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  Post-ABC News July 1998 Poll Results

Tuesday, July 14, 1998

The latest Washington Post-ABC News poll is based on random telephone interviews with 1,511 adults on July 9 through July 12. The margin of error is plus or minus 3 percentage points. For analysis of this poll, see The Post's July 14 story.

Presidential Approval | Direction of the Country | Congressional Approval
Clinton's Character, Leadership | Favorable/Unfavorable Ratings | Democrats vs. Republicans
The 1996 Elections | Independent Counsel Investigation | Healthcare Issues

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bill Clinton is handling his job as president?


           ------Approve-----------    -------Disapprove--------   No
           NET   Strongly   Somewhat    NET   Somewhat   Strongly  opin.
7/12/98     63     34         29         31      11        20        6
4/4/98      65     NA         NA         31      NA        NA        4
2/18/98     67     NA         NA         30      NA        NA        3
1/31/98     67     42         24         29      10        19        4
1/19/98     60     24         36         35      15        19        5
11/12/97    59     NA         NA         35      NA        NA        6
10/13/97    59     NA         NA         36      NA        NA        6
8/27/97     58     NA         NA         37      NA        NA        5
7/8/97      64     NA         NA         31      NA        NA        5
6/8/97      59     NA         NA         36      NA        NA        5
4/24/97     56     NA         NA         39      NA        NA        5
3/25/97     56     NA         NA         33      NA        NA       11
3/9/97      55     NA         NA         41      NA        NA        4
10/8/96**   58     NA         NA         38      NA        NA        4
10/8/96*    59     NA         NA         37      NA        NA        4
9/4/96*     57     NA         NA         38      NA        NA        4
8/5/96      59     NA         NA         37      NA        NA        4
6/30/96     56     NA         NA         39      NA        NA        5
5/22/96     58     20         37         39      17        22        3
3/31/96     52     21         30         40      16        25        8
3/17/96     53     19         34         45      19        26        2
3/10/96     55     23         32         40      17        24        4
4/21/96     51     NA         NA         43      NA        NA        6
1/7/96      53     22         31         43      16        28        4
11/19/95    54     NA         NA         41      NA        NA        5
11/13/95    54     20         34         41      20        21        5
10/1/95     52     17         35         43      19        24        5
7/17/95     51     14         37         45      20        25        4
6/8/95      47     NA         NA         45      NA        NA        8
5/14/95     56     20         36         41      23        18        3
3/19/95     52     17         35         45      19        26        3
3/5/95      46     NA         NA         49      NA        NA        4
1/29/95     54     20         34         43      21        22        3
1/4/95      45     13         31         51      22        29        5
12/20/94    44     NA         NA         50      NA        NA        6
11/6/94*    52     20         32         43      16        26        5
10/31/94    48     17         31         49      19        30        3
10/23/94    49     18         31         48      19        29        4
10/9/94     45     13         32         51      21        30        4
9/25/94     44     13         31         51      20        31        5
9/11/94     46     15         30         51      19        33        3
8/16/94     44     NA         NA         51      NA        NA        5
8/7/94      47     17         31         47      20        27        5
6/26/94     50     16         34         44      17        28        6
5/15/94     51     19         32         44      17        28        4
3/27/94     57     23         34         41      16        25        3
3/22/94     47     NA         NA         45      NA        NA        7
3/08/94     52     NA         NA         40      NA        NA        8
2/27/94     58     20         38         38      15        23        4
1/23/94     56     22         34         34      14        20       10
1/9/94      59     20         39         36      15        21        4
12/19/93    58     22         36         40      20        20        3
11/14/93    49     16         33         45      20        25        6
10/31/93    52     17         35         41      17        24        7
10/10/93    51     20         31         43      18        25        5
10/3/93     52     19         33         36      14        22       12
9/19/93     51     NA         NA         41      NA        NA        8
8/8/93      45     16         29         51      19        32        4
6/28/93     43     13         29         50      19        31        7
6/15/93     45     NA         NA         48      NA        NA        7
5/23/93     46     17         30         48      18        30        6
4/26/93     59     22         37         39      17        21        2
2/28/93     60     28         32         33      11        22        7
2/23/93     63     28         35         30      11        19        7
2/14/93     54     23         31         31      15        16       15
*Registered voters
**Likely voters

2. Do you think things in this country are generally going in the right direction or do you feel things have gotten pretty seriously off on the wrong track?


                Right      Wrong     No
               Direction   Track   Opinion
7/12/98          50         45        6
4/4/98           55         41        4
1/31/98          61         34        5
1/19/98          44         50        6
8/27/97          39         57        4
6/8/97           37         60        3
3/9/97           34         62        4
10/17/96*        40         55        5
10/16/96*        42         53        5
10/15/96*        43         52        5
10/14/96*        44         51        5
10/13/96*        44         51        5
9/04/96 *        40         54        6
8/21/96          28         67        5
6/30/96          26         70        5
3/17/96          27         70        3
1/21/96          27         66        6
1/3/96           21         77        3
4/5/95           23         73        3
1/4/95           27         68        6
10/31/94         27         69        4
7/20/94          26         70        4
3/27/94          28         69        3
1/23/94          31         60       10
11/14/93         25         69        6
8/8/93           26         71        3
6/20/93          26         71        3
4/26/93          27         71        2
3/11/93          36         57        7
2/28/93          37         59        4
1/17/93          31         63        6
12/14/92         35         60        5
10/27/92*        22         76        2
10/4/92*         18         78        4
6/7/92           14         83        3
4/9/92           16         81        3
3/11/92          18         79        4
1/15/92          19         78        3
11/10/91         24         72        4
10/29/91         26         71        3
8/27/91          31         60        9
7/28/91          30         67        3
6/2/91           39         57        4
4/9/91           42         51        7
2/26/91          58         39        3
1/27/91          49         48        4
10/14/90         19         79        2
9/9/90           36         60        4
8/20/90          35         60        5
7/24/90          37         60        2
5/21/90          39         60        2
3/26/90          44         53        2
2/4/90           49         48        3
1/16/90          48         49        3
5/23/89          42         55        3
3/16/89          46         52        2
1/16/89**        51         46        3
10/25/88**       49         46        6
9/27/88          48         44        8
7/11/88          40         56        4
5/25/88          35         59        6
3/21/88          40         56        4
1/23/88          39         59        2
12/13/87         49         47        4
12/2/87          35         61        4
9/23/87          43         54        4
6/29/87          35         62        3
4/13/87          37         60        3
3/9/87           38         58        4
1/18/87          39         56        5
9/8/86           50         48        2
1/26/86          45         47        8
7/29/85          52         43        6
1/16/85          59         36        4
5/22/84          47         48        5
12/13/83         43         51        6
11/7/83          51         44        5
4/12/83          41         54        4
3/2/83           43         53        3
1/25/83          58         39        3
1/25/83          43         52        4
10/11/82         35         57        8
1/30/82          39         56        5
2/80             20         70       10
2/78             34         53       13
2/77             41         44       14
10/75            19         71        9
10/74            15         75       11
10/73            16         74       10
*Reigstered voters
**Likely voters

4. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Clinton is handling the nation's economy?

            Approve      Disapprove     No opinion 
7/12/98        67             23             10
1/19/98        64             33              4
4/24/97        55             40              6
3/9/97         55             40              5
10/8/96**      58             39              3
10/8/96*       58             39              3
8/5/96         56             41              4
6/30/96        51             45              4
3/17/96        47             49              4
1/21/96        45             48              7
11/13/95       47             48              5
10/1/95        48             48              4
7/17/95        49             48              3
3/19/95        49             47              4
1/29/95        52             46              2
1/4/95         42             54              4
12/20/94       42             53              6
10/31/94       43             52              5
10/23/94       45             51              4
9/11/94        43             53              4
8/7/94         46             50              4
6/26/94        46             48              6
5/15/94        50             45              5
3/27/94        53             42              5
2/27/94        51             43              7
1/23/94        50             38             11
1/9/94         48             44              8
12/19/93       53             44              3
11/14/93       43             50              7
10/10/93       45             50              5
9/19/93        42             51              7
8/8/93         40             55              5
6/28/93        38             57              6
5/23/93        39             55              6
4/26/93        51             46              3
2/28/93        58             35              7
2/14/93        49             28             23
*Registered voters
**Likely voters

5.Do you approve or disapprove of the way Clinton is handling foreign affairs?

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion 
7/12/98        54             35             11
1/19/98        54             39              8
4/24/97        51             42              7
3/9/97         50             42              8
10/8/96**      58             39              4
10/8/96*       58             38              4
8/5/96         54             40              6
6/30/96        52             43              5
3/17/96        51             46              4
1/21/96        51             41              8
11/13/95       54             39              7
10/1/95        49             44              7
7/17/95        40             56              4
3/19/95        44             49              8
1/4/95         44             50              5
12/20/94       40             54              7
10/31/94       54             42              4
10/23/94       50             47              4
9/11/94        37             56              7
8/7/94         39             55              6 
6/26/94        41             51              8 
5/15/94        40             53              7 
3/27/94        50             43              7 
2/27/94        50             42              8 
1/23/94        54             32             14 
1/9/94         45             40             15 
12/19/93       49             44              7 
11/14/93       39             53              8 
10/12/93       37             56              7    
10/10/93       41             54              5 
9/19/93        55             36              9 
8/8/93         49             43              9 
6/28/93        52             37             11 
5/23/93        53             39              8   
4/26/93        57             38              5   
2/28/93        63             18             19   
2/14/93        54             22             24
*Registered voters
**Likely voters

7. Would you describe the state of the nation's economy these days as very good, good, bad or very bad?


         ---------Good--------    ----------Bad--------     No
         NET   Very   Not very    NET   Not Very   Very    opin.
7/12/98   81     19       63       16       13        4      2
1/19/98   75     14       61       24       19        5      1
5/25/97   64      7       57       35       24       11      1

9. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Al Gore is handling his job as vice president?


           Approve    Disapprove    No opinion
7/12/98      55           22             23
1/19/98      54           31             15

10. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is doing its job?

Approve Disapprove No opinion 7/12/98 46 44 11 5/12/98 45 45 9 4/4/98 47 45 8 1/31/98 55 35 10 1/19/98 47 49 5 10/13/97 36 57 7 8/27/97 39 54 7 7/8/97 40 53 6 4/24/97 40 53 7 3/9/97 35 60 5 8/5/96 42 52 7 6/30/96 35 58 7 5/22/96 35 60 5 3/10/96 30 64 6 1/7/96 31 65 5 11/19/95 27 68 5 10/1/95 32 65 3 7/17/95 34 63 3 3/19/95 39 56 5 1/29/95 42 52 6 10/31/94 21 72 8 10/23/94 18 78 4 9/11/94 24 70 5 6/26/94 34 61 5 3/27/94 35 62 3 2/27/94 32 64 4 1/23/94 29 60 11 11/14/93 28 66 6 8/8/93 33 64 3 4/26/93 30 69 2 1/17/93 29 66 6 4/9/92 17 78 5 3/18/92 19 76 5 3/8/92 22 73 6 2/2/92 32 64 4 12/15/91 35 59 6 10/21/91 45 50 5 6/2/91 49 46 5 10/14/90 34 63 3 2/4/90 41 55 4 1/16/90 39 55 6 8/21/89 42 53 5 5/23/89 54 44 2 2/14/89 53 44 3 1/23/88* 43 53 4 6/1/87* 56 40 4 6/22/85* 54 37 9 5/83* 33 43 24 6/81* 38 40 22 6/79* 19 61 20 9/78* 29 49 22 6/77* 34 42 24 6/75* 29 54 17 8/74* 48 35 17 * Gallup

11. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Newt Gingrich is handling his job as speaker of the House of Representatives?


               Approve    Disapprove    No opinion
7/12/98           41         44              15
1/19/98           40         52               7
4/24/97           26         62              12 
3/9/97            33         61               7
9/15/96*          39         54               7
1/7/96            30         61               8
11/19/95          27         65               8
6/8/95            35         50              15
3/19/95           37         48              15
3/5/95            38         51              11
1/29/95           40         48              12
1/4/95            35         37              28
12/20/94          35         43              22
*Registered voters

12. Do you approve or disapprove of the way your own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives in Congress is handling his or her job?

Approve Disapprove No opinion 7/12/98 70 18 12 1/19/98 74 19 7 4/5/95 65 25 9 10/31/94 51 38 11 10/23/94 49 43 8 9/11/94 53 35 12 6/26/94 59 31 10 3/27/94 62 26 12 1/17/93 60 29 11 4/9/92 47 39 13 3/18/92 49 40 11 2/2/92 56 32 12 12/15/91 60 28 12 10/21/91 64 27 9 6/2/91 61 26 14 10/14/90 64 29 7 5/23/89 71 18 11

13. Right now, are you inclined to vote to re-elect your representative in Congress in the next election or are you inclined to look around for someone else to vote for?


                 Re-elect      Look around      Depends(vol.)   No opin.
7/12/98             42             44              5              10
1/19/98             47             41              7               4
8/27/97             34             52              9               5
11/6/94*            37             47              7               8
10/31/94            35             56              2               7
10/23/94            32             58              4               6
9/11/94             36             53              4               7
6/26/94             35             54              6               5
3/27/94             32             56              6               7
1/23/94             32             46             10              12
11/14/93            38             52              5               5
7/8/92              34             54              3               9
6/7/92              36             53              4               7
4/9/92              33             56              3               8
3/11/92             36             54              3               7
2/2/92              38             51              4               7
10/21/91            31             55              7               6
6/2/91              37             49              5               9
11/4/90*            41             50             NA               8
10/14/90            36             57             NA               7
5/21/90             43             50              3               3
5/23/89             45             44              4               6
*Registered voters

14. I'm going to read you some statements. After each please tell me whether or not each applies to Clinton. How about (READ ITEM) does it apply to Clinton, or not?

SUMMARY TABLE: CLINTON
                                                No
                                  Yes    No    opin. 
A. He is honest and 
   trustworthy                     33    60      7
B. He has high personal moral      
   and ethical standards           29    63      7
C. He understands the problems     
   of people like you              54    43      3
D. He has done a good job keeping
   the economy strong              71    25      4
E. He is a strong leader           59    38      2

Trend (where available):

A. He is honest and trustworthy

CLINTON:
               Yes    No    No opin.
7/12/98         33    60       7
4/4/98          35    58       7
2/18/98         40    55       5
6/8/97          37    59       4
1/15/97         42    54       4
1/6/97          42    53       5
11/3/96**       43    52       6
11/3/96*        42    52       6
9/4/96*         43    52       5
8/5/96          44    52       4
6/30/96         40    54       6
3/17/96         44    53       2
4/5/95          42    55       2
3/27/94+        54    42       4
10/4/92+*       44    44       3
6/7/92+         40    47      12
+Wording "and trustworthy" omitted
*Registered voters
**Likely voters

B. He has high personal moral and ethical standards

CLINTON:
               Yes    No    No opinion
7/12/98         29    63       7
4/4/98          29    64       7
2/18/98         28    66       6
6/8/97          41    54       4
1/15/97         40    55       4
1/6/97          38    59       3
9/4/96*         39    56       5
8/5/96          45    51       4
6/30/96         40    54       6
3/17/96         44    54       3
4/5/95          51    46       4
10/31/94        44    49       7
*Registered voters

C. He understands the problems of people like you

CLINTON:
                Yes    No    No opin.
7/12/98          54    43       3
4/4/98           56    41       3
2/18/98          63    35       2
6/8/97           52    45       3
1/15/97          50    49       2
9/4/96*          57    40       2
8/5/96           55    43       2
6/30/96          56    41       3
3/17/96          55    43       1
6/8/95           51    45       3
3/19/95          55    43       2
3/5/95           50    49       2
10/31/94+        48    50       2
10/23/94+        44    54       1
6/26/94          52    46       2
3/27/94+         63    35       2
1/23/94          55    39       5
4/26/93          60    39       1
1/17/93          76    20       4
10/4/92+*        67    28       6
10/4/92+**       67    27       6
6/7/92+          59    33       8
4/9/92           49    42       9
+ "understands the needs and problems of average Americans"
*Registered voters
**Likely voters

D. He has done a good job keeping the economy strong


                Yes    No    No opin.
7/12/98          71    25      4
4/4/98           77    21      2

E. He is a strong leader


               Yes    No    No opin.
7/12/98         59    38        2
4/4/98          62    36        2
2/18/98         68    31        1
3/17/96         50    49        1
6/8/95          37    61        2
3/5/95          38    61        1
10/31/94        43    56        1
8/16/94         41    58        1
3/27/94         54    44        2
10/4/92         50    36       14
6/7/92          40    46       14
10/4/92*        50    36       14
10/4/92**       50    35       15
6/7/92          40    46       14
*Registered voters
**Likely voters

15. Do you think Clinton is more honest than most recent presidents, less honest, or what?


               More      Less     About the       No
              honest    honest    same (vol.)   opinion
7/12/98         20        44          32           4
3/27/94         40        25          34           1

18. Who do you trust to do a better job coping with the main problems the nation faces over the next few years - Clinton or the Republicans in Congress?


                                     Both equally   Neither     No
             Clinton    Republicans     (vol.)       (vol.)     opin.
7/12/98         48        38              1             6         6
1/31/98         52        35              3             4         6
1/19/98         48        40              2             8         2
3/9/97          49        38              4             8         2
1/15/97+        51        37              3             7         2
1/29/95         40        46              4             8         2
1/4/95          30        54              3             9         4
12/20/94        34        60             NA             NA        6
12/15/94        34        49              3             9         6
+ "The Clinton administration"

19. I'm going to read you a few names. For each, please tell me if you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of that person, or perhaps you don't know enough to say. How about (Read name)?

Summary table:
                        Favorable   Unfavorable   No opinion
Bill Clinton               54           40             6
Al Gore                    54           26            20
Newt Gingrich              31           47            22
Monica Lewinsky            10           61            29
Kenneth Starr              24           53            24

Full wording and Trend (where available):


Bill Clinton
                    Favorable    Unfavorable    No opinion
7/12/98                54            40               6
4/4/98                 55            39               6
2/18/98                56            41               3
1/31/98                60            34               6
10/13/97               59            37               4
9/10/97                57            38               5
3/9/97                 60            38               3
9/4/96*                58            38               4 
6/30/96                56            38               5
10/30/95               54            41               6
7/17/95                59            38               3
6/8/95                 53            43               4
3/19/95                55            42               3
10/31/94               51            44               5
5/15/94                57            40               3
3/27/94                59            37               4
1/23/94                60            32               8
11/14/93               58            37               5 
11/11/93               52            43               6
8/8/93                 56            39               5
4/26/93                59            29              12
2/23/93                59            30              11
1/17/93                68            20              11
10/18/92**             56            36               8
9/27/92**              55            36               9
8/23/92*               54            36              10
7/19/92*               58            23              18
7/8/92                 52            33              15
6/7/92                 41            38              21
3/18/92                37            37              26
3/11/92                39            31              30
2/2/92                 37            24              39
1/27/92                23            11              66
10/21/91               13             9              78
*Registered voters
**Likely voters
Al Gore
                  Favorable    Unfavorable    No opinion
7/12/98                54          26          20
4/4/98                 54          27          19
1/31/98                52          29          19
1/19/98                48          36          17
10/13/97               45          40          15
9/10/97                49          33          19
4/24/97                53          29          19
3/9/97                 56          29          15
3/19/95                57          27          16
10/31/94               41          37          22
5/15/94                58          27          15
3/27/94                57          25          18
11/14/93               56          28          15
8/23/92*               52          19          29 
7/19/92*               55          12          33
*Registered voters
Newt Gingrich

7/12/98                31            47              22
4/4/98                 34            43              23
1/31/98                27            46              27
1/19/98                32            49              19
9/10/97                26            52              22
4/24/97                23            59              18
9/4/96*                26            55              19
6/30/96                25            57              18
10/30/95               29            45              26
7/17/95                34            46              20
6/8/95                 32            51              18
3/19/95                31            46              23
Monica Lewinsky
7/12/98                10            61              29
4/4/98                  9            58              33
1/31/98                 7            58              36
Kenneth Starr
7/12/98                24            53              24
4/4/98                 22            43              35

20. Overall, which party, the Democrats or the Republicans, do you trust to do a better job in coping with the main problems the nation faces over the next few years?

Both equally Neither No Democrats Republicans (vol.) (vol.) opin. 7/12/98 45 38 3 8 6 1/31/98 47 37 4 6 7 1/19/98 45 42 2 7 4 7/8/97 44 37 2 14 3 9/15/96* 45 38 3 11 3 8/5/96 43 38 3 11 3 6/30/96 46 37 3 12 3 5/22/96 47 38 3 10 3 11/6/94* 41 39 2 12 6 10/31/94 43 43 2 8 4 10/23/94 39 40 3 15 3 9/11/94 43 40 4 11 3 6/26/94 41 36 3 14 5 2/27/94 46 32 4 16 3 11/14/93 42 39 3 11 4 1/17/93 49 28 5 13 5 7/8/92 48 38 1 8 4 6/7/92 43 37 3 11 6 3/11/92 45 37 1 11 5 3/8/92 51 36 1 7 5 2/2/92 49 39 2 7 3 12/15/91 39 37 3 15 6 10/21/91 39 40 3 13 5 *Registered voters

21. (Asked of half sample) Which political party, the Democrats or the Republicans, do you trust to do a better job on:(read items)


7/12/98                   Dems      Reps     Both    Neither   No opin.
A. Handling the 
   nation's economy         49        37        4          5        6
B. Handling the
   crime problem            40        39        5          8        8
C. Handling foreign
   affairs                  41        41        5          3       10
D. Improving education
   and the schools          52        31        5          5        7
E. Helping the middle
   class                    55        29        2          8        7
F. Holding taxes down       42        39        3          8        8
G. Encouraging high moral  
   standards and values     33        42        4         13        8
H. Managing the federal
   budget                   42        39        4          7        8
I. Changing the way that
   political campaigns are
   financed                 35        35        4         13       12
J. Protecting the social 
   security system          51        35        3          6        6
K. Protecting the Medicare
   system                   54        32        2          4        8
L. Protecting the 
   environment              56        28        4          4        8
M. Protecting patients' 
   rights in the health
   care system              53        29        4          6        8
N. Reducing cigarette
   smoking by teen-agers    48        26        5          9       12
O. Overhauling the nation's
   tax system               36        44        2          8        9
P. Dealing with the issue
   of abortion              45        35        2          7       12

Full wording and trend (where available)

a. Handling the nation's economy

                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion

7/12/98             49        37        4          5        6
1/19/98             45        44        3          6        3
7/8/97              43        39        5         12        2
10/23/94            38        43        3         14        2
9/11/94             39        43        3         11        4
2/27/94             47        36        3         11        3
2/2/92              49        38        2          7        4
12/15/91            43        36        4         11        5
3/4/91              32        49        5         10        4
1/16/90             33        52        4          7        4
b. Handling the crime problem
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             40        39        5          8        8
1/19/98             39        42        5          9        5
7/8/97              38        34        7         16        4
10/23/94            36        34        5         19        6
9/11/94             43        33        6         13        6
2/27/94             39        32        7         18        3
2/2/92              39        35        7         11        7
12/15/91            34        35        8         15        7
3/4/91              28        46        9         12        4
1/16/90             31        43        8         12        6
c. Handling foreign affairs
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             41        41        5          3       10
1/19/98             41        45        4          4        6
7/8/97              38        40        7          8        7
10/23/94            36        45        6         10        3
9/11/94             31        52        6          6        5
2/27/94             35        49        5          8        3
2/2/92              33        56        4          3        4
12/15/91            29        56        6          5        5
3/4/91              23        59        8          6        4
1/16/90             29        55        6          5        5
d. Improving education and the schools
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             52        31        5          5        7
1/19/98             54        34        4          5        3
7/8/97              51        30        5          9        4
10/23/94            45        30        6         13        6
9/11/94             48        33        6          8        5
2/27/94             53        28        5         11        3 
2/2/92              55        29        6          5        5
12/15/91            47        31        6         10        6
3/4/91              39        41        8          9        4
1/16/90             45        36        7          9        3
e. Helping the middle class
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             55        29        2          8        7
1/19/98             57        34        1          6        2
7/8/97              51        30        3         14        3
10/23/94            48        33        2         14        3
9/11/94             46        36        3         10        4
2/27/94             47        34        2         14        3
2/2/92              55        34        2          7        3
12/15/91            56        28        3         10        4
3/4/91              48        34        5          9        4
1/16/90             53        32        3          9        4
f. Holding taxes down
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             42        39        3          8        8
1/19/98             45        44        2          6        2
7/8/97              41        38        3         15        4
10/23/94            37        42        2         17        2
9/11/94             36        47        2         11        4
2/27/94             35        41        4         18        2
2/2/92              41        45        3          8        3
12/15/91            40        38        3         14        5
3/4/91              35        44        5         13        3
1/16/90             37        47        2         10        4
g. Encouraging high moral standards and values
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             33        42        4         13        8
1/19/98             40        41        4         12        3
7/8/97              33        37        6         19        4
h. Managing the federal budget

                Democrats    Republicans   Both    Neither   No opin.

7/12/98              42           39        4          7        8
1/19/98+             41           43        3          8        4
7/8/97+              39           36        5         17        3
10/23/94++           36           37        3         21        3
9/11/94++            39           40        4         14        4
2/27/94++            44           28        5         20        3
2/2/92++             40           39        4         14        3
3/4/91++             35           43        5         14        3
1/16/90++            35           42        4         15        4
+Balancing the federal budget
++Reducing the federal budget
i. Changing the way that political campaigns are financed
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             35        35        4         13       12
1/19/98             33        41        4         16        6
7/8/97              34        31        4         23        7
j. Protecting the Social Security system
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             51       35         3          6        6
1/19/98             48       38         3          7        5
1/16/90             52        31        3          9        4
k. Protecting the Medicare system
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             54        32        2          4        8
1/19/98             52        33        3          6        6
9/11/94             49        32        5          8        6
l. Protecting the environment
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             56        28         4         4        8
1/19/98             54        31         3         6        5
3/4/91              40        35        10        10        5
1/16/90             46        31         8         9        6
m. Protecting patients' rights in the health care system
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             53        29        4          6        8
n. Reducing cigarette smoking by teenagers
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             48        26        5          9        12
o. Overhauling the nation's tax system
                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion
7/12/98             36        44        2          8        9
p. Dealing with the issue of abortion

                Democrats Republicans  Both    Neither   No opinion

7/12/98             45        35        2          7        12

22. Now for each item I'd like you to tell me how important it might be in deciding who you'll support this November in the election for Congress in your district.

How about (READ ITEM) -- will it be very important in your vote, somewhat important, not too important, or not important at all? (IF VERY IMPORTANT:) Could it be the deciding issue in your vote, or could other issues be as important?

7/12/98
                      -Very Important-      Some-    Not     Not at    No
                      NET    Dec.    Not    what     too      all     opin.
A. Handling the 
   nation's economy    66     26      39     30        3        1       1
B. Handling the
   crime problem       69     27      41     23        5        1       *
C. Handling foreign
   affairs             34     11      23     48       12        4       2
D. Improving education
   and the schools     79     36      42     15        3        2       1
E. Helping the middle
   class               61     25      35     30        7        1       1
F. Holding taxes down  61     26      34     30        6        1       1
G. Encouraging high 
   moral standards
   and values          56     27      28     29        9        4       2
H. Managing the federal
   budget              58     19      38     35        4        1       1
I. Changing the way that
   political campaigns are
   financed            32     11      20     39       20        7       3
J. Protecting the social 
   security system     69     31      37     25        4        1       1
K. Protecting the
   Medicare system     61     26      35     32        4        2       1
L. Protecting the 
   environment         55     20      34     34        7        3       1
M. Protecting patients' 
   rights in the health
   care system         63     25      37     29        5        2       1
N. Reducing cigarette
   smoking 
   by teen-agers       42     11      29     31       15       10       3
O. Overhauling the nation's
   tax system          66     27      36     26        5        1       2
P. Dealing with the issue
   of abortion         42     22      19     29       18        9       3
*indicates percentage of less than .5
 

25. I'd like you to rate the chances that you will vote in the next election for Congress - are you absolutely certain to vote, will you probably vote, or are the chances 50-50 or less that you will vote?

            Absolutely      Probably    Chances 50-50     No
          certain to vote     Vote         Or less      Opinion
7/12/98         61             20            19            *
1/19/98         63             17            20            *
* indicates percentage of less than .5

26.(and 27)Thinking about the U.S. House of Representatives election in November, 1998 in the Congressional District where you live, if that election were being held today, for whom would you vote: the Democratic candidate or the Republican candidate?


Registered voters:
                                     Neither   Wouldn't
                 Democrat Republican (vol.)   vote (vol.)  No opin.
7/12/98             47        45        2         *           6
1/31/98             49        40        2         1           8
1/19/98             47        44        3         1           5
10/8/96             51        41        2         1           5
9/29/96             48        41        3         1           7
9/22/96             50        43        2         1           4
9/15/96+            49        45        1         1           4
9/4/96              48        44        3         *           5
8/29/96             53        39        3         1           5
8/28/96             51        40        3         1           5
8/27/96             51        41        3         0           5
8/26/96             51        41        3         0           5
8/25/96             48        43        3         1           6
8/24/96             47        43        2         1           6
8/19/96             49        42        3         0           6
8/18/96             45        46        3         0           6
8/15/96             46        43        4         1           5
8/14/96             48        42        3         1           6
8/13/96             49        43        3         0           5
8/12/96             49        42        3         1           5
8/11/96             49        40        4         1           6
8/10/96             49        41        4         1           5
8/4/96              48        45        2         1           4
6/30/96             *          3
5/22/96             52        41        3         1           3
3/10/96             51        43        2         *           4
1/21/96             52        43        3         1           1
10/1/95             49        44        3         *           3
11/6/94             47        42        5         2           5
10/31/94            48        44        4         1           3
10/23/94            50        45        2         1           2
10/9/94             46        47        3         2           2
9/11/94             50        45        1         1           4
8/7/94              49        42        4         1           4
2/27/94             50        40        8         1           2
11/92***            51        46    
10/21/91            51        41        4         *           4
7/28/91             49        41        6         *           3
6/2/91              48        42        4         1           5
11/90***            54        46         
11/4/90             51        41        5         *           3
10/14/90            50        41        5         *           3
9/9/90              47        46        3         *           3
7/24/90             51        41        4         1           4
5/21/90             47        45        5         1           2
11/88***            54        46        
9/21-10/10/88       52        41        2         1           4
9/19/88             51        39        3         1           6
11/86***            55        45        
6/22/85             48        44        5         *           3
11/84***            53        47        
10/16/84            52        44        2         NA          5
9/11/84             53        45        2         NA          1
7/8/84              58        40        2         NA          1
11/82***            57        43        
10/27/82            58        39        NA        NA          3
10/11/82            55        36        NA        NA          9
9/13/82             58        36        NA        NA          6
11/22/81            53        41        NA        NA          7
11/80***            51        49        
11/78***            54        46        
11/76****           57        43        
*indicates percentage of less than .5
***Actual vote
Net leaned vote:
                                     Neither   Wouldn't
                 Democrat Republican (vol.)   vote (vol.)  No opin.
10/8/96             48        44        2         1           5
9/29/96             48        43        3         1           6
9/22/96             50        44        2         *           4
9/15/96+            47        48        2         *           3
9/4/96              47        46        3         *           4
8/29/96             53        39        3         0           5
8/28/96             49        41        3         0           6
8/27/96             50        43        3         0           5
8/26/96             49        43        3         0           5
8/25/96             46        45        3         0           5
8/24/96             45        46        2         0           6
8/19/96             47        45        2         0           6
8/18/96             45        47        3         0           5
8/15/96             46        44        4         1           5
8/14/96             46        44        3         1           6
8/13/96             47        45        3         0           5
8/12/96             48        44        3         0           5
8/11/96             48        41        5         0           6
8/10/96             47        43        4         1           5
8/4/96              48        46        1         1           4
10/23/94            49        47        1         *           2    
10/9/94             47        49        3         1           1
11/4/90             52        41        5         *           3
10/14/90            48        43        5         0           3
9/9/90              47        45        3         *           4
7/24/90             52        40        4         *           3
10/16/84            51        45        2         NA          4
9/11/84             51        46        1         NA          1
7/8/84              54        44        2         NA          *
10/27/82            59        39        NA        NA          2
10/11/82            55        38        NA        NA          7
*indicates percentage of less than .5

28. Thinking about political candidates, all else being equal, which kind of candidate would you prefer: a candidate who has spent a long time in politics and has years of experience in public service, or a candidate who is new to politics and has years of experience in the business world?


           Politician    New to politics    No opinion
7/12/98        37               51              12

29. And which of these would you prefer: a candidate who raises political donations to pay for his campaign, or a candidate who has enough personal wealth to pay for his campaign out of his own pocket?


            Raises     Has enough    No
           donations    to pay	opinion               
7/12/98        52          32        17
28/29 NET
      Politician/   Politician/   New to politics/   New to politics/   No
        Raises $      Pays own        Raises $            Pays own    opin.
7/12/98    21            13             26                  17          24 

23. Do you feel the conservative Christian political movement known as the religious right has too much influence over the Republican Party, too little influence, or what?


            Too      Too        About          No
            much    little    right(vol.)    opinion
7/12/98      37        28          10          25

24. Do you feel that labor unions have too much influence over the Democratic Party, too little influence, or what?


            Too      Too        About          No
            much    little    right(vol.)    opinion
7/12/98      46        22          11          21

30A. Do you think it should be legal or illegal to burn the American flag?


           Legal    Illegal    No opinion
7/12/98      17        79           4

30B. (Of those who say it should be illegal) Is it worth amending the U.S. Constitution to make flag-burning illegal, or not worth it?

          Worth it   Not worth it    No opinion
7/12/98      63           33             3
30 A/B NET
                     --------Illegal---------
           Legal     NET    Worth it    Not     No opinion
7/12/98     17        79       50        26           4
Compare to:

As you may know, the Supreme Court has ruled that burning the American flag is a form of free speech that's protected by the U.S. Constitution. Do you think the country should amend the Constitution to make flag-burning illegal, or do you think it should leave the Constitution alone, even if that means flag-burning stays legal?

          Amend    Leave it    No opinion
7/17/95     51        48           1

32. On another subject, do you think abortion should be legal in all cases, legal in most cases, illegal in most cases or illegal in all cases?


                 -------Legal-------   ------Illegal------   
                        All    Most          Most     All       No
                 NET   cases   cases   NET   cases   cases    opinion
7/12/98           54      19     35     42     29     13        4
1996    Rep Dels  24      8      16     72     59     13        4 
8/5/96**          56     22      34     41     27     14        3
6/30/95**         58     24      34     40     25     14        2
10/1/95**         60     26      35     37     25     12        3
10/1/95 CC*       53     24      28     44     32     12        3
9/21/95**         60     24      36     36     25     11        4
7/17/95**         59     27      32     40     26     14        1
* Current Catholics
** General population

34. Say a child or a teenager takes a gun owned by his parents and uses it to shoot someone. Do you think the parent should or should not be charged with a crime for failing to prevent the child from getting the gun?


           Should    Should not    No opinion
7/12/98      59           32             9

35. On another subject, as you may know, the independent counsel Kenneth Starr has been investigating charges that Clinton had an affair with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky, then lied about it under oath and encouraged her to lie about it under oath. Clinton has denied these charges. Just your best guess, do you think Clinton did or did not have an affair with Lewinsky?


            Yes    No    No Opinion 
7/12/98      61    23         17
Compare to:

As you may know, allegations are being reported that Clinton had an affair for a year and a half with a 21-year-old intern worker at the White House. Clinton has denied it. Are you inclined to think Clinton did or did not have an affair with an intern at the White House, or don't you know enough about it to say? (IF NO OPINION:) Well, if you had to guess, are you inclined to think Clinton did or did not have this affair?


           -----Think he did-----     -----Think he didn't---    No 
           NET  Think so  Lean yes    NET  Think not  Lean no   opin.
1/31/98     53     39       14         34     23        11       13

36. Do you think Clinton did or did not lie about it under oath?


            Yes    No    No Opinion 
7/12/98      57    27         17

37. Do you think Clinton did or did not encourage Lewinsky to lie about it under oath?


            Yes    No    No opinion 
7/12/98      44    36         20
Compare to:

There also are allegations that Clinton, through one of his advisers, told the woman to lie in a legal document about whether she had an affair with him. Are you inclined to think Clinton did or did not tell this woman to lie in a legal document, or don't you know enough about it to say? (IF NO OPINION:) Well, if you had to guess, are you inclined to think Clinton did or did not tell this woman to lie?


           -----Think he did-----     -----Think he didn't---    No 
           NET  Think so  Lean yes    NET  Think not  Lean no   opin.
1/31/98     40     26        14        47      30       17       13

38. Starr is leading a grand jury's investigation of these charges. Do you think Clinton should or should not agree to testify before the grand jury?


           Should    Should not    No opinion
7/12/98      64           29             7

42. As you may know, Starr wants some of the Secret Service agents who guard Clinton to testify about his activities, but the Secret Service opposes this. Starr says a president's guards should be available to help a prosecuter enforce the law. The Secret Service says that if a president knows his guards may testify against him, he may not trust them and this will make it harder to protect him. Do you think Secret Service agents should or should not have to testify about a president's activities?


           Should    Should not    No opinion
7/12/98      43           54             4

39. If Starr reports to Congress that he has evidence that Clinton had an affair with Lewinsky and lied about it under oath, do you think Congress should or should not impeach Clinton and remove him from office?


           Should    Should not    No opinion
7/12/98      39           55             7

41. If Starr reports to Congress that he has evidence that Clinton had an affair with Lewinsky and encouraged HER to lie about it under oath, do you think Congress should or should not impeach Clinton and remove him from office?


           Should    Should not    No opinion
7/12/98      45           48            6 

43. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Starr has handled the investigation of these charges?

            Approve    Disapprove    No opinion
7/12/98        31           57            13
4/4/98         31           51            19
2/18/98        31           54            15

44. Do you think Starr should continue his investigation or drop it?

           Continue investigation    Drop it    No opinion
7/12/98              41                  56           4
4/1/98               48                  50           2

45. Do you think Starr is mainly interested in finding out the truth, or do you think he's mainly interested in hurting Clinton politically?


           Finding truth    Hurting Clinton    No opinion
7/12/98         29               61                 10
4/4/98          32               56                 12
2/18/98         30               63                  7

31. Do you have a favorable or unfavorable opinion of the health care plans known as Health Maintenance Organizations, or HMOs?


          Favorable    Unfavorable    No opinion
7/12/98       30           52            18

46. On another subject, do you have some form of health insurance or health care coverage, or not?


            Yes    No    No Opinion 
7/12/98      86    14         *
8/27/97      81    19         *
11/13/95     85    15         0
7/17/94      86    14         *
11/14/93     87    13         0
10/10/93     87    13         *
*indicates percentage of less than .5
7/12/98  SUMMARY OF HEALTH CARE COVERAGE:
                     Fee for                 Medicare/ Other    No   No
               All   Service   PPOs   HMOs   Medicaid  (vol.)  cov. opin.
Total           86      16      24     23       19       NA     14    *
Male            84      18      24     24       15       NA     15    *
Female          88      14      24     23       24       NA     12    0
18-30           77      12      24     25       13       NA     23    0
31-44           86      19      31     28        6       NA     14    0
45-60           92      20      33     30        5       NA      8    0
61+             91      11       5      7       65       NA      8    1
White           88      16      28     23       17       NA     12    0
Black           87      18      15     30       23       NA     13    0
< H.S.          72       8       7     16       38       NA     28    1
H.S. Grad       86      17      23     23       21       NA     14    0
Some coll.+     92      18      32     27       11       NA      8    0
< $20,000       72       6       7     17       41       NA     28    0
$20-29,999      83      15      22     21       20       NA     17    0
$30-49,999      90      22      24     27       13       NA     10    0
$50,000 or more 95      18      39     29        8       NA      5    0
*indicates percentage of less than .5
8/26/97  SUMMARY OF HEALTH CARE COVERAGE:
                     Fee for                 Medicare/ Other    No   No
               All   Service   PPOs   HMOs   Medicaid  (vol.)  cov. opin.
Total           81      20      22     21       16       NA     19    *
Male            79      21      21     20       14       NA     21    *
Female          83      18      22     22       17       NA     17    *
18-30           70      19      21     22        6       NA     29    1
31-44           81      17      31     28        3       NA     18    0
45-60           84      29      23     22        7       NA     16    0
61+             92      11       6      9       61       NA      8    0
White           84      20      24     21       16       NA     15    *
Black           70      17      13     20       20       NA     31    0
< H.S.          66      12       5     12       33       NA     34    0
H.S. Grad       78      21      20     19       15       NA     22    *
Some coll.+     89      21      29     26        9       NA     11    0
< $12,000       65      10       4      8       40       NA     35    0
$12-19,999      72      11      10     16       28       NA     28    0
$20-29,999      70      17      20     15       15       NA     30    0
$30-49,999      82      22      21     26       11       NA     17    *
$50,000 or more 92      25      32     29       5        NA      8    0
*indicates percentage of less than .5
Compare To:
11/13/95  SUMMARY OF HEALTH CARE COVERAGE:
                     Fee for                 Medicare/ Other    No   No
               All   Service   PPOs   HMOs   Medicaid  (vol.)  cov. opin.
Total           85      27      18     16       18       4      15   2
Male            82      28      19     16       14       2      18   3
Female          88      26      17     16       21       6      13   1
18-30           70      28      14     18        6       3      30   1
31-44           85      29      26     19        5       3      15   2
45-60           92      37      24     22        6       2       8   2
61+             95      11       4      4       64       9       5   2
White           87      29      19     16       18       4      13   1
Black           78      14      14     18       18       8      22   5
< H.S.          73      15       7      7       33       9      27   2
H.S. Grad       84      30      15     17       19       2      16   1
Some coll.+     90      30      24     20       11       3      10   2
< $12,000       74      10       2      5       49       7      26   1
$12-19,999      67      16      10     10       21       9      33   2
$20-29,999      85      22      20     20       17       3      15   2
$30-49,999      93      37      21     20       10       3       7   2
$50,000 or more 94      36      28     21        6       2       6   1
*indicates percentage of less than .5

47. Are you mainly covered by Medicare, Medicaid, or do you have private medical insurance?


                 ------------Have health care-----------   No hlth.  No
                 NET Medicare Medicaid  Prv.ins. Oth.(v.)    care   Opin.
7/12/98+          86    15       4        65        NA        14      *
7/12/98++        100    18       5        76        NA        NA      1
8/27/97+          81    13       3        64        NA        19      1
8/27/97++        100    16       3        79        NA        NA      1
11/13/95+         85    15       3        63        4         15      *
11/13/95++       100    18       3        74        5         NA      *
+General population
++All with health care coverage
*indicates percentage of less than .5

48. (Of those who have private medical insurance) There are three main types of private health insurance. There are traditional fee-for-service plans where you go to any doctor you want and the insurance company pays part of the cost. There are Preferred Provider Organizations which pay higher reimbursement if you go to a doctor on the insurance company's list. And there are Health Maintenance Organizations, or HMOs, where you can only go to HMO doctors, and nearly all costs are covered. Which type of plan do you have - traditional insurance, preferred provider, or HMO?

                 -------Have health care-------     No hlth.   No
                 NET   Traditional    PPO   HMO       care    Opin.
7/12/98+          86       16          24    23        14      *
7/12/98++        100       25          37    36         0      2
7/12/98++        100       25          37    36         0      2
8/27/97+          81       20          22    21        19      1
8/27/97++        100       30          34    33         0      2
8/27/97+++       100       30          34    33         0      2
11/13/95+         85       27          18    16        15      2
11/13/95++       100       32          21    19        NA      2
11/13/95+++      100       43          29    26        NA      2
*indicates percentage of less than .5
+General population
++All with health care coverage
+++All with private insurance

49. (Of those who have some form of health insurance or health care coverage) How do you feel about the quality of the health care you receive--would you say you are very satisfied with it, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied or very dissatisfied?


                     ----Satisfied----    ---Dissatisfied---     No  
                     NET   Very  Smwt.    NET   Smwt.   Very    Opin.
7/12/98  ALL COV      83    47    36       15     10     5        2
7/12/98  ALL PRI      83    48    35       15     11     4        2
7/12/98  TRAD         87    58    29       11      9     3        2
7/12/98  PPO          86    49    37       13     10     3        1
7/12/98  HMO          80    40    40       19     13     6        1
7/12/98  MED/MED      81    45    36       14      7     7        4
8/27/97  ALL COV      90    52    38        9      7     2        1
8/27/97  ALL PRI      90    53    37        9      7     2        *
8/27/97  TRAD         92    55    37        8      6     2        1
8/27/97  PPO          92    53    38        7      7     *        1
8/27/97  HMO          88    52    36       12      8     3        0
8/27/97  MED/MED      88    47    41       10      6     4        2
11/13/95 ALL COV      93    65    29        6      4     2        *
11/13/95 ALL PRI      93    64    29        7      5     2        *
11/13/95 TRAD         97    65    32        3      2     2        0
11/13/95 PPO          93    64    29        7      5     1        0
11/13/95 HMO          86    63    24       14     10     4        1
11/13/95 MED/MED      95    66    29        4      2     2        *
7/17/94  ALL COV      85    55    30       14      9     5        1
2/8/94   ALL COV      82    46    36       16      8     8        2
*indicates percentage of less than .5
GENERAL POPULATION
         --------------Have health care---------------
               ----Satisfied----    ---Dissatisfied---     No hlth.   No  
         NET   NET   Very  Smwt.    NET   Smwt.   Very       care    opin.
7/12/98   86    71    40    30      13      9      4          14      2
8/27/97   81    72    42    30       8      6      2          19      1
11/13/95  85    79    54    24       5      3      2          15      1

50. (Of those who have some form of health insurance or health care coverage) Has your health insurance plan ever refused to pay for all or part of a medical treatment that you believe should have been fully covered, or not?


                     Yes    No    No opinion
7/12/98  ALL COV      28    69         3
7/12/98  ALL PRI      30    68         2
7/12/98  TRAD         26    74         1
7/12/98  PPO          33    66         1
7/12/98  HMO          29    67         3
7/12/98  MED/MED      22    72         6
8/27/97  ALL COV      23    75         2
8/27/97  ALL PRI      24    74         2
8/27/97  TRAD         28    70         2
8/27/97  PPO          27    71         2
8/27/97  HMO          18    81         2
8/27/97  MED/MED      19    78         3

51. All in all, do you think so-called managed care programs like HMOs treat most people fairly, or unfairly?


           Fairly    Unfairly    No opinion
7/12/98      41         43          16

52A. Would you favor or oppose tougher government regulation of managed care programs like HMOs?


           Favor    Oppose    No opinion
7/12/98      60        27          13

52B. (Of those who favor tougher government regulation) Would you support or oppose tougher regulation of managed care programs like HMOs if it raised your own health care costs?


           Support    Oppose    No opinion
7/12/98       63        33          5
52 A/B.
           --------Favor---------   
           NET   Support   Oppose    Oppose    No opinion
7/12/98     60      37       19        27          13

53. On another subject, do you regularly carry a knife or other weapon for self protection?


           Yes   No    No opinion
7/12/98     9    90        * 
* indicates percentage of less than .5

© Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company

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