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  Washington Post Poll: The Senate Calls Witnesses

Sunday, January 31, 1999

The latest Washington Post poll is based on random telephone interviews with 1,013 adults on January 28-30, 1999. The margin of error is plus or minus 3.0 percentage points.

Clinton Job Approval | Vote Not to Dismiss | Witnesses
| Censure | Electoral Repercussions | Fairness | Favorability | Effect on Country

LV = Likely voter
RV = Registered voter
* = Less than 0.5 percent
1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bill Clinton is handling his job as president? (GET ANSWER, THEN ASK: Do you feel that way strongly, or only somewhat?)
           ------Approve-----------    -------Disapprove--------   No  
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Somewhat   Strongly  opin.
1/30/99     65     43         22         33       7        26       2
1/19/99     66     NA         NA         32      NA        NA       2
1/13/99     63     NA         NA         34      NA        NA       3
1/10/99     62     NA         NA         36      NA        NA       1
12/20/98    67     48         20         30       6        23       3  
12/19/98    66     47         19         31       7        24       3  
12/13/98    64     43         21         35      10        25       2  
12/11/98    60     NA         NA         37      NA        NA       3
11/22/98    61     NA         NA         34      NA        NA       5  
11/7/98     63     NA         NA         36      NA        NA       1  
11/1/98     65     41         25         33      10        23       1  
11/1/98  LV 58     40         18         41      10        31       1  
10/10/98    67     48         19         30       8        23       3
10/10/98LV  61     47         14         38       8        30       1
10/25/98    62     40         22         32       8        23       6  
10/25/98 LV 58     42         15         40       8        32       2  
10/18/98    62     40         22         34       9        25       4  
10/18/98 LV 57     39         18         41       7        34       2  
9/28/98     63     42         21         35       8        26       2  
9/28/98  LV 57     43         14         43       6        37       1  
9/21/98     60     NA         NA         39      NA        NA       1  
9/14/98     59     NA         NA         37      NA        NA       4  
9/13/98 eve 60     NA         NA         38      NA        NA       2
9/13/98 day 59     NA         NA         37      NA        NA       3  
9/12/98     59     NA         NA         39      NA        NA       3  
9/11/98     56     NA         NA         42      NA        NA       3  
9/9/98      57     NA         NA         40      NA        NA       3  
8/23/98     64     NA         NA         33      NA        NA       3  
8/21/98     66     41         25         31      10        21       3  
8/20/98     65     NA         NA         32      NA        NA       3  
8/19/98     60     NA         NA         38      NA        NA       2  
8/17/98     61     NA         NA         36      NA        NA       3  
8/16/98     62     NA         NA         33      NA        NA       4  
7/29/98     63     NA         NA         33      NA        NA       4  
7/12/98     63     34         29         31      11        20       6  
6/18/98     59     NA         NA         34      NA        NA       7  
6/2/98      61     NA         NA         34      NA        NA       5  
5/12/98     64     NA         NA         32      NA        NA       4  
4/4/98      65     NA         NA         31      NA        NA       4  
4/1/98      66     NA         NA         29      NA        NA       4  
3/17/98     66     NA         NA         30      NA        NA       4  
3/16/98     63     NA         NA         34      NA        NA       3  
2/18/98     67     NA         NA         30      NA        NA       3  
1/31/98     67     42         24         29      10        19       4  
1/30/98     69     NA         NA         27      NA        NA       4
1/29/98     68     NA         NA         27      NA        NA       5  
1/26/98     60     NA         NA         35      NA        NA       4  
1/25/98     59     31         28         37      13        25       4  
1/24/98     57     30         26         40      13        27       3  
1/19/98     60     24         36         35      15        19       5  
1/13/98     62     NA         NA         31      NA        NA       7  
11/12/97    59     NA         NA         35      NA        NA       6  
10/13/97    59     NA         NA         36      NA        NA       6  
8/27/97     58     NA         NA         37      NA        NA       5  
7/8/97      64     NA         NA         31      NA        NA       5  
6/8/97      59     NA         NA         36      NA        NA       5  
4/24/97     56     NA         NA         39      NA        NA       5  
3/25/97     56     NA         NA         33      NA        NA      11  
3/9/97      55     NA         NA         41      NA        NA       4  
10/8/96 LV  58     NA         NA         38      NA        NA       4  
10/8/96 RV  59     NA         NA         37      NA        NA       4  
9/4/96  RV  57     NA         NA         38      NA        NA       4  
8/5/96      59     NA         NA         37      NA        NA       4  
6/30/96     56     NA         NA         39      NA        NA       5  
5/22/96     58     20         37         39      17        22       3  
3/31/96     52     21         30         40      16        25       8  
3/7/96      53     19         34         45      19        26       2
3/10/96     55     23         32         40      17        24       4 
4/21/96     51     NA         NA         43      NA        NA       6 
1/7/96      53     22         31         43      16        28       4 
11/19/95    54     NA         NA         41      NA        NA       5 
11/13/95    54     20         34         41      20        21       5 
10/1/95     52     17         35         43      19        24       5 
7/17/95     51     14         37         45      20        25       4 
6/8/95      47     NA         NA         45      NA        NA       8 
5/14/95     56     20         36         41      23        18       3 
3/19/95     52     17         35         45      19        26       3 
3/5/95      46     NA         NA         49      NA        NA       4 
1/29/95     54     20         34         43      21        22       3 
1/4/95      45     13         31         51      22        29       5 
12/20/94    44     NA         NA         50      NA        NA       6 
11/6/94  RV 52     20         32         43      16        26       5 
10/31/94    48     17         31         49      19        30       3 
10/23/94    49     18         31         48      19        29       4 
10/9/94     45     13         32         51      21        30       4 
9/25/94     44     13         31         51      20        31       5 
9/11/94     46     15         30         51      19        33       3 
8/16/94     44     NA         NA         51      NA        NA       5 
8/7/94      47     17         31         47      20        27       5
6/26/94     50     16         34         44      17        28       6  
5/15/94     51     19         32         44      17        28       4  
3/27/94     57     23         34         41      16        25       3  
3/22/94     47     NA         NA         45      NA        NA       7  
3/08/94     52     NA         NA         40      NA        NA       8  
2/27/94     58     20         38         38      15        23       4  
1/23/94     56     22         34         34      14        20      10  
1/9/94      59     20         39         36      15        21       4  
12/19/93    58     22         36         40      20        20       3  
11/14/93    49     16         33         45      20        25       6  
10/31/93    52     17         35         41      17        24       7  
10/10/93    51     20         31         43      18        25       5  
10/3/93     52     19         33         36      14        22      12  
9/19/93     51     NA         NA         41      NA        NA       8  
8/8/93      45     16         29         51      19        32       4  
6/28/93     43     13         29         50      19        31       7  
6/15/93     45     NA         NA         48      NA        NA       7  
5/23/93     46     17         30         48      18        30       6  
4/26/93     59     22         37         39      17        21       2  
2/28/93     60     28         32         33      11        22       7  
2/23/93     63     28         35         30      11        19       7  
2/14/93     54     23         31         31      15        16      15 

2. As you may know, the House of Representatives has voted to impeach Clinton, and the Senate is holding a trial to decide whether or not Clinton should be removed from office. This week the Senate voted to continue with the trial and not dismiss the impeachment charges against Clinton. Do you approve or disapprove of the Senate's decision to continue with the trial?
           Approve    Disapprove    No opinion
1/30/99     44           55             1      

3. As you may know, the Senate has also voted to take private testimony from three witnesses in the trial: Monica Lewinsky, attorney Vernon Jordan and White House aide Sidney Blumenthal. Do you approve or disapprove of the Senate's decision to take testimony from these witnesses?
           Approve    Disapprove    No opinion
1/30/99     47           52             1      

3b. Do you think this testimony should be made available to the general public or not?

           Yes    No    No opinion
1/30/98     56    42         2

4. At the end of the trial the Senate will vote to decide whether or not Clinton should be removed from office. Do you think the Senate should or should not remove Clinton from office?

                 Remove    Don't remove     No opin.
1/30/99            33           64             3
1/19/99            36           60             4
1/13/99*           33           64             3
1/10/99*           33           65             2
12/20/98*          33           66             2 
12/19/98*          34           65             1 
12/15/98**         39           59             1 
12/13/98***        38           61             1
12/11/98           38           60             2
12/6/98            33           64             3
11/22/98           30           66             4
11/1/98            27           71             2
11/1/98  LV        33           65             3
10/25/98           29           66             5
10/25/98 LV        32           62             6
10/18/98           29           68             3
10/18/98 LV        34           62             3
9/28/98            31           66             3
9/28/98  LV        38           60             2
9/21/98            41           57             2
9/14/98            38           59             3
9/13/98****        30           64             6
8/3/98*****        24           70             6
8/19/98*****       30           65             5
8/17/98*****       25           69             6
8/16/98******      35           59             6
7/29/98******      39           57             4
7/12/98*******     39           55             7
1/31/98******      40           51             9
1/25/98******      55           40             5
1/24/98******      54           41             5
1/23/98******      55           38             7
*"Again, the House of Representatives has voted to impeach Clinton and next the Senate will hold a trial to decide whether or not he should be removed from office.." **If the House does impeach Clinton.. ***"The full House will vote on impeachment next week, and if the House impeaches Clinton the Senate will decide whether he should be removed from office. Based on what you know, do you think Congress should or should not impeach Clinton and remove him from office? ****Washington Post: "As you may know, the independent counsel Kenneth Starr has delivered a report to Congress summarizing his investigation of the Lewinsky matter. Based on what you know or have heard..." ***** "If he does not resign, do you think..." ****** "If Clinton lied by testifying under oath last January that he did not have an affair with Lewinsky, and he did not resign, is this something for which Clinton should be impeached, or not?" *******"If Starr reports to Congress that he has evidence that Clinton had an affair with Lewinsky and lied about it under oath, do you think..."

5. Do you think the Senate should or should not censure or officially reprimand Clinton for his actions in the Monica Lewinsky matter?

             Censure    No censure    No opin.
1/30/99        60          35            5
1/13/99        56          40            4
1/10/99        57          38            5
12/13/98*      59          37            4
12/11/98       61          34            4
12/6/98        59          38            3
11/1/98        59          38            3
11/1/98  LV    62          34            4
10/18/98       60          34            5
10/18/98 LV    64          32            4
9/28/98        61          33            6
9/28/98  LV    64          33            3
9/21/98        64          31            4
9/14/98        68          26            6
9/11/98        67          26            8
9/9/98         66          29            4
8/23/98        55          40            5
* 12/13 and previous: should "Congress" censure

6. Just your best guess -- Do you think the Senate will or will not remove Clinton from office?

            Will remove       Will not remove     No
           him from office    him from office    opin.
1/30/99         17                  79             4
12/20/98        35                  60             5
12/19/98        35                  58             7
12/15/98*       37                  60             4
*Again, just your best guess - if the House does impeach Clinton, do you think the Senate will or will not remove him from office?_

7. (and 8) Thinking about the next U.S. House of Representatives election in the congressional district where you live, if that election were being held today, for whom would you vote: the Democratic candidate or the Republican candidate?

Registered voters:
                                     Neither   Wouldn't
                 Democrat Republican (vol.)   vote (vol.)  No opin.
1/30/99             49        39        8         1           3
11/1/98             51        43        4         *           2
10/25/98            48        43        3         1           4
10/18/98            49        44        3         1           4
10/10/98            50        40        4         2           5
9/28/98   42% VAP*  46        49        2         *           3
9/28/98             49        44        2         *           4
9/13/98             49        43        3         1           4
8/21/98             48        45        3         1           3
7/12/98             47        45        2         #           6
1/31/98             49        40        2         1           8
1/19/98             47        44        3         1           5
11/96 ACTUAL        50        50
10/8/96             51        41        2         1           5
9/29/96             48        41        3         1           7
9/22/96             50        43        2         1           4
9/15/96             49        45        1         1           4
9/4/96              48        44        3         *           5
8/29/96             53        39        3         1           5
8/28/96             51        40        3         1           5
8/27/96             51        41        3         0           5
8/26/96             51        41        3         0           5
8/25/96             48        43        3         1           6
8/24/96             47        43        2         1           6
8/19/96             49        42        3         0           6
8/18/96             45        46        3         0           6
8/15/96             46        43        4         1           5
8/14/96             48        42        3         1           6
8/13/96             49        43        3         0           5
8/12/96             49        42        3         1           5
8/11/96             49        40        4         1           6
8/10/96             49        41        4         1           5
8/4/96              48        45        2         1           4
6/30/96             49        44        3         *           3
5/22/96             52        41        3         1           3
3/10/96             51        43        2         *           4
1/21/96             52        43        3         1           1
10/1/95             49        44        3         *           3
11/94 ACTUAL        46.5      53.5
11/6/94             47        42        5         2           5
10/31/94            48        44        4         1           3
10/23/94            50        45        2         1           2
10/9/94             46        47        3         2           2
9/11/94             50        45        1         1           4
8/7/94              49        42        4         1           4
2/27/94             50        40        8         1           2
11/92 ACTUAL        51        46
10/21/91            51        41        4         *           4
7/28/91             49        41        6         *           3
6/2/91              48        42        4         1           5
11/90 ACTUAL        54        46
11/4/90             51        41        5         *           3
10/14/90            50        41        5         *           3
9/9/90              47        46        3         *           3
7/24/90             51        41        4         1           4
5/21/90             47        45        5         1           2
11/88 ACTUAL        54        46
9/21-10/10/88       52        41        2         1           4
9/19/88             51        39        3         1           6
11/86 ACTUAL        55        45
6/22/85             48        44        5         *           3
11/84 ACTUAL        53        47
10/16/84            52        44        2         NA          5
9/11/84             53        45        2         NA          1
7/8/84              58        40        2         NA          1
11/82 ACTUAL        57        43
10/27/82            58        39        NA        NA          3
10/11/82            55        36        NA        NA          9
9/13/82             58        36        NA        NA          6
11/22/81            53        41        NA        NA          7
11/80 ACTUAL        51        49
11/78 ACTUAL        54        46
11/76 ACTUAL        57        43
*ABC News

9. If your U.S. Senator voted in favor of removing Clinton from office, would that make you more likely to support your senator in the next election, more likely to oppose your senator for re-election, or wouldn't it make much difference in your vote?

            Support    Oppose    No diff.    No opin.
1/30/99       21         27        50           2
1/13/99       18         30        50           2
1/10/99       19         31        48           2
12/15/98*     20         28        50           2
*"If your representative" voted to "impeach"

10. How would you feel if the Senate decides to remove Clinton from office -- would you be pleased about that, satisfied but not pleased, dissatisfied but not angry, or angry?

          ------Pleased/Satisfied----   --Dissatisfied/Angry---
               Pleased     Satisfied,         Dissatified,         No
         NET  about that  not pleased    NET   not angry  Angry   opin.
1/30/99   40      19           21         58       35       23      2
12/20/98  37      20           17         62       27       35      1
12/19/98  39      20           19         60       24       36      1

11. Overall, do you think that the impeachment proceedings in the House of Representatives were fair to Clinton, or unfair? (GET ANSWER, THEN ASK: Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?}

          ----------Fair -------      -------Unfair ---------     No
          Net    Strngly    Smewht    Net    Strngly   Smewht    opin.
1/30/99    49      31         18      46       32         13       5

12. And from what you've seen so far, do you think that the impeachment proceedings in the Senate have been fair to Clinton, or unfair? (GET ANSWER, THEN ASK: Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat?}

          ----------Fair -------       -----Unfair ---            No
          Net    Strngly    Smewht    Net    Strngly   Smewht    opin.
1/30/99    53      33         21      39       30         10        7

13. What's your biggest concern: that the trial will end before the Senate has had a chance to examine all of the important issues, or that the trial will last longer than it needs to?

           End before         Trial           No
        important issues    last longer    opinion
1/30/99       24                72            4

14. (ASKED OF HALF SAMPLE) Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of Bill Clinton? (GET ANSWER THAN ASK: Do you feel that way strongly, or only somewhat?)

             ----Favorable ----       ---Unfavorable ---           No
            Net  Strngly    Smewht    Net  Strngly    Smewht    opinion
1/30/99      54    35         19      42      30        12         3
9/28/98      48    NA         NA      47      NA        NA         5
8/23/98      45    NA         NA      49      NA        NA         6
8/21/98      56    NA         NA      40      NA        NA         4
8/19/98      39    NA         NA      57      NA        NA         4
7/12/98      54    NA         NA      40      NA        NA         6
5/12/98      54    NA         NA      42      NA        NA         4
4/4/98       55    NA         NA      39      NA        NA         6
2/18/98      56    NA         NA      41      NA        NA         3
1/30/98      60    NA         NA      35      NA        NA         6
1/25/98      54    NA         NA      42      NA        NA         5
1/24/98      51    NA         NA      44      NA        NA         5
1/19/98      59    NA         NA      35      NA        NA         6
1/12/98      59    NA         NA      33      NA        NA         7
10/13/97     59    NA         NA      37      NA        NA         4
9/10/97      57    NA         NA      38      NA        NA         5
3/9/97       60    NA         NA      38      NA        NA         3
9/4/96 RV    58    NA         NA      38      NA        NA         4
6/30/96      56    NA         NA      38      NA        NA         5
10/30/95     54    NA         NA      41      NA        NA         6
7/17/95      59    NA         NA      38      NA        NA         3
6/8/95       53    NA         NA      43      NA        NA         4
3/19/95      55    NA         NA      42      NA        NA         3
10/31/94     51    NA         NA      44      NA        NA         5
5/15/94      57    NA         NA      40      NA        NA         3
3/27/94      59    NA         NA      37      NA        NA         4
1/23/94      60    NA         NA      32      NA        NA         8
11/14/93     58    NA         NA      37      NA        NA         5
11/11/93     52    NA         NA      43      NA        NA         6
8/8/93       56    NA         NA      39      NA        NA         5
4/26/93      59    NA         NA      29      NA        NA        12
2/23/93      59    NA         NA      30      NA        NA        11
1/17/93      68    NA         NA      20      NA        NA        11
10/18/92 LV  56    NA         NA      36      NA        NA         8
9/27/92  LV  55    NA         NA      36      NA        NA         9
8/23/92  RV  54    NA         NA      36      NA        NA         10
7/19/92  RV  58    NA         NA      23      NA        NA         18
7/8/92       52    NA         NA      33      NA        NA         15
6/7/92       41    NA         NA      38      NA        NA         21
3/18/92      37    NA         NA      37      NA        NA         26
3/11/92      39    NA         NA      31      NA        NA         30
2/2/92       37    NA         NA      24      NA        NA         39
1/27/92      23    NA         NA      11      NA        NA         66
10/21/91     13    NA         NA      9       NA        NA         78

15. (ASKED OF HALF SAMPLE)Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of the Republicans in Congress, or don't you know enough to say?

           Favorable    Unfavorable    No opinion
1/30/99       22            30             48
12/20/98      23            34             43
12/19/98      25            34             40           

16. (ASKED OF HALF SAMPLE)Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of the Democrats in Congress, or don't you know enough to say?

           Favorable    Unfavorable      No opinion
1/30/99       26            23              50
12/20/98      29            21              49
12/19/98      32            22              46           
17. Do you think the Clinton/Lewinsky issue has damaged Clinton's ability to serve effectively as president, or not? (IF YES ASK: Has it damaged it a great deal, or only somewhat?)
            ------------Yes-------------
            NET   Great Deal    Somewhat    No    No opinion
1/30/99*     43        25           17       56         1
12/20/98*    38        24           14       60         2
12/19/98     39        23           16       59         2
10/18/98     49        29           20       49         1
10/18/98LV   55        36           19       43         2
9/28/98      54        35           19       45         1
9/28/98LV    58        42           16       42         *
9/13/98      58        41           17       42         1
8/23/98      52        27           25       47         2
8/19/98      58        34           24       40         2
* Asked of half sample
18. Do you think the Clinton/Lewinsky issue has damaged Congress' ability to do its work effectively, or not? (IF YES ASK: Has it damaged it a great deal, or only somewhat?)
                 ------------Yes-------------
           NET   Great Deal    Somewhat    No    No opinion
1/30/99*    56        36           20      40         4
12/20/98*   52        27           26      44         4
12/19/98*   51        26           25      46         3
* Asked of half sample
19. If the Senate removes Clinton from office, do you think the country would be better off, worse off, or don't you think that would make much of a difference?
         Better off   Worse off    No difference   No opinion     
1/30/99      15          48            35              1
12/13/98     13          51            33              3

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