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Washington Post-ABC News Poll: President Bush

This Washington Post - ABC News poll was conducted by telephone July 26-30, 2001, among a national sample of 1,352 randomly selected adults. Margin of sampling error for overall results is plus or minus 3 percentage points. Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch of Horsham, PA.

*= less than 0.5 percent

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling his job as president?

          ---------Approve---------   --------Disapprove--------   No opin.
          NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat
7/30/01   59      28        30        38      22        17            3
6/3/01    55      27        28        40      22        18            6
4/22/01   63      33        30        32      16        16            5
3/25/01   58      NA        NA        33      NA        NA            8
2/25/01   55      NA        NA        23      NA        NA           22

2. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bush is handling ... ?

7/30/01

Summary Table:

                            Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
a. The economy                52          45             3
b. International affairs      56          38             6
c. Environmental issues       45          49             6
d. Education                  63          31             5
e. The energy situation       43          53             5
f. Patients' rights in the
   health care system         48          44             9
g. Social Security            46          48             6
h. The federal budget         53          42             5
i. Campaign finance reform    43          46            11
j. The cost of prescription                               
   drugs                      40          51             9
k. Defense and the military
   budget                     58          34             7

Trend:

a. The economy

          Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
7/30/01     52          45             3
6/3/01      53          41             6
4/22/01     55          38             7
3/25/01     50          42             8

b. International affairs

          Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
7/30/01     56          38             6
6/3/01      58          33             9
4/22/01     62          31             7
3/25/01     56          31            13

c. Environmental issues

          Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
7/30/01     45          49             6
6/3/01      41          50             9
4/22/01     47          41            12
3/25/01     46          41            13

d. Education

          Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
7/30/01     63          31             5
6/3/01      57          35             8
4/22/01     60          28            12

e. The energy situation

          Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
7/30/01     43          53             5
6/3/01      37          58             5
5/13/01     39          43            18

f. Patients' rights in the health care system

          Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
7/30/01     48          44             9
6/3/01      40          39            21

g. Social Security

          Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
7/30/01     46          48             6
6/3/01      46          40            14

h,i,j,k. No trend.

3. In general, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in the United States at this time?

             Satisfied    Dissatisfied    No opinion
7/30/01          53            47              1
11/4/00 LV       61            36              3
11/3/00 LV       61            35              4
11/2/00 LV       62            35              4

4. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is doing its job?

            Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
7/30/01       48           48              4
4/22/01       58           33              8
10/31/99      42           53              6
9/2/99        46           47              7
6/6/99        48           46              6
3/14/99       44           49              7
2/14/99       46           50              4    
12/20/98      44           51              5    
12/19/98      45           50              5    
12/13/98      49           46              5    
11/7/98       41           55              4    
11/1/98       49           47              5    
11/1/98 LV    47           51              2    
10/25/98      45           44             11    
10/25/98 LV   45           48              7    
10/18/98      46           45              8    
10/18/98 LV   45           49              5    
9/28/98       52           44              4    
9/28/98 LV    52           46              2 
8/21/98       55           39              6          
7/12/98       46           44             11          
5/12/98       45           45              9          
4/4/98        47           45              8          
1/31/98       55           35             10          
1/30/98       55           35             10          
1/25/98       56           37              8          
1/24/98       55           38              7          
1/19/98       47           49              5          
10/13/97      36           57              7          
8/27/97       39           54              7          
7/8/97        40           53              6          
4/24/97       40           53              7          
3/9/97        35           60              5          
8/5/96        42           52              7          
6/30/96       35           58              7          
5/22/96       35           60              5          
3/10/96       30           64              6          
1/7/96        31           65              5          
11/19/95      27           68              5          
10/1/95       32           65              3 
7/17/95       34           63              3         
3/19/95       39           56              5         
1/29/95       42           52              6         
10/31/94      21           72              8         
10/23/94      18           78              4         
9/11/94       24           70              5         
6/26/94       34           61              5         
3/27/94       35           62              3         
2/27/94       32           64              4         
1/23/94       29           60             11         
11/14/93      28           66              6         
8/8/93        33           64              3         
4/26/93       30           69              2         
1/17/93       29           66              6         
4/9/92        17           78              5         
3/18/92       19           76              5         
3/8/92        22           73              6         
2/2/92        32           64              4         
12/15/91      35           59              6         
10/21/91      45           50              5         
6/2/91        49           46              5 
10/14/90      34           63              3                  
2/4/90        41           55              4                  
1/16/90       39           55              6                  
8/21/89       42           53              5                  
5/23/89       54           44              2                  
2/14/89       53           44              3                  
1/23/88*      43           53              4                  
6/1/87*       56           40              4                  
6/22/85*      54           37              9                  
5/83*         33           43             24                  
6/81*         38           40             22                  
6/79*         19           61             20                  
9/78*         29           49             22                  
6/77*         34           42             24                  
6/75*         29           54             17                  
8/74*         48           35             17  

*Gallup

5. Do you think the country should go in the direction (Bush wants to lead it), go in the direction (the Democrats in Congress want to lead it), or what?

          Where       Where        Other              No dif-
          Bush      Democrats    direction  Neither   ference   No
          wants       want         (vol.)   (vol.)    (vol.)   opin.
7/30/01     42         43            4         6         3       3
6/3/01      40         42            5         7         3       3
4/22/01     46         36            4         6         3       4

6. Who do you think is taking a stronger leadership role in the government in Washington these days, (Bush) or (the Democrats in Congress)?

                                 Both     Neither      No
          Bush     Democrats    (vol.)    (vol.)      opin.
7/30/01    51         38           3         4          4

Compare to:

Who do you think is taking a stronger leadership role in the government in Washington these days, Clinton or the Republicans in Congress?

                               Equal     Neither     No
           Clinton     GOP     (vol.)     (vol.)    opin.
4/5/95        27        67       2          3         7
1/24/95       24        61       4          5         6
12/15/94      25        59       3          5         7

7. Who do you trust to do a better job handling . - (Bush) or (the Democrats in Congress)?

7/30/01

Summary Table:

                                             Both    Neither    No
                             Bush    Dems   (vol.)   (vol.)    opin.
a. The economy                47      46      1        4         1
b. International affairs      51      42      1        3         3
c. Environmental issues       37      54      1        5         3
d. Education                  50      42      2        4         2
e. The energy situation       41      49      1        6         3
f. Patients' rights in the
   health care system         41      49      1        5         4
g. Social Security            42      51      1        5         2
h. The federal budget         47      44      2        5         2
i. Campaign finance reform    40      44      1        9         6
j. The cost of prescription   
   drugs                      39      50      1        7         3
k. Defense and the military   
   budget                     53      40      1        4         3

Trend:

a. The economy

                             Both     Neither    No
          Bush     Dems     (vol.)    (vol.)    opin.
7/30/01    47       46         1         4        1
6/3/01     44       46         2         6        2

b. International affairs

                             Both     Neither    No
          Bush     Dems     (vol.)    (vol.)    opin.
7/30/01    51       42         1         3        3
6/3/01     47       40         3         7        4

c. Environmental issues

                             Both     Neither    No
          Bush     Dems     (vol.)    (vol.)    opin.
7/30/01    37       54         1         5        3
6/3/01     35       54         2         5        4

d. Education

                             Both     Neither    No
          Bush     Dems     (vol.)    (vol.)    opin.
7/30/01    50       42         2         4        2
6/3/01     43       43         1         7        6

e. The energy situation

                             Both     Neither    No
          Bush     Dems     (vol.)    (vol.)    opin.
7/30/01    41       49         1         6        3
6/3/01     36       52         1         5        6

f. Patients' rights in the health care system

                             Both     Neither    No
          Bush     Dems     (vol.)    (vol.)    opin.
7/30/01    41       49         1         5        4
6/3/01     37       52         *         3        7

g. Social Security

                             Both     Neither    No
          Bush     Dems     (vol.)    (vol.)    opin.
7/30/01    42       51         1         5        2
6/3/01     38       52         1         5        3

h,i,j,k. No trend.

8. Who do you think is more open to the ideas of people who are political moderates - (Bush) or (the Democrats in Congress)?

                             Both     Neither    No
          Bush     Dems     (vol.)    (vol.)    opin.
7/30/01    38       52         2         4        4

Compare to:

On another subject, which political party do you think is more open to the ideas of people who are political moderates - the (Democrats) or the (Republicans)?

                                       Both     Neither     No
         Democrats     Republicans    (vol.)     (vol.)    opin.
6/3/01      57            32            2          6         4

9. For each group I name, please tell me if you think it has too much influence in the Bush administration, too little influence or about the right amount.

7/30/01

                                   Too       Too       Right       No 
                                   much     little     amount     opin.                             
a. Large business corporations      67         7         24         2  
b. The oil and gas industries       64        13         20         3
c. Conservative religious groups    32        23         42         4 
d. Wealthy people                   72         5         22         2
e. Environmental groups             20        46         31         3
f. Minority groups                  14        51         33         2 
g. People like you                   1        67         30         1

10. Please tell me whether the following statement applies to Bush or not.

7/30/01

Summary Table:

                                        Yes   No   No opin.
a. He understands the problems of
    people like you                      45   54      2
b. He can be trusted in a crisis         60   37      3
c. He's doing a good job as
    commander-in-chief of the military   67   29      4
d. He is honest and trustworthy          63   34      3
e. He is a strong leader                 55   43      2
f. He's got a vision for the future      67   31      2
g. He understands complex issues         53   45      2
h. He has strong personal character      68   30      2
i. He has brought needed change to
   Washington                            50   47      3
j. He's done a good job keeping the      
   economy strong                        52   46      2

Trend:

a. He understands the problems of people like you

             Yes     No     No opin.
7/30/01       45     54        2
4/22/01       47     51        2
11/4/00 LV    49     46        5
10/24/00 LV   50     46        3
10/15/00 RV   46     46        7
10/9/00 RV    50     44        6
9/6/00 RV     47     49        4
8/20/00 RV    50     46        5
7/23/00 RV    44     51        5
7/23/00       44     51        5
6/11/00       48     47        5
4/2/00        48     46        6
3/11/00       47     47        6
2/27/00       43     51        6
2/6/00        43     52        5
1/16/00       46     49        6
12/15/99      47     46        7
10/31/99      54     39        7
9/2/99        50     39       11
3/14/99       52     27       21

b. He can be trusted in a crisis

             Yes     No     No opin.  
7/30/01       60     37        3
4/22/01       65     32        4    
12/15/99      62     27       11     
9/2/99        58     22       19 

c. He's doing a good job as commander-in-chief of the military

             Yes     No     No opin.
7/30/01       67     29        4
4/22/01       69     26        5
9/6/00* RV    65     27        8
2/6/00 RV     58     35        7
2/6/00        57     35        8 

*9/6/00 and previous: "He would be a good commander-in-chief."

d. He is honest and trustworthy

             Yes     No     No opin.
7/30/01       63     34        3
4/22/01       62     32        6       
11/5/00 LV    60     33        7
11/4/00 LV    61     33        7
10/24/00 LV   65     30        5
10/15/00 LV   57     34        9
10/15/00 RV   53     35       12
9/6/00 RV     62     30        7
7/23/00 RV    61     30        8
7/23/00       59     31       10
12/15/99      63     28        9
10/31/99      68     22       10
9/2/99        63     23       14
3/14/99       67     12       22

e. He is a strong leader

             Yes     No     No opin.
7/30/01       55     43        2
4/22/01       53     42        5
10/9/00 RV    62     33        5
9/6/00 RV     65     28        7
8/20/00 RV    65     29        5
8/10/00 RV    67     29        5
7/23/00 RV    61     33        6
7/23/00       62     32        5
6/11/00       65     30        6
4/2/00        68     27        5
3/11/00       63     31        6
2/27/00       62     32        6
2/6/00        65     30        7
1/16/00       65     28        7
12/15/99      67     26        7
10/31/99      77     18        5
9/2/99        70     18       12
3/14/99       68     13       20

f. He's got a vision for the future

             Yes     No     No opin.
7/30/01       67     31        2
4/22/01       68     30        2    
3/14/99       66     12       21

g. He understand complex issues

             Yes     No     No opin.
7/30/01       53     45        2
11/4/00       60     36        4 

h. He has strong personal character

             Yes     No     No opin.
7/30/01       68     30        2
11/4/00       70     26        5

i. He has brought needed change to Washington

             Yes     No     No opin.
7/30/01       50     47        3
9/6/00 RV*    55     41        5
7/23/00 RV    50     46        4
7/23/00       51     44        5
4/2/00        54     39        7
3/11/00       50     43        7
2/27/00       46     50        4
2/6/00        48     46        6
1/16/00       49     43        8
12/15/99      52     40        8
10/31/99      61     32        7
9/2/99        56     32       12

*9/6/00 and previous: "He would bring needed change to Washington"

j. No trend.

11. How confident are you that Bush has the experience and ability needed to meet the challenges of the presidency--very confident, somewhat confident, not too confident, or not at all confident?

           Very      Somewhat     Not too    Not at all     No
         confident   confident   confident   confident     opin.
7/30/01     29          32           23         16           *
4/22/01     31          32           20         16           *

12. Do you think Bush is mainly concentrating on things that are important to you personally, or on things that are not important to you personally?

          Important     Not important      No 
            to you         to you         opin. 
7/30/01       45              53            2

13. Do you think Bush is working hard enough, or not hard enough?

           Hard     Not hard     No    
          enough     enough     opin.
7/30/01     62         36         2

14. Would you say Bush is doing a better job as president than you expected, a worse job, or what?

                                       About what I expected 
          Better job   Worse job           (vol.)             No opin. 
7/30/01       39          23                 36                   2 
4/22/01       39          21                 37                   3 

Compare to:

                                       About what I expected 
          Better job   Worse job           (vol.)             No opin. 
2/28/93*      38          19                 35                   8 

*"Clinton"

15. In last year's presidential campaign, do you think Bush did or did not tell people the truth about the kind of programs and policies he would seek after he became president?

          Told       Did not        No
          truth     tell truth     opin.
7/30/01     60          37           3

Compare to:

          Told       Did not        No
          truth     tell truth     opin.
8/8/93*     46          53           2

*Clinton

16. As you may know, Congress has approved a tax cut of nearly one-point-four trillion dollars over the next 10 years. In general, do you think this tax cut will be good for the economy, bad for the economy, or won't it make much difference?

                               No          No
          Good     Bad     difference     opin.
7/30/01    37       20         42           1
6/3/01*    35       13         50           3

* "In general, do you think this tax cut will be good for the economy, bad for the economy, or won't it make much difference?"

17. Do you think this tax cut will or will not leave enough money to keep the federal budget balanced and provide enough money for programs such as Social Security, education and health care?

          Will     Will not     No opin. 
7/30/01    45         52            3
2/25/01*   40         42           18 

* "As you may know, Bush has proposed cutting taxes by one-point-six trillion dollars over 10 years. Do you think this tax cut would or would not leave enough money to keep the federal budget balanced and provide enough money for programs such as Social Security, education and health care?"

18. As part of the tax cut, most Americans will receive a rebate check for 300 to 600 dollars sometime this summer. Have you gotten a tax rebate check from the federal government this summer, or not?

          Yes     No     No opin.
7/30/01     9     90        *

19. Would you say Bush's views on most political matters are liberal, moderate, or conservative?

          Liberal     Moderate     Conservative     No opin.
7/30/01      11          36             50              3

20. Which of these is more important to you: (holding down the size of government) or (providing needed services)?

              Holding down      Providing       Both       No
              size of govt     needed svcs     (vol.)     opin.
7/30/01            33               63            3         1              
4/22/01            31               62            5         2              
10/18/00 LV        30               58           10         1 

21. Which do you think is more important to Bush: (holding down the size of government) or (providing needed services)?

              Holding down      Providing       Both       No
              size of govt     needed svcs     (vol.)     opin.
7/30/01            61               30            4         5              
4/22/01            62               28            5         6

22. Which is more important to you personally - (protecting the environment) or (encouraging economic growth)?

          Protecting the     Encouraging        No
           environment     economic growth     opin. 
7/30/01         52                44             4
4/22/01         52                44             3
1/15/01         56                39             5

23. Which do you think is more important to Bush - (protecting the environment) or (encouraging economic growth)?

          Protecting the     Encouraging        No
           environment     economic growth     opin. 
7/30/01         14                81             5
4/22/01         13                78             9

24. Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of Bush as a person?

             Favorable     Unfavorable     No opin.
7/30/01         63             34              2
6/3/01          61             34              5
4/22/01         64             32              4
12/15/00*       56             36              8
10/15/00 RV     46             34             21
9/6/00 RV       58             31             11
7/23/00 RV      61             30              9
7/23/00         62             29              9
6/11/00 RV      54             29             17
6/11/00         50             28             22
4/2/00          50             31             19
2/27/00         49             39             11
10/31/99        69             24              8
9/2/99          61             23             16
6/6/99          54             15             30
3/14/99         54             14             32
2/14/99         51             13             36
1/19/98         34             13             53

*12/15/00 and previous: "Please tell me if you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of George W Bush, or perhaps you don't know enough to say."

25. Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of:

7/30/01

Summary table:

                       Favorable     Unfavorable     No opinion
Dick Cheney               60             34               6
The Republican party      51             46               3
The Democratic party      60             36               4
John McCain               57             30              12
Ronald Reagan             69             29               3

Trend:

Dick Cheney

             Favorable   Unfavorable   No opinion
7/30/01         60           34             6
12/15/00        55           23            22
9/6/00 RV       42           20            38
7/29/00 RV      34           11            55
7/29/00         29           10            60

The Republican Party

             Favorable   Unfavorable   No opinion
7/30/01         51           46             3
12/15/00        54           35            11
1/16/00         53           37            10
1/10/00*        53           41             6
1/10/00  LV     56           39             5
11/21/99        50           44             6
5/2/99          47           44             9
2/21/99         45           46             9
2/13/99         40           54             5
2/8/99          45           47             8
1/10/99         40           52             8
12/20/98        31           57            12
12/16/98        43           47            10
10/29/97        50           42             8
9/1/96   RV     50           45             5
8/18/96  RV     55           41             4
8/7/96   RV     51           44             5
4/10/96         52           41             7
4/19/95         52           42             6
7/8/92   RV     53           39             8

*1/10/00 and previous: Gallup

The Democratic Party

             Favorable   Unfavorable   No opinion
7/30/01         60           36             4
12/15/00        64           25            11
1/16/00         56           35             9
1/10/00*        61           33             6
1/10/00  LV     58           37             5
11/21/99        51           41             8
5/2/99          53           37            10
2/21/99         55           37             8
2/13/99         56           38             6
2/8/99          57           37             6
1/10/99         57           35             8
12/20/98        57           30            13
12/16/98        58           32            10
10/29/97        54           39             7
9/1/96   RV     60           36             4
8/18/96  RV     55           41             4
8/7/96   RV     57           38             5
4/10/96         55           38             7
4/19/95         51           43             6
7/8/92   RV     54           38             8

*1/10/00 and previous: Gallup

John McCain

             Favorable   Unfavorable   No opinion
7/30/01         57           30            12
2/27/00         60           21            19
10/31/99        36           22            41
9/2/99          22           10            68
3/14/99         20           10            69

Ronald Reagan

             Favorable   Unfavorable   No opinion
7/30/01         69           29             3
9/1/91*         55           38             7
11/21/89        59           36             5
8/14/88         48           41            10
8/14/88  RV     47           43            10
8/14/88  LV     49           44             7
8/14/88  LR     86            8             6
7/11/88         60           36             4
7/11/88  RV     61           35             4
7/11/88  LR     86           12             2

LR = Leaned Republicans

*9/1/91 and previous: "Please tell me if you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of Ronald Reagan, or perhaps you don't know enough to say."

Call for full trend.

26. Thinking back to when Ronald Reagan was in office, would you say you approve or disapprove of the way Reagan handled his job as president?

             Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
7/30/01        66          27            7 
2/27/00        64          26           10

Call for full trend, 1981-1989.

27. On another subject, would you describe the state of the nation's economy these days as excellent, good, not so good, or poor?

              ----Excellent/Good-----    -----Not so good/Poor-----    No  
              NET   Excellent    Good    NET    Not so good    Poor    op.
7/30/01        50        3        46      50        39          12      *
4/22/01        50        3        47      50        40           9      *
1/15/01        70       10        59      29        24           6      1 
10/27/00 LV    86       24        61      14        11           3      * 
10/26/00 LV    86       24        61      14        11           3      * 
6/11/00        74       17        57      26        19           6      *  
2/27/00        80       25        55      20        14           5      *  
10/31/99       74       18        56      26        18           7      1  
9/2/99         76       19        57      23        16           6      1  
3/14/99        80       22        58      19        15           4      1  
11/1/98        73       12        61      26        21           5      1  
11/1/98  LV    78       13        65      22        19           3      *  
10/13/97       61       12        49      39        27          11      *

Call for full trend.

28. Just your best guess, do you think the economy is heading into a recession, or not?

          Yes   No   No opinion  
7/30/01   52    46        2
4/22/01   45    50        5
3/25/01   58    37        5
1/15/01   55    42        3

29. Do you think the United States is heading into an energy crisis, or not?

          Yes   No   No opinion  
7/30/01   56    42        1
4/22/01   64    34        3

30. Sometimes fertility clinics produce extra fertilized eggs, also called embryos, that are not implanted in a woman's womb. These extra embryos either are discarded, or couples can donate them for use in medical research called stem-cell research. Some people (support stem-cell research, saying it's an important way to find treatments for many diseases). Other people (oppose stem-cell research, saying it's wrong to use any human embryos for research purposes). What about you - do you support or oppose stem-cell research?

          Support    Oppose    No opinion
7/30/01     63         33           4   
6/24/01     58         30          12 

31. The federal government provides funding to support a variety of medical research. Do you think federal funding for medical research should or should not include funding for stem-cell research?

          Should    Should not    No opinion
7/30/01     60          36            3 
6/24/01     60          31            9 

32. (OF VOTERS IN NOVEMBER 2000 ELECTION) If the election were held today among the same candidates, who would you vote for?

          Bush     Gore     Nader     Buchanan     Other     No opin. 
7/30/01    48       46         2          *           3          2

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