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  Washington Post-ABC News Poll, January 1998

Wednesday, Jan. 21, 1998

The latest ABC News/Washington Post poll is based on random telephone interviews with 1,206 adults on January 15-19. The margin of error is plus or minus 3 percentage points.

Presidential Approval | Congressional Approval
Budget Surplus | Microsoft | Elections | Football

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bill Clinton is handling his job as president?

           -------Approve-----------    -------Disapprove--------   No
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat    NET   Somewhat   Strongly  opin.
1/19/98     60     24         36         35      15        19        5
1/13/98     62     NA         NA         31      NA        NA        7
11/12/97    59     NA         NA         35      NA        NA        6 
10/13/97    59     NA         NA         36      NA        NA        6
8/27/97     58     NA         NA         37      NA        NA        5
7/8/97      64     NA         NA         31      NA        NA        5
6/8/97      59     NA         NA         36      NA        NA        5
4/24/97     56     NA         NA         39      NA        NA        5
3/25/97     56     NA         NA         33      NA        NA       11
3/9/97      55     NA         NA         41      NA        NA        4
10/8/96*    58     NA         NA         38      NA        NA        4
10/8/96**   59     NA         NA         37      NA        NA        4
9/4/96***   57     NA         NA         38      NA        NA        4
8/5/96      59     NA         NA         37      NA        NA        4
6/30/96     56     NA         NA         39      NA        NA        5
5/22/96     58     20         37         39      17        22        3
3/31/96     52     21         30         40      16        25        8
3/17/96     53     19         34         45      19        26        2
3/10/96     55     23         32         40      17        24        4
4/21/96     51     NA         NA         43      NA        NA        6
1/7/96      53     22         31         43      16        28        4
11/19/95    54     NA         NA         41      NA        NA        5
11/13/95    54     20         34         41      20        21        5
10/1/95     52     17         35         43      19        24        5
7/17/95     51     14         37         45      20        25        4
6/8/95      47     NA         NA         45      NA        NA        8
5/14/95     56     20         36         41      23        18        3
3/19/95     52     17         35         45      19        26        3
3/5/95      46     NA         NA         49      NA        NA        4
1/29/95     54     20         34         43      21        22        3
1/4/95      45     13         31         51      22        29        5
12/20/94    44     NA         NA         50      NA        NA        6
11/6/94**   52     20         32         43      16        26        5
10/31/94    48     17         31         49      19        30        3
10/23/94    49     18         31         48      19        29        4
10/9/94     45     13         32         51      21        30        4
9/25/94     44     13         31         51      20        31        5
9/11/94     46     15         30         51      19        33        3
8/16/94     44     NA         NA         51      NA        NA        5
8/7/94      47     17         31         47      20        27        5
6/26/94     50     16         34         44      17        28        6
5/15/94     51     19         32         44      17        28        4
3/27/94     57     23         34         41      16        25        3
3/22/94     47     NA         NA         45      NA        NA        7
3/08/94     52     NA         NA         40      NA        NA        8
2/27/94     58     20         38         38      15        23        4
1/23/94     56     22         34         34      14        20       10
1/9/94      59     20         39         36      15        21        4
12/19/93    58     22         36         40      20        20        3
11/14/93    49     16         33         45      20        25        6
10/31/93    52     17         35         41      17        24        7
10/10/93    51     20         31         43      18        25        5
10/3/93     52     19         33         36      14        22       12
9/19/93     51     NA         NA         41      NA        NA        8
8/8/93      45     16         29         51      19        32        4
6/28/93     43     13         29         50      19        31        7
6/15/93     45     NA         NA         48      NA        NA        7
5/23/93     46     17         30         48      18        30        6
4/26/93     59     22         37         39      17        21        2
2/28/93     60     28         32         33      11        22        7
2/23/93     63     28         35         30      11        19        7
2/14/93     54     23         31         31      15        16       15
* Likely voters
** Registered voters

2. Do you think things in this country are generally going in the right
direction or do you feel things have gotten pretty seriously off on the wrong track?

                Right      Wrong     No
               Direction   Track   Opinion
1/19/98          44        50        6
8/27/97          39        57        4
6/8/97           37        60        3
3/9/97           34        62        4
10/17/96 **      40        55        5
10/16/96 **      42        53        5
10/15/96 **      43        52        5
10/14/96 **      44        51        5
10/13/96 **      44        51        5
9/04/96  **      40        54        6
8/21/96          28        67        5
6/30/96          26        70        5
3/17/96          27        70        3
1/21/96          27        66        6
1/3/96           21        77        3
4/5/95           23        73        3
1/4/95           27        68        6
10/31/94         27        69        4
7/20/94          26        70        4
3/27/94          28        69        3
1/23/94          31        60       10
11/14/93         25        69        6
8/8/93           26        71        3
6/20/93          26        71        3
4/26/93          27        71        2
3/11/93          36        57        7
2/28/93          37        59        4
1/17/93          31        63        6
12/14/92         35        60        5
10/27/92  **     22        76        2
10/4/92   **     18        78        4
6/7/92           14        83        3
4/9/92           16        81        3
3/11/92          18        79        4
1/15/92          19        78        3
11/10/91         24        72        4
10/29/91         26        71        3
8/27/91          31        60        9
7/28/91          30        67        3
6/2/91           39        57        4
4/9/91           42        51        7
2/26/91          58        39        3
1/27/91          49        48        4
10/14/90         19        79        2
9/9/90           36        60        4
8/20/90          35        60        5
7/24/90          37        60        2
5/21/90          39        60        2
3/26/90          44        53        2
2/4/90           49        48        3
1/16/90          48        49        3
5/23/89          42        55        3
3/16/89          46        52        2
1/16/89  *       51        46        3
10/25/88 *       49        46        6
9/27/88          48        44        8
7/11/88          40        56        4
5/25/88          35        59        6
3/21/88          40        56        4
1/23/88          39        59        2
12/13/87         49        47        4
12/2/87          35        61        4
9/23/87          43        54        4
6/29/87          35        62        3
4/13/87          37        60        3
3/9/87           38        58        4
1/18/87          39        56        5
9/8/86           50        48        2
1/26/86          45        47        8
7/29/85          52        43        6
1/16/85          59        36        4
5/22/84          47        48        5
12/13/83         43        51        6
11/7/83          51        44        5
4/12/83          41        54        4
3/2/83           43        53        3
1/25/83          58        39        3
1/25/83          43        52        4
10/11/82         35        57        8
1/30/82          39        56        5
2/80             20        70       10
2/78             34        53       13
2/77             41        44       14
10/75            19        71        9
10/74            15        75       11
10/73            16        74       10
* Likely voters
** Registered voters

3. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Clinton is handling foreign affairs?

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion 
1/19/98        54             39              8
4/24/97        51             42              7
3/9/97         50             42              8
10/8/96*       58             39              4
10/8/96**      58             38              4
8/5/96         54             40              6
6/30/96        52             43              5
3/17/96        51             46              4
1/21/96        51             41              8
11/13/95       54             39              7
10/1/95        49             44              7
7/17/95        40             56              4
3/19/95        44             49              8
1/4/95         44             50              5
12/20/94       40             54              7
10/31/94       54             42              4
10/23/94       50             47              4
9/11/94        37             56              7
8/7/94         39             55              6 
6/26/94        41             51              8 
5/15/94        40             53              7 
3/27/94        50             43              7 
2/27/94        50             42              8 
1/23/94        54             32             14 
1/9/94         45             40             15 
12/19/93       49             44              7 
11/14/93       39             53              8 
10/12/93       37             56              7    
10/10/93       41             54              5 
9/19/93        55             36              9 
8/8/93         49             43              9 
6/28/93        52             37             11 
5/23/93        53             39              8   
4/26/93        57             38              5   
2/28/93        63             18             19   
2/14/93        54             22             24
* Likely voters
** Registered voters

4. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bill Clinton is handling the situation in Iraq?

            Approve    Disapprove   No opinion
1/19/98        53          39           8
11/11/97       60          28          12
9/15/96        66          26           7
9/8/96         70          19          11
9/4/96         72          20           8
9/3/96         73          22           5
10/23/94       58          37           5

5. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bill Clinton is handling race relations?

               Approve    Disapprove    No opinion
1/19/98 All       65          26              9
        Whites    64          26              9
        Blacks    80          17              3
6/8/97  All       64          26             10
        Whites    63          26             11
        Blacks    82          13              6

6. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Clinton is handling the nation's economy?

            Approve      Disapprove     No opinion 
1/19/98        64             33              4
4/24/97        55             40              6
3/9/97         55             40              5
10/8/96*       58             39              3
10/8/96**      58             39              3
8/5/96         56             41              4
6/30/96        51             45              4
3/17/96        47             49              4
1/21/96        45             48              7
11/13/95       47             48              5
10/1/95        48             48              4
7/17/95        49             48              3
3/19/95        49             47              4
1/29/95        52             46              2
1/4/95         42             54              4
12/20/94       42             53              6
10/31/94       43             52              5
10/23/94       45             51              4
9/11/94        43             53              4
8/7/94         46             50              4
6/26/94        46             48              6
5/15/94        50             45              5
3/27/94        53             42              5
2/27/94        51             43              7
1/23/94        50             38             11
1/9/94         48             44              8
12/19/93       53             44              3
11/14/93       43             50              7
10/10/93       45             50              5
9/19/93        42             51              7
8/8/93         40             55              5
6/28/93        38             57              6
5/23/93        39             55              6
4/26/93        51             46              3
2/28/93        58             35              7
2/14/93        49             28             23
* Likely voters
** Registered voters

7. Would you describe the state of the nation's economy these days as very good, good, bad or very bad?

          ---------Good--------    ----------Bad--------    No
          NET   Very   Not very    NET   Not Very   Very   opin.
1/19/98   75     14       61       24       19        5      1
5/25/97   64      7       57       35       24       11      1
For comparison:
Would you describe the state of the nation's economy these days as excellent, good, not so good or poor?
          ---Positive----     ------Negative------    No
          NET   Ex.   Good   JNET   Not good  Poor   opin.
5/25/97   53    4      49     47       34      13     0J 

8. Just your best guess, do you think the current
financial situation in Asia will hurt the U.S. economy
in the next year, or not? (If yes:) Do you think it will it
hurt the U.S. economy a great deal, or only somewhat?

            -----------Yes------------- 
            NET   Great Deal   Somewhat    No    No opinion
1/19/98      59       16          43       29         12 

9. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Al Gore is handling
his job as vice president?

           Approve    Disapprove    No opinion
1/19/98      54           31             15

10. And do you think Gore has the honesty and integrity to
serve effectively as president some day?

          Yes     No   No opin. 
1/19/98    47     46       7
10/13/97   48     43       9
9/10/97    49     40      11
3/9/97     59     32      10

11. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress
is doing its job?

               Approve        Disapprove        No opinion
1/19/98           47              49                 5
10/13/97          36              57                 7
8/27/97           39              54                 7
7/8/97            40              53                 6
4/24/97           40              53                 7
3/9/97            35              60                 5
8/5/96            42              52                 7
6/30/96           35              58                 7
5/22/96           35              60                 5
3/10/96           30              64                 6
1/7/96            31              65                 5
11/19/95          27              68                 5
10/1/95           32              65                 3
7/17/95           34              63                 3
3/19/95           39              56                 5
1/29/95           42              52                 6
10/31/94          21              72                 8
10/23/94          18              78                 4
9/11/94           24              70                 5
6/26/94           34              61                 5
3/27/94           35              62                 3
2/27/94           32              64                 4
1/23/94           29              60                11
11/14/93          28              66                 6
8/8/93            33              64                 3
4/26/93           30              69                 2
1/17/93           29              66                 6
4/9/92            17              78                 5
3/18/92           19              76                 5
3/8/92            22              73                 6
2/2/92            32              64                 4
12/15/91          35              59                 6
10/21/91          45              50                 5
6/2/91            49              46                 5
10/14/90          34              63                 3
2/4/90            41              55                 4
1/16/90           39              55                 6
8/21/89           42              53                 5
5/23/89           54              44                 2
2/14/89           53              44                 3
1/23/88*          43              53                 4
6/1/87*           56              40                 4
6/22/85*          54              37                 9
5/83*             33              43                24
6/81*             38              40                22
6/79*             19              61                20
9/78*             29              49                22
6/77*             34              42                24
6/75*             29              54                17
8/74*             48              35                17
* Gallup

12. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Newt Gingrich is
handling his job as speaker of the House of Representatives?

               Approve    Disapprove    No opinion
1/19/98           40         52               7
4/24/97           26         62              12 
3/9/97            33         61               7
9/15/96**         39         54               7
1/7/96            30         61               8
11/19/95          27         65               8
6/8/95            35         50              15
3/19/95           37         48              15
3/5/95            38         51              11
1/29/95           40         48              12
1/4/95            35         37              28
12/20/94          35         43              22
** Registered voters

13. (Asked of half sample)Do you approve or disapprove of the
way your own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives
is handling his or her job?

               Approve        Disapprove          No opinion
1/19/98           74              19                    7
4/5/95            65              25                    9
10/31/94          51              38                   11
10/23/94          49              43                    8 
9/11/94           53              35                   12
6/26/94           59              31                   10 
3/27/94           62              26                   12 
1/17/93           60              29                   11 
4/9/92            47              39                   13 
3/18/92           49              40                   11 
2/2/92            56              32                   12 
12/15/91          60              28                   12 
10/21/91          64              27                    9 
6/2/91            61              26                   14 
10/14/90          64              29                    7 
5/23/89           71              18                   11 

14. (Asked of half sample) How about the member of the U.S. House
of Representatives who was elected to represent the area where you yourself live - do you approve or disapprove of the way that person is handling his or her job?

           Approve    Disapprove    No opinion
1/19/98      71           21              8


15. Do you think the member of Congress from the area where you live deserves to be re-elected, or not?

          Yes    No    No opinion
1/19/98    68    24         8


16. I am going to mention four phrases and ask you which one best describes how you feel about the way the federal government works. Do you feel enthusiastic, satisfied but not enthusiastic, dissatisfied but not angry, or angry?

            ------Positive--------     ------Negative------
            Pos.  Enthusi-  Satis-     Neg.  Dissat-         None/  No
            NET   astic     fied       NET   isfied   Angry  Other Opin.
1/19/98      46      2        43       53      45       8     1     *
8/27/97      34      2        33       64      52      11     2     1
3/17/96      29      2        27       70      54      16     NA    *
1/4/95       29      2        27       69      53      16     *     1
11/6/94 **   28      2        26       70      49      21     1     1
10/31/94     26      1        25       73      55      18     1     1
10/23/94     28      1        26       71      52      20     *     *
10/9/94      25      2        24       72      53      19     2     *
9/11/94      26      2        25       73      53      20     NA    *
3/27/94      30      1        29       68      48      20     1     1
2/28/93      33      4        29       66      50      16     *     *
7/8/92       23      1        22       76      53      23     *     1
6/7/92       21      1        20       79      58      21     *     1
4/9/92       21      1        20       79      55      24     1     *
3/18/92      22      1        21       77      54      23     1     * 
3/11/92      18      1        17       80      60      20     1     1
**Registered voters 

17. How much of the time do you trust the government in Washington to do what is right - would you say just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time?

               Just about    Most of    Some of   None of the      No 
                 always      the time   the time  time (vol.)     opin.
1/19/98             4           27         66         3             *
8/27/97             2           20         76        NA             1
5/6/96              5           29         62         4             *
11/19/95            3           22         67         6             1
3/19/95             3           19         69         8             1
10/31/94            2           18         75         4             *
1/23/94             3           21         68         8             1
1/17/93             5           23         67         5             1
1/27/91             7           39         52         2             *
10/21/91            8           28         58         5             1
3/4/91              7           38         52         3             *
1/27/91             7           39         52         2             *
9/9/90              7           35         55         2             1
1/16/90             8           31         58         3             *
1/23/88             6           34         59         2             *
6/1/87              9           39         51         1             *
1/18/87             7           37         55        NA             1
9/8/86              6           34         58         2             *
7/29/85             6           32         58         3             1
3/25/85             5           32         60         2             1
2/26/85             5           38         55         1             1
1982**              2           31         61         2             4
1980                2           23         69         4             2    
1978                3           27         64         4             3
1976                3           30         62         1             3
1974                3           34         61         1             2
1972                5           48         44         1             2
1970                7           47         44         -             2
1968                7           54         36         -             2
1966               17           48         28         3             4
1964               14           62         22         -             2
1958               16           57         23         -             4
** 1982 and previous: Michigan - American National Election Study

18. Who do you trust to do a better job coping with the main problems the nation faces over the next few years - Clinton or the Republicans in Congress?

           Clinton   Repubs.   Both (vol.)   Neither (vol.)   No opin.
1/19/98      48        40           2               8             2
3/9/97       49        38           4               8             2
1/15/97*     51        37           3               7             2
1/29/95      40        46           4               8             2
1/4/95       30        54           3               9             4
12/20/94     34        60          NA              NA            6
12/15/94     34        49           3               9            6
*"the Clinton administration"


19. Who do you feel deserves the most credit for trying to balance the federal budget, President Clinton or the Republicans in Congress?

          Clinton   Repubs.   Both (vol.)   Neither (vol.)   No opin.
1/19/98      44        41           4               6             4
5/26/96      40        33           3              16             7


20. If there is surplus money in the federal budget in the next year or so, who would you trust more to decide what to do with the surplus - Clinton or the Republicans in Congress?

           Clinton   Repubs.   Both (vol.)   Neither (vol.)   No opin.
1/19/98      43        45           1               8             3


21. Which of these do you think should be the top priority for any surplus money in the federal budget - cut federal income taxes, put it toward reducing the national debt, strengthen the Social Security system, or increase spending on other domestic programs?

        Cut income    Reduce         Social    Domestic       No
          taxes    national debt    Security   programs    opinion
1/19/98    16           29             39         14           1


22. Which of the following four statements comes closest to your own view of the Social Security program?

           --The Program has problems (NET)--       No        No
           NET    Crisis     Major      Minor    problems    opinion
1/19/98    97      34         46        17          2         2


23. Which of the following four statements comes closest to your own view of the Medicare program?

           --The Program has problems (NET)--       No        No
           NET    Crisis     Major      Minor    problems    opinion
1/19/98    95      25         46        24          2         2


24. As you may know, people are now covered by the Medicare health insurance program starting at age 65. A new proposal would let people buy Medicare coverage starting three years earlier, at age 62, for about $300 a month. Would you support or oppose this plan?

           Support    Oppose    No opinion
1/19/98      62         34           5 


25. Another proposal would let people who are laid off from their jobs buy Medicare coverage starting at age 55 for about $400 a month. Would you support or oppose this plan?

           Support    Oppose    No opinion
1/19/98      56         41            3


26. On another subject, would you support or oppose raising federal taxes on cigarettes and other tobacco products?

           Support    Oppose    No opinion
1/19/98      67         32           2 

27. Would you support or oppose raising the minimum wage, which is now five dollars and fifteen cents an hour?

           Support    Oppose    No opinion
1/19/98      76         23           2 

COMPARE TO:
I'm going to mention a few specific things Clinton proposed in his speech. For each one, please tell me whether you support or oppose it. How about (read item). (Get answer, then ask) Do you think Clinton will be able to get that done, or not?

Raising the minimum wage, which is now four dollars and twenty five cents an hour.

               Support   Oppose    No opin.
1/23/96  ALL     83        15         1
1/23/96 WATCH    84        15         1
1/24/95  ALL     76        22         2
1/24/95 WATCH    76        22         2

28. Do you think the federal government should spend more, less, or the same amount of money on child care programs for low-income and working parents, or don't you think the federal government should play a role here at all?

                                     Don't think gov't      No
             More    Less    Same    should play role    opinion
1/19/98       50       5      15            26              3 

29. I'm going to read you a few names. For each, please tell me if you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of that person, or perhaps you don't know enough to say. How about (Read name)?

Summary table:
                Favorable   Unfavorable   No opinion
Bill Clinton       59           35             6
Al Gore            48           36            17
Hillary Clinton    52           39             9
Newt Gingrich      32           49            19
George W. Bush,Jr. 34           13            53
Bill Gates         49           16            35
Full wording and Trend (where available):
Bill Clinton
                    Favorable    Unfavorable    No opinion
1/19/98                59            35               6
1/12/98                59            33               7
10/13/97               59            37               4
9/10/97                57            38               5
3/9/97                 60            38               3
9/4/96**               58            38               4 
6/30/96                56            38               5
10/30/95               54            41               6
7/17/95                59            38               3
6/8/95                 53            43               4
3/19/95                55            42               3
10/31/94               51            44               5
5/15/94                57            40               3
3/27/94                59            37               4
1/23/94                60            32               8
11/14/93               58            37               5 
11/11/93               52            43               6
8/8/93                 56            39               5
4/26/93                59            29              12
2/23/93                59            30              11
1/17/93                68            20              11
10/18/92*              56            36               8
9/27/92*               55            36               9
8/23/92**              54            36              10
7/19/92**              58            23              18
7/8/92                 52            33              15
6/7/92                 41            38              21
3/18/92                37            37              26
3/11/92                39            31              30
2/2/92                 37            24              39
1/27/92                23            11              66
10/21/91               13             9              78
* Likely voters
** Registered voters
Al Gore
                  Favorable    Unfavorable    No opinion
1/19/98                48          36          17
10/13/97               45          40          15
9/10/97                49          33          19
4/24/97                53          29          19
3/9/97                 56          29          15
3/19/95                57          27          16
10/31/94               41          37          22
5/15/94                58          27          15
3/27/94                57          25          18
11/14/93               56          28          15
8/23/92**              52          19          29 
7/19/92**              55          12          33
** Registered voters
Hillary Clinton
            Favorable    Unfavorable    No opin
1/19/98        52            39             9
3/9/97         47            44             9
9/4/96**       47            42            12  
6/30/96        44            47             9
1/21/96        28            36            36
1/19/96        32            34            34
10/31/94       47            44             8
5/15/94        54            41             5
3/27/94        53            39             8
1/23/94        55            34            11
11/14/93       58            33             9
8/8/93         59            33             8
4/26/93        54            26            20
2/23/93        59            24            18
1/17/93        51            20            29
7/8/92         30            26            43
3/28/92        28            22            51
** Registered voters
Newt Gingrich
            Favorable    Unfavorable    No opin.
1/19/98        32            49              19
9/10/97        26            52              22
4/24/97        23            59              18
9/4/97**       26            55              19
6/30/96        25            57              18
10/30/95       29            45              26
7/17/95        34            46              20
6/8/95         32            51              18
3/19/95        31            46              23
** Registered voters
George W. Bush Junior, who is the governor of Texas
            Favorable    Unfavorable    No opin.
1/19/98        34            13             53
Bill Gates, head of the Microsoft Corporation
            Favorable    Unfavorable    No opin.
1/19/98        49            16             35

30. On another subject, do you use a computer at home, work or school on a regular basis, or not? (If yes:) Is that mainly at home, work, or school?

          ------------------Yes---------------------
          NET   Home    Work    School    Split(vol.)    No    No opin.
1/19/98    60    17      23        4          16         39        *

31. Do you have a generally favorable or unfavorable impression of the Microsoft Corporation, which sells computer software and is involved in other businesses?

            Favorable    Unfavorable    No opinion
1/19/98        63            18              19
10/28/97 *     73            17              11
*Gallup, among PC users (54%)

32. Do you think the Microsoft Corporation has grown mainly by doing a better job than its competitors, or mainly by using unfair tactics against its competitors?

           Better job    Unfair tactics    No opinion
1/19/98        50            22                27

33. Which of these statements comes closer to your opinion: A. Microsoft is too big and the government should rein it in, or B. Microsoft is not too big and the government should leave it alone.

            Statement A    Statement B    No opinion
1/19/98         23             66             11

34. Do you think the government should sue to have Microsoft broken up into smaller companies, or not?

             Should sue    Should not sue    No opinion
1/19/98          15              72               13

35. Overall, which party, the Democrats or the Republicans, do you trust to do a better job in coping with the main problems the nation faces over the next few years?

                                        Both equally   Neither     No
             Democrats    Republicans     (vol.)       (vol.)     opin.
1/19/98         45            42             2            7        4
7/8/97          44            37             2           14        3
9/15/96**       45            38             3           11        3
8/5/96          43            38             3           11        3
6/30/96         46            37             3           12        3
5/22/96         47            38             3           10        3
11/6/94**       41            39             2           12        6
10/31/94        43            43             2            8        4
10/23/94        39            40             3           15        3
9/11/94         43            40             4           11        3
6/26/94         41            36             3           14        5 
2/27/94         46            32             4           16        3 
11/14/93        42            39             3           11        4 
1/17/93         49            28             5           13        5 
7/8/92          48            38             1            8        4 
6/7/92          43            37             3           11        6 
3/11/92         45            37             1           11        5 
3/8/92          51            36             1            7        5 
2/2/92          49            39             2            7        3 
12/15/91        39            37             3           15        6 
10/21/91        39            40             3           13        5 
** Registered voters

36. (Asked of half sample) Which political party, the Democrats or the Republicans, do you trust to do a better job on:(read items)

1/19/98
                           Dems      Reps     Both    Neither   No opin.
A. Handling the 
   nation's economy         45        44        3          6        3
B. Handling the
   crime problem            39        42        5          9        5
C. Handling foreign
   affairs                  41        45        4          4        6
D. Improving education
   and the schools          54        34        4          5        3
E. Maintaining a strong
   national defense         37        53        5          2        3
F. Helping the middle
   class                    57        34        1          6        2
G. Holding taxes down       45        44        2          6        2
H. Encouraging high moral  
   standards and values     40        41        4         12        3
I. Balancing the federal
   budget                   41        43         3          8        4
J. Changing the way that
   political campaigns are
   financed                 33        41        4         16        6
K. Protecting the social 
   security system          48        38        3          7        5
L. Protecting the Medicare
   system                   52        33        3          6        6
M. Helping the poor         61        27        4          5        3
N. protecting the 
   environment              54        31        3          6        5
O. Reducing the problem of 
   illegal drugs            33        41        6         13        7
P. Providing affordable  
   health care              54        33        2          7        4
TREND AND FULL WORDING (where available)
a. Handling the nation's economy
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             45        44        3          6        3
7/8/97              43        39        5         12        2
10/23/94            38        43        3         14        2
9/11/94             39        43        3         11        4
2/27/94             47        36        3         11        3
2/2/92              49        38        2          7        4
12/15/91            43        36        4         11        5
3/4/91              32        49        5         10        4
1/16/90             33        52        4          7        4
b. Handling the crime problem
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             39        42        5          9        5
7/8/97              38        34        7         16        4
10/23/94            36        34        5         19        6
9/11/94             43        33        6         13        6
2/27/94             39        32        7         18        3
2/2/92              39        35        7         11        7
12/15/91            34        35        8         15        7
3/4/91              28        46        9         12        4
1/16/90             31        43        8         12        6
c. Handling foreign affairs
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             41        45        4          4        6
7/8/97              38        40        7          8        7
10/23/94            36        45        6         10        3
9/11/94             31        52        6          6        5
2/27/94             35        49        5          8        3
2/2/92              33        56        4          3        4
12/15/91            29        56        6          5        5
3/4/91              23        59        8          6        4
1/16/90             29        55        6          5        5
d. Improving education and the schools
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             54        34        4          5        3
7/8/97              51        30        5          9        4
10/23/94            45        30        6         13        6
9/11/94             48        33        6          8        5
2/27/94             53        28        5         11        3 
2/2/92              55        29        6          5        5
12/15/91            47        31        6         10        6
3/4/91              39        41        8          9        4
1/16/90             45        36        7          9        3
e. Maintaining a strong national defense
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             37        53        5          2        3
7/8/97              32        50        7          7        5
10/23/94            31        53        6          7        3
9/11/94             30        58        5          4        4
2/27/94             24        62        5          5        4
2/2/92              29        60        4          3        4
12/15/91            26        60        5          5        4
3/4/91              17        68        7          4        3
1/16/90             25        62        6          4        4
f. Helping the middle class
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             57        34        1          6        2
7/8/97              51        30        3         14        3
10/23/94            48        33        2         14        3
9/11/94             46        36        3         10        4
2/27/94             47        34        2         14        3
2/2/92              55        34        2          7        3
12/15/91            56        28        3         10        4
3/4/91              48        34        5          9        4
1/16/90             53        32        3          9        4
g. Holding taxes down
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             45        44        2          6        2
7/8/97              41        38        3         15        4
10/23/94            37        42        2         17        2
9/11/94             36        47        2         11        4
2/27/94             35        41        4         18        2
2/2/92              41        45        3          8        3
12/15/91            40        38        3         14        5
3/4/91              35        44        5         13        3
1/16/90             37        47        2         10        4
h. Encouraging high moral standards and values
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             40        41        4         12        3
7/8/97              33        37        6         19        4
i. Balancing the federal budget
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             41        43         3          8        4
7/8/97              39        36         5         17        3
COMPARE TO:
Reducing the federal budget deficit
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
10/23/94            36        37        3         21        3
9/11/94             39        40        4         14        4
2/27/94             44        28        5         20        3
2/2/92              40        39        4         14        3
3/4/91              35        43        5         14        3
1/16/90             35        42        4         15        4
j. Changing the way that political campaigns are financed
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             33        41        4         16        6
7/8/97              34        31        4         23        7
k. protecting the social security system
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             48        38        3          7        5
1/16/90             52        31        3          9        4
l. Protecting the Medicare system
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             52        33        3          6        6
NEED TREND
m. helping the poor
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             61        27        4          5        3
10/23/94            58        22        4         13        3
9/11/94             62        25        3          6        4
2/27/94             62        20        3         12        3
2/2/92              66        24        3          5        3
12/15/91            63        21        4          8        4
3/4/91              64        22        5          5        4
1/16/90             62        25        2          7        3
n. protecting the environment
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             54        31         3         6        5
3/4/91              40        35        10        10        5
1/16/90             46        31         8         9        6
o. reducing the problem of illegal drugs
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             33        41         6        13        7
3/4/91              26        48         9        13        4
1/16/90             28        47         9        11        6
p. Providing affordable health care
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
1/19/98             54        33        2          7        4
10/23/94            46        29        2         21        2
9/11/94             51        29        3         12        5
2/27/94             58        22        5         11        3
2/2/92              60        25        3          8        4
12/15/91            57        23        3         11        5

37. What do you think is more important for Congress to do - help the president get things done that he wants to do, or prevent the president from going too far?

          Help president     Prevent president         No
          get things done    from going too far     opinion
1/19/98         50                  46                  4

38. Right now, are you inclined to vote to re-elect your representative in Congress in the next election or are you inclined to look around for someone else to vote for?

                 Re-elect      Look around      Depends(vol.)   No opin.
1/19/98             47             41              7               4
8/27/97             34             52              9               5
11/6/94**           37             47              7               8
10/31/94            35             56              2               7
10/23/94            32             58              4               6
9/11/94             36             53              4               7
6/26/94             35             54              6               5
3/27/94             32             56              6               7
1/23/94             32             46             10              12
11/14/93            38             52              5               5
7/8/92              34             54              3               9
6/7/92              36             53              4               7
4/9/92              33             56              3               8
3/11/92             36             54              3               7
2/2/92              38             51              4               7
10/21/91            31             55              7               6
6/2/91              37             49              5               9
11/4/90*            41             50             NA               8
10/14/90            36             57             NA               7
5/21/90             43             50              3               3
5/23/89             45             44              4               6
*Likely voters
** Registered voters

39. (Asked of half sample) I'd like you to rate the chances that you will vote in the next election for Congress - are you absolutely certain to vote, will you probably vote, or are the chances 50-50 or less that you will vote?

            Absolutely      Probably    Chances 50-50     No
          certain to vote     Vote         Or less      Opinion
1/19/98         63             17            20            *
40. (Asked of half sample) I'd like you to rate the chances that you will vote in the next election for Congress - do you think that like many people you will probably not vote, or would you say you might vote but you're not sure now, or are you absolutely certain to vote in that election?
         Probably    Might vote but     Absolutely          No
         not vote      Not sure       certain to vote    Opinion
1/19/98      5            27                67               *

41. If the election for president in the year 2000 were being held today and the candidates were Vice President Al Gore, the Democrat, and Texas Governor George W. Bush Junior, the Republican, for whom would you vote?

                         Neither    Would not
          Gore    Bush   (vol.)     vote (vol.)    No opinion
1/19/98    40      45       5            2               7
COMPARE TO:

1. If the election for president in the year 2000 were being held today and the candidates were Vice President Al Gore, the Democrat, and Republican Governor of Texas George W. Bush, son of the former president, for whom would you vote?

                         Neither    Would not
          Gore    Bush   (vol.)     vote (vol.)    No opinion
1/19/98    35      40      4           12               9

42. You may have heard or read that a former Arkansas state employee named Paula Jones has charged Clinton sexually harassed her in 1991 while he was still governor. Clinton has denied the charge. Just your best guess -- do you think that Jones was or was not sexually harassed by Clinton, or don't you know enough about it to say?

              Was harassed    Was not harassed    No opinion
1/19/98            28               33                38
7/8/97             21               27                52      
5/27/97            23               21                56      
1/15/97            24               29                47
6/8/94             18               34                48
5/15/94            17               35                47

43. On another subject, for each professional sport I name, please tell me if you consider yourself to be a fan of that sport or not. First, football. [IF FAN, ASK:] Are you a big fan, or not so big?

           ---------Fan----------
           NET   Big   Not so big    Not a fan    No opinion
1/19/98    66     41        25           34           0 

44. (Asked of fans of professional football) Would you say your interest in professional football has increased, decreased or stayed about the same over the past five or so years?

           Increased    Decreased    Stayed the same   No opinion
1/19/98        33           15             52                0

45. (Asked of those who are not fans of professional football) Have you ever considered yourself a professional football fan, or not?

             Yes    No    No opinion
1/19/98        7    93         0

46. (Asked of those who are no longer fans of professional football or their interest in professional football decreased) Why do you think your interest in professional football decreased? (VBA)

47. What about professional basketball. Do you consider yourself to be a fan or not? [IF FAN, THEN ASK:] Are you a big fan, or not so big?

           ---------Fan----------
           NET   Big   Not so big    Not a fan    No opinion
1/19/98    43     21        22           56           * 

48. (Asked of fans of professional basketball) Would you say your interest in professional basketball has increased, decreased or stayed about the same over the past five or so years?

           Increased    Decreased    Stayed the same   No opinion
1/19/98        36           15             49                *

49. (Asked of those who are not fans of professional basketball) Have you ever considered yourself a professional basketball fan, or not?

             Yes    No    No opinion
1/19/98        6    94         0
50. (Asked of those who are no longer fans of professional basketball or their interest in professional basketball decreased) Why do you think your interest in professional basketball decreased? (VBA)

51. What about professional baseball. Do you consider yourself to be a fan or not? [IF FAN] Are you a big fan, or not so big?

           ---------Fan----------
           NET   Big   Not so big    Not a fan    No opinion
1/19/98    47     22        25           53           * 

52. (Asked of fans of professional baseball) Would you say your interest in professional baseball has increased, decreased or stayed about the same over the past five or so years?

           Increased    Decreased    Stayed the same   No opinion
1/19/98        24           23             53                0

53. (Asked of those who are not fans of professional baseball) Have you ever considered yourself a professional baseball fan, or not?

             Yes    No    No opinion
1/19/98       14    86         0

54. (Asked of those who are not fans of professional baseball or their interest in professional basball decreased) Why do you think your interest in professional baseball decreased? (VBA) 55. One question just for fun - as far as you know would you say that you personally have or have not been affected by the weather phenomenon known as El Nino?

             Yes    No    No opinion
1/19/98       37    60         3

56. (Asked of those who have been affected by El Nino) How so? (VBA) 100. (and 101) Thinking about the U.S. House of Representatives election in November, 1998 in the Congressional District where you live, if that election were being held today, for whom would you vote: the Democratic candidate or the Republican candidate? Likely voters: Net leaned vote:

                                     Neither   Wouldn't
                 Democrat Republican (vol.)   vote (vol.)  No opin.
10/8/96             48        44        2         1           5
9/29/96             48        43        3         1           6
9/22/96             50        44        2         *           4
9/15/96*            47        48        2         *           3
9/4/96              47        46        3         *           4
8/29/96             53        39        3         0           5
8/28/96             49        41        3         0           6
8/27/96             50        43        3         0           5
8/26/96             49        43        3         0           5
8/25/96             46        45        3         0           5
8/24/96             45        46        2         0           6
8/19/96             47        45        2         0           6
8/18/96             45        47        3         0           5
8/15/96             46        44        4         1           5
8/14/96             46        44        3         1           6
8/13/96             47        45        3         0           5
8/12/96             48        44        3         0           5
8/11/96             48        41        5         0           6
8/10/96             47        43        4         1           5
8/4/96              48        46        1         1           4
10/23/94            49        47        1         *           2    
10/9/94             47        49        3         1           1
11/4/90             52        41        5         *           3
10/14/90            48        43        5         0           3
9/9/90              47        45        3         *           4
7/24/90             52        40        4         *           3
10/16/84            51        45        2         NA          4
9/11/84             51        46        1         NA          1
7/8/84              54        44        2         NA          *
10/27/82            59        39        NA        NA          2
10/11/82            55        38        NA        NA          7
Registered voters:
Net leaned vote:
                                   Neither   Wouldn't
                 Democrat Republican (vol.)   vote (vol.)  No opin.
1/19/98             47        44        3         1           5
10/8/96             51        41        2         1           5
9/29/96             48        41        3         1           7
9/22/96             50        43        2         1           4
9/15/96*            49        45        1         1           4
9/4/96              48        44        3         *           5
8/29/96             53        39        3         1           5
8/28/96             51        40        3         1           5
8/27/96             51        41        3         0           5
8/26/96             51        41        3         0           5
8/25/96             48        43        3         1           6
8/24/96             47        43        2         1           6
8/19/96             49        42        3         0           6
8/18/96             45        46        3         0           6
8/15/96             46        43        4         1           5
8/14/96             48        42        3         1           6
8/13/96             49        43        3         0           5
8/12/96             49        42        3         1           5
8/11/96             49        40        4         1           6
8/10/96             49        41        4         1           5
8/4/96              48        45        2         1           4
6/30/96             *          3
5/22/96             52        41        3         1           3
3/10/96             51        43        2         *           4
1/21/96             52        43        3         1           1
10/1/95             49        44        3         *           3
11/6/94             47        42        5         2           5
10/31/94            48        44        4         1           3
10/23/94            50        45        2         1           2
10/9/94             46        47        3         2           2
9/11/94             50        45        1         1           4
8/7/94              49        42        4         1           4
2/27/94             50        40        8         1           2
11/92**             51        46    
10/21/91            51        41        4         *           4
7/28/91             49        41        6         *           3
6/2/91              48        42        4         1           5
11/90**             54        46         
11/4/90             51        41        5         *           3
10/14/90            50        41        5         *           3
9/9/90              47        46        3         *           3
7/24/90             51        41        4         1           4
5/21/90             47        45        5         1           2
11/88**             54        46        
9/21-10/10/88       52        41        2         1           4
9/19/88             51        39        3         1           6
11/86**             55        45        
6/22/85             48        44        5         *           3
11/84**             53        47        
10/16/84            52        44        2         NA          5
9/11/84             53        45        2         NA          1
7/8/84              58        40        2         NA          1
11/82**             57        43        
10/27/82            58        39        NA        NA          3
10/11/82            55        36        NA        NA          9
9/13/82             58        36        NA        NA          6
11/22/81            53        41        NA        NA          7
11/80**             51        49        
11/78**             54        46        
11/76**             57        43        
* indicates percentage of less than .5
** Actual voters
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