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Washington Post-ABC News Poll: Bush and Iraq

Saturday, September 13, 2003

This Washington Post-ABC News poll was conducted by telephone September 10-13, among a random national sample of 1104 adults, including 525 self-described Democrats and an oversample of 102 black respondents. Margin of sampling error for the overall results is plus or minus 3 percentage points and plus or minus 5 percentage points for results based on the Democratic subsample. Sampling error is only one potential source of error in this or any other public opinion poll. Fieldwork by TNS Intersearch of Horsham, PA.

*= less than 0.5 percent

1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way George W. Bush is handling his job as president? Do you approve/disapprove strongly or somewhat?

             ---------Approve---------   --------Disapprove-------    No
             NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat   opin.
9/13/03      58       35         23      40       27         14        2
9/7/03       56       34         22      41       28         13        4
8/11/03*     59       37         22      37       23         14        4
7/10/03      59       35         24      38       25         13        3
6/22/03      68       45         23      29       18         11        4
4/30/03      71       50         22      26        9         17        3
4/16/03      74       52         22      23       14          9        3
4/9/03       77       58         19      20       14          6        4
4/3/03       71       54         16      25       19          7        4
3/23/03      68       NA         NA      27       NA         NA        4
3/20/03      67       NA         NA      28       NA         NA        5
3/2/03       62       38         23      35       22         13        4
2/23/03      60       NA         NA      34       NA         NA        6
2/9/03       64       42         21      34       20         14        3
2/1/03       62       41         21      34       22         13        4
1/28/03      62       43         19      36       23         13        2
1/27/03      59       39         21      37       22         15        4
1/20/03      59       36         23      38       22         16        2
12/15/02     66       37         28      32       20         12        2
11/4/02  LV  67       45         23      31       20         12        1
11/3/02  LV  67       45         22      32       20         12        1
11/2/02  LV  67       47         20      32       23          9        1
10/27/02 All 67       39         28      29       16         13        4
10/27/02 LV  68       47         21      30       16         14        3
9/26/02      67       42         25      30       18         12        3
9/8/02       71       42         28      27       15         12        3
7/28/02      69       39         31      28       14         14        3
7/15/02      72       42         31      25       13         12        2
6/17/02      74       42         32      22       13          9        4
6/9/02       77       41         36      20       11          9        3
5/19/02      76       48         28      22       13          8        3
4/21/02      78       47         31      20       10          9        2
3/28/02      79       49         30      18       10          8        3
3/10/02      82       52         30      16        7          9        2
1/27/02      83       56         27      14        7          7        3
12/19/01     86       64         22      12        6          6        2
11/27/01     89       69         21       9        5          4        1
11/6/01      89       65         24       9        4          5        2
10/9/01      92       76         16       6        3          3        1
9/27/01      90       70         20       6        3          3        4
9/13/01      86       63         23      12        6          5        2
9/9/01       55       26         29      41       22         20        3
8/12/01      61       28         33      31       17         14        8
7/30/01      59       28         30      38       22         17        3
6/3/01       55       27         28      40       22         18        6
4/22/01      63       33         30      32       16         16        5
3/25/01      58       NA         NA      33       NA         NA        8
2/25/01      55       NA         NA      23       NA         NA       22

*Washington Post

2. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bush is handling (ITEM)?

9/13/03 - Summary Table*

                                           Approve    Disapprove    No op.
a. The economy                                42          56           3
b. The situation in Iraq                      52          46           2
c. Education                                  56          39           6
d. Social Security                            43          46          11
e. Prescription drug benefits 
   for the elderly                            35          54          11 
f. The environment                            51          42           7
g. The cost, availability and coverage 
   of health insurance                        32          61           7
h. Homeland security                          63          32           4 
i. Taxes                                      48          48           4
j. The federal budget                         38          57           4 
k. The situation between Israel 
   and the Palestinians                       46          43          11 
l. The US campaign against terrorism          70          27           3
m. Creating jobs                              39          55           6
n. International affairs                      53          43           4
o. Military spending                          60          39           2
p. Gun control                                51          34          15
q. The abortion issue                         43          40          18
r. Campaign finance reform                    44          41          15

*Half sample asked items a-i, other half asked j-r.

Trend where available:

a. The economy

                Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03           42            56              3
9/7/03            44            51              5
8/11/03*          45            51              5
7/10/03           47            49              4
4/30/03           52            45              3
2/9/03            47            49              4
2/1/03            44            52              4
1/28/03           46            49              4
1/27/03           47            47              5
1/20/03           43            53              4
1/5/03            50            43              7  
12/15/02          50            46              4                
11/4/02  LV       53            45              2                
11/3/02  LV       52            46              2                
11/2/02  LV       55            43              2                
10/27/02          51            43              6                
10/27/02 LV       53            44              3                
9/26/02           51            47              3                
9/8/02            57            40              4                
7/28/02           57            39              4                
7/15/02           58            38              3                
4/21/02           64            33              3                
1/27/02           62            34              4                
12/19/01          67            27              6                
11/6/01           72            23              5                
9/9/01            48            48              4                
7/30/01           52            45              3                
6/3/01            53            41              6                
4/22/01           55            38              7                
3/25/01           50            42              8

*Washington Post

b. The situation in Iraq

                Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03           52            46              2
9/7/03            49            47              4
8/24/03           56            37              7            
8/11/03*          56            41              3
7/10/03           58            41              2
6/22/03           67            30              2
4/30/03           75            22              2

*Washington Post

Compare to: The situation with Iraq and Saddam Hussein

                Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
3/27/03           69            26              5 
3/23/03           71            26              3 
3/20/03           65            29              5 
3/17/03           64            29              7 
3/9/03            55            38              8 
2/23/03           55            39              6 
2/9/03            61            37              2 
2/5/03            61            32              7 
2/1/03            61            35              3 
1/28/03           58            38              4 
1/27/03           57            40              3 
1/20/03           50            46              4 
12/15/02          58            37              5
11/4/02  LV       56            40              4
11/3/02  LV       57            40              4
11/2/02  LV       56            41              3
10/27/02          57            38              5
9/26/02           58            39              3
9/14/02           65            31              4
8/29/02           52            36             12

c. Education

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03        56            39              6
4/30/03        59            34              7
12/15/02       62            30              8
9/26/02        61            32              7
7/15/02        62            31              6
1/27/02        71            21              8
9/9/01         61            32              7
7/30/01        63            31              5
6/3/01         57            35              8
4/22/01        60            28             12

d. Social Security

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03        43            46             11
4/30/03        49            38             13
12/15/02       49            38             13
9/26/02        42            43             15
7/15/02        54            35             11
1/27/02        54            28             18
9/9/01         41            50              9
7/30/01        46            48              6
6/3/01         46            40             14

e. Prescription drug benefits for the elderly

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03        35            54             11
4/30/03        44            40             17
2/1/03         46            35             19

f. The environment

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03        51            42              7
4/30/03        49            40             11
12/15/02       50            40             10

Compare to: Environmental issues

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/26/02        49            40             11
7/15/02        52            39              9
1/27/02        54            31             15
9/9/01         50            44              6
7/30/01        45            49              6
6/3/01         41            50              9
4/22/01        47            41             12
3/25/01        46            41             13

g. The cost, availability and coverage of health insurance

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03        32            61              7
4/30/03        34            57              9
1/28/03        40            47             13          
1/20/03        36            51             13          
12/15/02       33            58              9 

h. Homeland security

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03        63            32              4
4/30/03        74            23              3
12/15/02       67            27              5

i. Taxes

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03        48            48              4
8/11/03*       49            46              5
4/30/03        50            46              4
2/1/03         51            43              7
1/20/03        50            45              5
12/15/02       51            44              5

*Washington Post

j. The federal budget

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03        38            57              4
8/11/03*       41            50              9
4/30/03        43            50              6
2/9/03         45            45             10
2/1/03         47            46              8
1/20/03        43            47             10
7/15/02        50            42              8
1/27/02        59            30             12
9/9/01         46            48              6
7/30/01        53            42              5

*Washington Post

k. The situation between Israel and the Palestinians

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03        46            43              11
4/30/03        54            33              12
7/15/02        59            34               7
4/21/02        57            35               8

l. The US campaign against terrorism

              ---------Approve---------   --------Disapprove-------    No 
              NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat   opin.
9/13/03       70       NA         NA      27       NA         NA        3
9/7/03        67       NA         NA      28       NA         NA        5
4/30/03       79       NA         NA      19       NA         NA        2   
2/9/03        74       NA         NA      23       NA         NA        4   
2/1/03        75       NA         NA      21       NA         NA        3    
1/27/03       72       NA         NA      26       NA         NA        2    
1/20/03       71       NA         NA      25       NA         NA        4    
12/15/02      79       NA         NA      20       NA         NA        1    
11/4/02  LV   76       NA         NA      22       NA         NA        1    
11/3/02  LV   77       NA         NA      22       NA         NA        3    
11/2/02  LV   78       NA         NA      21       NA         NA        2    
10/27/02 All  74       NA         NA      23       NA         NA        4    
10/27/02 LV   78       NA         NA      20       NA         NA        2    
9/26/02       70       NA         NA      28       NA         NA        2    
9/8/02        74       NA         NA      24       NA         NA        2    
7/28/02       81       NA         NA      17       NA         NA        2    
7/15/02       83       NA         NA      15       NA         NA        2    
5/19/02       79       51         27      19       10          9        3    
4/21/02       81       56         25      18       10          7        2    
3/10/02       88       64         24      10        5          5        2    
1/27/02       88       NA         NA      10       NA         NA        2     
12/19/01      89       67         22       9        5          4        2     
10/15/01      92       75         17       5        3          3        3 

m. No trend.

n. International affairs

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03        53            43               4
7/15/02        67            28               5
4/21/02        71            25               4
6/3/01         58            33               9
4/22/01        62            31               7
3/25/01        56            31              13

o. Military spending

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03        60            39               2

Compare to:

Defense and the military budget

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/9/01         53            34              13 
7/30/01        58            34               7

p,q. No trend.

r. Campaign finance reform

             Approve     Disapprove     No opinion
9/13/03        44            41              15
7/30/01        43            46              11

3. On another subject, what do you think is a bigger problem facing the nation right now: (terrorism) or (the economy)?

             Terrorism     Economy     No opin.
9/13/03         37           61           2
9/7/03          34           63           3
9/26/02         47           51           3         
9/8/02          46           51           3
1/27/02         43           54           3        
12/16/01        49           47           4    

4. How closely are you following the 2004 presidential race: very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not closely at all?

            Very        Somewhat     Not too     Not closely     No
           closely      closely      closely       at all       opin.
9/13/03      16            40          27            17           *

Compare to: How closely are you following the 2000 presidential race: very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not closely at all?

            Very        Somewhat     Not too     Not closely     No
           closely      closely      closely       at all       opin.
Likely Voters:
11/6/00      54            38           6             2           *
11/5/00      53            38           6             2           *
11/4/00      52            39           7             2           *
11/3/00      51            40           6             3           *
11/2/00      48            42           7             3           *
11/1/00      48            43           7             2           *
10/31/00     46            44           7             2           *
10/30/00     47            44           7             2           *
10/29/00     47            43           7             3           *
10/28/00     47            42           7             3           *
10/27/00     48            41           7             4           *
10/26/00     47            42           8             3           *
10/25/00     47            42           8             3           0
10/24/00     44            43          10             3           0
10/23/00     44            45           8             3           0
10/22/00     44            44           9             3           0
10/21/00     46            41           9             4           *
10/20/00     46            40          11             4           *
10/19/00     44            41          10             4           *
10/18/00     42            45          10             3           *
10/17/00     40            46          10             3           *
Registered Voters:
10/15/00     33            44          15             8           *
10/9/00      30            45          16             9           *
10/1/00      27            48          17             8           *
9/6/00       26            48          17             9           *
8/20/00      28            46          16            10           1
8/10/00      29            43          18            11           *
General Population:
8/6/00       17            36          22            25           *
7/29/00      16            35          25            24           *
7/23/00      14            36          25            25           *
6/11/00      13            36          26            25           0
4/2/00       17            36          24            23           0
3/11/00      21            40          21            17           0
2/27/00      24            46          20            10           *
2/6/00       19            48          21            13           0
1/16/00      11            39          26            24           *
12/15/99     12            33          31            24           *
10/31/99     16            45          25            13           *

5. If the 2004 presidential election were being held today, would you vote for (George W. Bush, the Republican) or for (the Democratic nominee for president)?

Net Leaned Vote:

                   Democratic     Other     Neither      Would        No
          Bush      nominee       (vol.)     (vol.)     not vote     opin.
9/13/03    49          44           1          2           2           2
8/11/03*   48          40           2          1           1           7
4/30/03    53          40           *          2           1           3

*Washington Post

6. How about if the candidates were (George W. Bush, the Republican), and (Joseph Lieberman, the Democrat,) for whom would you vote?

Net Leaned Vote:

                                 Other      Neither      Would        No
          Bush     Lieberman     (vol.)      (vol.)     not vote     opin.
9/13/03    54         40           *           3           2           2
4/30/03    61         34           *           2           1           2

7. How about if the candidates were (George W. Bush, the Republican), and (John Kerry, the Democrat,) for whom would you vote?

Net Leaned Vote:

                               Other      Neither      Would         No
            Bush     Kerry     (vol.)      (vol.)     not vote     opinion
9/13/03      54        39        *           3           2            2
4/30/03      60        34        *           2           1            2

8. How about if the candidates were (George W. Bush, the Republican), and (Richard Gephardt, the Democrat,) for whom would you vote?

Net Leaned Vote:

                                  Other      Neither      Would       No
            Bush     Gephardt     (vol.)      (vol.)     not vote    opin.
9/13/03      54          39         *           3           2          2
4/30/03      60          35         *           2           1          2

9. How about if the candidates were (George W. Bush, the Republican), and (Howard Dean, the Democrat,) for whom would you vote?

Net Leaned Vote:

                              Other      Neither      Would         No
            Bush     Dean     (vol.)      (vol.)     not vote     opinion
9/13/03      56       36        1           3           2            2

10. For each item I name, please tell me how important it will be in your vote for president next year. Will it be one of the single most important issues, very important, somewhat important or less important than that?

9/13/03 - Summary Table*

                                  -------Important--------   ---Not as important--   No   
                                  NET   One of most   Very   NET   Somewhat   Less   op.  
a. The economy                    85        15         70    15       14        1     *
b. The situation in Iraq          71        14         57    29       22        7     *     
c. Education                      78        12         66    21       19        2     1
d. Social Security                67         9         58    33       29        4     *
e. Prescription drug benefits  
   for the elderly                63        12         51    36       29        7     1
f. The environment                49         5         44    52       41       11     *
g. The cost, availability and  
   coverage of health insurance   74        11         63    25       23        2     1
h. Homeland security              74        13         61    26       21        5     *
i. Taxes                          67         7         60    33       29        4     *
j. The federal budget             77        12         65    23       19        4     1
k. The situation between Israel  
   and the Palestinians           40         5         35    59       44       15     1  
l. The US campaign against  
   terrorism                      75        12         63    25       22        3     *
m. Creating jobs                  85        18         67    14       12        2     *
n. International affairs          60         8         52    40       35        5     *
o. Military spending              59         6         53    40       36        4     1
p. Gun control                    41         6         35    59       40       19     *
q. The abortion issue             42         6         36    57       36       21     2
r. Campaign finance reform        25         3         22    73       51       22     2

11. On another subject, do you support or oppose the current U.S. military presence in Iraq? Do you support/oppose it strongly or somewhat?

             ---------Support---------   ----------Oppose---------    No
             NET   Strongly   Somewhat   NET   Strongly   Somewhat   opin.
9/13/03      71       49         21      27       17         10        2
9/7/03       67       45         22      30       17         13        3
8/11/03*     70       46         24      27       17         10        3
7/10/03      74       48         26      25       15         10        1

*Washington Post

12. All in all, considering the costs to the United States versus the benefits to the United States, do you think the war with Iraq was worth fighting, or not?

              Worth      Not worth     No
             fighting     fighting   opinion
9/13/03        61           37         2
9/7/03         54           42         4
8/24/03        57           37         5     
8/11/03*       61           35         4
7/10/03        57           40         3
6/22/03        64           33         3
4/30/03        70           27         4

*Washington Post

Gulf War:
2/2/92*        66           32         2
7/28/91        67           30         3
6/2/91         70           26         3
3/4/91         86           13         1

*2/2/92 and previous: "the Persian Gulf war"; 3/4/91: "this war"

13. Again thinking about the goals versus the costs of the war, so far in your opinion has there been an acceptable or unacceptable number of U.S. military casualties in Iraq?

             Acceptable     Unacceptable     No opinion
9/13/03         43              55               2
9/7/03          38              57               5
8/11/03*        42              53               5
7/10/03         44              52               3
6/22/03         51              44               5
4/9/03          66              28               6
4/3/03          62              32               5
3/27/03         58              34               9

*Washington Post

14. Earlier this year, Congress approved spending 79 billion dollars to help pay for the war in Iraq and the rebuilding effort there. Bush has now called for spending 87 billion dollars more. Do you support or oppose this additional spending for the war and rebuilding in Iraq?

            Support     Oppose     No opinion
9/13/03       38          61            1

15. If Congress approves this additional 87 billion dollars, how do you think the government should pay for it - by (cutting spending on other programs), (increasing the federal budget deficit) or (eliminating the recent tax cuts)?

            Cut     Increase  Eliminate  Some of    Make Iraq   Get from other     No
          spending  deficit   tax cuts  each (vol.) pay (vol.)  countries (vol)   opin. 
9/13/03      28        19        41         2            2             1            7

16. How do you feel about the possibility that the United States will get bogged down in a long and costly peacekeeping mission in Iraq - would you say you're very concerned about that, somewhat concerned, not too concerned or not concerned at all?

          ----Concerned-----   -----Not concerned----   Already      No
          NET   Very   Smwt.   NET   Not too   At all   has (vol.)   op.
9/13/03   85     53     32     15       9         5        *         *
8/24/03   76     41     35     23      13         9        1         1  
7/10/03   80     43     37     19      11         8        1         1
6/22/03   72     32     41     26      16        10        *         1
4/30/03   72     34     39     27      19         9       NA         * 
4/16/03   73     31     42     26      19         7       NA         1 
4/9/03    62     24     39     35      24        11       NA         3

17. Do you think (the United States should keep its military forces in Iraq until civil order is restored there, even if that means continued U.S. military casualties); or do you think (the United States should withdraw its military forces from Iraq in order to avoid further U.S. military casualties, even if that means civil order is not restored there)?

          Keep forces   Withdraw forces   No opinion
9/13/03       65              32               3
8/24/03       69              27               4       
7/10/03       72              26               2

18. Do you think of the war with Iraq as (part of the war against terrorism), or as (separate from the war against terrorism)?

            Part     Separate     No opinion
9/13/03      66         32             2
9/7/03       65         31             4
4/16/03      77         22             1

19. Do you think the Bush Administration does--or does not--have a clear plan for handling the situation in Iraq?

            Does    Does not     No opinion
9/13/03      42        55             2
8/26/03*     44        54             2
*Gallup.

20. (IF DOES, Q19) How confident are you that the Bush plan will bring stability and end the violence in Iraq: very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all?

            -------Confident-------     -----Not confident------      No   
            NET     Very     Fairly     NET    Not too    At all     opin.    
9//13/03    86       30        56       13        11         3         1    

21. On another subject, would you describe the state of the nation's economy these days as excellent, good, not so good or poor?

               ----Excellent/Good-----    -----Not so good/Poor-----   No  
               NET   Excellent    Good    NET    Not so good   Poor    op.
9/13/03        30        2         27     70         45         25      *
8/11/03*       32        2         30     68         43         25      *
4/30/03        35        1         34     64         46         19      *
2/9/03         28        1         27     72         49         23      *
1/20/03        25        1         25     74         48         26      1
12/15/02       35        1         33     65         44         21      1
11/4/02 LV     28        1         27     72         55         17      1
11/3/02 LV     27        1         26     72         56         17      1
11/2/02 LV     29        1         28     71         54         17      *
9/26/02        31        2         28     69         50         19      *
7/15/02        39        3         36     61         44         17      1
2/21/02        30        1         29     69         51         18      *
1/27/02        31        1         29     69         50         19      *
9/20/01        38        3         35     60         47         14      2
9/9/01         33        1         32     66         47         19      *
7/30/01        50        3         46     50         39         12      *
4/22/01        50        3         47     50         40          9      *
1/15/01        70       10         59     29         24          6      1 
10/27/00 LV    86       24         61     14         11          3      * 
10/26/00 LV    86       24         61     14         11          3      * 
6/11/00        74       17         57     26         19          6      *  
2/27/00        80       25         55     20         14          5      *  
10/31/99       74       18         56     26         18          7      1  
9/2/99         76       19         57     23         16          6      1  
3/14/99        80       22         58     19         15          4      1  
11/1/98        73       12         61     26         21          5      1  
11/1/98  LV    78       13         65     22         19          3      *  
10/13/97       61       12         49     39         27         11      *

*Washington Post

22. Do you think the nation's economy is getting better, getting worse or staying the same?

             Better     Worse     Same     No opin.
9/13/03        28         31       40         *
8/11/03*       32         29       38         1
1/20/03        18         38       43         1
7/28/02        17         44       39         1
7/15/02        20         36       43         2
7/7/02**       22         37       41         0
6/9/02         27         29       43         1
5/12/02        35         27       38         0
4/14/02        34         26       40         0
3/17/02        47         20       32         1
2/17/02        29         27       42         2
1/20/02        25         36       39         1
12/9/01        24         37       38         1
11/11/01       16         48       36         1
10/14/01       15         46       39         0
9/16/01         9         44       46         1
8/12/01        16         46       38         0
7/15/01        13         40       46         0
6/17/01        17         45       38         1   
5/20/01        13         47       39         0

*Washington Post
**7/7/02 and previous, ABC/Money. Call for full trend.

23. Would you say most Americans are better off financially than they were in 2001 when Bush became president, not as well off, or in about the same shape as then financially?

                 Better      Not as      The        No  
                  off       well off     same     opinion
9/13/03             9         52          38         1
4/30/03            10         48          42         1
George H. W. Bush
8/9/92              6         61          31         1
10/21/91            7         48          41         4
3/4/91              7         35          56         2
1/16/89            33         26          38         3

24. Would you say you, yourself are better off financially than you were when Bush became president, not as well off, or in about the same shape as then financially?

                 Better off   Not as well off   About the same   No opin.   
9/13/03              21             30               49             *
8/11/03*             17             25               58             1
CLINTON                                                                    
6/11/00              34             14               50             2
7/19/98              30             15               52             3         
3/1/98               32              9               57             1         
6/23/96              29             22               49             0         
2/27/94              12             17               71             * 
BUSH**                                                                      
8/9/92               22             32               45             1         
6/7/92               19             32               49             *         
3/11/92              20             33               46             1         
2/2/92               19             31               49             *         
10/21/91             20             27               53             1         
3/4/91               19             18               63             1  
REAGAN***                                                                   
1/16/89              42             18               39             1         
1/18/87              37             23               40             1
9/8/86               41             20               39             1  

*Washington Post
**"...in 1989 when Bush became..."
*** "...in 1981 when Reagan became..."

25. Have you or any of your close friends or family members lost a job in the last year?

               Yes    No    No opinion
9/13/03         44    56         * 

Compare to: Have you or any of your close friends or family members lost a job in the last six months?

               Yes    No    No opinion
1/27/02         37    63         * 

26. How concerned are you that you or someone else in your household will lose their job in the next year? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not concerned at all?

            ----Concerned-----   -----Not concerned----    No one in HH      No
            NET   Very   Smwt.   NET   Not too   At all   employed (vol.)    op.
9/13/03     49     27     22     49      20        29            2            *
8/12/03*    44     27     17     55      21        34           NA            1
7/27/03**   46     25     21     53      21        32           NA            1
5/12/03**   45     25     20     56      24        32           NA            *
4/27/03*    39     20     19     59      22        37           NA            2***
6/3/96**    48     27     21     51      22        29           NA            1
3/11/96*    49     27     22     49      19        30           NA            2 

*CBS
**CBS/New York Times
***Includes "Already happened (vol.)"

27. Please tell me whether the following statement applies to Bush or not.

9/13/03 - Summary Table*

                                      Yes     No     No opin.
a. He understands the problems of     
    people like you                    48     51        1
b. He is honest and trustworthy        60     39        2
c. He is a strong leader               66     34        *
d. He's got a vision for the future    61     38        1
e. He understands complex issues       55     43        2
f. He has brought needed change 
   to Washington                       49     48        4
g. He has made the country safer 
   and more secure                     63     35        2

*Half sample answered a-d, other half answered e-g.

Trend:

a. He understands the problems of people like you

                Yes     No     No opin.
9/13/03          48     51        1
4/30/03          51     48        1
12/15/02         51     47        2
7/15/02          57     41        2
1/27/02          61     37        2
7/30/01          45     54        2
4/22/01          47     51        2
11/4/00 LV       49     46        5
10/24/00 LV      50     46        3
10/15/00 RV      46     46        7
10/9/00 RV       50     44        6
9/6/00 RV        47     49        4
8/20/00 RV       50     46        5
7/23/00 RV       44     51        5
7/23/00          44     51        5
6/11/00          48     47        5
4/2/00           48     46        6
3/11/00          47     47        6
2/27/00          43     51        6
2/6/00           43     52        5
1/16/00          46     49        6
12/15/99         47     46        7
10/31/99         54     39        7
9/2/99           50     39       11
3/14/99          52     27       21

b. He is honest and trustworthy

                Yes     No     No opin.
9/13/03          60     39        2
12/15/02         70     26        4
7/15/02          71     26        3
7/30/01          63     34        3
4/22/01          62     32        6       
11/5/00 LV       60     33        7
11/4/00 LV       61     33        7
10/24/00 LV      65     30        5
10/15/00 LV      57     34        9
10/15/00 RV      53     35       12
9/6/00 RV        62     30        7
7/23/00 RV       61     30        8
7/23/00          59     31       10
12/15/99         63     28        9
10/31/99         68     22       10
9/2/99           63     23       14
3/14/99          67     12       22

c. He is a strong leader

                Yes     No     No opin.
9/13/03          66     34        *
4/30/03          74     25        *
12/15/02         75     23        2
7/15/02          75     24        1
7/30/01          55     43        2
4/22/01          53     42        5
10/9/00 RV       62     33        5
9/6/00 RV        65     28        7
8/20/00 RV       65     29        5
8/10/00 RV       67     29        5
7/23/00 RV       61     33        6
7/23/00          62     32        5
6/11/00          65     30        6
4/2/00           68     27        5
3/11/00          63     31        6
2/27/00          62     32        6
2/6/00           65     30        7
1/16/00          65     28        7
12/15/99         67     26        7
10/31/99         77     18        5
9/2/99           70     18       12
3/14/99          68     13       20

d. He's got a vision for the future

                Yes     No     No opin.
9/13/03          61     38        1
12/15/02         74     24        3
7/30/01          67     31        2
4/22/01          68     30        2    
3/14/99          66     12       21  

e. He understands complex issues

                Yes     No     No opin.
9/13/03          55     43        2
12/15/02         63     34        3
7/30/01          53     45        2
11/4/00          60     36        4 

f. He has brought needed change to Washington

                Yes     No     No opin.
9/13/03          49     48        4
12/15/02         53     44        3
7/30/01          50     47        3
9/6/00 RV*       55     41        5
7/23/00 RV       50     46        4
7/23/00          51     44        5
4/2/00           54     39        7
3/11/00          50     43        7
2/27/00          46     50        4
2/6/00           48     46        6
1/16/00          49     43        8
12/15/99         52     40        8
10/31/99         61     32        7
9/2/99           56     32       12

*9/6/00 and previous: "He would bring needed change to Washington"

g. He has made the country safer and more secure

                Yes     No     No opin.
9/13/03          63     35        2
12/15/02         65     33        2

32. For each group I name, please tell me if you think it has too much influence in the Bush administration, too little influence or about the right amount.

9/13/03 - Summary Table

                                   Too       Too       Right       No 
                                   much     little     amount     opin.         
a. Large business corporations      62         8         26         4  
b. People like you                   5        62         32         2

Trend:

a. Large business corporations

           Too       Too       Right       No 
           much     little     amount     opin.         
9/13/03     62         8         26         4
4/30/03     61         8         29         3
12/15/02    60        10         26         4
1/27/02     59         8         29         4  
7/30/01     67         7         24         2  

b. People like you

           Too       Too       Right       No 
           much     little     amount     opin.         
9/13/03      5        62         32         2
4/30/03      2        59         37         1
12/15/02     3        61         35         2
1/27/02      3        49         46         2  
7/30/01      1        67         30         1

28. (ASKED OF LEANED DEMOCRATS) How closely are you following the race for the 2004 Democratic presidential nomination: very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not closely at all?

            ------Closely-------     ------Not closely-------      No
            NET    Very    Smwt.     NET    Not too    At all     opin.   
9/13/03     63      19      44       37       24         13         0  
4/30/03     37       8      29       63       33         30         0  

29. (ASKED OF LEANED DEMOCRATS) I'd like you to rate the chances that you will vote in the 2004 presidential primary or caucus in your state. Are you absolutely certain to vote, will you probably vote, are the chances 50-50, or less than that?

            Absolutely   Probably    Chances   Less than    No primary/    No
             certain       vote       50-50      50-50     caucus (vol.)  opin. 
9/13/03         64          15          14         5             1          1

998. (and 999) (ASKED OF LEANED DEMOCRATS) If the 2004 Democratic presidential primary or caucus in your state were being held today, and the candidates were: (Joseph Lieberman, Richard Gephardt, John Kerry, John Edwards, Al Sharpton, Bob Graham, Howard Dean, Dennis Kucinich, Carol Moseley Braun, or Wesley Clark), for whom would you vote?

Net Leaned Vote:

                 9/13/03   7/10/03   6/1/03   4/30/03   1/20/03    7/15/02** 
Lieberman           22        13       14       29        27         10
Gephardt            14        10       10       19        14          5
Kerry               14        12        7       14        10          6
Edwards              3         6        6        4        11          3
Graham               4         3        4        3        NA         NA
Dean                14         8        3        3         3          1
Sharpton             5         6        2        3         7         NA
Moseley Braun        4         4        1        6        NA         NA
Kucinich             2         2        1        2        NA         NA
Clark                6        NA       NA       NA        NA         NA
H.R. Clinton        NA        NA       37       NA        NA         NA
Other                1         2        *        1         1          3
None                 3        13        3        1         4          *
Wouldn't vote        2         7        2        0         0          0
No opinion           7        16       11       14        24         18

**Gore 46, Daschle 8

30. (ASKED IF NAMED A CANDIDATE) Who would your second choice be?

                 9/13/03
Lieberman           18
Gephardt            17
Kerry               17
Edwards              4
Sharpton             5
Graham               3
Dean                15
Kucinich             1
Moseley Braun        5
Clark                4
Other                1
None                 5
Wouldn't vote        0
DK/No opinion		 6 

31. (ASKED OF LEANED DEMOCRATS) Overall, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the choice of candidates in the Democratic primary this year - are you very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied or very dissatisfied?

               -----Satisfied--------     ----Dissatisfied-----      No
               NET    Very    Somewhat    NET   Somewhat    Very    opin.
9/13/03         64      8        56        34      27         7       2
1/16/00         69     14        56        28      21         7       2

918c. (ASKED OF BLACKS) Which term do you yourself prefer: ("black") or ("African-American")?

                           African-     (VOL) Both     (VOL) Used     No 
                 Black     American       equally       together     opin.
9/13/03 Blacks     35         48             17             0          0  
1/27/02 Blacks     49         32             16             1          2  
1/15/01 Blacks     41         35             22             2          0  
9/15/91 All        62         19              9             1          8 
        Whites     65         16              9             1          8 
        Blacks     53         38              7             -          1
10/3/89 All        73         13              8             1          5 
        Whites     75         11              8             *          5 
        Blacks     66         22              9             1          2

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