over the next 10 years.

What is your preference - (to have this tax cut), or (to have the federal government spend more on domestic programs such as education, health care and Social Security)?

             Favorable   Unfavorable   No opinion
            Tax     Spend     Neither      No
            cut      more     (vol.)      opin.
1/20/03     30        67         2          1

Compare to:

What would have been your own preference - (to have this tax cut), or (to have the federal government spend more on domestic programs such as education, health care and Social Security)?

           Tax     Spend     Neither      No
           cut      more     (vol.)      opin.
6/3/01     33        63         3          1

22b. (HALF SAMPLE) As you may know, Bush has proposed cutting taxes by a total of 670 billion dollars over the next 10 years.

What is your preference - (to have this tax cut), or (to have the federal government use the money to help balance the federal budget)?

            Tax     Balance     Neither      No
            cut      budget      (vol.)     opin.
1/20/03     38         56           2         3

23. In general, do you think this tax cut will be good for the economy, will be bad for the economy, or won't make much difference to the economy?

                             No        No
            Good   Bad   difference   opin.
1/20/03      39    19        39         3
6/3/01       35    13        50         3

24. Do you personally own any stocks or stock funds that pay you dividends, not including any tax-exempt retirement accounts like 401(k)s?

            Yes     No     No opin. 
1/20/03      36     64         1

29. On another subject, do you think abortion should be legal in all cases, legal in most cases, illegal in most cases or illegal in all cases?

           --------Legal--------    -------Illegal-------                      
                   All     Most             All    Most     No                 
           NET    cases    cases    NET    cases   cases   opin.               
1/20/03     57      23      34       42     17      25       2
8/12/01     49      22      27       48     20      28       3
6/24/01     52      22      31       43     20      23       4                 
1/15/01     59      21      38       39     14      25       1                 
9/6/00 RV   55      20      35       42     16      25       3                 
7/23/00     53      20      33       43     17      26       4                 
9/2/99      56      20      37       42     15      26       2                 
3/14/99     55      21      34       42     15      27       3                 
7/12/98     54      19      35       42     13      29       4                 
8/5/96      56      22      34       41     14      27       3                 
6/30/96     58      24      34       40     14      25       2                 
10/1/95     60      26      35       37     12      25       3                 
9/21/95     60      24      36       36     11      25       4                 
7/17/95     59      27      32       40     14      26       1 

30. Would you like to see the government and the courts (make it harder to get an abortion than it is now), (make it easier to get an abortion than it is now), or (leave the ability to get an abortion the same as it is now)?

            Harder     Easier     Same     No opinion
1/20/03       42         15        41           2

31. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1973 that a woman can have an abortion if she wants one at any time during the first three months of pregnancy. Do you favor or oppose that ruling?

            Favor     Oppose     No opinion
1/20/03       54        44            2
1/17/93       65        33            2
3/31/92*      55        38            8
9/15/91       60        36            4
7/1/91        58        39            3
7/24/90       56        39            5
*=Washington Post poll

32. I'm going to read some specific situations under which an abortion might be considered. For each, please say whether you think an abortion should be legal in that situation, or illegal.

1/20/03 - Summary Table

                                     Legal    Illegal    No opinion
a. When the woman's life 
   is endangered                       88        10           2  
b. When the woman's physical 
   health is endangered                82        14           4
c. When there's evidence the baby 
   will be physically impaired         54        40           6
d. When the pregnancy was 
   caused by rape or incest            81        17           2
e. When the woman is not married  
   and does not want the baby          42        57           2
f. When the woman is in the sixth 
   month or pregnancy or later         11        86           3 
g. In late-term procedures known 
   as dilation and extraction, 
   or partial-birth abortions          23        69           8

Trend:

a. When the woman's life is endangered

            Legal     Illegal     No opinion
1/20/03       88        10             2
1/15/01       90         8             1
1/13/98       83        15             2
7/28/96*      88         7             5
4/13/89       89         8             4

b. When the woman's physical health is endangered

            Legal     Illegal     No opinion
1/20/03       82        14             4
1/15/01       85        14             1
1/13/98       79        19             2
7/28/96*      82        11             8

c. When there's evidence the baby will be physically impaired

            Legal     Illegal     No opinion
1/20/03       54        40             6
1/13/98       58        38             4
7/28/96       53        37            10*
*Gallup. No opinion and "depends" combined. 


d. When the pregnancy was caused by rape or incest

            Legal     Illegal     No opinion
1/20/03       81        17             2
1/15/01       83        16             2
1/13/98       78        20             2
7/28/96*      77        18             5

e. When the woman is not married and does not want the baby

            Legal     Illegal     No opinion
1/20/03       42        57             2
1/15/01       44        55             1
1/13/98       39        59             2

f,g. No trend.

46. Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of Al Sharpton?

            Favorable     Unfavorable     No opinion
1/20/03        16              47              37

© Copyright 2003 The Washington Post Company


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