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Washington Post - ABC News Poll: Iraq

Tuesday, February 11, 2003

The latest Washington Post-ABC News poll is based on telephone interviews with 1,001 randomly selected adults nationwide, and was conducted Feb. 6-9, 2003. The margin of sampling error for overall results is plus or minus 3 percentage points. Sampling error is only one of many potential sources of error in this or any other public opinion poll. Interviewing was conducted by TNS Intersearch of Horsham, Pa.

*= less than 0.5 percent

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling his job as president? Do you approve/disapprove strongly or somewhat?

              ---------Approve---------   --------Disapprove-------    No 
             NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat   opin.
2/9/03       64       42         21      34       20         14        3
2/1/03       62       41         21      34       22         13        4
1/28/03      62       43         19      36       23         13        2
1/27/03      59       39         21      37       22         15        4
1/20/03      59       36         23      38       22         16        2
12/15/02     66       37         28      32       20         12        2
11/4/02  LV  67       45         23      31       20         12        1
11/3/02  LV  67       45         22      32       20         12        1
11/2/02  LV  67       47         20      32       23          9        1
10/27/02 All 67       39         28      29       16         13        4
10/27/02 LV  68       47         21      30       16         14        3
9/26/02      67       42         25      30       18         12        3
9/8/02       71       42         28      27       15         12        3
7/28/02      69       39         31      28       14         14        3
7/15/02      72       42         31      25       13         12        2
6/17/02      74       42         32      22       13          9        4
6/9/02       77       41         36      20       11          9        3
5/19/02      76       48         28      22       13          8        3
4/21/02      78       47         31      20       10          9        2
3/28/02      79       49         30      18       10          8        3
3/10/02      82       52         30      16        7          9        2
1/27/02      83       56         27      14        7          7        3
12/19/01     86       64         22      12        6          6        2
11/27/01     89       69         21       9        5          4        1
11/6/01      89       65         24       9        4          5        2
10/9/01      92       76         16       6        3          3        1
9/27/01      90       70         20       6        3          3        4
9/13/01      86       63         23      12        6          5        2
9/9/01       55       26         29      41       22         20        3
8/12/01      61       28         33      31       17         14        8
7/30/01      59       28         30      38       22         17        3
6/3/01       55       27         28      40       22         18        6
4/22/01      63       33         30      32       16         16        5
3/25/01      58       NA         NA      33       NA         NA        8
2/25/01      55       NA         NA      23       NA         NA       22

2. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bush is handling: 2/9/03 - Summary Table*

    
                                           Approve    Disapprove    No op.
a. The situation with Iraq and 
   Saddam Hussein                             61          37           2
b. The economy                                47          49           4
c. The U.S. campaign against terrorism        74          23           4
d. The federal budget                         45          45          10
e. The situation with North Korea             50          36          14

*All respondents asked item a. Half sample asked b-c, other half asked d-e.

Trend:

a. The situation with Iraq and Saddam Hussein

                         Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
2/9/03                      61            37              2
2/5/03 All                  61            32              7
       Watched Powell*      65            31              5
       Didn't watch         55            35             10
2/1/03                      61            35              3
1/28/03                     58            38              4
1/27/03                     57            40              3
1/20/03                     50            46              4
12/15/02                    58            37              5
11/4/02  LV                 56            40              4
11/3/02  LV                 57            40              4
11/2/02  LV                 56            41              3
10/27/02 All                57            38              5
10/27/02 LV                 61            37              3
9/26/02                     58            39              3
9/14/02                     65            31              4
8/29/02                     52            36             12
*Listened, watched, heard or read about it

b. The economy

            Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
2/9/03        47            49              4
2/1/03        44            52              4
1/28/03       46            49              4
1/27/03       47            47              5
1/20/03       43            53              4
1/5/03        50            43              7  
12/15/02      50            46              4                
11/4/02  LV   53            45              2                
11/3/02  LV   52            46              2                
11/2/02  LV   55            43              2                
10/27/02      51            43              6                
10/27/02 LV   53            44              3                
9/26/02       51            47              3                
9/8/02        57            40              4                
7/28/02       57            39              4                
7/15/02       58            38              3                
4/21/02       64            33              3                
1/27/02       62            34              4                
12/19/01      67            27              6                
11/6/01       72            23              5                
9/9/01        48            48              4                
7/30/01       52            45              3                
6/3/01        53            41              6                
4/22/01       55            38              7                
3/25/01       50            42              8                

c. The U.S. campaign against terrorism

             ---------Approve---------   --------Disapprove-------    No 
             NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat   opin.
2/9/03       74       NA         NA      23       NA         NA        4
2/1/03       75       NA         NA      21       NA         NA        3
1/27/03      72       NA         NA      26       NA         NA        2
1/20/03      71       NA         NA      25       NA         NA        4
12/15/02     79       NA         NA      20       NA         NA        1
11/4/02  LV  76       NA         NA      22       NA         NA        1
11/3/02  LV  77       NA         NA      22       NA         NA        3
11/2/02  LV  78       NA         NA      21       NA         NA        2
10/27/02 All 74       NA         NA      23       NA         NA        4
10/27/02 LV  78       NA         NA      20       NA         NA        2
9/26/02      70       NA         NA      28       NA         NA        2
9/8/02       74       NA         NA      24       NA         NA        2
7/28/02      81       NA         NA      17       NA         NA        2
7/15/02      83       NA         NA      15       NA         NA        2
5/19/02      79       51         27      19       10          9        3
4/21/02      81       56         25      18       10          7        2
3/10/02      88       64         24      10        5          5        2
1/27/02      88       NA         NA      10       NA         NA        2
12/19/01     89       67         22       9        5          4        2
10/15/01     92       75         17       5        3          3        3

d. The federal budget

            Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
2/9/03        45            45             10
2/1/03        47            46              8
1/20/03       43            47             10
7/15/02       50            42              8
1/27/02       59            30             12
9/9/01        46            48              6
7/30/01       53            42              5


e. The situation with North Korea

            Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
2/9/03        50            36             14
1/20/03       54            36             10
 

3. In general, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in the United States at this time?

             Satisfied    Dissatisfied    No opinion
2/9/03           49            49              2
7/30/01          53            47              1
11/4/00 LV       61            36              3
11/3/00 LV       61            35              4
11/2/00 LV       62            35              4

4. Which of these two nations do you think poses a greater threat to the United States - (North Korea) or (Iraq)?

           North               Both      Neither      No
           Korea     Iraq     (vol.)      (vol.)     opin.
2/9/03       33       56         7          1          3
1/5/03       35       55         7          2          2


5. Would you describe the state of the nation's economy these days as excellent, good, not so good or poor?

                   ----Excellent/Good-----    -----Not so good/Poor-----   No  
               NET   Excellent    Good    NET    Not so good   Poor    op.
2/9/03         28        1         27     72        49          23      *
1/20/03        25        1         25     74        48          26      1
12/15/02       35        1         33     65        44          21      1
11/4/02 LV     28        1         27     72        55          17      1
11/3/02 LV     27        1         26     72        56          17      1
11/2/02 LV     29        1         28     71        54          17      *
9/26/02        31        2         28     69        50          19      *
7/15/02        39        3         36     61        44          17      1
2/21/02        30        1         29     69        51          18      *
1/27/02        31        1         29     69        50          19      *
9/20/01        38        3         35     60        47          14      2
9/9/01         33        1         32     66        47          19      *
7/30/01        50        3         46     50        39          12      *
4/22/01        50        3         47     50        40           9      *
1/15/01        70       10         59     29        24           6      1 
10/27/00 LV    86       24         61     14        11           3      * 
10/26/00 LV    86       24         61     14        11           3      * 
6/11/00        74       17         57     26        19           6      *  
2/27/00        80       25         55     20        14           5      *  
10/31/99       74       18         56     26        18           7      1  
9/2/99         76       19         57     23        16           6      1  
3/14/99        80       22         58     19        15           4      1  
11/1/98        73       12         61     26        21           5      1  
11/1/98  LV    78       13         65     22        19           3      *  
10/13/97       61       12         49     39        27          11      *


6. How do you feel about (READ ITEM) - very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried or not worried at all?

2/9/03 - Summary Table:

                                     ------Worried-----   ------Not worried-----   No     
                                     NET   Very   Smwt.   NET   Not too   At all   op.
a. The situation with North Korea    71     20     51     26      18         8      3
b. The situation with Iraq           77     39     38     22      14         8      1
c. The economic situation            70     23     47     30      23         7      1

7. Would you favor or oppose having U.S. forces take military action against Iraq to force Saddam Hussein from power? Would you say you favor/oppose military action against Iraq strongly or only somewhat?

                        ---------Favor---------    ---------Oppose--------   No 
                        NET  Strongly  Somewhat    NET  Strongly  Somewhat   op.
2/9/03                  66      46        21       31      17        14       2
2/5/03 All              67      45        22       27      17        11       6
       Watched Powell   71      51        20       24      15         9       5
       Didn't watch     61      37        23       32      18        13       7
2/1/03                  66      48        19       31      18        14       3
1/28/03                 63      43        19       32      20        13       5
1/27/03                 61      40        21       36      21        15       3
1/20/03                 57      40        17       41      25        16       3
12/15/02                62      41        20       35      20        15       3
11/17/02                64      NA        NA       29      NA        NA       7
9/26/02                 61      NA        NA       34      NA        NA       5
9/14/02                 68      NA        NA       29      NA        NA       3
8/29/02                 56      NA        NA       34      NA        NA      10
8/11/02                 69      NA        NA       22      NA        NA       9
3/10/02                 72      NA        NA       24      NA        NA       4     
2/21/02                 67      46        21       30      12        18       4
1/27/02                 71      NA        NA       24      NA        NA       4
12/19/01                72      NA        NA       24      NA        NA       5
11/27/01                78      NA        NA       17      NA        NA       6
10/11/94*               72      NA        NA       23      NA        NA       5
1/15/93**               82      NA        NA       15      NA        NA       3 
8/21/92 RV              65      NA        NA       30      NA        NA       5 
2/9/92                  62      NA        NA       35      NA        NA       3
4/22/91                 51      NA        NA       43      NA        NA       6
4/5/91                  54      NA        NA       37      NA        NA       9
3/15/91                 57      NA        NA       38      NA        NA       5
*10/11/94 and previous: Gallup
**1/15/93 and previous: Would you support or oppose having U.S. forces 
resume military action...?  


8. (IF FAVOR, Q7) What if the United Nations opposes such action - in that case would you favor or oppose having U.S. forces take military action against Iraq?

Q7/8 NET


                             Favor     Oppose     No opinion
2/9/03                       50        47            3
2/5/03 All                   49        46            5
       Watched Powell        55        41            4
       Didn't watch          41        53            6
2/1/03                       51        46            3
1/28/03                      46        50            4
1/27/03                      44        52            3
12/15/02*                    37        58            5                          
*Wording: Would you favor or oppose having U.S. forces take military action 
against Iraq, even if the United Nations opposes such action?

             Less than a        A few     A few         More        No
           few weeks (vol.)     weeks     months     than that     opin.
2/5/03            15              44        28           10          3
2/1/03            10              41        33           13          3

9. (IF FAVOR, Q7) What if the United Nations opposes such action but some U.S. allies such as Great Britain, Australia and Italy support it - in that case would you favor or oppose having U.S. forces take military action against Iraq?

Q7/9 NET

           Favor     Oppose     No opinion
2/9/03       57         40            3

10. Do you think the Bush administration has or has not presented enough evidence to show why the United States should use military force to remove Saddam Hussein from power?

                           Enough    Not enough     No opinion
2/9/03                       63          34              2
2/5/03 All                   61          34              5
       Watched Powell        70          27              3    
       Didn't watch          48          44              8      
2/1/03                       54          41              4
1/20/03                      48          47              6

11. Do you think the United States has or has not presented strong evidence showing that Iraq (READ ITEM)?

  2/9/03 Summary Table:
                                               Has     Has not     No opin.
a. has chemical and biological weapons          69        28           3
b. is trying to develop nuclear weapons         62        33           5
c. has provided direct support to the 
   Al Qaeda terrorist group                     55        37           8
d. is not cooperating with the United 
   Nations weapons inspectors                   75        21           4

Trend:

a. has chemical and biological weapons 

                            Has     Has not     No opin.
2/9/03                      69         28           3
2/5/03 All                  71         23           6
       Watched Powell       78         19           3  
       Didn't watch         60         29          11 

b. is trying to develop nuclear weapons 

                            Has     Has not     No opin.
2/9/03                      62         33           5
2/5/03 All                  61         30          10
       Watched Powell       64         28           8
       Didn't watch         56         32          13

c. has provided direct support to the Al Qaeda terrorist group

                            Has     Has not     No opin.
2/9/03                      55         37           8
2/5/03 All                  49         37          14
       Watched Powell       50         38          12
       Didn't watch         47         37          17

d. is not cooperating with the United Nations weapons inspectors              

                            Has     Has not     No opin.
2/9/03                      75         21           4
2/5/03 All                  73         22           4
       Watched Powell       78         20           2
       Didn't watch         66         26           8



12. Before deciding whether to attack Iraq, how much longer do you think the administration should give the United Nations weapons inspectors to search for chemical, biological and nuclear weapons there - a few weeks, a few months, or more than that?

                               -------Weeks or less------    ---Months or more---
                            Less than few    Few            Few              No
                       NET   weeks (vol.)   weeks     NET  months   More     op.
2/9/03                 59        13           47      38     28      11       2
2/5/03 All             59        15           44      38     28      10       3
       Watched Powell  66        18           49      31     21      10       2 
       Didn't watch    48        11           37      48     38       9       4
2/1/03                 51        10           41      46     33      13       3



13. Do you think the U.N. inspectors will or will not be able to find hard evidence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq?

          Will     Will not     No opin.
2/9/03     38         55            7



14. What do you think is more important - (for the United States to move quickly against Iraq, even if that means acting without international support); or (for the United States to gain international support, even if that delays action against Iraq)?

                             Move        Gain          No
                            quickly     support     opinion
2/9/03                        37          59           4
2/5/03 All                    41          55           5
       Watched Powell         48          49           3
       Didn't watch           29          64           6
1/27/03                       31          64           5



15. How much of a chance do you think there is that diplomacy and negotiation can resolve the problem with Iraq - is there a good chance of that, some chance, little chance, or hardly any chance?

               ------Good/Some------    ------Little/Hardly any/None------  
                  Good     Some            Little   Hardly any    None      No
            NET  chance   chance     NET   chance     chance     (vol.)    opin.
2/9/03      30      7       23       69      28         35          6        1
1/20/03     38     11       27       60      25         31          5        2

16. How about in the situation involving North Korea? How much of a chance do you think there is that diplomacy and negotiation can resolve the problem with North Korea - is there a good chance of that, some chance, little chance, or hardly any chance?

                 ------Good/Some------    ------Little/Hardly any/None------  
                  Good     Some            Little   Hardly any    None      No
            NET  chance   chance     NET   chance     chance     (vol.)    opin.
2/9/03      65     26       39       30      19          9          2        5
1/20/03     78     36       43       18      10          7          1        4


17. What's the chance you might change your mind on whether the United States should or should not attack Iraq - is there a good chance you might change your mind on that, some chance, little chance or no chance of it?

                  ------Good/Some------    -----Little/None-----
                  Good     Some           Little     No        No
            NET  chance   chance     NET  chance   chance     opin.
2/9/03      38      7       31       60     26       33         2


18. Suppose the United States goes to war with Iraq. After the war ends, do you think the United States should or should not work to rebuild and stabilize Iraq?

      
           Should     Should not     No opin.
2/9/03       65           32             3


19. (IF SHOULD, Q18) What if that means the United States would need to keep 50,000 U.S. troops in Iraq for several years and would spend 15 billion dollars a year rebuilding Iraq. In that case would you favor or oppose the U.S. rebuilding Iraq?

Q18/19 NET

 
           Favor     Oppose     No opinion
2/9/03      37         56            7


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