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Washington Post-ABC News Poll

Friday, May 2, 2003

The latest Washington Post-ABC News poll is based on telephone interviews with 1,105 randomly selected adults nationwide, and was conducted April 27-30, 2003. The poll included an oversample of 102 African American respondents. Final results were adjusted to reflect the country's actual racial distribution. The margin of sampling error for overall results is plus or minus 3 percentage points. Sampling error is only one of many potential sources of error in this or any other public opinion poll. Interviewing was conducted by TNS Intersearch of Horsham, Pa.

*= less than 0.5 percent

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling his job as president? Do you approve/disapprove strongly or somewhat?

             ---------Approve---------   --------Disapprove-------    No       
             NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat   opin.     
4/30/03      71       50         22      26        9         17        3
4/16/03      74       52         22      23       14          9        3
4/9/03       77       58         19      20       14          6        4
4/3/03       71       54         16      25       19          7        4
3/23/03      68       NA         NA      27       NA         NA        4
3/20/03      67       NA         NA      28       NA         NA        5
3/2/03       62       38         23      35       22         13        4
2/23/03      60       NA         NA      34       NA         NA        6
2/9/03       64       42         21      34       20         14        3
2/1/03       62       41         21      34       22         13        4
1/28/03      62       43         19      36       23         13        2
1/27/03      59       39         21      37       22         15        4
1/20/03      59       36         23      38       22         16        2
12/15/02     66       37         28      32       20         12        2
11/4/02  LV  67       45         23      31       20         12        1
11/3/02  LV  67       45         22      32       20         12        1
11/2/02  LV  67       47         20      32       23          9        1
10/27/02 All 67       39         28      29       16         13        4
10/27/02 LV  68       47         21      30       16         14        3
9/26/02      67       42         25      30       18         12        3
9/8/02       71       42         28      27       15         12        3
7/28/02      69       39         31      28       14         14        3
7/15/02      72       42         31      25       13         12        2
6/17/02      74       42         32      22       13          9        4
6/9/02       77       41         36      20       11          9        3
5/19/02      76       48         28      22       13          8        3
4/21/02      78       47         31      20       10          9        2
3/28/02      79       49         30      18       10          8        3
3/10/02      82       52         30      16        7          9        2
1/27/02      83       56         27      14        7          7        3
12/19/01     86       64         22      12        6          6        2
11/27/01     89       69         21       9        5          4        1
11/6/01      89       65         24       9        4          5        2
10/9/01      92       76         16       6        3          3        1
9/27/01      90       70         20       6        3          3        4
9/13/01      86       63         23      12        6          5        2
9/9/01       55       26         29      41       22         20        3
8/12/01      61       28         33      31       17         14        8
7/30/01      59       28         30      38       22         17        3
6/3/01       55       27         28      40       22         18        6
4/22/01      63       33         30      32       16         16        5
3/25/01      58       NA         NA      33       NA         NA        8
2/25/01      55       NA         NA      23       NA         NA       22



2. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bush is handling:

4/30/03 - Summary Table*

                                            Approve    Disapprove    No op.
a. The economy                                52          45           3
b. The situation in Iraq                      75          22           2
c. Education                                  59          34           7
d. Social Security                            49          38          13
e. Prescription drug benefits 
   for the elderly                            44          40          17 
f. The environment                            49          40          11
g. The situation with North Korea             61          27          12 
h. The cost, availability and coverage 
   of health insurance                        34          57           9
i. Homeland security                          74          23           3 
j. Taxes                                      50          46           4
k. The federal budget                         43          50           6 
l. The situation between Israel 
   and the Palestinians                       54          33          12
m. The US campaign against terrorism          79          19           2

*Half sample asked a-g, other half asked h-m.

Trend:

a. The economy

                Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03           52            45              3
2/9/03            47            49              4
2/1/03            44            52              4
1/28/03           46            49              4
1/27/03           47            47              5
1/20/03           43            53              4
1/5/03            50            43              7  
12/15/02          50            46              4                
11/4/02  LV       53            45              2                
11/3/02  LV       52            46              2                
11/2/02  LV       55            43              2                
10/27/02          51            43              6                
10/27/02 LV       53            44              3                
9/26/02           51            47              3                
9/8/02            57            40              4                
7/28/02           57            39              4                
7/15/02           58            38              3                
4/21/02           64            33              3                
1/27/02           62            34              4                
12/19/01          67            27              6                
11/6/01           72            23              5                
9/9/01            48            48              4                
7/30/01           52            45              3                
6/3/01            53            41              6                
4/22/01           55            38              7                
3/25/01           50            42              8  

b. The situation in Iraq

                 Approve     Disapprove     No opinion                
4/30/03           75            22              2

Compare to: The situation with Iraq and Saddam Hussein

3/27/03           69            26              5
3/23/03           71            26              3
3/20/03           65            29              5
3/17/03           64            29              7
3/9/03            55            38              8
2/23/03           55            39              6                    
2/9/03            61            37              2                    
2/5/03            61            32              7                    
2/1/03            61            35              3                    
1/28/03           58            38              4                    
1/27/03           57            40              3                    
1/20/03           50            46              4                    
12/15/02          58            37              5                    
11/4/02  LV       56            40              4                    
11/3/02  LV       57            40              4                    
11/2/02  LV       56            41              3                    
10/27/02          57            38              5                    
9/26/02           58            39              3                    
9/14/02           65            31              4                    
8/29/02           52            36             12

c. Education

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03        59            34              7
12/15/02       62            30              8
9/26/02        61            32              7
7/15/02        62            31              6
1/27/02        71            21              8
9/9/01         61            32              7
7/30/01        63            31              5
6/3/01         57            35              8
4/22/01        60            28             12


d. Social Security

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03        49            38             13
12/15/02       49            38             13
9/26/02        42            43             15
7/15/02        54            35             11
1/27/02        54            28             18
9/9/01         41            50              9
7/30/01        46            48              6
6/3/01         46            40             14


e. Prescription drug benefits for the elderly

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03        44            40             17
2/1/03         46            35             19


f. The environment

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03        49            40             11
12/15/02       50            40             10

Compare to: Environmental issues

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/26/02        49            40             11
7/15/02        52            39              9
1/27/02        54            31             15
9/9/01         50            44              6
7/30/01        45            49              6
6/3/01         41            50              9
4/22/01        47            41             12
3/25/01        46            41             13

g. The situation with North Korea

              Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03        61            27             12
2/9/03         50            36             14
1/20/03        54            36             10

h. The cost, availability and coverage of health insurance

              Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03        34            57              9
1/28/03        40            47             13          
1/20/03        36            51             13          
12/15/02       33            58              9          

i. Homeland security

              Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03        74            23              3
12/15/02       67            27              5


j. Taxes

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03        50            46              4
2/1/03         51            43              7
1/20/03        50            45              5
12/15/02       51            44              5

k. The federal budget

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03        43            50              6
2/9/03         45            45             10
2/1/03         47            46              8
1/20/03        43            47             10
7/15/02        50            42              8
1/27/02        59            30             12
9/9/01         46            48              6
7/30/01        53            42              5

l. The situation between Israel and the Palestinians

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03        54            33              12
7/15/02        59            34               7
4/21/02        57            35               8


m. The U.S. campaign against terrorism

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03        79            19               2
2/9/03         74            23               4
2/1/03         75            21               3
1/27/03        72            26               2
1/20/03        71            25               4
12/15/02       79            20               1
11/4/02  LV    76            22               1
11/3/02  LV    77            22               3
11/2/02  LV    78            21               2
10/27/02 All   74            23               4
10/27/02 LV    78            20               2
9/26/02        70            28               2
9/8/02         74            24               2
7/28/02        81            17               2
7/15/02*       83            15               2
5/19/02        79            19               3
4/21/02        81            18               2
3/10/02        88            10               2
1/27/02        88            10               2
12/19/01       89             9               2
10/15/01       92             5               3

*Strongly/somewhat follow, 7/15 and previous

3. Do you think things in this country (are generally going in the right direction) or do you feel things (have gotten pretty seriously off on the wrong track)?

                Right      Wrong     No
              direction    track    opin. 
4/30/03          52         46        2
9/26/02          43         53        4
2/21/02          54         42        4
2/14/99          55         41        4
11/1/98          55         43        2
11/1/98 LV       55         44        1
8/21/98          57         40        4
7/12/98          50         45        6
4/4/98           55         41        4
1/31/98          61         34        5
1/30/98          61         34        5
1/19/98          44         50        6
8/27/97          39         57        4
6/8/97           37         60        3
3/9/97           34         62        4
10/17/96 RV      40         55        5
10/16/96 RV      42         53        5
10/15/96 RV      43         52        5
10/14/96 RV      44         51        5
10/13/96 RV      44         51        5
9/04/96  RV      40         54        6
8/21/96          28         67        5
6/30/96          26         70        5
3/17/96          27         70        3
1/21/96          27         66        6
1/3/96           21         77        3
4/5/95           23         73        3
1/4/95           27         68        6
10/31/94         27         69        4
7/20/94          26         70        4
3/27/94          28         69        3
1/23/94          31         60       10
11/14/93         25         69        6
8/8/93           26         71        3
6/20/93          26         71        3
4/26/93          27         71        2
3/11/93          36         57        7
2/28/93          37         59        4
1/17/93          31         63        6
12/14/92         35         60        5
10/27/92 RV      22         76        2
10/4/92  RV      18         78        4
6/7/92           14         83        3
4/9/92           16         81        3
3/11/92          18         79        4
1/15/92          19         78        3
11/10/91         24         72        4
10/29/91         26         71        3
8/27/91          31         60        9
7/28/91          30         67        3
6/2/91           39         57        4
4/9/91           42         51        7
2/26/91          58         39        3
1/27/91          49         48        4
10/14/90         19         79        2
9/9/90           36         60        4
8/20/90          35         60        5
7/24/90          37         60        2
5/21/90          39         60        2
3/26/90          44         53        2
2/4/90           49         48        3
1/16/90          48         49        3
5/23/89          42         55        3
3/16/89          46         52        2
1/16/89  LV      51         46        3
10/25/88 RV      49         46        6
9/27/88          48         44        8
7/11/88          40         56        4
5/25/88          35         59        6
3/21/88          40         56        4
1/23/88          39         59        2
12/13/87         49         47        4
12/2/87          35         61        4
9/23/87          43         54        4
6/29/87          35         62        3
4/13/87          37         60        3
3/9/87           38         58        4
1/18/87          39         56        5
9/8/86           50         48        2
1/26/86          45         47        8
7/29/85          52         43        6
1/16/85          59         36        4
5/22/84          47         48        5
12/13/83         43         51        6
11/7/83          51         44        5
4/12/83          41         54        4
3/2/83           43         53        3
1/25/83          58         39        3
1/25/83          43         52        4
10/11/82         35         57        8
1/30/82          39         56        5
2/80             20         70       10
2/78             34         53       13
2/77             41         44       14
10/75            19         71        9
10/74            15         75       11
10/73            16         74       10

4. If the 2004 presidential election were being held today, would you vote for (George W. Bush, the Republican) or for (the Democratic nominee for president)?

Net Leaned Vote:

                     Democratic     Other     Neither      Would         No
            Bush      nominee       (vol.)     (vol.)     not vote     opinion
4/30/03      53          40           *          2           1            3

5. How about if the candidates were (George W. Bush, the Republican), and (Joseph Lieberman, the Democrat,) for whom would you vote?

Net Leaned Vote:

                                   Other      Neither      Would         No
            Bush     Lieberman     (vol.)      (vol.)     not vote     opinion
4/30/03      61          34          *           2           1            2

6. How about if the candidates were (George W. Bush, the Republican), and (John Kerry, the Democrat,) for whom would you vote?

Net Leaned Vote:

                               Other      Neither      Would         No
            Bush     Kerry     (vol.)      (vol.)     not vote     opinion
4/30/03      60        34        *           2           1            2

7. How about if the candidates were (George W. Bush, the Republican), and (Richard Gephardt, the Democrat,) for whom would you vote?

Net Leaned Vote:

                                  Other      Neither      Would         No
            Bush     Gephardt     (vol.)      (vol.)     not vote     opinion
4/30/03      60          35         *           2           1            2

8. Do you think the U.S. campaign against terrorism is going very well, fairly well, not too well or not well at all?

             ----------Well----------     --------Not well--------     No
            NET      Very     Fairly     NET     Not too   At all     op. 
4/30/03     83        26        57       16        10        6         1
9/26/02     73        15        58       26        17        9         1
9/8/02      70        10        60       29        21        8         1
7/15/02     75        15        60       24        16        8         1
4/21/02     73        11        63       26        17        9         1
3/10/02     84        21        63       15        10        6         1
1/27/02     88        32        56       11         8        4         1

9. All in all, considering the costs to the United States versus the benefits to the United States, do you think the war with Iraq was worth fighting, or not?

              Worth      Not worth       No
            fighting     fighting      opinion
4/30/03        70           27            4
2/2/92*        66           32            2
7/28/91        67           30            3
6/2/91         70           26            3
3/4/91         86           13            1
*2/2/92 and previous: "the Persian Gulf war"
**3/4/91: "this war" 

10. How do you feel about the possibility that the United States will get bogged down in a long and costly peacekeeping mission in Iraq - would you say you're very concerned about that, somewhat concerned, not too concerned or not concerned at all?

             -----Concerned------     ------Not concerned-----      No
            NET    Very    Smwt.     NET    Not too    At all     opin.   
4/30/03     72      34      39       27       19          9         *  
4/16/03     73      31      42       26       19          7         1  
4/9/03      62      24      39       35       24         11         3  

11. Do you think the United States should or should not allow a fundamentalist Islamic government to be established in Iraq?

             Should     Should not     No opinion
4/30/03       39           47             14

12. (IF SHOULD NOT) What if it wins an open, democratic election? In that case do you think the United States should or should not allow a fundamentalist Islamic government to be established in Iraq?

            Should     Should not     No opinion
4/30/03       50           46              5

13. (IF SHOULD) What if it demands that all United States forces leave Iraq? In that case do you think the United States should or should not allow a fundamentalist Islamic government to be established in Iraq?

             Should     Should not     No opinion
4/30/03       59           35              6

14. As a result of the war, do you yourself feel more safe from terrorism, less safe from terrorism, or hasn't the war affected the way you feel?

                              Has not         No                
            More     Less     affected     opinion
4/30/03      36       16         47           1

15/16. During the war with Iraq, do you think one political party supported the war more than the other, or do you think they were equal in their support of the war? (IF ONE SUPPORTED MORE THAN THE OTHER) Which party supported the war more?

             ------One more-----      Both       No
             NET    Dems    Reps     equal     opinion
4/30/03      51       2      49        45         4
3/6/91*      19       1      18        73         8
*CBS/NY Times.

17. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is doing its job?

            Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
4/30/03       57            37              6
9/26/02       51            43              6
7/15/02       57            36              7
2/21/02       57            39              4
1/27/02       58            35              7
12/19/01      59            34              7
9/9/01        45            48              7
7/30/01       48            48              4
4/22/01       58            33              8
10/31/99      42            53              6
9/2/99        46            47              7
6/6/99        48            46              6
3/14/99       44            49              7
2/14/99       46            50              4    
12/20/98      44            51              5    
12/19/98      45            50              5    
12/13/98      49            46              5    
11/7/98       41            55              4    
11/1/98       49            47              5    
11/1/98 LV    47            51              2    
10/25/98      45            44             11    
10/25/98 LV   45            48              7    
10/18/98      46            45              8    
10/18/98 LV   45            49              5    
9/28/98       52            44              4    
9/28/98 LV    52            46              2 
8/21/98       55            39              6          
7/12/98       46            44             11          
5/12/98       45            45              9          
4/4/98        47            45              8          
1/31/98       55            35             10          
1/30/98       55            35             10          
1/25/98       56            37              8          
1/24/98       55            38              7          
1/19/98       47            49              5          
10/13/97      36            57              7          
8/27/97       39            54              7          
7/8/97        40            53              6          
4/24/97       40            53              7          
3/9/97        35            60              5          
8/5/96        42            52              7          
6/30/96       35            58              7          
5/22/96       35            60              5          
3/10/96       30            64              6          
1/7/96        31            65              5          
11/19/95      27            68              5          
10/1/95       32            65              3 
7/17/95       34            63              3         
3/19/95       39            56              5         
1/29/95       42            52              6         
10/31/94      21            72              8         
10/23/94      18            78              4         
9/11/94       24            70              5         
6/26/94       34            61              5         
3/27/94       35            62              3         
2/27/94       32            64              4         
1/23/94       29            60             11         
11/14/93      28            66              6         
8/8/93        33            64              3         
4/26/93       30            69              2         
1/17/93       29            66              6         
4/9/92        17            78              5         
3/18/92       19            76              5         
3/8/92        22            73              6         
2/2/92        32            64              4         
12/15/91      35            59              6         
10/21/91      45            50              5         
6/2/91        49            46              5 
10/14/90      34            63              3                  
2/4/90        41            55              4                  
1/16/90       39            55              6                  
8/21/89       42            53              5                  
5/23/89       54            44              2                  
2/14/89       53            44              3                  
1/23/88*      43            53              4                  
6/1/87*       56            40              4                  
6/22/85*      54            37              9                  
5/83*         33            43             24                  
6/81*         38            40             22                  
6/79*         19            61             20                  
9/78*         29            49             22                  
6/77*         34            42             24                  
6/75*         29            54             17                  
8/74*         48            35             17                  
*Gallup

18. For each issue I name, please tell me what kind of priority you think Bush and the Congress should give it - the highest priority, a high priority but not the highest, or a lower priority than that.

4/30/03 - Summary Table*

                                ---------High---------               None      No
                                NET    Highest    High     Lower    (vol.)     op.
a. The economy                  95       56        39        4         *        1

b. The U.S. campaign     
    against terrorism           93       48        45        7         0        1

c. The situation in Iraq        83       29        54       15         *        1

d. Education                    94       49        45        5         1        *

e. Social Security              88       34        54       12         *        *

f. The cost of 
   prescription drugs           81       31        50       19         *        1

g. The environment              81       26        55       18         *        1

h. The cost, availability, 
   and coverage of health
   insurance                    89       50        40       10         *        *

i. Homeland security            88       47        42       10         *        1

j. Taxes                        82       30        51       17         *        2

k. The situation with North   
   Korea                        83       34        50       13         1        3

l. Defense and the military 
   budget                       87       33        54       12         *        1

*Half sample answered a-f, other half answered g-l.

19. Overall, who do you trust to do a better job coping with the main problems the nation faces over the next few years, (Bush) or (the Democrats in Congress)?

                                    Both      Neither
             Bush     Democrats     (vol.)     (vol.)     No opinion
4/30/03       55         37           1          4             3 
10/27/02 LV   53         37           1          5             4        
9/26/02 LV    52         43           2          1             1        
9/26/02       54         38           3          3             3        
7/15/02       53         37           4          3             3        
1/27/02       62         31           2          3             2        

20. Who do you trust to do a better job handling… (Bush) or (the Democrats in Congress)?

4/30/03 - Summary Table*

                                                       Both    Neither    No
                                      Bush    Dems   (vol.)   (vol.)    opin.
a. The economy                         51      41       2        2        3
b. The U.S. campaign against 
   terrorism                           72      21       3        2        3
c. The situation in Iraq               72      20       2        3        3 
d. Education                           45      46       3        2        4
e. Social Security                     43      50       1        3        3
f. The cost of prescription drugs      39      52       1        4        4
g. The environment                     34      60       1        3        3
h. The cost, availability, and 
   coverage of health insurance        35      56       1        4        4
i. Homeland security                   63      30       2        2        3
j. Taxes                               46      49       2        2        1  
k. The situation with North Korea      62      28       1        4        5
l. Defense and the military budget     63      32       1        2        2

*Half sample answered a-f, other half answered g-l.

Trend:

a. The economy

                               Both      Neither      No
            Bush     Dems     (vol.)     (vol.)      opin.
4/30/03      51       41         2          2          3
11/6/01      51       36         5          4          5
9/9/01       44       50         1          3          2
7/30/01      47       46         1          4          1
6/3/01       44       46         2          6          2

b,c. No trend.

d. Education

                               Both      Neither      No
            Bush     Dems     (vol.)     (vol.)      opin.
4/30/03      45       46         3          2          4
9/9/01       55       36         1          3          6
7/30/01      50       42         2          4          2
6/3/01       43       43         1          7          6

e. Social Security

                               Both      Neither      No
            Bush     Dems     (vol.)     (vol.)      opin.
4/30/03      43       50         1          3          3
9/9/01       41       50         1          4          4
7/30/01      42       51         1          5          2
6/3/01       38       52         1          5          3

f. The cost of prescription drugs

                               Both      Neither      No
            Bush     Dems     (vol.)     (vol.)      opin.
4/30/03      39       52         1          4          4
9/9/01       36       50         1          5          8
7/30/01      39       50         1          7          3

g. The environment

                               Both      Neither      No
            Bush     Dems     (vol.)     (vol.)      opin.
4/30/03      34       60         1          3          3

Compare to: Environmental issues

                               Both      Neither      No
            Bush     Dems     (vol.)     (vol.)      opin.
9/9/01       41       52         1          3          4
7/30/01      37       54         1          5          3
6/3/01       35       54         2          5          4

h,i. No trend.

j. Taxes

                               Both      Neither      No
            Bush     Dems     (vol.)     (vol.)      opin.
4/30/03      46       49         2          2          1


Compare to: The issue of tax cuts

                               Both      Neither      No
            Bush     Dems     (vol.)     (vol.)      opin.
6/3/01       49       42         1          6          2

k. No trend.

l. Defense and the military budget

                                Both      Neither      No
            Bush     Dems     (vol.)     (vol.)      opin.
4/30/03      63       32         1          2          2
9/9/01       47       43         1          2          7
7/30/01      53       40         1          4          3

21. Who do you trust to do a better job creating jobs, (Bush) or (the Democrats in Congress)?

                               Both      Neither      No
            Bush     Dems     (vol.)     (vol.)      opin.
4/30/03      40       51         1          4          4

Compare to:

Which political party, the Democrats or the Republicans, do you trust to do a better job creating jobs?

            Democrats   Republicans   Both   Neither   No opinion       
1/5/03          42          32          3      15          8
10/23/94        43          35          3      15          3           
9/11/94         52          34          4       7          3           
2/27/94         49          34          4      10          4

22. What is your preference - (to have the federal government cut taxes), or (to have the federal government spend more on domestic programs such as education, health care and Social Security)?

              Cut      Spend     Neither      No
            taxes      more     (vol.)      opin.
4/30/03       29       68         1           2

Compare to: As you may know, Bush has proposed cutting taxes by a total of 670 billion dollars over the next 10 years. What is your preference - (to have this tax cut), or (to have the federal government spend more on domestic programs such as education, health care and Social Security)?

            Tax     Spend     Neither      No
            cut      more     (vol.)      opin.
2/1/03      29        67         3          2
1/20/03     30        67         2          1
6/3/01*     33        63         3          1
* "would have been"

23. Would you describe the state of the nation's economy these days as excellent, good, not so good or poor?

                ----Excellent/Good-----    -----Not so good/Poor-----   No  
               NET   Excellent    Good    NET    Not so good   Poor    op.
4/30/03        35        1         34     64         46         19      *
2/9/03         28        1         27     72         49         23      *
1/20/03        25        1         25     74         48         26      1
12/15/02       35        1         33     65         44         21      1
11/4/02 LV     28        1         27     72         55         17      1
11/3/02 LV     27        1         26     72         56         17      1
11/2/02 LV     29        1         28     71         54         17      *
9/26/02        31        2         28     69         50         19      *
7/15/02        39        3         36     61         44         17      1
2/21/02        30        1         29     69         51         18      *
1/27/02        31        1         29     69         50         19      *
9/20/01        38        3         35     60         47         14      2
9/9/01         33        1         32     66         47         19      *
7/30/01        50        3         46     50         39         12      *
4/22/01        50        3         47     50         40          9      *
1/15/01        70       10         59     29         24          6      1 
10/27/00 LV    86       24         61     14         11          3      * 
10/26/00 LV    86       24         61     14         11          3      * 
6/11/00        74       17         57     26         19          6      *  
2/27/00        80       25         55     20         14          5      *  
10/31/99       74       18         56     26         18          7      1  
9/2/99         76       19         57     23         16          6      1  
3/14/99        80       22         58     19         15          4      1  
11/1/98        73       12         61     26         21          5      1  
11/1/98  LV    78       13         65     22         19          3      *  
10/13/97       61       12         49     39         27         11      * 

24. Would you say most Americans are better off financially than they were in 2001 when Bush became president, not as well off, or in about the same shape as then financially?

                 Better      Not as      The        No  
                  off       well off     same     opinion
4/30/03            10         48          42         1
George H. W. Bush
8/9/92              6         61          31         1
10/21/91            7         48          41         4
3/4/91              7         35          56         2
1/16/89            33         26          38         3


25. How much blame do you think Bush should get for current economic problems - a great deal, a good amount, only some, or hardly any?

              --------Blame---------  -----------No Blame-----------   No   
              NET Grt.deal Good amt.  NET  Some  Hardly  None (vol.)   op.    
4/30/03       41      18      22      59    34     21        3          1
12/15/02      41      18      24      56    33     22        2          2
11/4/02  LV   37      19      18      63    29     28        5          1
11/3/02  LV   35      17      18      65    30     29        6          1
11/2/02  LV   34      15      19      65    29     31        5          1
10/27/02 LV   39      22      18      60    28     27        5          *

26. Do you think Bush is spending too much of his time, too little of his time or about the right amount of his time on (READ ITEM)?

4/30/03 - Summary Table

                                  Too        Too      Right        No
                                  much     little     amount     opinion
a. the war on terrorism            24         6         68          1       
b. the economy                      2        51         44          3
c. other domestic issues such 
   as Social Security, 
   prescription drug benefits 
   and education                    2        57         39          2


Trend:

a. the war on terrorism

           Too        Too      Right        No
           much     little     amount     opinion
4/30/03     24         6         68         1
9/26/02     25        12         61         2

b. the economy

            Too        Too      Right        No
           much     little     amount     opinion
4/30/03      2        51         44         3
9/26/02      3        53         41         3

c. other domestic issues such as Social Security, prescription drug benefits and education

           Too        Too      Right        No
           much     little     amount     opinion
4/30/03      2        57         39         2
9/26/02      3        58         36         3

27. (IF TOO LITTLE) Do you think he is ignoring the issue, or do you think it's just that he has had more important problems to deal with?

4/30/03 - Summary Table

                                  Ignoring      More imp.        No
                                  the issue     problems      opinion                            
a. the war on terrorism              40            57            2   
b. the economy                       35            61            4 
c. other domestic issues such 
   as Social Security, 
   prescription drug benefits
   and education                     40            59            2


28. Please tell me whether the following statement applies to Bush or not:

4/30/03 - Summary Table

                                      Yes     No     No opin.
a. He understands the problems of     
    people like you                    51     48        1
b. He is a strong leader               74     25        *

Trend:

a. He understands the problems of people like you

                 Yes     No     No opin.
4/30/03          51     48        1
12/15/02         51     47        2
7/15/02          57     41        2
1/27/02          61     37        2
7/30/01          45     54        2
4/22/01          47     51        2
11/4/00 LV       49     46        5
10/24/00 LV      50     46        3
10/15/00 RV      46     46        7
10/9/00 RV       50     44        6
9/6/00 RV        47     49        4
8/20/00 RV       50     46        5
7/23/00 RV       44     51        5
7/23/00          44     51        5
6/11/00          48     47        5
4/2/00           48     46        6
3/11/00          47     47        6
2/27/00          43     51        6
2/6/00           43     52        5
1/16/00          46     49        6
12/15/99         47     46        7
10/31/99         54     39        7
9/2/99           50     39       11
3/14/99          52     27       21

b. He is a strong leader

                Yes     No     No opin.
4/30/03          74     25        *
12/15/02         75     23        2
7/15/02          75     24        1
7/30/01          55     43        2
4/22/01          53     42        5
10/9/00 RV       62     33        5
9/6/00 RV        65     28        7
8/20/00 RV       65     29        5
8/10/00 RV       67     29        5
7/23/00 RV       61     33        6
7/23/00          62     32        5
6/11/00          65     30        6
4/2/00           68     27        5
3/11/00          63     31        6
2/27/00          62     32        6
2/6/00           65     30        7
1/16/00          65     28        7
12/15/99         67     26        7
10/31/99         77     18        5
9/2/99           70     18       12
3/14/99          68     13       20

29. For each group I name, please tell me if you think it has too much influence in the Bush administration, too little influence or about the right amount.

4/30/03 - Summary Table

                                    Too       Too       Right       No 
                                   much     little     amount     opin.         
a. Large business corporations      61         8         29         3  
b. People like you                   2        59         37         1

Trend:

a. Large business corporations

            Too       Too       Right       No 
           much     little     amount     opin.         
4/30/03     61         8         29         3
12/15/02    60        10         26         4
1/27/02     59         8         29         4  
7/30/01     67         7         24         2  

b. People like you

            Too       Too       Right       No 
           much     little     amount     opin.         
4/30/03      2        59         37         1
12/15/02     3        61         35         2
1/27/02      3        49         46         2  
7/30/01      1        67         30         1

30. Do you think Bush's proposals on cutting taxes (favor the rich), (favor the middle class), (favor the poor), or (treat all people about equally)?

           Favor    Favor      Favor    Treat all      No
           rich     middle     Poor      equally     opinion
4/30/03     57       11          2         26           4
2/1/03      56       10          2         26           5
1/20/03     61        7          2         23           7

31. (HALF SAMPLE) What's more important TO YOU - (having the government provide needed services), or (cutting taxes)?

             Provide      Cutting      Both      Neither      No
             services      taxes      (vol.)      (vol.)     opin. 
4/30/03         68           28          2           1         1
12/15/02        62           34          2           *         1

32. (HALF SAMPLE) What do you think is more important TO BUSH - (having the government provide needed services) or (cutting taxes)?

             Provide      Cutting      Both      Neither      No
             services      taxes      (vol.)      (vol.)     opin. 
4/30/03         26           64          3           2         6
12/15/02        32           57          2           3         6

33. Has the war with Iraq made you more confident in the ability of Bush to handle the country's other big problems, less confident, or hasn't it made much of a difference? IF MORE OR LESS: Is that much (more/less) confident or only somewhat (more/less) confident?

            --------More---------     Not much      ---------Less--------      No
            NET   Much   Somewhat    difference     NET   Somewhat   Much    opinion
4/30/03     43     29       14           41         15        5       10        *
George H. W. Bush
3/4/91      70     45       26           24          5        2        3        1

34. As a result of the war, are you now more likely to support Bush for a second term as president, less likely to support him for a second term, or hasn't the war changed your feeling on that?

             More       Less      Has not        No
            likely     likely     changed     opinion
4/30/03       37         24          37          2  
George H. W. Bush
3/4/91        55          6          37          1

35. On another subject, who do you think of as the leader of the Democratic party?

                    4/30/03
Tom Daschle            5
Hillary Clinton        2 
Nancy Pelosi           *
Bill Clinton           3
John Kerry             4
Joe Lieberman          9
John Edwards           1
Dick Gephardt         11
Ted Kennedy            2
Bob Graham             *
Al Gore                3
Other                  4
No one                22
No opinion            33 

36. (HALF SAMPLE) When you think about the future of the United States, do you feel confident that the country's best years are still ahead of us, or do you feel concerned that America's best years might already be behind us?

            Best years     Best years        No
              ahead          behind       opinion
4/30/03         64             34            3

Compare to:

When you think about the future of the United States, do you feel confident and optimistic that the country's best years are still ahead of us, or do you feel more concerned and worried that America's best years might already be behind us?

             Best years     Best years        No
              ahead          behind       opinion
6/7/92          36             62            2

37. (HALF SAMPLE) When you think about the future of the United States, do you feel optimistic that the country's best years are still ahead of us, or do you feel worried that America's best years might already be behind us?

             Best years     Best years        No
              ahead          behind       opinion
4/30/03         63             34            2

Compare to:

When you think about the future of the United States, do you feel confident and optimistic that the country's best years are still ahead of us, or do you feel more concerned and worried that America's best years might already be behind us?

             Best years     Best years        No
              ahead          behind       opinion
6/7/92          36             62            2

(ASKED OF LEANED DEMOCRATS) 38. How closely are you following the race for the 2004 Democratic presidential nomination: very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not closely at all?

            ------Closely-------     ------Not closely-------      No
            NET    Very    Smwt.     NET    Not too    At all     opin.   
4/30/03     37       8      29       63       33         30         0  

(ASKED OF LEANED DEMOCRATS) 39. If the 2004 Democratic presidential primary in your state were being held today, and the candidates were: (Joseph Lieberman, Richard Gephardt, John Kerry, John Edwards, Al Sharpton, Bob Graham, Howard Dean, Dennis Kucinich or Carolyn Moseley Braun), for whom would you vote?

Net Leaned Vote:

         Lieb-  Geph-                 Shar-               Kuci- Moseley              No  
         erman  ardt  Kerry  Edwards  pton  Graham  Dean  nich   Braun  Other  None  op.
4/30/03    29    19     14     4        3      3      3     2      6      1     1    14

Compare to:

Suppose your state holds a Democratic primary or caucus for president in 2004 and the candidates are (Joseph Lieberman, Richard Gephardt, John Kerry, John Edwards, Al Sharpton and Howard Dean). For whom would you vote? Which one are you leaning toward right now?

          Lieberman  Gephardt  Kerry  Edwards  Sharpton   Dean  Other  None   DK  
1/20/03       27        14       10      11        7        3     1      4    24

Compare to:

            Daschle  Lieberman  Gephardt  Gore  Kerry  Edwards  Dean  Other  DK  
7/15/02        8         10         5      46     6       3       1     3    18

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