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  Washington Post-ABC News Poll: Kosovo

Thursday, April 8, 1999

The latest Washington Post-ABC News poll is based on random telephone interviews with 1,011 adults on April 5-6, 1999. The margin of error is plus or minus 3 percentage points.

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bill Clinton is handling the situation in Kosovo?

           Approve    Disapprove    No opinion
4/6/99        60          34             6
4/5/99        57          36             8
3/30/99       54          30            16
3/28/99       51          31            17
3/26/99       51          32            17
3/23/99       48          39            12

2. Do you think America's vital interests are at stake in the situation involving Kosovo, or not?

           Yes    No    No opinion
4/6/99      46    49         5
4/5/99      46    50         4
3/30/99     47    42        11
3/28/99     42    44        14
3/26/99     39    51        10
3/23/99     41    54         5
3/14/99     27    57        15

3. Do you support or oppose the United States and its European allies conducting air strikes against Serbia?

           Support    Oppose    No opinion
4/6/99        67        30           3
4/5/99        68        29           3
3/30/99       55        33          11
3/28/99       55        33          12
3/26/99       60        31           9
Compare to:
3/23/99*      47        47           6
3/14/99**     26        62          12

*The United States and its European allies have said they may bomb military targets in Serbia because it won't agree to a peace plan for Kosovo. If Serbia does not agree to the peace plan, should the United States participate in bombing Serbia, or not?
**The United States has said it may bomb Serbia unless Serbia agrees to a peace plan for Kosovo. If Serbia does not agree to the peace plan, should the United States bomb Serbia or not?

4. So far, would you say the conflict in Serbia is going better than you expected for the United States and its allies, worse than expected, or is it going about the way you expected?

           Better than    Worse than     About as     No
            expected       expected      expected    opin.
4/6/99          5             32            57         6
4/5/99          3             34            57         6 
Compare to Gulf War: 
2/24/91        49              5            43         3
2/5/91         27             13            55         4
1/27/91        28             15            54         2
1/20/91        39              7            50         4
1/18/91        50              4            45         2

5. Do you feel you have a good understanding of what America and its allies are attempting to accomplish by attacking Serbia, or not?

          Yes    No    No opinion
4/6/99     66    31         2
4/5/99     70    29         2

6. Suppose the bombing does NOT stop Serbia's military action in Kosovo. Would you support or oppose the United States and its European allies sending in ground troops to try to end the conflict in Kosovo? (GET ANSWER, THEN ASK:) Would you support/oppose this strongly or somewhat?

          ----------Support--------   ----------Oppose-------      No
          NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat   opin.
4/6/99     57      34         22       39      26         13        5
4/5/99     55      31         24       41      29         12        4
7. Just your best guess, do you think air strikes WILL be enough to stop Serbia from continuing its attacks in Kosovo, or do you think ground troops will have to be sent in to try to end the conflict?
             Air strikes    Need ground    No
                enough         troops    opinion
4/6/99            27             66         7
4/5/99            25             68         7

8. Would you support or oppose the United States and its European allies sending in ground troops to protect ethnic Albanian refugees who return to Kosovo once there is a peace agreement with the Serbs?

                Support    Oppose    No opinion
4/6/99            72         24           4
4/5/99            71         26           4

9. In addition to participating in the allied bombing of Serbia, the United States is now sending combat helicopters to attack Serbian troops in Kosovo. Do you see this as part of the air strikes against Serbia, or do you see it as a first step in a ground war?

               Part of     First step in       No
             air strikes    ground war      opinion
4/6/99           39             55              6
4/5/99           39             56              5

10. Please tell me if you agree or disagree with the following statement: It would be worth the loss of some American soldiers' lives if the United States could help bring peace to Kosovo.

             Worth it   Not worth it   No opinion
4/6/99         45           52             4
4/5/99         46           50             4
3/26/99        45           49             6
3/23/99        37           59             4

11. (If "worth it" in q10) Would it be worth the loss of 100 American soldiers' lives if the United States could help bring peace to Kosovo, or not?

             Yes    No    No opinion
4/6/99        70    25        5
4/5/99        68    25        7

12. Just your best guess, do you think U.S. military involvement in the Kosovo situation does or does not stand a good chance of bringing peace to Kosovo?

             Does  Doesn't   No opinion
4/6/99        56     39         5
4/5/99        54     42         4
3/23/99*      50     46         5
*"would or would not"

13. Do you think the United States is doing enough to help ethnic Albanian refugees who are being forced from their homes in Kosovo, or not?

             Yes    No    No opinion
4/6/99        67    26         8
4/5/99        62    29         9

14. Do you think the United States and its allies bear some of the blame for the Kosovo refugee situation, or is it entirely Serbia's fault?

            U.S./allies    Serbia's    No opinion
4/6/99          30           61             9
4/5/99          32           60             8

15. Considering everything, do you think the United States did the right thing in getting involved in a military conflict in Serbia, or do you think it was a mistake?

             Yes, right thing    No, mistake    No opinion
4/6/99             58                40             2
4/5/99             58                40             2

16. Has the Kosovo refugee situation made you more likely to support allied military action against Serbia, less likely, or what?

             More likely    Less likely    Same (vol.)    No opinion
4/6/99          58             29              7              6

17. Do you think the United States has a moral obligation to try to establish peace in Kosovo, or not?

             Yes    No    No opinion
4/6/99        66    31        3
3/25/99*      64    32        4
3/21/99       58    37        5
2/21/99       52    43        5 
*3/25 and previous: Gallup; "help keep the peace"

18. Would you support or oppose the United States and its European allies sending ground troops into Serbia to try to remove Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic from power?

             Support   Oppose    No opinion
4/6/99          61       36          3

19. Do you think Slobodan Milosevic should be put on trial for war crimes, or not?

             Yes, put on trial    No, not put on trail    No opinion
4/6/99             86                     9                     6

Compare to: Saddam Hussein

2/27/91            93                     6                     1

20. How much do you trust President Clinton to make the right decisions about the military confrontation in Serbia: Do you trust him a lot, a good amount, only a little, or not at all?

 ---------A lot/Good Amount---  -----Little/None----      No
        Net  A lot Good amount  Net little  None       opinion
4/6/99  57    29      28        42    24     18           1

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