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Washington Post Poll: September 11 Anniversary

Sunday, September 8, 2002

The latest Washington Post poll is based on telephone interviews with 1,003 randomly selected adults nationwide and was conducted Sept. 3-6, 2002. The margin of sampling error for overall results is plus or minus 3 percentage points. Sampling error is only one of many potential sources of error in this or any other public opinion poll. Interviewing was conducted by TNS Intersearch of Horsham, Pa.

*= less than 0.5 percent

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling his job as president? Do you approve/disapprove strongly or somewhat?

            ---------Approve---------   --------Disapprove-------     No 
            NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat    opin.
9/6/02      69       43         26      28       15         13         3
7/15/02     72       42         31      25       13         12         2
6/17/02     74       42         32      22       13          9         4
6/9/02      77       41         36      20       11          9         3
5/19/02     76       48         28      22       13          8         3
4/21/02     78       47         31      20       10          9         2
3/28/02     79       49         30      18       10          8         3
3/10/02     82       52         30      16        7          9         2
1/27/02     83       56         27      14        7          7         3
12/19/01    86       64         22      12        6          6         2
11/27/01    89       69         21       9        5          4         1
11/6/01     89       65         24       9        4          5         2
10/9/01     92       76         16       6        3          3         1
9/27/01     90       70         20       6        3          3         4
9/13/01     86       63         23      12        6          5         2
9/9/01      55       26         29      41       22         20         3
8/12/01     61       28         33      31       17         14         8
7/30/01     59       28         30      38       22         17         3
6/3/01      55       27         28      40       22         18         6
4/22/01     63       33         30      32       16         16         5
3/25/01     58       NA         NA      33       NA         NA         8
2/25/01     55       NA         NA      23       NA         NA        22

2. Do you think things in this country are generally going in the right direction or do you feel things have gotten pretty seriously off on the wrong track?

                Right      Wrong     No
              Direction    Track    opin. 
9/6/02           43         54        4
2/21/02          54         42        4
2/14/99          55         41        4
11/1/98          55         43        2
11/1/98 LV       55         44        1
8/21/98          57         40        4
7/12/98          50         45        6
4/4/98           55         41        4
1/31/98          61         34        5
1/30/98          61         34        5
1/19/98          44         50        6
8/27/97          39         57        4
6/8/97           37         60        3
3/9/97           34         62        4
10/17/96 RV      40         55        5
10/16/96 RV      42         53        5
10/15/96 RV      43         52        5
10/14/96 RV      44         51        5
10/13/96 RV      44         51        5
9/04/96  RV      40         54        6
8/21/96          28         67        5
6/30/96          26         70        5
3/17/96          27         7         3
1/21/96          27         66        6
1/3/96           21         77        3
4/5/95           23         73        3
1/4/95           27         68        6
10/31/94         27         69        4
7/20/94          26         70        4
3/27/94          28         69        3
1/23/94          31         60       10
11/14/93         25         69        6
8/8/93           26         71        3
6/20/93          26         71        3
4/26/93          27         71        2
3/11/93          36         57        7
2/28/93          37         59        4
1/17/93          31         63        6
12/14/92         35         60        5
10/27/92 RV      22         76        2
10/4/92  RV      18         78        4
6/7/92           14         83        3
4/9/92           16         81        3
3/11/92          18         79        4
1/15/92          19         78        3
11/10/91         24         72        4
10/29/91         26         71        3
8/27/91          31         60        9
7/28/91          30         67        3
6/2/91           39         57        4
4/9/91           42         51        7
2/26/91          58         39        3
1/27/91          49         48        4
10/14/90         19         79        2
9/9/90           36         60        4
8/20/90          35         60        5
7/24/90          37         60        2
5/21/90          39         60        2
3/26/90          44         53        2
2/4/90           49         48        3
1/16/90          48         49        3
5/23/89          42         55        3
3/16/89          46         52        2
1/16/89  LV      51         46        3
10/25/88 RV      49         46        6
9/27/88          48         44        8
7/11/88          40         56        4
5/25/88          35         59        6
3/21/88          40         56        4
1/23/88          39         59        2
12/13/87         49         47        4
12/2/87          35         61        4
9/23/87          43         54        4
6/29/87          35         62        3
4/13/87          37         60        3
3/9/87           38         58        4
1/18/87          39         56        5
9/8/86           50         48        2
1/26/86          45         47        8
7/29/85          52         43        6
1/16/85          59         36        4
5/22/84          47         48        5
12/13/83         43         51        6
11/7/83          51         44        5
4/12/83          41         54        4
3/2/83           43         53        3
1/25/83          58         39        3
1/25/83          43         52        4
10/11/82         35         57        8
1/30/82          39         56        5
2/80             20         70       10
2/78             34         53       13
2/77             41         44       14
10/75            19         71        9
10/74            15         75       11
10/73            16         74       10

3. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bush is handling...?

9/6/02*

Summary Table:

                                          Approve   Disapprove   No opin.
a. The economy                               54          42          4
b. Environmental issues                      53          40          7
c. Education                                 62          30          8
d. The federal budget                        50          41          9
e. The U.S. campaign against terrorism       70          28          3
f. Social Security                           47          37         16

*Half sample asked items a through c and the other half sample asked items d through f.

Trend:

a. The economy

            Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
9/6/02        54          42             4
7/15/02       58          38             3
4/21/02       64          33             3
1/27/02       62          34             4
12/19/01      67          27             6       
11/6/01       72          23             5       
9/9/01        48          48             4       
7/30/01       52          45             3
6/3/01        53          41             6
4/22/01       55          38             7
3/25/01       50          42             8

b. Environmental issues

            Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
9/6/02        53          40             7
7/15/02       52          39             9
1/27/02       54          31            15
9/9/01        50          44             6
7/30/01       45          49             6
6/3/01        41          50             9
4/22/01       47          41            12
3/25/01       46          41            13

c. Education

            Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
9/6/02        62          30             8
7/15/02       62          31             6
1/27/02       71          21             8
9/9/01        61          32             7
7/30/01       63          31             5
6/3/01        57          35             8
4/22/01       60          28            12

d. The federal budget

            Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
9/6/02        50          41             9
7/15/02       50          42             8
1/27/02       59          30            12
9/9/01        46          48             6
7/30/01       53          42             5

e. The U.S. campaign against terrorism

             ---------Approve---------   --------Disapprove--------   No 
             NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat    op.
9/6/02       70       NA         NA      28       NA         NA        3
7/15/02      83       NA         NA      15       NA         NA        2
5/19/02      79       51         27      19       10          9        3
4/21/02      81       56         25      18       10          7        2
3/10/02      88       64         24      10        5          5        2
1/27/02      88       NA         NA      10       NA         NA        2
12/19/01     89       67         22       9        5          4        2
10/15/01     92       75         17       5        3          3        3

f. Social Security

            Approve   Disapprove   No opinion
9/6/02        47          37            16
7/15/02       54          35            11
1/27/02       54          28            18
9/9/01        41          50             9
7/30/01       46          48             6
6/3/01        46          40            14

4. Do you approve or disapprove of the way your own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives in Congress is handling his or her job?

               Approve        Disapprove          No opinion
9/6/02            64              23                   13
7/15/02           68              23                    9
11/1/98           72              20                    8
11/1/98 LV        73              23                    5
10/18/98          68              20                   11
10/18/98 LV       67              25                    9
9/28/98           70              21                   10
9/28/98 LV        71              23                    6
7/12/98           70              18                   12
1/19/98           74              19                    7
4/5/95            65              25                    9
10/31/94          51              38                   11
10/23/94          49              43                    8
9/11/94           53              35                   12
6/26/94           59              31                   10
3/27/94           62              26                   12
1/17/93           60              29                   11
4/9/92            47              39                   13
3/18/92           49              40                   11
2/2/92            56              32                   12
12/15/91          60              28                   12
10/21/91          64              27                    9
6/2/91            61              26                   14
10/14/90          64              29                    7
5/23/89           71              18                   11

5. Right now, are you inclined to vote to re-elect your representative in Congress in the next election, or are you inclined to look around for someone else to vote for?

                 Re-elect      Look around    Depends (vol.)   No opin.
9/6/02              43             43              7               7
2/21/02             40             48              7               6
10/31/99            41             47              8               3
9/28/98             44             46             NA              10
9/28/98  LV         52             42             NA               6
7/12/98             42             44              5              10
1/19/98             47             41              7               4
8/27/97             34             52              9               5
11/6/94  RV         37             47              7               8
10/31/94            35             56              2               7
10/23/94            32             58              4               6
9/11/94             36             53              4               7
6/26/94             35             54              6               5
3/27/94             32             56              6               7
1/23/94             32             46             10              12
11/14/93            38             52              5               5
7/8/92              34             54              3               9
6/7/92              36             53              4               7
4/9/92              33             56              3               8
3/11/92             36             54              3               7
2/2/92              38             51              4               7
10/21/91            31             55              7               6
6/2/91              37             49              5               9
11/4/90  LV         41             50             NA               8
10/14/90            36             57             NA               7
5/21/90             43             50              3               3
5/23/89             45             44              4               6

6. Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of:

9/6/02
Summary table:

                          Favorable     Unfavorable     No opinion
a. The Republican party      57             37               6
b. The Democratic party      49             43               7

Trend:

a. The Republican Party

             Favorable   Unfavorable   No opinion
9/6/02          57           37             6
1/27/02         63           30             7
7/30/01         51           46             3
12/15/00        54           35            11
1/16/00         53           37            10
1/10/00*        53           41             6
1/10/00  LV     56           39             5
11/21/99        50           44             6
5/2/99          47           44             9
2/21/99         45           46             9
2/13/99         40           54             5
2/8/99          45           47             8
1/10/99         40           52             8
12/20/98        31           57            12
12/16/98        43           47            10
10/29/97        50           42             8
9/1/96   RV     50           45             5
8/18/96  RV     55           41             4
8/7/96   RV     51           44             5
4/10/96         52           41             7
4/19/95         52           42             6
7/8/92   RV     53           39             8
*1/10/00 and previous: Gallup

b. The Democratic Party

             Favorable   Unfavorable   No opinion
9/6/02          49           43             7
1/27/02         56           36             8
7/30/01         60           36             4
12/15/00        64           25            11
1/16/00         56           35             9
1/10/00*        61           33             6
1/10/00  LV     58           37             5
11/21/99        51           41             8
5/2/99          53           37            10
2/21/99         55           37             8
2/13/99         56           38             6
2/8/99          57           37             6
1/10/99         57           35             8
12/20/98        57           30            13
12/16/98        58           32            10
10/29/97        54           39             7
9/1/96   RV     60           36             4
8/18/96  RV     55           41             4
8/7/96   RV     57           38             5
4/10/96         55           38             7
4/19/95         51           43             6
7/8/92   RV     54           38             8     
*1/10/00 and previous: Gallup

7. Now thinking about Saudi Arabia . . . do you consider Saudi Arabia to be an ally of the United States, friendly but not an ally, unfriendly, or an enemy of the United States?

           Ally    Friendly    Unfriendly    Enemy    No op.
9/6/02      12       37            23         21        7
1/27/02     10       54            16         14        6
5/21/00*    19       37            23         12        9
*Gallup

7a. (IF UNFRIENDLY/AN ENEMY OF U.S.) What is the main reason you see Saudi Arabia as (unfriendly/an enemy of U.S.)?

9/6/02

Support terrorism/terrorist countries        	17    
Don't trust them                             	14
Don't like the US/don't want peace           	10
Were behind September 11th attacks            	 5
Don't support US troops/military             	 6
Use oil supply against us                    	 4
Don't like the way they act/handle affairs   	 9
Their leadership                             	 6
Religious beliefs are violent/anti-US        	 4
Human rights position                         	 1
Other                                         	20
No opinion                                    	 4

9-1. Would you favor or oppose having U.S. forces take military action against Iraq to force Saddam Hussein from power?

              Favor    Oppose   No opin. 
9/6/02         64       33        3
8/11/02        69       22        9
3/10/02        72       24        4      
2/21/02*       67       30        4      
1/27/02        71       24        4      
12/19/01       72       24        5      
11/27/01       78       17        6      
10/11/94**     72       23        5      
1/15/93***     82       15        3      
8/21/92 RV     65       30        5      
2/9/92         62       35        3      
4/22/91        51       43        6      
4/5/91         54       37        9      
3/15/91        57       38        5 

*Strongly/somewhat follow asked
**10/11/94 and previous: Gallup
***1/15/93 and previous: Would you support or oppose having U.S. forces resume military action...?

9-2. (HALF SAMPLE) Do you think the terrorist attacks of last September 11th changed this country in a lasting way, or not? (IF CHANGED) Was it a change for the better or a change for the worse?

             ----------Yes, changed----------            No
             NET    Better    Worse    DK/REF    No     opin.
9/6/02       83       55        27      NA       13       5
12/19/01*    91       63        25       4        8       1
*"the events of September 11th"

9-3/9-4. Have the terrorist attacks of last September 11th changed your own personal life in a lasting way, or not? (IF YES) Have they mainly changed the way you (live your day-to-day life), or mainly changed the way you (feel about things)?

             ----------Changed life----------
             NET     Live     Feel     DK/REF     No     No opinion
9/6/02       59       18       40        2        40          1
12/19/01     55       14       40        1        45          *

9-3/9-5. Have the terrorist attacks of last September 11th changed your own personal life in a lasting way, or not? (IF CHANGED) Is it a change for the better or a change for the worse?

             ----------Changed life----------
             NET    Better    Worse    DK/REF     No     No opinion
9/6/02       59       29        27        2       40           1
12/19/01     55       38        15        1       45           *

8. On another subject, do you think the U.S. campaign against terrorism is going very well, fairly well, not too well or not well at all?

           ----------Well----------     --------Not well--------      No
           NET      Very     Fairly     NET     Not too   At all     opin. 
9/6/02     68        10        58       31        22        8         1
7/15/02    75        15        60       24        16        8         1
4/21/02    73        11        63       26        17        9         1
3/10/02    84        21        63       15        10        6         1
1/27/02    88        32        56       11         8        4         1

Compare to:

Do you think the U.S. military action in Afghanistan is going very well, fairly well, not too well or not well at all?

           ----------Well----------     --------Not well--------      No
           NET      Very     Fairly     NET     Not too   At all     opin. 
11/27/01   93        42        51        5         3        2          2
11/6/01    85        23        62       12         8        4          3

9. (HALF SAMPLE) As it conducts the war on terrorism, do you think the United States government is doing enough to protect the rights of (READ ITEM), or not?

9/6/02

                                           Yes     No     No opin. 
a. Average Americans                        71     27        2
b. Arab-Americans and American Muslims      65     27        8
c. People who've been investigated for 
   suspected involvement in terrorism       60     33        7

Trend:

a. Average Americans

             Yes     No     No opinion
9/6/02        71     27           2
12/19/01      74     24           2
11/27/01      81     16           2

b. Arab-Americans and American Muslims

             Yes     No     No opinion
9/6/02        65     27           8
12/19/02      65     29           6
11/27/01      73     19           8

c. People who've been investigated for suspected involvement in terrorism

             Yes     No     No opinion
9/6/02        60     33           7
11/27/01      71     21           8

9a. (HALF SAMPLE) Would you support or oppose new laws that would make it easier for the FBI and other authorities to investigate people they suspect of involvement in terrorism?

            Support     Oppose     No opin.
9/6/02        80          18          3
9/13/01       92           6          2

9b. (If support, Q9a) What if that meant giving up some of Americans' personal liberties and privacy---in that case would you support it or not?

9a/9b NET

            ------------------Support------------------   Oppose   No opin.
                    Supp. if       Opp. if
            NET   less liberty   less liberty   DK/REF
9/6/02       80        53            23            3        18         3
9/13/01      92        71            17            3         6         2

10. How much confidence do you have in the ability of the U.S. government to prevent further terrorist attacks against Americans in this country: a great deal, a good amount, only a fair amount or none at all?

             --------Confident--------    -----Not confident----    No   
             NET   Grt.deal   Good amt.   NET   Fair amt.   None   opin.    
9/6/02       41      10         31        59      48        11      *       
7/15/02      46      13         33        54      45         9      *       
6/9/02       44      14         30        55      44        11      *       
5/19/02      46      17         29        52      42        10      2       
3/10/02      55      18         38        44      39         5      *       
1/27/02      57      18         40        42      37         6      1       
11/27/01     63      24         39        36      32         5      1       
11/6/01      52      17         35        47      40         7      1       
9/11/01      66      35         31        32      30         2      1       
6/2/97       35      10         26        62      52        10      3       
8/5/96       35      12         23        65      49        16      *       
5/14/95      36      12         24        63      51        12      1       
4/20/95      37      13         24        62      51        11      1       
6/28/93      59      22         37        41      32         8      1       
4/3/89       46      16         30        54      38        16      *

11. How concerned are you about the chance that you personally might be the victim of a terrorist attack - does that worry you a great deal, somewhat, not too much or not at all?

          --------Concerned--------    -----Not concerned----     No   
          NET   Grt.deal   Somewhat    NET   Not too   At all    opin.    
9/6/02    39       11         27       61       32       29        *   
11/6/01   35       10         25       64       33       31        *  

9-6. Generally speaking, do you think the news media has paid (too much), (too little), or about the right amount of attention to the anniversary of September 11?

           Too       Too        About the          No
           much     little     right amount     opinion
9/6/02      34        8            57             2

12. (HALF SAMPLE) When the government in Washington decides to solve a problem, how much confidence do you have that the problem actually will be solved: A lot, some, just a little, or none at all?

          -----Confidence-----    --------Little/No Confidence-------   No 
          NET    A lot    Some    NET    Just a little    None at all   op.
9/6/02*    53      8       45     47          38                9        1
1/27/02*   66     14       52     34          27                7        1
6/25/00**  51      8       43     48          35               13        1 
12/4/95*** 39      4       35     61          38               23        *
5/15/94    36      4       31     64          42               22        *    
1/23/94    43      4       39     56          40               16        1
2/28/93    51      5       46     49          37               12        *
4/9/92     50      4       46     50          38               12        1
10/29/91   37      7       31     62          38               23        1

*Asked of half sample.
**NPR/Kaiser/Harvard
***Kaiser/Harvard/Washington Post

13. (HALF SAMPLE) When the government in Washington decides to solve (READ ITEM), how much confidence do you have that the problem actually will be solved: A lot, some, just a little, or none at all?

9/6/02*

                                --Confidence--   Little/No Confidence 
                                      A                                No 
                                NET  lot  Some   NET   Little   None   op.
a. economic problems            58    9    49    41      27      14     1
b. national security problems   70   20    50    29      20       9     1
c. domestic problems like
    (health care), (education)
    and (Social Security)       53   10    44    46      28      18     1

*Asked of opposite half sample from Q12.

Trend:

a. Economic problems

            -----Confidence-----     --Little/No Confidence-- 
                     A                                           No 
            NET     lot     Some     NET     Little      None     op.
9/6/02      58       9       49      41        27         14       1
1/27/02     63      11       52      37        31          6       *

b. National security problems

            -----Confidence-----     --Little/No Confidence-- 
                     A                                            No 
            NET     lot     Some     NET     Little      None     op.
9/6/02      70      20       50      29        20          9       1
1/27/02     78      27       51      22        18          4       *

c. domestic problems like (health care), (education) and (Social Security)

            -----Confidence-----     --Little/No Confidence-- 
                     A                                           No 
            NET     lot     Some     NET     Little      None     op.
9/6/02      53      10       44      46        28         18       1
1/27/02     58      12       46      42        33          9       *

14. Would you say you favor (smaller government with fewer services), or (larger government with many services)?

                 Smaller govt.     Larger govt.            No
                 fewer services    many services         opinion
9/6/02                54                39                  7
7/15/02               53                42                  6
1/27/02*              54                41                  5
10/9/00 RV            58                32                 10
10/1/00 RV            58                33                  9
7/23/00               59                34                  7
7/23/00 RV            61                32                  7
4/2/00                56                38                  7
8/16/98               59                35                  6
8/5/96                63                32                  5
1996   Rep Dels       98                 1                  1
       Dem Dels       33                45                 22
7/8/92                55                38                  7
1992   Rep Dels       97                 2                  1
       Dem Dels       34                45                 20
1988   Rep Dels       90                 4                  6
       Dem Dels       18                62                 21
1984   Dem Dels       23                58                 19
*Asked of half sample.

15. How much of the time do you trust the government in Washington to do what is right? Would you say just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time?

                Just about                            None       No  
                  always       Most     Only some    (vol.)     opin.
9/6/02              6           34         59          2          1
9/27/01            13           51         35          1          *
4/2/00              4           26         64          5          *
2/14/99             3           29         63          4          1
8/27/98*            6           28         59          7          1
1/19/98             4           27         66          3          *
8/27/97             2           20         76         NA          1
5/6/96              5           29         62          4          *
11/19/95            3           22         67          6          1
3/19/95             3           19         69          8          1
10/31/94            2           18         75          4          *
1/23/94             3           21         68          8          1
1/17/93             5           23         67          5          1
1/27/91             7           39         52          2          *
10/21/91            8           28         58          5          1
3/4/91              7           38         52          3          *
1/27/91             7           39         52          2          *
9/9/90              7           35         55          2          1
1/16/90             8           31         58          3          *
1/23/88             6           34         59          2          *
6/1/87              9           39         51          1          *
1/18/87             7           37         55         NA          1
9/8/86              6           34         58          2          *
7/29/85             6           32         58          3          1
3/25/85             5           32         60          2          1
2/26/85             5           38         55          1          1
1982**              2           31         61          2          4
1980                2           23         69          4          2
1978                3           27         64          4          3
1976                3           30         62          1          3
1974                3           34         61          1          2
1972                5           48         44          1          2
1970                7           47         44          -          2
1968                7           54         36          -          2
1966               17           48         28          3          4
1964               14           62         22          -          2
1958               16           57         23          -          4

*How much of the time do you trust the government in Washington to do the right thing?
**1982 and previous: Michigan-American National Election Study

16. I'm going to read you the names of some institutions in American society. Please tell me how much confidence you, yourself, have in each one: a great deal, quite a lot, some, or very little.

9/6/02

                       -----Confident----  ---Not confident----
                             Great  Quite                 Very    None     No
                       NET   deal   a lot   NET   Some   little  (vol.)   opin.       
a. The Bush 
   Administration      44     24      21    52     31      21        3      1
b. The United States 
   Supreme Court       47     23      24    51     39      12        1      1 
c. Congress            22      9      12    77     63      14        1      *
d. The military        78     50      28    22     18       4        0      0
e. The news media      21     11      10    75     48      26        4      *
f. The Presidency      56     27      29    43     31      11        1      *
g. The Church or 
   organized religion  47     29      18    49     34      15        3      1

*Half sample asked items a through c and the other half sample asked items d through g.

Trend where available:

a. The Bush Administration

              -----Confident----  ---Not confident----
                    Great  Quite                 Very    None     No
              NET   deal   a lot   NET   Some   little  (vol.)   opin.       
9/6/02        44     24      21    52     31      21       3       1      
12/15/00*     37     18      19    54     32      22       2       7 

*"the incoming Bush administration"

b. The United States Supreme Court

            	-----Confident----  ---Not confident----
                    Great  Quite                 Very    None     No
             	NET   deal   a lot   NET   Some   little  (vol.)   opin.       
9/6/02       	47     23      24    51     39      12       1       1      
12/15/00     	56     31      25    40     28      12       2       2
Gallup trend: Combines "great deal" and "quite a lot"
June 2002	50
June 2001	50
June 2000	47
June 1999	49
June 1998	50
July 1997	50
May 1996	45
April 1995	44
March 1994	42
March 1993	44
Oct. 1991	39
March 1991	48
Aug. 1990	47
Sept. 1989	46
Sept. 1988	56
July 1987	52
July 1986	54
May 1985	56
Oct. 1984	51
Aug. 1983	42
Nov. 1981	46
April 1979	45
Jan. 1977	46
May 1975	49
May 1973	44

c. Congress

              -----Confident----  ---Not confident----
                    Great  Quite                 Very    None     No
              NET   deal   a lot   NET   Some   little  (vol.)   opin.       
9/6/02        22      9      12    77     63      14       1       *      
12/15/00      45     20      25    51     39      12       1       3
Gallup trend: Combines "great deal" and "quite a lot"
June 2002	29
June 2001	26
June 2000	24
June 1999	26
June 1998	28
July 1997	22
May 1996	20
April 1995	21
March 1994	18
March 1993	18
Oct. 1991	18
March 1991	30
Aug. 1990	24
Sept. 1989	32
Sept. 1988	35
July 1987	--
July 1986	41
May 1985	39
Oct. 1984	29
Aug. 1983	28
Nov. 1981	29
April 1979	34
Jan. 1977	40
May 1975	40
May 1973	42

d. The military

              -----Confident----  ---Not confident----
                    Great  Quite                 Very    None     No
              NET   deal   a lot   NET   Some   little  (vol.)   opin.       
9/6/02        78     50      28    22     18       4       0       0      
12/15/00      75     46      29    22     17       5       *       2
Gallup trend: Combines "great deal" and "quite a lot"
June 2002	79
June 2001	66
June 2000	64
June 1999	68
June 1998	64
July 1997	60
May 1996	66
April 1995	64
March 1994	64
March 1993	68
Oct. 1991	69
March 1991	85
Aug. 1990	68
Sept. 1989	63
Sept. 1988	68
July 1987	61
July 1986	63
May 1985	61
Oct. 1984	58
Aug. 1983	53
Nov. 1981	50
April 1979	54
Jan. 1977	57
May 1975	58

e. The news media

              -----Confident----  ---Not confident----
                    Great  Quite                 Very    None     No
              NET   deal   a lot   NET   Some   little  (vol.)   opin.       
9/6/02        21     11      10    75     48      26       4       *      
12/15/00      24      9      15    72     43      29       2       1

f. The Presidency

              -----Confident----  ---Not confident----
                    Great  Quite                 Very    None     No
              NET   deal   a lot   NET   Some   little  (vol.)   opin.       
9/6/02        56     27      29    43     31      11       1       * 
Gallup trend: Combines "great deal" and "quite a lot"
June 2002	58
June 2001	48
June 2000	42
June 1999	49
June 1998	53
July 1997	49
May 1996	39
April 1995	45
March 1994	38
March 1993	43
Oct. 1991	50
March 1991	72

g. The Church or organized religion

              -----Confident----  ---Not confident----
                    Great  Quite                 Very    None     No
              NET   deal   a lot   NET   Some   little  (vol.)   opin.       
9/6/02        47     29      18    49     34      15       3       1 
Gallup trend: Combines "great deal" and "quite a lot"
June 2002	45
June 2001	60
June 2000	56
June 1999	58
June 1998	59
July 1997	56
May 1996	57
April 1995	57
March 1994	54
March 1993	53
Oct. 1991	56
March 1991	59
Aug. 1990	56
Sept. 1989	52
Sept. 1988	59
July 1987	61
July 1986	57
May 1985	66
Oct. 1984	64
Aug. 1983	62
Nov. 1981	64
April 1979	65
Jan. 1977	64
May 1975	68
May 1973	66

18. How proud are you of America in each of the following:

9/6/02

                                         Not     Not       No
                       Very   Somewht    very   at all  opinion
a. Its history          62      33        2        2       *		
March 2002              56      37        5        1       *
Sept. 2001              68      26        4        2       1
GSS Feb. 1996           47
b. America's armed 
   forces               81      16        1        2       * 
March 2002              84      15        1        *       *
Sept. 2001              80      17        1        1       1
GSS Feb. 1996           47
c. Its scientific and 
   technological 
   achievements         69      28        2        1       * 
March 2002              70      28        1        *       *
Sept. 2001              76      21        2        *       1
GSS Feb. 1996           49
d. Its achievements 
   in the arts and 
   literature           46      46        3        2       3
March 2002              49      43        4        1       3
Sept. 2001              56      37        3        1       3
GSS Feb. 1996           28 
e. America's economic 
   achievements         40      49        7        3       1  
March 2002              57      37        4        2       1
Sept. 2001              60      35        4        *       1
GSS Feb. 1996           28
 f. The way democracy 
    works               49      41        5        4       1
March 2002              52      44        3        1       0
Sept. 2001              61      36        2        1       *       
GSS Feb. 1996           27
g. Its political 
   influence 
   in the world         30      48       13        8       1  
March 2002              34      55        7        3       1
Sept. 2001              38      51        7        2       2    
GSS Feb. 1996           20</pre>

h. Its fair and equal 
   treatment of all 
   groups in society    28      45       15       11       *
March 2002              24      52       19        5       *
Sept. 2001              35      46       14        4       1
GSS Feb. 1996           17

*Half sample asked items a through d and the other half sample asked items e through h.

**Trend in italics from the University of Chicago's National Opinion Research Center.

19. Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that
you can't be too careful in dealing with people?

           Most people can     Cannot be too               No
             be trusted           careful      Depends   opinion
9/6/02            42                  56          1         1

Most can be trusted

Canít be
too careful

Other/Depends
(vol.)

No
opinion

National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago

2002 March

39

56

5

*

2001 Sept

40

50

10

*

2000 June

35

57

7

1

1998 June

38

56

6

*

1996 May

34

61

5

*

1994 May

34

61

4

*

1993 April

36

60

4

--

1991 Feb

38

57

5

--

1990 Feb

38

58

4

--

1989 Feb

41

55

4

--

1988 Feb

39

56

4

1

1987 Feb

44

52

4

--

1986 Feb

37

60

3

--

1984 Feb

48

49

3

--

1983 Feb

37

59

4

*

1978 Feb

39

57

4

--

1976 Feb

44

52

4

--

1975 Feb

39

56

4

*

1973 Feb

46

51

3

--

1972 Feb

46

50

3

1

20. Would you say that most of the time people try to be helpful,
or that they are mostly just looking out for themselves?

           People try to     People look out                No
            be helpful          themselves     Depends    opinion
9/6/02           58                 38            2          1

People try to be helpful

People look out for selves

Other/Depends
(vol.)

No
opinion

National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago

2002 March

67

25

8

*

2001 Sept

68

24

8

*

2000 June

46

45

9

1

1998 June

48

43

7

*

1996 May

43

49

7

1

1994 May

47

47

6

*

1993 April

52

41

6

1

1991 Feb

49

43

7

1

1990 Feb

52

41

6

1

1989 Feb

50

44

5

*

1988 Feb

50

45

5

1

1987 Feb

47

47

5

*

1986 Feb

56

39

5

0

1984 Feb

52

44

4

*

1983 Feb

57

38

4

1

1980 Feb

49

46

4

1

1978 Feb

59

35

5

*

1976 Feb

43

50

6

*

1975 Feb

56

37

7

1

1973 Feb

47

49

4

*

1972 Feb

46

46

7

1

21. Do you think most people would try to take advantage
of you if they got a chance, or would they try to be fair?

           Try to take    Try to                No
            advantage     be fair   Depends   opinion
9/6/02          34           62        3         1

People try to take advantage

People try to be fair

Other/Depends
(vol.)

No
opinion

National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago

2002 March

27

64

8

*

2001 Sept

22

64

13

1

2000 June

38

52

9

1

1998 June

38

52

9

1

1996 May

42

50

7

1

1994 May

39

53

7

1

1993 April

36

56

7

1

1991 Feb

36

57

6

1

1990 Feb

36

57

6

1

1989 Feb

36

58

5

1

1988 Feb

34

60

5

1

1987 Feb

37

58

4

1

1986 Feb

33

62

4

1

1984 Feb

35

62

3

0

1983 Feb

35

59

5

1

1978 Feb

30

64

5

1

1976 Feb

36

59

4

1

1975 Feb

31

62

7

1

1973 Feb

37

57

5

1

1972 Feb

34

59

6

1

         

22/23. If the election for the U.S. House of Representatives were being
held today, would you vote for (the Democratic candidate) or (the Republican
candidate) in your congressional district? (IF OTHER, NEITHER, DK, REF)
Would you lean toward the (Democratic candidate) or toward the (Republican
candidate)?

Net Leaned Vote:

                 Dem      Rep     Other     Neither     Will not      No
                cand.    cand.    (vol.)    (vol.)     vote (vol.)    op.
9/6/02   All     41        49       1         2            1          5
7/15/02  All     47        45       1         1            1          4
7/15/02  RV      47        46       1         1            1          4 

Compare to:

Thinking about the U.S. House of Representatives election in November
in the congressional district where you live, if that election were being
held today, for whom would you vote: (the Democratic candidate)
or (the Republican candidate)? (If Neither, Don't Know or Refused)
Who would you lean toward?

Registered voters:
Net leaned vote:

                                      Neither    Wouldn't
              Democrat   Republican   (vol.)   vote (vol.)  No opin.
1/27/02          43          50         2          1           5
9/6/00           49          42         2          1           6
7/23/00          46          45         3          1           5
2/27/00          45          46         2          1           5
10/31/99         50          43         3          1           3
9/2/99           48          44         3          *           5
3/14/99          50          41         2          1           6
2/14/99          48          41         3          1           7
1/30/99          49          39         8          1           3
11/1/98          51          43         4          *           2
10/25/98         48          43         3          1           4
10/18/98         49          44         3          1           4
9/28/98          49          44         2          *           4
8/21/98          48          45         3          1           3
7/12/98          47          45         2          *           6
1/31/98          49          40         2          1           8
1/19/98          47          44         3          1           5
10/8/96          51          41         2          1           5
9/29/96          48          41         3          1           7
9/22/96          50          43         2          1           4
9/15/96          49          45         1          1           4
9/4/96           48          44         3          *           5
8/29/96          53          39         3          1           5
8/28/96          51          40         3          1           5
8/27/96          51          41         3          0           5
8/26/96          51          41         3          0           5
8/25/96          48          43         3          1           6
8/24/96          47          43         2          1           6
8/19/96          49          42         3          0           6
8/18/96          45          46         3          0           6
8/15/96          46          43         4          1           5
8/14/96          48          42         3          1           6
8/13/96          49          43         3          0           5
8/12/96          49          42         3          1           5
8/11/96          49          40         4          1           6
8/10/96          49          41         4          1           5
8/4/96           48          45         2          1           4
6/30/96          49          44         3          *           3
5/22/96          52          41         3          1           3
3/10/96          51          43         2          *           4
1/21/96          52          43         3          1           1
10/1/95          49          44         3          *           3
11/6/94          47          42         5          2           5
10/31/94         48          44         4          1           3
10/23/94         50          45         2          1           2
10/9/94          46          47         3          2           2
9/11/94          50          45         1          1           4
8/7/94           49          42         4          1           4
2/27/94          50          40         8          1           2
10/21/91         51          41         4          *           4
7/28/91          49          41         6          *           3
6/2/91           48          42         4          1           5
11/4/90          51          41         5          *           3
10/14/90         50          41         5          *           3
9/9/90           47          46         3          *           3
7/24/90          51          41         4          1           4
5/21/90          47          45         5          1           2
9/21-10/10/88    52          41         2          1           4
9/19/88          51          39         3          1           6
6/22/85          48          44         5          *           3
10/16/84         52          44         2         NA           5
9/11/84          53          45         2         NA           1
7/8/84           58          40         2         NA           1
10/27/82         58          39        NA         NA           3
10/11/82         55          36        NA         NA           9
9/13/82          58          36        NA         NA           6
11/22/81         53          41        NA         NA           7

Likely voters:
Net leaned vote:

                                      Neither   Wouldn't
                  Democrat Republican (vol.)   vote (vol.)  No opin.
11/00     ACTUAL     47.8      48.3
9/6/00               47        46        2         *           5
11/98     ACTUAL     47.8      48.9
11/1/98   44% VAP    49        46        3         *           1
11/1/98   36% VAP    46        48        4         *           1
10/25/98  41% VAP    49        47        1         *           2
10/25/98  33% VAP    47        50        1         *           2
10/18/98  40% VAP    48        47        2         *           2
9/28/98   42% VAP    46        49        2         *           3
11/96     ACTUAL     48.5      48.9
10/8/96              48        44        2         1           5
9/29/96              48        43        3         1           6
9/22/96              50        44        2         *           4
9/15/96              47        48        2         *           3
9/4/96               47        46        3         *           4
8/29/96              53        39        3         0           5
8/28/96              49        41        3         0           6
8/27/96              50        43        3         0           5
8/26/96              49        43        3         0           5
8/25/96              46        45        3         0           5
8/24/96              45        46        2         0           6
8/19/96              47        45        2         0           6
8/18/96              45        47        3         0           5
8/15/96              46        44        4         1           5
8/14/96              46        44        3         1           6
8/13/96              47        45        3         0           5
8/12/96              48        44        3         0           5
8/11/96              48        41        5         0           6
8/10/96              47        43        4         1           5
8/4/96               48        46        1         1           4
11/94     ACTUAL     44.7      51.5
11/6/94              46        44        4         1           4
11/6/94   41% VAP    47        45        3         1           3
11/6/94   28% VAP    46        47        3         2           2
10/31/94             48        45        3         *           3
10/31/94  45% VAP    47        47        3         *           3
10/23/94             49        47        1         *           2
10/23/94  41% VAP    46        51        1         *           2
10/9/94              47        49        3         1           1
11/92     ACTUAL     49.9      44.8
11/90     ACTUAL     52        43.9
11/4/90              52        41        5         *           3
10/14/90             48        43        5         0           3
9/9/90               47        45        3         *           4
7/24/90              52        40        4         *           3
11/88     ACTUAL     53.2      45.3
11/86     ACTUAL     54.1      44.2
11/84     ACTUAL     52.2      46.5
10/16/84             51        45        2         NA          4
9/11/84              51        46        1         NA          1
7/8/84               54        44        2         NA          *
11/82     ACTUAL     55        43.2
10/27/82             59        39        NA        NA          2
10/11/82             55        38        NA        NA          7
11/80     ACTUAL     50.3      47.6
11/78     ACTUAL     53.4      44.7
11/76     ACTUAL     55.5      42.2

Source for actual vote:
1998-96, "America Votes." 1994-1976, Clerk of the House


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