of change in europe
In 1914, tension was building across Europe. The Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires were threatened by ethnic groups seeking to break away. Nations were building their militaries and forming alliances with one another. Even so, few people thought war would result.
That changed in late June when Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, was shot and killed in Bosnia. Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia and declared war. Other nations jumped in. By early August, World War I had begun. When it was over, the map of Europe looked very different. Empires had toppled. New countries had formed. The war set off a century of change in Europe’s borders. The map has continued to change.
SOURCE: Photos from AP File, Bettmann/CORBIS, U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, EPA, AFP/Getty. Published August 1, 2014. Graphic by Gene Thorp, Katie Park, Laris Karklis and Kevin Uhrmacher.